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The Virtual Mummy: Unwrapping a Mummy by Mouse Click

The Virtual Mummy: Unwrapping a Mummy by Mouse Click
The computer has entered our everyday life and did not stop before the field of mummy research. Computerization not only helps scientists in non-destructively examining mummies, but it also makes it possible to create virtual mummies, a sample of which can be seen by the visitors of the exhibition The Secret of the Mummies - Eternal Life at the Nile, and by yourself on screen, with reduced functionality. The object is a 2300-year-old mummy of a female, aged about 30 years.

Naturally, the unwrapping by computer is not any longer the mysterious and thrilling experience a real opening-up of a mummy used to be. But according to modern opinion, such a procedure wouldn't be acceptable anyway, because the dignity of the deceased might be harmed.

The procedure originated from medical research. The initial aim was to provide a highly accurate image of the interior body to improve medical diagnostics, surgical planning, and education of medical students.

For more than 12 years, a group of researchers led by Professor Karl Heinz Höhne, PhD, at the Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science in Medicine (IMDM) has done research in the field of anatomical 3D-reconstruction of the living human body. Procedures have improved over the years, and thus, it is nowadays possible to produce computer-based body models (virtual bodies), which can be examined in the way an anatomist or surgeon would do it. With the program named VOXEL-MAN, operations can be simulated and planned in advance, and 3D-anatomical atlases can be produced. In these fields, Höhne's group did pioneering work, like for example in 1987, when the first brain of a living human being was reconstructed. Today, work concentrates on the new field of computer-based surgery simulators.

Reception of Antiquity in a Semantic Network: Digital Books, Images and Objects

Reception of Antiquity in a Semantic Network: Digital Books, Images and Objects
The aim of the project is the reconstruction and online publication of about 1700 prints, which appeared between 1500 and 1900. In a next step forms of semantic networks are to be approached in separate subprojects. This is to be illustrated through the direct contextualisation of objects from Philipp von Stosch's Gem Collection.

The aim of the project "Reception of Antiquity in a Semantic Network" within the Arachne database is the development and provision of web-based prints from the period between 1500 and 1830. The project’s basis is defined by engravings to classical, Near Eastern and Egyptian Archaeology of the 16th till the 19th century from the library of the Rome Department of the DAI. These early prints (e.g. travel, research and excavation reports, catalogs) have been published in the examination of the excavations and discoveries of ancient cultures in the Mediterranean region.

A total of 2,300 engravings will be processed. Of these 1,200 (status of July 2013) are digitized in a way, that they are available as searchable full text (OCR). In addition, the in the engraving presented objects are contextualized. This primarily concerns the structural metadata of the prints as tables of contents, the presence of images or captions, but also bibliographic data of the book. These are structured in collaboration with the DAI’s ZENON database by using the TEI editor which was developed for this purpose by the CoDArchLab. That is the technical book division into cover, title page, table of contents, table etc. which is tagged by using the TEI editor’s user interface, so links are created in a standardized way.

Among the semantic metadata the objects pictured and described in the prints, and also its places and people are primarily relevant. This information will be identified and linked to the corresponding information in the image and object database Arachne, i.e. on the one hand to "real" objects and also to the relevant collection, topography and reception records. If this information is not yet available in Arachne, the corresponding records are created.

Looking up the Stoss'schen gem collection you find the contextualizing of the semantic metadata deepened. The digitized titles will also be found on the Metasearch of the Virtual Library "PropylaeumSEARCH2".

The four and a half year project "Reception of Antiquity in a Semantic Network" began in September 2009 and is funded by the DFG.

The following institutions are involved: Rome Departement of the DAI, the head office of the DAI in Berlin, the CoDArchLab in Cologne, ZENON database and the Winckelmann-Gesellschaft Stendal.

The expected findings of the overall project concerning former storage places, collection history and publication of archaeological history until the end of the 19th century will offer many insights to the prospective research into the change of the antiques understanding during the Baroque, Enlightenment and Classicism. Thus, the project provides insights into the history of archeology, in the reception of antiquity of various epochs, in the history of various collections and the development of archaeological publications. Ultimately, the project contributes to the interdisciplinary and cultural historical research.

Further Information

All books of the project "Reception of Antiquity in a Semantic Network"

Open Access Journal: International Association for Coptic Studies, NEWSLETTER / BULLETIN D'INFORMATION

 [First posted in AWOL 12 March 20911, updated (new address) 30 November 2014]

International Association for Coptic Studies, NEWSLETTER / BULLETIN D'INFORMATION
The IACS publishes a Newsletter as an organ of information about Coptologists and their work. It is sent without charge to all members. Thirty-seven issues (with some special appendices) were published between 1976 and 1998. Copies of back issues are available to members upon request.

The Newsletter regularly publishes: (a) news about the Congresses of Coptic Studies and meetings of the IACS board; (b) the list of names and addresses of IACS members; (c) lists of publications in preparation, forthcoming, or recently published, as announced by members.

International Association for Coptic Studies - Association Internationale d'Études Coptes

International Association for Coptic Studies - Association Internationale d'Études Coptes 
The IACS was founded in occasion of the First International Congress of Coptology in Cairo: Colloquium on the Future of Coptic Studies, 11-17 December 1976. 

The Association is a non-profit organization designed to encourage and contribute to the progress of all aspects of Coptic Studies. It promotes international cooperation among individuals as well as among organizations and institutions. It advances the dissemination of information about work in progress, new discoveries and new results, organize periodic Congresses on Coptic Studies, facilitate full access to and the rapid publication of source materials, identify priorities for research at a given time, bring to the attention of younger scholars the whole range of Coptic Studies, etc.

Greek and Latin in an Age of Open Data -- Conference on Google Hangout December 1-4, 17:00-c. 20:00 CET

Greek and Latin in an Age of Open Data -- Conference on Google Hangout December 1-4, 17:00-c. 20:00 CET
At 5pm CET, we will begin broadcasting a conference on Greek and Latin in an Age of Open Data. The conference will run over four days for three hours each because we want to maximize the geographic range while reaching people in reasonable times of the day. (Not everyone is so lucky -- our colleagues Donald Sturgeon and John S. Y. Lee in Hong Kong are, for example, gamely preparing to present in the middle of the night).

We will post the final information about connecting on the following link:

Our plan is to livestream the presentations and to store them on the new Digital Humanities at Leipzig YouTube channel. This is our first attempt at this and the one thing that I am most sure of is that we will run into all sorts of disasters and mishaps. But as we become accustomed to using this new technology in this (we use it all the time for multiparty video-conferencing among our far-flung collaborators), we are able to engage a wider audience than if we made everyone come to Leipzig

Open Access Journal: IAOS Bulletin: International Association for Obsidian Studies

IAOS Bulletin: International Association for Obsidian Studies
The International Association for Obsidian Studies (IAOS) was formed in 1989 to provide a forum for obsidian researchers throughout the world. Major interest areas of the IAOS include obsidian hydration dating, obsidian characterization ("sourcing"), geoarchaeological obsidian studies, obsidian and lithic technology, and the prehistoric procurement and utilization of obsidian. In addition to disseminating information about advances in obsidian research to archaeologists and other interested parties, the IAOS was also established to:
  • Develop standards for analytical procedures to ensure interlaboratory comparability.
  • Develop standards for recording and reporting obsidian hydration and characterization results.
  • Provide technical support in the form of training and workshops for those wanting to develop expertise in the field.
  • Provide a central source of information about the analytical capabilities of various laboratories and institutions and about recent advances in obsidian studies.
IAOS Bulletin No. 1
IAOS Bulletin No. 2
IAOS Bulletin No. 3
IAOS Bulletin No. 4
IAOS Bulletin No. 5
IAOS Bulletin No. 6
IAOS Bulletin No. 7
IAOS Bulletin No. 8
IAOS Bulletin No. 9
IAOS Bulletin No. 10
IAOS Bulletin No. 11IAOS Bulletin No. 12IAOS Bulletin No. 13IAOS Bulletin No. 14IAOS Bulletin No. 15IAOS Bulletin No. 16IAOS Bulletin No. 17IAOS Bulletin No. 18IAOS Bulletin No. 19IAOS Bulletin No. 20
IAOS Bulletin No. 21IAOS Bulletin No. 22IAOS Bulletin No. 23IAOS Bulletin No. 24IAOS Bulletin No. 25IAOS Bulletin No. 26IAOS Bulletin No. 27IAOS Bulletin No. 28IAOS Bulletin No. 29IAOS Bulletin No. 30IAOS Bulletin No. 31
IAOS Bulletin No. 32IAOS Bulletin No. 33IAOS Bulletin No. 34IAOS Bulletin No. 35IAOS Bulletin No. 36IAOS Bulletin No. 37IAOS Bulletin No. 38IAOS Bulletin No. 39IAOS Bulletin No. 40
IAOS Bulletin No. 41IAOS Bulletin No. 42IAOS Bulletin No. 43IAOS Bulletin No. 44IAOS Bulletin No. 45IAOS Bulletin No. 46IAOS Bulletin No. 47IAOS Bulletin No. 48IAOS Bulletin No. 49IAOS Bulletin No. 50
IAOS Bulletin No. 51

The Reconstructed Chronology of the Egyptian Kings

The Reconstructed Chronology of the Egyptian Kings
M. Christine Tetley
Vol. 1: ISBN 978-0-473-29338-3
Vol. 2: ISBN 978-0-473-29463-2

Dr Christine Tetley died on 19 July 2013. She was the first female graduate of New Zealand’s Laidlaw College to be awarded a Doctorate in Theology. It was awarded by the Australian College of Theology, again the first awarded to a woman by thesis (others had been honoris causa). Her thesis was published in 2005 by Eisenbrauns entitled The Reconstructed Chronology of the Divided Kingdom. She completed this present work two weeks before her death. Her husband, Rev. Barry Tetley (M.Div. Hons.) has been in Christian ministry for 45 years, including 12 years as a lecturer at NZ's Laidlaw College. He was responsible for the final editing of the text.

The central chronological thesis of this presentation is established by the concordance of inscriptional and astronomical evidence available to Dr Tetley at the time of compilation. It radically differs from most chronological estimates in current Egyptological publications.

It establishes the early use of a civil Calendar in Upper Egypt with Wep Renpet as the first month, with a changing four-year link to the annual heliacal rising of Sothis, referred to in inscriptions. A great number of events reported in historical materials link to new or full moon events, that are pin-pointed by secure astronomical evidence. This evidence establishes the date of Neferefre's reign as the earliest secure date in Egyptian history. From this date, together with analysis of the Turin Canon, the reconstructed Royal Annals, and other ancient king-lists, Dr Tetley establishes new dates for the first five dynasties. Later dynastic records contain numerous sothic or lunar references, which enable the reconstruction of a chronology that conforms to astronomical evidence. Such evidence is not susceptible to the vagaries of guess-work and estimation from a flawed starting date, as is currently relied upon in much of the present information available to the public.

Dr Tetley's methodology must be examined on its merits. The study of Ancient Egypt is ongoing, and Dr Tetley hoped that her contribution to its chronology would provide answers with a confidence that has so far eluded the Egyptology community.

New information can fill “knowledge gaps” and further refine her endeavour. The editor invites readers who recognize such gaps, or errors in the compiled material, to communicate directly with him. Any material of chronological significance that could improve and refine The Reconstructed Chronology of the Egyptian Kings would be exactly within the intentions of Dr Tetley, and would be considered for inclusion and recognition within the existing narrative.

Durham University Library Special Collections Catalogue: The Sudan Archive

[First posted in AWOL 11 February 2012, updated 2 December 2014]

Durham University Library Special Collections Catalogue: The Sudan Archive
Reference code: GB-0033-SAD
Title: The Sudan Archive
Dates of creation: ca.1880 onwards.
Extent: 800 boxes of papers, 50,000 photographs, 136 cinefilms, 1,000 maps, museum objects and a large amount of related printed material.
Held by: Durham University Library, Archives and Special Collections

The Sudan Archive was founded in 1957, the year after Sudanese independence, to collect and preserve the papers of administrators from the Sudan Political Service, missionaries, soldiers, business men, doctors, agriculturalists, teachers and others who had served or lived in the Sudan during the Anglo-Egyptian Condominium. It comprises over 330 individual collections of official, semi-official and private papers of British men and women. Each collection is named after the donor who is usually the creator of the records. The collections vary in size from one file to 180 boxes. All levels of colonial society are represented, from Assistant District Commissioner to Governor-General and senior officers of government, as well as from the technical and medical services, the army and the church. The core period covered is 1898-1955, but there is a significant amount of Mahdist material as well as papers relating to the military campaigns of the 1880s and 1890s, while in recent years the scope of the Archive has extended to the period after independence and now contains material up to the present day. Moreover, as officials were frequently seconded or posted to neighbouring countries, or simply passed through them on leave, the Archive also holds substantial numbers of papers relating to Egypt, the Arabian Peninsula, Palestine, Transjordan, Syria and African states bordering on the Sudan.

In addition to official and personal papers (correspondence, reports and memoranda, trek notes and diaries, letters home and so on), collections may include a variety of records in other formats such as photographic images (prints, lantern slides and 35mm slides), cinefilms from the 1920s to the 1960s, sound recordings, maps, museum objects and a large amount of related printed material. Most of the material is in English, with a small amount in Arabic.

Finding aids

Separate catalogues exist for all the collections, approximately three-quarters of which are online (listed at http://tinyurl.com/SudanLists). The following have been published and can be ordered by post:
Summary guide to the Sudan Archive, containing a brief description of each of the collections, price £5 (also available online at http://reed.dur.ac.uk/xtf/view?docId=ead/sad/sudan.xml)
Volume one of the Catalogue of the papers of General Sir Reginald Wingate (1861-1953), covering domestic Sudanese affairs from 1883 to 1916, price £10. (Also available online at http://reed.dur.ac.uk/xtf/view?docId=ead/sad/wingate.xml.)
38,000 of the Archive's photographic images are available on a database, linked to catalogue entries, which is accessible only in Durham. Freetext and keyword searching of the database is possible.
An integrated list of maps in the Africa 1:250,000 series for the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan is available. All other maps, including hand-drawn military maps from the 19th century campaigns, are described in the lists of the appropriate individual collections and all printed maps appear in the Library catalogue. There is also a brief integrated list of the museum objects, arranged under the name of the donor.

Digitised material

A growing amount of printed material, chiefly official publications, is being digitised and can be accessed from http://www.dur.ac.uk/library/asc/sudan/.
The Sudan Archive


Related material

General publications


Sequential Latin

Sequential Latin
Sequential Latin is a project that is in the very early stages of development. The main impetus of this project is to create a free online Latin language course, an accompanying yet separate Latin web-comic, and a rich Latin language and Classics community.

The Course:

The course will be self-paced and designed for the absolute beginner. It will focus specifically on developing an ability to read Latin, though spoken and written Latin will also be crucial elements. The methodology employed will immerse the reader in lots of Latin text (“synthetic”, edited and authentic), but will also provide a thorough understanding of grammatical and syntactical concepts, as well as general down-to-earth reading practices, seeking to provide a broad but flexible set of skills for students to draw upon when reading Latin. Included in this skill-set will be cultural context, as the course also aims to be a full-on exploration of Classical Culture and History.

Images and Comics forms will be used heavily. Indeed, this is the inspiration for the project title, as the incomparable Will Eisner called comics “Sequential Art.” I do believe that comics is an ideal medium for foreign language studies, as it depends heavily upon reader involvement, from all their senses. As comics artist Scott Mcloud says, “…human imagination takes two separate images [that is, two separate panels of a comic] and transforms them into a single idea. Nothing is seen between the two panels, but experience tells you something must be there! …within these panels, we can only convey information visually, but between panels, none of our senses are required at all, which is why all of our senses are engaged.”*

Readers will follow a continuous narrative tale called the Cloeliad, which follows the legendary Roman heroine Cloelia on a series of adventures throughout the Classical world (she is cursed by Chronos to be transported to different times and places on a regular basis…). Many other “synthetic” Latin texts will be written which do not tell a continuous tale, but focus on specific topics from the Classical world (for example, a conversation between two senators, a roman youth heading to school, and that sort of thing). Authentic Latin will also be a large part of the lessons.

New Open Access Monograph Series: UCL Qatar Series in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage

UCL Qatar Series in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage 
ISSN: 2312-5004

Volume 1

Craft and science: International perspectives on archaeological ceramics

Edited by Marcos Martinón-TorresISBN: 978-9927-101-75-5
Download entire book:  PDF (13.5 MB)

Foreword (selection)
Ceramics are among the most abundant materials recovered in archaeological sites. Traditionally, they have served as the main staple for archaeologists to establish chronological sequences within sites and cultural affiliations between sites. They are also a primary source for a wealth of information about past economies, social structures and ritual behaviour. In addition, ceramics preserve in their bodies the traces of countless forms of experimentation, knowledge transmission, technical ingenuity and artistic sensitivity, transcending the boundaries between art, craft and science both in their original production, and in their current study.
As a sustained area of research, the study of ceramics has historically served as a prime arena for innovation, both through the pioneer application of instrumental analyses and as a core foundation and testing ground for influential archaeological theories. Inevitably, some research methods are well-established in some regions, whereas they are still emerging in others. Also the integration between science-based approaches and archaeological theory is uneven. However, emerging academic traditions, and those in less-resourced regions, should not be overshadowed by the more established paradigms. While it is impossible to keep up with all the work carried out on archaeological ceramics worldwide, it is essential that researchers continue to exchange and compare their methods, results and ideas, and that these are made available to a broader archaeological readership.
This book aims to facilitate this exchange and update of information on diverse approaches to archaeological ceramics across much of the world.

Foreword -  PDF
  1. Pots as signals: Explaining the enigma of long-distance ceramic exchange  PDF
  2. Lessons from the Elephant's Child: Questioning ancient ceramics  PDF
  3. Inferring provenance, manufacturing technique, and firing temperatures of the Monagrillo ware (3520–1300 cal BC), Panama’s first pottery  PDF
  4. The use of andesite temper in Inca and pre-Inca pottery from the region of Cuzco, Peru  PDF
  5. 50 left feet: The manufacture and meaning of effigy censers from Lamanai, Belize  PDF
  6. Molding the ‘collapse’: Technological analysis of the Terminal Classic molded-carved vases from Altun Ha, Belize  PDF
  7. Ceramic technology and the global world: First technological assessment of the Romita ware of colonial Mexico  PDF
  8. Pottery production in Santa Ponsa (Majorca, Spain) from the Late Bronze Age to the Late Iron Age (1100–50 BC): Ceramics, technology and society  PDF
  9. Archaeometric investigation of Punic lamps from Ibiza (Balearic Islands, Spain)  PDF
  10. Ceramic technology between the Final Bronze Age and the First Iron Age in NE Italy: The case of Oppeano (Verona)  PDF
  11. Hispanic terra sigillata productions documented on the Catalan coast: Some unexpected results and new issues  PDF
  12. The ways of the lustre: Looking for the Tunisian connection  PDF
  13. Capodimonte porcelain: A unique manufacture  PDF
  14. Late Neolithic pottery productions in Syria. Evidence from Tell Halula (Euphrates valley): A technological approach  PDF
  15. Assyrian palace ware definition and chaîne opératoire: Preliminary results from Nineveh, Nimrud, and Aššur  PDF
  16. Messages impressed in clay: Scientific study of Iron Age Judahite bullae from Jerusalem  PDF
  17. The geochemistry and distribution of Archaic, Classical, and Hellenistic wares of the territory of ancient Sagalassos (SW Turkey):
A reconnaissance study  PDF
  18. The colour and golden shine of early silver Islamic lustre  PDF
  19. Experiments with double chamber sunken up-draught kilns  PDF
  20. Petro-mineralogical and geochemical characterisation of Middle Neolithic Bükk Culture fine ware from Garadna, NE Hungary  PDF
  21. Archaeometric investigation of Celtic graphitic pottery from two archaeological sites in Hungary  PDF
  22. Archaeometric investigation of Buda white ware (12th–14th century AD, North Hungary): Initial questions and first results  PDF
  23. The ceramic technology of the architectural glazed tiles of Huangwa Kiln, Liaoning Province, China  PDF
  24. Parallel developments in Chinese porcelain technology in the 13th - 14th centuries AD  PDF
  25. Luminescence dating of ceramic building materials: application to the study of early medieval churches in north-western France and south-eastern England  PDF
  26. Computerised documentation of painted decoration on pottery vessels using 3D scanning  PDF
  27. Insights into manufacturing techniques of archaeological pottery: Industrial X-ray computed tomography as a tool in the examination of cultural material  PDF
  28. Thermal shock resistance of tempered archaeological ceramics  PDF
  29. The second life of ceramics: a new home in a lime environment  PDF

The British Institute for the Study of Iraq Books Online

[First posted in AWOL 9 April 2013, updated 2 December 2014]

The British Institute for the Study of Iraq Books Online
All of BISI's books are available for free download from these pages.

Many of the volumes on Nimrud, including Cuneiform Texts from Nimrud vols. 1-5 and Ivories from Nimrud 1-6, as well as several of our other publications, were digitised for us by the AHRC-funded Nimrud project.

The books in the series of Abu Salabikh Excavations, Tell Brak Excavations and Iraq Archaeological Reports were digitised by the Archive of Mesopotamian Archaeological Reports at Stony Brook University Digital Library.

Read the full list of  BISI/BSAI fieldwork reports and publications, dating from 1935 to 2012.

Terms of Use: These pdfs are only to be distributed from the BISI’s website. Individuals, libraries, institutions, and others may download one complimentary copy for their own personal use. © The British Institute for the Study of Iraq. Links to the Institute’s website are welcomed.
At the moment, the following 36 books are available for download:

Cuneiform Texts from Nimrud

Title Author Year
The Nimrud Wine Lists J.V. Kinnier Wilson 1972
The Governor’s Palace Archive J.N. Postgate 1973
The Tablets from Fort Shalmaneser S. Dalley & J.N. Postgate 1984
Literary Texts from the Temple of Nabû D.J. Wiseman & J.A. Black 1996
The Nimrud Letters, 1952 H.W.F. Saggs 2001

Ivories from Nimrud

Title Author Year
Equestrian Bridle-Harness Ornaments: Catalogue & Plates J.J. Orchard 1967
Ivories in the Assyrian Style M.E.L. Mallowan & L.G. Davies 1970
Furniture from SW 7, Fort Shalmaneser M.E.L. Mallowan & G. Herrmann 1974
Ivories from Room SW 37, Fort Shalmaneser, part I G. Herrmann 1986
Ivories from Room SW 37, Fort Shalmaneser, part 2 G. Herrmann 1986
The Small Collections from Fort Shalmaneser G. Herrmann 1992
Ivories from the North West Palace (1845-1992) G. Herrmann, S. Laidlaw & H. Coffey 2009
Ivories from Rooms SW11/12 and T10 Fort Shalmaneser, parts 1-2 G. Herrmann and S. Laidlaw 2013

Abu Salabikh Excavations

Title Author Year
The West Mound Surface Clearance J.N. Postgate 1983
Graves 1 to 99 H.P. Martin, J. Moon & J.N. Postgate 1985
Catalogue of Early Dynastic Pottery Jane Moon 1987
The 6G Ash-Tip and its Contents: Cultic and Administrative Discard from the Temple? A.N. Green 1993

Tell Brak Excavations

Tell Brak Excavations are jointly published with the McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, University of Cambridge

Samarra Studies

Title Author Year
Samarra I: The Historical Topography of Samarra Alastair Northedge 2008

Iraq Archaeological Reports

Title Author Editor Year
Excavations at 'Āna: Qal'a Island A. Northedge et al.
Excavations at Tell Rubeidheh: an Uruk Village in the Jebel Hamrin T. Cuyler Young et al. R.G. Killick 1988
Settlement Development in the North Jazira, Iraq: a Study of the Archaeological Landscape T.J. Wilkinson & D.J. Tucker
The Excavations at Tell al Rimah: The Pottery C. Postgate, D. Oates & J. Oates
Artefacts of Complexity: Tracking the Uruk in the Ancient Near East
J.N. Postgate 2002
Secrets of the Dark Mound: Jemdet Nasr 1926-1928 Roger Matthews

Other Publications

Open Access Journal: Oriental Institute Annual Report

[First posted in AWOL 5 November 2009. Most recently updated 2 December 2014]

Oriental Institute Annual Report
The print versions of the Oriental Institute Annual Report are available for members as one of the privileges of membership. They are not for sale to the general public. They contain yearly summaries of the activities of the Institute’s faculty, staff, and research projects, as well as descriptions of special events and other Institute functions.
2013–2014 Annual Report

For an up to date list of all Oriental Institute publications available online see:

UNESCO's Histoire générale de l'Afrique Online

Histoire générale de l'Afrique
L’UNESCO a lancé en 1964  l’élaboration de l’Histoire générale de l’Afrique pour remédier à l’ignorance généralisée sur le passé de l’Afrique. Pour relever ce défi qui consistait à reconstruire une histoire  de l’Afrique libérée des préjugés raciaux hérités de la traite négrière et de la colonisation et favoriser une perspective africaine,  l’UNESCO a fait appel aux plus grands spécialistes africains et internationaux de l’époque.
Supervisée par un Comité scientifique international dont deux tiers étaient africains, l’élaboration des huit volumes de l’Histoire générale de l’Afrique a mobilisé plus de 230 historiens et autres spécialistes pendant plus de 35 années. Achevé en 1999, ce travail colossal qui eut un grand retentissement en Afrique et, au-delà, dans les milieux scientifiques et universitaires, est considéré comme une contribution majeure à la connaissance de l’histoire et de l’historiographie africaines.
Étant donné son importance pour l’humanité, l’Histoire générale de l’Afrique a été traduite en 13 langues notamment en anglais, en français et en arabe, mais aussi dans trois langues africaines. Poursuivant son action en faveur de l’Afrique, l’UNESCO vient de lancer la seconde phase de ce projet : l’utilisation pédagogique de l’Histoire générale de l’Afrique.
Une œuvre pionnière, à ce jour inégalée dans son ambition de couvrir l’histoire de la totalité du continent africain, depuis l’apparition de l’homme. Une Histoire qui ne laisse plus dans l’ombre la période pré-coloniale et qui insère profondément le destin de l’Afrique dans celui de l’humanité en mettant en évidence les relations avec les autres continents et la part des Africains dans le dialogue des civilisations. La collection complète est publiée en huit volumes.

Open Access Journal: Revue des Sciences Religieuses

[First posted in AWOL 10 May 2012, updated 3 December 2014]

Revue des Sciences Religieuses
La Revue des Sciences Religieuses est une publication scientifique, rédigée et publiée par les enseignants-chercheurs de la Faculté de théologie catholique de Strasbourg mais ouverte à tous les chercheurs. La revue aborde tous les champs disciplinaires de la théologie, du droit canonique et des sciences religieuses : l’exégèse, l’histoire, la théologie fondamentale et dogmatique, la pastorale et la pratique, l’éthique, la philosophie, les études œcuméniques. 
La revue propose chaque année quatre numéros, dont deux thématiques, et comporte un nombre significatif de recensions. Les articles envoyés à la revue sont soumis à un Comité de lecture.

Numéros en texte intégral

Open Access Journal: Ancient Asia

[First posted in AWOL 13 November 2009. Updated 3 December 2014]

Ancient Asia: Journal of the Society of South Asian Archaeology
ISSN: 2042-5937
Ancient Asia is the official annual journal of the Society of South Asian Archaeology (SOSAA). The scope of the journal is vast - from Stone Age to the Modem times, including archaeology, history, anthropology, art, architecture, numismatics, iconography, ethnography, various scientific aspects including archaeobotany and archaeozoology, and theoretical and methodological issues. Amongst the goals of this society are to bring forth the research being conducted in areas that are not often well published such as the North Eastern States of India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Central Asia, Iran, etc.

Vol 1 (2006)

Open Access Journal: Journal of Open Archaeology Data (JOAD)

[First posted in AWOL 20 April 2012. Updated 3 December 2014]

Journal of Open Archaeology Data (JOAD)
ISSN 2049-1565
The Journal of Open Archaeology Data (JOAD) features peer reviewed data papers describing archaeology datasets with high reuse potential. We are working with a number of specialist and institutional data repositories to ensure that the associated data are professionally archived, preserved, and openly available. Equally importantly, the data and the papers are citable, and reuse will be tracked. While still in beta phase, the journal is now accepting papers. We will also be adding new functionality over the next few weeks, and refining the look and feel.

Online Library: PLGO: Bibliotheca Pretiosa.

PLGO: Bibliotheca Pretiosa
LibScribd is a project wich born inside the PLGO Community, looking provide and share with the visitors a well ordinated collection of works, related directly with Patristic/Patrological themes. Taking all the advantages provided by the Scribd' API, the PLGO community has been working in this project since September 2010, and through different steps in the development of such projects, finally the past the May 3, 2014, we merge the Bibliotheca Pretiosa with our former LibScribd Project.
Here you will find all the contents included in our Scribd account, but minimizing to the limit the difficulties to place and access our documents, and displaying none advertisement banners nor pop-ups.
Indexing, organizing and reviewing our contents, we hope still helping the academical community.
We are convinced too that LibScribd/Bibliotheca Pretiosa is a great and useful step to achieve this goal. Our minimal web template allow browse quickly and easily between our contents, and optimizes too the 'full screen' reading, displaying the contents with the best results in any screen.

    Collection No. Docs. Links
    Abrégé de l'histoire ecclésiastique de M. l'abbé Fleury (1750) 8 Open the Collection.
    Acta Martyrum et sanctorum [Bedjan Ed.]. 6 Open the Collection.
    Acta Sanctorum. 1863. 65 Open the Collection.
    Analecta Bollandiana. 1882-1908. 27 Open the Collection.
    Aramaic related materials. 27 Open the Collection.
    Archives d'histoire doctrinale et littéraire du Moyen-âge. 1926-1939. 12 Open the Collection.
    Auger. Homélies, discours et lettres choisis de S. Jean Chrysostôme. 1826. 4 Open the Collection.
    Aurelius Augustinus Hipponensis: Opera et Studia 56 Open the Collection.
    Aurelius Augustinus. Opera Omnia [Des. Eras. Rot. Ed.]. 1528-1529. 20 Open the Collection.
    Baer. Textum Masoreticum accuratissime expressit e fontibus Masorea varie illustravit. 1869. 13 Open the Collection.
    Bibliothèque choisie des Pères de l'Église grecque et latine, ou, Cours d'éloquence sacrée [1822-1829]. 26 Open the Collection.
    Brooke, McLean, Thackeray. The Old Testament in Greek according to the text of Codex vaticanus. 1906. 8 Open the Collection.
    Bunsen. Christianity and mankind : their beginnings and prospects. 1854. 7 Open the Collection.
    Byzantine Empire 31 Open the Collection.
    Caillau. Thesaurus Patrum Floresque Doctorum. 9 Open the Collection.
    Ceillier. Histoire générale des auteurs sacrés et ecclésiastiques [Nouvelle Édition].1858. 17 Open the Collection.
    Ceillier. Histoire générale des auteurs sacrés et ecclésiastiques. 1729. 23 Open the Collection.
    Church history 76 Open the Collection.
    Clavis, Indices, Catalogi. 6 Open the Collection.
    Clemens Alexandrinus. Opera [Dindorf Ed.]. 1869. 4 Open the Collection.
    Clemens Alexandrinus: Opera et Studia 14 Open the Collection.
    Codices, Incunabula & Early Editions 52 Open the Collection.
    Collectio Selecta SS. Ecclesiæ Patrum. [Caillau, Guillon, Ed.]. 4 Open the Collection.
    Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum. 1828-1877. 13 Open the Collection.
    Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum 65 Open the Collection.
    Corpus Scriptorum Historiae Byzantinae 51 Open the Collection.
    Cramer. Catenae Graecorum patrum in Novum Testamentum. 1844. 8 Open the Collection.
    CSCO 40 Open the Collection.
    Cyrillus Alexandrinus: : Opera et Studia. 12 Open the Collection.
    Dictionaries, Lexicons, Grammars 110 Open the Collection.
    Dictionnaire de la Bible (1912) 12 Open the Collection.
    Dods. The works of Aurelius Augustine : a new translation. 1871. 15 Open the Collection.
    Dufourcq. Étude sur les Gesta martyrum romains. 1900. 4 Open the Collection.
    Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus: Opera et Studia. 11 Open the Collection.
    Exposition du dogme catholique (1873-1890). 21 Open the Collection.
    External materials 41 Open the Collection.
    Gfrörer. Pabst Gregorius VII und sein Zeitalter. 1859. 10 Open the Collection.
    Gifford. Eusebiou tou pamphilou euaggelikes proparaskeues. 1903. 5 Open the Collection.
    Giles. Saint Bede, The Complete Works of Venerable Bede, 8 vols. 1843. 8 Open the Collection.
    Giry, Guérin. Les petits Bollandistes. 1888. 17 Open the Collection.
    Greek ecclesiastical historians of the first six centuries of the Christian era. 1843. 12 Open the Collection.
    Griechische Christliche Schriftsteller 47 Open the Collection.
    Histoire des conciles d'après les documents originaux 21 Open the Collection.
    Histoire des conciles d'après les documents originaux [1869]. 12 Open the Collection.
    Histoire littéraire de l'Afrique chrétienne depuis les origines jusqu'à l'invasion arabe [1901]. 6 Open the Collection.
    Individual Works, Studies, Monographies 502 Open the Collection.
    Jeannin. Saint Jean Chrysostome. OEuvres Complètes. 1887. 11 Open the Collection.
    Joannes Chrysostomus. Opera Omnia Quæ Exstant [Montfaucon, Ed.]. 1839. 12 Open the Collection.
    Jstor Patristic/Patrological contents before 1923 year. 3 Open the Collection.
    Klostermann. Eusebius Werke [GCS Ed.]. 1902. 9 Open the Collection.
    Koetschau. Origenes Werke [GCS Ed.]. 1899. 7 Open the Collection.
    La Sainte Bible Polyglotte (1900) 9 Open the Collection.
    Lightfoot. The Apostolic Fathers : a revised text with introductions, notes, dissertations, and translations. 1890. 5 Open the Collection.
    Luchaire. Innocent III. 1906-1908. 6 Open the Collection.
    Mai. Patrum Nova Bibliotheca. 1843-1854. 8 Open the Collection.
    Mai. Spicilegium romanum. 1839. 10 Open the Collection.
    Migne. Patrologiae Cursus Completus, Series Latina. [PIMS Digitazion]. 220 Open the Collection.
    Miscellanea 129 Open the Collection.
    Montalembert. Les moines d'Occident depuis Saint Benoít jusqu'a Saint Bernard/The monks of the West, from St. Benedict to St. Bernard 14 Open the Collection.
    Moroni. Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica da S. Pietro sino ai nostri giorni. 1840. 109 Open the Collection.
    Mourret. Histoire générale de l'Église. 1921. 9 Open the Collection.
    Opera Spuria, Apocrypha, Gnostica seu Haeretica. 50 Open the Collection.
    Origen. Opera omnia quae graece vel latine tantum exstant [La Rue, Lommatzsch Eds.]. 1831. 25 Open the Collection.
    Patres Quarti Ecclesiæ Sæculi: Ambrosius. Opera Omnia. [Caillau, Guillon Ed.]. 1836. 10 Open the Collection.
    Patres Quarti Ecclesiæ Sæculi: Basilius. Opera Omnia. [Caillau, Guillon Ed.]. 1833. 5 Open the Collection.
    Patres Quarti Ecclesiæ Sæculi: Eusebius. Opera Omnia. [Caillau, Guillon Ed.]. 1830. 6 Open the Collection.
    Patres Quarti Ecclesiæ Sæculi: Gregorius Theologus. Opera Omnia. [Caillau, Guillon Ed.]. 1835. 5 Open the Collection.
    Patres Quarti Ecclesiæ Sæculi: S. Athanasius. Opera Omnia. [Caillau, Guillon Ed.]. 1830. 4 Open the Collection.
    Patres Quarti Ecclesiæ Sæculi: S. Ephræm. Opera Omnia. [Caillau, Guillon Ed.]. 1832. 8 Open the Collection.
    Patres Quinti Ecclesiaæ Sæculi: S. Augustinus. Opera Omnia. [Caillau, Guillon Ed.]. 1835. 41 Open the Collection.
    Patres Quinti Ecclesiæ Sæculi: Joannes Chrysostomus. Opera Omnia. [Caillau, Guillon Ed.]. 1835. 26 Open the Collection.
    Patres Tertii Ecclesiæ Sæculi: Origenes. Opera Omnia. [Caillau, Guillon Ed.]. 1829. 7 Open the Collection.
    Patrologia Graeca [Googlebooks]. 307 Open the Collection.
    Patrologia Graeca [Internet Archive]. 16 Open the Collection.
    Patrologia Latina [BNF/Gallica]. 181 Open the Collection.
    Patrologia Latina [Googlebooks]. 286 Open the Collection.
    Patrologia Orientalis [BNF/Gallica Digitazion]. 35 Open the Collection.
    Patrologia Orientalis [PIMS Digitazion]. 16 Open the Collection.
    Patrologia Orientalis [University of Toronto Digitazion]. 24 Open the Collection.
    Patrologia Orientalis [University of Toronto Digitazion]. 24 Open the Collection.
    Philo of Alexandria. Opera Omnia. 1828. 8 Open the Collection.
    Poujoulat, Raulx. Saint Augustin. OEuvres Complètes. 1864. 13 Open the Collection.
    Poujoulat. Lettres de Saint Augustin. 1858. 4 Open the Collection.
    Res aliena 512 Open the Collection.
    Res aliena: Iudaica. 88 Open the Collection.
    Res Curiosa & Rara. 2 Open the Collection.
    Revue de l'Orient Chrétien 30 Open the Collection.
    Revue de l'Orient Latin 9 Open the Collection.
    Revue des études byzantines. 1943-2005. 244 Open the Collection.
    Riches de Levante. The hexaglot Bible : comprising the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments in the original tongues. 1906. 6 Open the Collection.
    Roberts, Donaldson. Ante-Nicene Christian library : translations of the writings of the Fathers down to A. D. 325. 1867. 24 Open the Collection.
    Robinson. Texts and studies : contributions to Biblical and Patristic literature. 1891. 11 Open the Collection.
    Rohrbacher, Dufour. Histoire universelle de l'Église Catholique. 1842-1849. 30 Open the Collection.
    Routh. Reliquiae sacrae. 1846. 5 Open the Collection.
    S. Isidorus Hispalensis. Opera Omnia. [Franciscus Lorenzana Ed.]. 1797. 7 Open the Collection.
    S. P. C. K. 24 Open the Collection.
    Sacra Scriptura 159 Open the Collection.
    Sacrorum conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio [H. Welter, Ed. 1901-1927] 14 Open the Collection.
    Saint Basil. Opera omnia quae exstant [Julianus Garnier Ed.]. 1839. 6 Open the Collection.
    Saint Bernard. Oeuvres Complètes [Charpentier, Trad.]. 1865. 7 Open the Collection.
    Schaff, Wace. A Select library of Nicene and post-Nicene fathers of the Christian church. Second series. 1890-1900. 14 Open the Collection.
    Schaff. A Select library of the Nicene and post-Nicene fathers of the Christian church. First series. 1886. 14 Open the Collection.
    Scriptorum Veterum Nova Collectio 10 Open the Collection.
    Sevestre. Dictionnaire de Patrologie. 1851. 4 Open the Collection.
    Sic vos, non vobis 2 Open the Collection.
    SMSR 41 Open the Collection.
    Texte und Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der altchristlichen Literatur. 1883. 41 Open the Collection.
    The Fathers of the Church 31 Open the Collection.
    The history of the popes, from the close of the middle ages 40 Open the Collection.
    Tischendorf. Novum Testamentum graece. 1869. 7 Open the Collection.
    Vivien. Tertullianus praedicans. 1856. 6 Open the Collection.
    Whiston. Primitive Christianity reviv'd : in four volumes. 1711. 4 Open the Collection.
    XXXIII. 33 Open the Collection.

      Stolen Gods: Reporting the theft and destruction of sacred art from around the world

      Stolen Gods: Reporting the theft and destruction of sacred art from around the world
      Sacred art is alive: it is a major component of the identities of living people and communities. Theft of sacred art is theft from everyone. Destruction of sacred items is profoundly destabilizing. The theft, trafficking, and destruction of sacred art is a special subset of the larger study of the movement of illicit art and antiquities. It has its own unique causes and, perhaps, its own unique solutions.
      The purpose of this site is to try to understand this phenomenon better by collecting information. Find here articles and papers about the theft and destruction of the art and architecture of the world’s religious traditions and documentation of efforts to protect these sites and items.

      Old Babylonian Text Corpus by Cuneiform Circle

      Old Babylonian Text Corpus by Cuneiform Circle
      Cuneiform Circle is a community of scholars engaged in the study of the Old Babylonian Akkadian. Our main goal is to create an Old Babylonian Text Corpus, an Old Babylonian Dictionary, and a List of Old Babylonian Cuneiform Signs.

      The Old Babylonian Text Corpus (OBTC) comprises a large text database of the Old Babylonian Akkadian Language (currently 144097 text lines, letters, documents, legal texts, royal inscriptions, omina, mathematical texts etc.).

      All texts are available for search according to sign-chains (transliteration). The search engine in Old Babylonian Text Corpus verse 1 is available for everybody but the search is restricted to the following texts: Codex Hammurapi and AbB 5. The search in all 144097 lines of OBTC verse 2 is available for members only (see how to become a member) .
      Our service includes unique searchable lists of Old Babylonian Signs Variants as appearing in the hand copies selected for the graphemic analysis.

      The work on the project is in progress. We have started in 1988-89 and have accomplished significant advances since. We are currently working towards improving the quality and scope of our databases. The full access to all materials and sources is given to active members only ( see our policy ). 
      | | | catalogue of cuneiform signs | for our students in Czech | contact

      Open Access Journal: Sudan notes and records