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New Website of The American Oriental Society

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The American Oriental Society
http://www.americanorientalsociety.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/cropped-cropped-aosheader2.png 



Digitized Handbuch der Altertumswissenschaft

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Handbuch der Altertumswissenschaft
Via WikiSource

1. Einleitende und Hilfsdisziplinen

2. Griechische und lateinische Sprachwissenschaft

später: Griechische Grammatik, Lateinische Grammatik, Rhetorik

3. Alter Orient, Griechische Geschichte, Römische Geschichte

  • 3. Fritz Hommel u.a.: Geographie und politische Geschichte des klassischen Altertums. Mit einer Einleitung über die Geographie und Geschichte des Orients bis zu den Perserkriegen. 1889 Google-USA*, Internet Archive
    • 3,1. Grundriss der Geographie
      • 3,1,1. Fritz Hommel: Ethnologie und Geographie des alten Orients
        • 3,1,1,1. 1904
        • 3,1,1,2. 1926
    • 3,2
    • 3,3
    • 3,4. Robert Pöhlmann: Grundriss der griechischen Geschichte nebst Quellenkunde. - 2., völlig umgearbeitete und bedeutend vermehrte Auflage 1896. - 3. vermehrte und verbesserte Auflage 1906 Internet Archive. - 4., vermehrte und verbesserte Auflage 1909. - 5., umgearbeitete Auflage: Griechische Geschichte und Quellenkunde 1914
    • 3,4. [Neubearbeitung:] Hermann Bengtson: Griechische Geschichte von den Anfängen bis in die römische Kaiserzeit. 1950. - 2., durchgesehene und ergänzte Auflage 1960. - 3. Auflage 1965. - 4., durchgesehene und ergänzte Auflage 1969. - 5., durchgesehene und ergänzte Auflage 1977. - Nachdruck 1996
    • 3,5 Robert Pöhlmann: Grundriss der römischen Geschichte. - 2., umgearbeitete und vermehrte Auflage 1897. - 3., umgearbeitete und vermehrte Auflage 1906. Google-USA* - 4., verbesserte und vermehrte Auflage: Benedikt Niese: Grundriss der römischen Geschichte nebst Quellenkunde. 1910, 5. Auflage 1923 Internet Archive
    • 3.5. [Neubearbeitung:] Hermann Bengtson: Grundriss der römischen Geschichte
      • 3,5,1. Republik und Kaiserzeit bis 284 n.Chr. 1967. - 2., durchgesehene Auflage 1970. - 3., durchgesehene und erweiterte Auflage 1982
    • 3,6. Alexander Demandt: Die Spätantike. Römische Geschichte von Diocletian bis Justinian ; 284-565 n.Chr.. 1989
    • 3,7. Richard N. Frye: The history of ancient Iran. 1984
    • 3,8. Werner Huß: Geschichte der Karthager. 1985
    • 3,9. Dieter Flach: Römische Agrargeschichte. 1990

4. Griechische Staatskunde, Heerwesen und Kriegführung der Griechen und Römer

  • 4,1. Georg Busolt, Adolf Bauer, Iwan von Müller: Die griechischen Staats-, Kriegs- und Privataltertümer. 1887 Google-USA*
    • 4,1,1. Georg Busolt: Die griechischen Staats- und Rechtsaltertümer. 2., umgearbeitete und sehr vermehrte Auflage 1892 Internet Archive, Internet Archive = Google-USA*. - 3., neugestaltete Auflage: Georg Busolt: Allgemeine Darstellung des griechischen Staates. 1920 Internet Archive. - Nachdrucke 1963, 1979
      • 4,1,1,2. Heinrich Swoboda: Darstellung einzelner Staaten und der zwischenstaatlichen Beziehungen. Register, bearbeitet von Franz Jandebeur. 1926. - Nachdrucke 1961, 1963, 1972
    • 4,1,2. Iwan von Müller u.a.: Die griechischen Privat- und Kriegsaltertümer. 1893
  • 4,2. Hermann Schiller, Moritz Voigt: Die römischen Staats-, Kriegs- und Privataltertümer. 1887 Internet Archive. - 2., umgearbeitete und vermehrte Auflage 1893
  • 4,3
    • 4,3,2. Johannes Kromayer u.a.: Heerwesen und Kriegführung der Griechen und Römer. 1928. - Nachdruck 1963

5. Geschichte der Philosophie, Geschichte der Mathematik und Naturwissenschaften, Religionsgeschichte

6. Archäologie der Kunst

seit 1939: Handbuch der Archäologie (zeitweiliger Herausgeber: Ulrich Hausmann)
  • 6. Karl Sittl: Archäologie der Kunst. Nebst einem Anhang über die antike Numismatik. 1895 Google-USA* = Internet Archive, Google-USA* = Internet Archive
    • Atlas zu Band 6: Archäologie der Kunst. 1897 OÖLB
  • 6,1. Handbuch der Archäologie. 1939
    • 6,1. Textband
    • 6,2. Tafelband
  • 6,2. Handbuch der Archäologie. 1954
    • 6,2. Textband
    • 6,2. Tafelband
  • 6,3: Georg Lippold: Die griechische Plastik. 1950
  • 6,4: Andreas Rumpf: Malerei und Zeichnung der klassischen Antike. 1953

7. Geschichte der griechischen Literatur

Seit 1929: Geschichte der griechischen Literatur
  • 7. Wilhelm Christ: Geschichte der griechischen Litteratur bis auf die Zeit Justinians. – 1889. - 2. vermehrte Auflage: Geschichte der griechischen Litteratur 1890. Internet Archive - 3., vermehrte und verbesserte Auflage 1898 Internet Archive, Internet Archive = Google-USA*. - 4. revidierte Auflage, mit Anhang von 43 Porträtdarstellungen nach Auswahl von Adolf Furtwängler und Johannes Sieveking 1905 Internet Archive = Google-USA*
    • 7,1. Wilhelm Schmid: Klassische Periode der griechischen Litteratur. 5. Auflage 1908 Internet Archive = Google-USA*. - 6. Auflage, unter Mitwirkung von Otto Stählin bearbeitet von Wilhelm Schmid, 1912 Internet Archive
    • 7,2. Wilhelm Schmid u.a.: Die nachklassische Periode der griechischen Litteratur
      • 7,2,1. Von 320 vor Christus bis 100 nach Christus. 1911. - 6. Auflage 1920 Internet Archive. - Nachdrucke 1959, 1974
      • 7,2,2: Von 100 bis 530 nach Christus. 1913. - 6. Auflage 1924. - Nachdrucke 1961, 1981
  • 7. [Neubearbeitung:] Wilhelm Schmid u.a.: Geschichte der griechischen Literatur
    • 7,1. Griechische Literatur vor der attischen Hegemonie. 1929. - Nachdrucke 1959, 1974
    • 7,2. Die griechische Literatur zur Zeit der attischen Hegemonie nach dem Eingreifen der Sophistik. 1934. - Nachdruck 1959
      • 7,2,1. Die griechische Literatur zur Zeit der attischen Hegemonie nach dem Eingreifen der Sophistik, 1. Hälfte. 1940. - Nachdruck 1961
      • 7,2,2,1. Die griechische Literatur zur Zeit der attischen Hegemonie nach dem Eingreifen der Sophistik : 2. Hälfte, 1. Abschnitt. 1946. - Nachdrucke 1959, 1980
      • 7,2,2,2. Die griechische Literatur zur Zeit der attischen Hegemonie nach dem Eingreifen der Sophistik : 2. Hälfte, 2. Abschnitt. 1948. - Nachdruck 1964

8. Geschichte der römischen Literatur bis zum Gesetzgebungswerk des Kaisers Justinian

seit 1989: Handbuch der lateinischen Literatur der Antike
  • 8,1. Martin Schanz: Die römische Litteratur in der Zeit der Republik. 1890. Internet Archive, Internet Archive - 2. Auflage 1898. - 3., ganz umgearbeitete und stark vermehrte Auflage 1907
    • 8,1,1. Martin Schanz: Von den Anfängen der Litteratur bis zum Ausgang des Bundesgenossenkriegs. 1907 Internet Archive, Internet Archive, Internet Archive
    • 8,1,2. Martin Schanz: Vom Ausgang des Bundesgenossenkriegs bis zum Ende der Republik. 1909. - 4. neubearbeitete Auflage von Carl Hosius 1927. - Nachdrucke 1959, 1966, 1979
  • 8,2. Martin Schanz: Die Zeit vom Ende der Republik (30 v. Chr.) bis auf Hadrian (117 n.Chr.). 1892. - 2. Auflage: Die römische Litteratur in der Zeit der Monarchie bis auf Hadrian. - 4., neubearbeitete Auflage von Carl Hosius: Die römische Literatur in der Zeit der Monarchie bis auf Hadrian. 1935 Internet Archive - Nachdrucke 1959, 1967, 1980
    • 8,2,1. Die augustinische Zeit. 1899. - 3., ganz umgearbeitete und stark vermehrte Auflage 1911
    • 8,2,2. Vom Tode des Augustus bis zur Regierung Hadrians. 1901 Internet Archive = Google-USA*. - 3., ganz umgearbeitete und stark vermehrte Auflage 1913
  • 8,3. Die Zeit von Hadrian 117 bis auf Constantin 324. 1896. - 2. Auflage 1905 Google-USA* - 3., neubearbeitete Auflage, von Carl Hosius und Gustav Krüger 1922. Internet Archive - Nachdrucke 1959, 1969
  • 8,4. Die römische Litteratur von Constantin bis zum Gesetzgebungswerk Justinians.
    • 8,4,1. Die Litteratur des vierten Jahrhunderts. 1904. - 2., vermehrte Auflage 1914. Internet Archive, Internet Archive - Nachdrucke 1959, 1970
    • 8,4,2. Martin Schanz, Carl Hosius, Gustav Krüger: Die Litteratur des fünften und sechsten Jahrhunderts. 1920. Internet Archive - Nachdrucke 1959, 1971

9. Geschichte der lateinischen Literatur des Mittelalters

  • 9,1. Karl Krumbacher: Geschichte der byzantinischen Litteratur von Justinian bis zum Ende des oströmischen Reiches (527-1453). 1891. - 2. Auflage, bearbeitet unter Mitwirkung von A. Ehrhard u.a., 1897 Google-USA*, Internet Archive, Internet Archive
  • 9,2. Max Manitius: Geschichte der lateinischen Literatur des Mittelalters
    • 9,2,1. Von Justinian bis zur Mitte des zehnten Jahrhunderts : mit Index. 1911 ULB Düsseldorf - Nachdrucke 1959, 1965
    • 9,2,2. Von der Mitte des 10. Jahrhunderts bis zum Ausbruch des Kampfes zwischen Kirche und Staat. 1923 ULB Düsseldorf - Nachdrucke 1959, 1965, 1976
    • 9,2,3. Vom Ausbruch des Kirchenstreites bis zum Ende des 12. Jahrhunderts. 1911 ULB Düsseldorf - Nachdrucke 1931, 1959, 1964, 197

Open Access Periodical: Verhandlungen der ... Versammlung[en] deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner

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Verhandlungen der ... Versammlung[en] deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner
Via WikiSource
  • 1.1838 Verhandlungen der ersten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Nürnberg 1838. Nürnberg 1838 Google, Google = IA, MDZ München
  • 2.1839 Verhandlungen der zweiten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Mannheim 1839. Mannheim 1840 Google, Google = IA, Google = Michigan
  • 3.1840 Verhandlungen der dritten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Gotha 1840. Gotha 1841 Google, Google = IA, Google = Michigan, MDZ München
  • 4.1841 Verhandlungen der vierten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Bonn 1841. Bonn 1842 Google, Google = IA, Google = Michigan, Google
  • 5.1842 Verhandlungen der fünften Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Ulm 1842. Ulm 1843 Google, Google = IA
  • 6.1843 Verhandlungen der sechsten Versammlung in Cassel 1843. Kassel 1844 Google, Google = IA, Google = Michigan, Google
  • 7.1844 Verhandlungen der siebenten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Dresden den 1. 2. 3. und 4. October 1844. Dresden 1845 Google, Google = IA, Google
  • 8.1845 Verhandlungen der achten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Darmstadt den 1. 2. 3. und 4. October 1845. Darmstadt 1846 Google, Google = Michigan, Google
  • 9.1846 Verhandlungen der neunten Versammlung deutscher Philologen, Schulmänner und Orientalisten zu Jena am 29. 30. September, 1. und 2. October 1846. Jena 1847 Google, Google = Michigan, Google
  • 10.1847 Verhandlungen der zehnten Versammlung deutscher Philologen, Schulmänner und Orientalisten in Basel den 29. und 30. September und 1. und 2. October 1847. Basel 1848 Google, Google = MDZ München, Google = Michigan, Google
  • 11.1850 Verhandlungen der elften Versammlung deutscher Philologen, Schulmänner und Orientalisten in Berlin vom 30. September bis 3. October 1850. Berlin 1850 Google = Michigan, Google, Google
  • 12.1851 Verhandlungen der zwölften Versammlung deutscher Philologen, Schulmänner und Orientalisten in Erlangen vom 30. September bis 3. October 1851. Erlangen 1852 Google = Penn State, Google = Michigan, Google = Illinois-USA*
  • 13.1852 Verhandlungen der dreizehnten Versammlung deutscher Philologen, Schulmänner und Orientalisten in Göttingen vom 29. September bis 2. October 1852. Göttingen 1853 Google = Michigan, Google = Illinois-USA*
  • 14.1854 Verhandlungen der vierzehnten Versammlung deutscher Philologen, Schulmänner und Orientalisten in Altenburg vom 25. bis 28. September 1854. Altenburg 1855 Google = Michigan, Google = Illinois-USA*
  • 15.1855 Verhandlungen der fünfzehnten Versammlung deutscher Philologen, Schulmänner und Orientalisten in Hamburg vom 1. bis zum 4. October 1855. Hamburg 1856 Google
  • 16.1856 Verhandlungen der sechszehnten Versammlung deutscher Philologen, Schulmänner und Orientalisten in Stuttgart vom 23. bis 26. September 1856. Stuttgart 1857 Google = Michigan, Google, MDZ München
  • 17.1857 Verhandlungen der siebzehnten Versammlung deutscher Philologen, Schulmänner und Orientalisten in Breslau vom 28. September bis 1. October 1857. Breslau 1858 Google, Google = Michigan, Google, Google, Google = IA
  • 18.1858 Verhandlungen der achtzehnten Versammlung deutscher Philologen, Schulmänner und Orientalisten in Wien vom 25. bis 28. September 1858. Wien 1859 Google = Michigan, Google, Google, MDZ München
  • 19.1860 Verhandlungen der neunzehnten Versammlung deutscher Philologen, Schulmänner und Orientalisten in Braunschweig vom 26. bis 29. September 1860. Leipzig 1861 Google, Google, MDZ München
  • 20.1861 Verhandlungen der zwanzigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Frankfurt am Main vom 24. bis 27. September 1861. Leipzig 1863 Google, Google, Google = California, MDZ München
  • 21.1862 Verhandlungen der einundzwanzigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Augsburg vom 24. bis 27. September 1862. Leipzig 1863 Google, IA = Google, Google = California, MDZ München
  • 22.1863 Verhandlungen der zweiundzwanzigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Meißen vom 30. September bis 2. October 1863. Leipzig 1864 Google, IA = Google, Google = California, MDZ München
  • 23.1864 Verhandlungen der dreiundzwanzigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Hannover vom 27. bis 30. September 1864. Leipzig 1865 IA = Google, MDZ München
  • 24.1865 Verhandlungen der vierundzwanzigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Heidelberg vom 27. bis 30. September 1865. Leipzig 1866 IA = Google, MDZ München
  • 25.1867 Verhandlungen der fünfundzwanzigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Halle vom 1. bis 4. October 1867. Leipzig 1868 Google, MDZ München
  • 26.1868 Verhandlungen der sechsundzwanzigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Würzburg vom 30. September bis 3. October 1868. Leipzig 1869 Google, MDZ München
  • 27.1869 Verhandlungen der siebenundzwanzigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Kiel vom 27. bis 30. September 1869. Leipzig 1870 Google, Google = MDZ München
  • 28.1872 Verhandlungen der achtundzwanzigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Leipzig vom 22. bis 25. Mai 1872. Leipzig 1873 Google, MDZ München
  • 29.1874 Verhandlungen der neunundzwanzigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Innsbruck vom 28. September bis 1. October 1874. Leipzig 1875 IA = Google-USA*, IA = Google-USA* = Michigan-USA*
  • 30.1875 Verhandlungen der dreißigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Rostock vom 28. September bis 1. October 1875. Leipzig 1876 IA = Google-USA*, IA = Google-USA* = Michigan-USA*
  • 31.1876 Verhandlungen der einunddreißigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Tübingen vom 25. September bis 28. September 1876. Leipzig 1877 IA = Google-USA*, IA = Google-USA* = Michigan-USA*
  • 32.1877 Verhandlungen der zweiunddreißigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Wiesbaden vom 26. September bis 29. September 1877. Leipzig 1878 IA = Google-USA*, IA = Google-USA* = Michigan-USA*
  • 33.1878 Verhandlungen der dreiunddreißigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Gera vom 30. September bis 2. October 1878. Leipzig 1879 IA = Google-USA*, IA = Google-USA* = Michigan-USA*
  • 34.1879 Verhandlungen der vierunddreißigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Trier vom 24. bis 27. September 1879. Leipzig 1880 IA = Google-USA*, IA = Google-USA* = Michigan-USA*
  • 35.1880 Verhandlungen der fünfunddreißigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Stettin vom 27. bis 30. September 1880. Leipzig 1881 IA = Google-USA*, IA = Google-USA* = Michigan-USA*
  • 36.1882 Verhandlungen der sechsunddreißigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Karlsruhe vom 27. bis 30. September 1882. Leipzig 1883 IA = Google-USA*, IA = Google-USA* = Michigan-USA*
  • 37.1884 Verhandlungen der siebenunddreißigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Dessau vom 1. bis 4. Oktober 1884. Leipzig 1885 IA = Google-USA* = Michigan-USA*
  • 38.1885 Verhandlungen der achtunddreißigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Gießen vom 30. September bis 3. Oktober 1885. Leipzig 1886 IA = Google-USA*, IA = Google-USA* = Penn State-USA*
  • 39.1887 Verhandlungen der neununddreißigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Zürich vom 28. September bis 1. Oktober 1887. Leipzig 1888 IA = Google-USA*
  • 40.1889 Verhandlungen der vierzigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Görlitz vom 2. bis 5. Oktober 1889. Leipzig 1890 Internet Archive
  • 41.1891 Verhandlungen der einundvierzigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in München vom 20. bis 23. Mai 1891. Leipzig 1892 IA = Google-USA*
  • 42.1893 Verhandlungen der zweiundvierzigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Wien vom 24. bis 27. Mai 1893. Leipzig 1894 IA = Google-USA* = Illinois-USA*
  • 43.1895 Verhandlungen der dreiundvierzigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Köln vom 24. bis 28. September 1895. Leipzig 1896 IA = Google-USA* = Michigan-USA*
  • 44.1897 Verhandlungen der vierundvierzigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Dresden vom 29. September bis zum 2. Oktober 1897. Leipzig 1897 IA = Google-USA*, IA = Google-USA* = Michigan-USA*
  • 45.1899 Verhandlungen der fünfundvierzigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Bremen vom 26. bis 29. September 1899. Leipzig 1900 IA = Google-USA*, IA = Google-USA* = Michigan-USA*
  • 46.1901 Verhandlungen der sechsundvierzigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Straßburg (Elsaß) vom 1. bis 4. Oktober 1901. Leipzig 1902 IA = Google-USA* = Michigan-USA*
  • 47.1903 Verhandlungen der siebenundvierzigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Halle a. d. Saale vom 7. bis 10. Oktober 1903. Leipzig 1904 IA = Google-USA*, IA = Google-USA* = Google-USA* = IA = Michigan-USA*
  • 48.1905 Verhandlungen der achtundvierzigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Hamburg vom 3. bis 6. Oktober 1905. Leipzig 1906 IA = Google-USA*, IA = Google-USA* = Google-USA* = IA = Michigan-USA*
  • 49.1907 Verhandlungen der neunundvierzigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Basel vom 24. bis 27. September 1907. Leipzig 1908 IA = Google-USA*, IA = Google-USA* = California-USA*, IA = Google-USA* = Google-USA* = IA = Michigan-USA*
  • 50.1909 Verhandlungen der fünfzigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Graz vom 28. Sept. bis 1. Okt. 1909. Leipzig 1910 IA = Google-USA* = Google-USA* = IA = Michigan-USA*
  • 51.1911 Verhandlungen der einundfünfzigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Posen vom 3. bis mit 6. Oktober 1911. Leipzig 1912 Michigan-USA* = Google-USA*
  • 52.1913 Verhandlungen der zweiundfünfzigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Marburg vom 29. September bis 3. Oktober 1913. Leipzig 1914 Michigan-USA* = Google-USA*
  • 53.1921 Verhandlungen der dreiundfünfzigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Jena vom 26. bis 30. September 1921. Leipzig 1922 [fehlt bislang]
  • 54.1923 Verhandlungen der vierundfünfzigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Münster vom 26. bis 29. September 1923. Leipzig 1926 [fehlt bislang]
  • 55.1925 Verhandlungen der 55. Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner in Erlangen vom 29. September bis 2. Oktober 1925. Leipzig 1926 [fehlt bislang]
  • 56.1927 Verhandlungen der sechsundfünfzigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner zu Göttingen vom 27. bis 30. September 1927. Leipzig 1928 [fehlt bislang]
  • 57.1929 Verhandlungen der siebenundfünfzigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner zu Salzburg vom 25. bis 28. September 1929. Leipzig 1930 [fehlt bislang]
  • 58.1934 Verhandlungen der achtundfünfzigsten Versammlung deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner zu Trier vom 27. bis 31. Oktober 1934[fehlt bislang]

Register

  • Heinrich Bindseil: General-Register über die Verhandlungen der ersten fünfundzwanzig Versammlungen deutscher Philologen und Schulmänner 1838–1867. Leipzig 1869 Google-USA* = IA, MDZ München

Mapping the Ancient Jewish Diaspora: 117-650 ce

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Mapping the Ancient Jewish Diaspora: 117-650 ce
מיפוי התפוצה היהודית בשלהי העת העתיקה 117-650 לס' 
http://diaspora.haifa.ac.il/images/strip-eng.jpghttp://diaspora.haifa.ac.il/images/strip-heb.jpg
This project aim to construct an interactive website that will map the Jewish Diaspora in the late antiquity.

 The terminus a quo for the proposed research is the Diaspora uprisings against Trajan (115–117) and the ensuing shifts in Jewish life, one of which was the harsh blows experienced by some of the major centers of Jewish settlement in the Diaspora, first and foremost, the Jews of Alexandria and its environs, and the Jews of Cyrenaica and Cyprus.
 The chosen terminus ad quem is the Arab conquest of North Africa and southwest Europe over the course of the seventh century, before the emergence of Jewish communities in Europe in the Early Middle Ages

On the first phase of the project the foundings will be concentrated on the site. later they will be uploaded evidence to a GIS software that allows search by various parameters.

The project is coordinated by Dr. Eyal Ben-Eliyahu from the Department of History at the University of Haifa, Israel.

Open Access Journal: Ride: A review journal for digital editions and resources

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 [First posted in AWOL 21 June 2014, updated 5 August 2015]

Ride: A review journal for digital editions and resources
http://ride.i-d-e.de/wp-content/uploads/logo-ide-crop1.png
RIDE is a review journal dedicated to digital editions and resources. RIDE aims to direct attention to digital editions and to provide a forum in which expert peers criticise and discuss the efforts of digital editors in order to improve current practices and advance future developments. It will do so by asking its reviewers to pay attention not only to the traditional virtues and vices of any edition, but also to the progressing methodology and its technical implications. Read more about RIDE in our editorial.

Forthcoming issues

If you are interested in contributing a review, please contact the editor(s). We have a list of projects we like to see reviews of, but we are also happy to consider your suggestions. Please contact the editor(s) in either case before beginning to work on your review. Projects that have already been assigned to reviewers are listed here.

Born-Digital Monographs from the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World

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Institute for the Study of the Ancient World Books
http://isaw.nyu.edu/logo.png
ISAW was founded to support research in the ancient world, and publication—in print, online, and in person—is one of the key ways we share our research methodologies and findings with both other scholars and the general public. This page describes some of publications that have been produced by ISAW or under its sponsorship. As outlined in the faculty statement on assessment of research (PDF), we aim for quality and long-term accessibility in all our research outputs, regardless of medium, while embracing collaboration and both traditional and new forms of review and assessment.
Among its publications is a series of born-digital monographs.

Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in Second Temple Literature

AJS
Exploring relationships between ancient scientific traditions and local Jewish enterprises.
Edited by Jonathan Ben-Dov and Seth Sanders
NYU Press, 2014. ISBN13: 9781479823048.
more: publisherfull-text | review
Illustration: Figure 1 from Chapter 2, "Enoch and the Beginnings of Jewish Interest in Natural Science."

Aksum and Nubia: Warfare, Commerce, and Political Fictions in Ancient Northeast Africa

amheida-advert
Breaking new ground in the history of late antique North East Africa
George Hatke
NYU Press, 2013. ISBN13: 9780814760666.
more: publisherworldcat | full-text | review
Illustration: Map 2 (courtesy of the Ancient World Mapping Center).

Amheida I: Ostraka from Trimithis 1

amheida-advert
Catalog and analysis of 455 inscribed ostraka from the NYU excavations at Amheida, Egypt
Roger S. Bagnall and Giovanni R. Ruffini
NYU Press, 2012. ISBN13: 9780814745267.
more: publisher | worldcat | full-text
Illustration: figure 9 from online version of text.

syri.ac: An annotated bibliography of Syriac resources online

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syri.ac: An annotated bibliography of Syriac resources online
http://syri.ac/sites/default/files/logo.png
Welcome to syri.ac! This site is a comprehensive annotated bibliography of open-access resources related to the study of Syriac. The site is hosted by the University of Oklahoma and housed in the Department of Classics and Letters. A previous iteration was called "Resources for Syriac Studies" and was hosted by the Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collections in Washington, DC from 2012 to 2015. We are grateful to both institutions for their support of our project. Editorial work on this site was carried out by Jack Tannous (Princeton University), Scott Johnson (University of Oklahoma), and Morgan Reed (Catholic University of America).

A number of new pages have been added to this site. Note the pages devoted to the Bibliotheca Hagiographica OrientalisIsaac of AntiochJacob of Sarug, and Narsai, which were authored by Morgan Reed in the summer of 2015.

Proto-Indo-European Lexicon

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Proto-Indo-European Lexicon
http://pielexicon.hum.helsinki.fi/pie-logo-110.jpg
Welcome to PIE Lexicon Pilot 1.1: The generative etymological dictionary of Anatolian languages.
Proto-Indo-European Lexicon is the generative etymological dictionary of Indo-European languages.

The current version, PIE Lexicon Pilot 1.1, presents digitally generated data of hundred most ancient Indo-European languages with three hundred new etymologies for Old Anatolian languages, Hitttite, Palaic, Cuneiform Luwian and Hieroglyphic Luwian, arranged under two hundred Indo-European roots.

The correspondences contain data of all fourteen sub-branches of the Indo-European languages, Albanian, Anatolian, Armenian, Baltic, Celtic, Germanic, Greek, Indo-Aryan, Iranian, Italic, Old Balkan (Satem), Old Balkan (Centum), Slavic and Tocharian.

The Anatolian etymologies have been chosen due to their particularly problematic nature, and in the absence of other criteria the selection is random. However, as all the oldest forms of the languages are represented in the data, the ancient languages still absent in PIE Lexicon are supplemented in the near future.

We use a set of sound laws of the Neogrammarians, the laryngeal theory and monolaryngealism critically revised and selected to form a consistent system in Pyysalo (2013), which allows a computer-generated derivation of the most important (ancient) Indo-European languages.
 
The derivation has been digitized by means of Foma, a programming language developed by Mans Hulden (2009). In Foma the Indo-European sound laws are equipped with their digital counterparts, which are then arranged in chronological order. After this a PIE reconstruction results in a respective Indo-European form, when the Foma script of that language is applied.

All Indo-European forms of PIE Lexicon are automatically generated from the proto-language, and if marked with black the generation is successful. Any errors in the derivation are marked with red, and the derivation of a form through successive sound laws is generated by clicking its PIE reconstruction (in blue).
The Proto-Indo-European Phoneme Inventory
( Show the entire data in a single page )

Cuneiform Digital Library Journal News

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We are pleased to announce the following new articles in the Cuneiform Digital Library Journal at
<http://cdli.ucla.edu/?q=publications/journal>:

Giacomo Benati, Department of History and Cultures, University of Bologna "Re-modeling Political Economy in Early 3rd Millennium BC Mesopotamia:
Patterns of Socio-Economic Organization in Archaic Ur (Tell al-Muqayyar, Iraq)"
CDLJ 2015:2  <http://cdli.ucla.edu/pubs/cdlj/2015/cdlj2015_002.html>;
PDF version: <http://cdli.ucla.edu/pubs/cdlj/2015/cdlj2015_002.pdf>.

Keywords: Ur, 3rd millennium BC, state formation, political economy, administrative technologies, commodification, stratigraphy, garbage disposal, glyptic

For purposes of citation, this is a preprint version that goes archival on October 1, 2015.

++AND++

Marcos Such-Gutiérrez, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid "The Texts from the 3rd Millennium BC at the Oriental Museum, University of Durham (England)"
CDLJ 2015:3  <http://cdli.ucla.edu/pubs/cdlj/2015/cdlj2015_003.html>;
PDF version: <http://cdli.ucla.edu/pubs/cdlj/2015/cdlj2015_003.pdf>.

Keywords: Mesopotamia, 3rd millennium, Sumerian, Durham

For purposes of citation, this is a preprint version that goes archival on October 2, 2015.

New York University Excavations at Amheida Reports & Publications

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 [First posted in AWOL 19 April 2012, updated 6 August 2015]

New York University Excavations at Amheida
The Amheida project was started at Columbia University in 2001. Since 2008, New York University is the primary sponsoring institution, with Columbia University continuing as a partner in the project.

The excavations at Amheida collaborate with other participating groups in the Dakhleh Oasis Project, an international venture now three decades old dedicated to studying the interaction between human settlement and the environment over the long span from the earliest human presence in the oasis to modern times. Amheida itself has remains spanning nearly three millennia, and paleolithic material is found along its fringes. 


The excavations so far have focused on three areas of this very large site: a centrally located upper-class fourth-century AD house with wall paintings, an adjoining school, and underlying remains of a Roman bath complex; a more modest house of the third century; and the temple hill, with remains of the Temple of Thoth built in the first century AD and of earlier structures. Architectural conservation has protected and partly restored two standing funerary monuments, a mud-brick pyramid and a tower tomb, both of the Roman period. A recreation of the fourth-century house has been built near the site entrance as a future visitor center, and a protective enclosure for the decorated blocks from the temple has been built with support from the American Research Center in Egypt.

Reports

Amheida
2015 Field report New!
2014 Field report, B1 reconstruction
2013 Field report, B1 reconstruction
2012 Field report, Geoarchaeology
2011 Field report, Conservation, Geoarchaeology
2010 Field report, Conservation, Geoarchaeology, Paleozoology, Object cons.
2009 Field report, Geoarchaeology, Topography, Object cons.
2008 Field report, Arch.cons., Site mgmt. plan, Topography, Object cons.
2007 Field report, Arch.cons., Topography
2006 Field report, Arch.cons., Conservation, Geophysical survey, figures, Topography
2005 Field report, Arch.cons., Conservation, Geophysical survey, figures, Wall paintings
2004 Field report
2002 Field report
2001 Field report
Amheida, University of Reading
2013 Field report
2012 Field report
Ain el-Gedida
2010 Field report
2009 Field report
2008 Field report
2007 Field report
2006 Field report

Publications

Clementina CaputoAmheida/Trimithis (Dakhla Oasis): Results from a Pottery Survey in Area 11
Bulletin de liaison de la céramique égyptienne 24 (2014), pp. 163-177
http://www.ifao.egnet.net/publications/catalogue/BCE
Paola DavoliUniSalento nel deserto occidentale egiziano: dieci anni nell'Oasi di Dakhla
Il Bollettino dell'Università del Salento IV/5 (2014), pp. 23-26 PDF 0.4 MB

Anna L. BoozerThe Archaeology of Amheida (Egypt)
in: The Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology; Claire Smith (ed.)
Springer (2013)

Susanna McFaddenArt on the edge: The late Roman wall painting of Amheida, Egypt
in: Actes du XII Colloque de l'Association international pour la peinture murale antique (forthcoming) PDF 1.3 MB

Anna L. BoozerArchaeology on Egypt's Edge: Archaeological Research in the Dakhleh Oasis, 1819-1977
Ancient West & East 12 (2013), pp. 117-156

Raffaella Cribiore, Paola DavoliNew literary texts from Amheida, ancient Trimithis (Dakhla Oasis, Egypt)
Zeitschrift fur Papyrologie und Epigraphik 187 (2013), pp. 1-14 PDF 1.5 MB

Nicola AravecchiaThe Church Complex of 'Ain el-Gedida, Dakhleh Oasis
in: The Oasis Papers 6: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference of the Dakhleh Oasis; R.S. Bagnall, P. Davoli, C.A. Hope (eds)
Oxford, Oxbow (2012), pp. 391-408
http://www.oxbowbooks.com/oxbow/the-oasis-papers-6.html
Roger S. Bagnall and Raffaella CribioreChristianity on Thoth's Hill
in: The Oasis Papers 6: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference of the Dakhleh Oasis; R.S. Bagnall, P. Davoli, C.A. Hope (eds)
Oxford, Oxbow (2012), pp. 409-415
http://www.oxbowbooks.com/oxbow/the-oasis-papers-6.html
Paola DavoliAmheida 2007-2009: New Results from the Excavations
in: The Oasis Papers 6: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference of the Dakhleh Oasis; R.S. Bagnall, P. Davoli, C.A. Hope (eds)
Oxford, Oxbow (2012), pp. 263-278
http://www.oxbowbooks.com/oxbow/the-oasis-papers-6.html
Delphine DixneufCeramics from 'Ain el-Gedida, Dakhleh Oasis: preliminary results
in: The Oasis Papers 6: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference of the Dakhleh Oasis; R.S. Bagnall, P. Davoli, C.A. Hope (eds)
Oxford, Oxbow (2012), pp. 459-470
http://www.oxbowbooks.com/oxbow/the-oasis-papers-6.html
Olaf E. KaperEpigraphic Evidence from the Dakhleh Oasis in the Late Period
in: The Oasis Papers 6: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference of the Dakhleh Oasis; R.S. Bagnall, P. Davoli, C.A. Hope (eds)
Oxford, Oxbow (2012), pp. 167-176
http://www.oxbowbooks.com/oxbow/the-oasis-papers-6.html
Constance S. SilverPainted Surfaces on Mud Plaster and Three-Dimensional Mud Elements: The Status of Conservation Treatments and Recommendations for Continuing Research
in: The Oasis Papers 6: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference of the Dakhleh Oasis; R.S. Bagnall, P. Davoli, C.A. Hope (eds)
Oxford, Oxbow (2012), pp. 337-347
http://www.oxbowbooks.com/oxbow/the-oasis-papers-6.html
Nicholas WarnerAmheida: Architectural Conservation and Site Development, 2004-2009
in: The Oasis Papers 6: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference of the Dakhleh Oasis; R.S. Bagnall, P. Davoli, C.A. Hope (eds)
Oxford, Oxbow (2012), pp. 363-379
http://www.oxbowbooks.com/oxbow/the-oasis-papers-6.html
Anna L. BoozerFrontiers and borderlands in imperial perspectives: Exploring Rome's Egyptian frontier.
American Journal of Archaeology 117 (2013), pp. 275-292

Paola DavoliReflections on Urbanism in Graeco-Roman Egypt: a Historical and Regional Perspective.
in: The Space of the city in Graeco-Roman Egypt : image and reality; E. Subías; P. Azara, J. Carruesco, I. Fiz, R. Cuesta (eds.)
Tarragona, Institut Català d'Arqueologia Clàssica (2012), pp. 69-92 PDF 3 MB

Anna L. BoozerGlobalizing Mediterranean identities: The overlapping spheres of Egyptian, Greek and Roman worlds at Trimithis.
Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology 25 (2012), pp. 93-116
http://www.equinoxpub.com/journals/index.php/JMA/article/view/16355
Roger S. Bagnall, Giovanni R. RuffiniAmheida I. Ostraka from Trimithis, Volume 1: Texts from the 2004-2007 Seasons
Published by ISAW and NYU Press (2012). Available as part of NYU's
Ancient World Digital Library: http://dlib.nyu.edu/awdl/isaw/amheida-i-otrim-1
In print from NYU Press: http://nyupress.org/books/book-details.aspx?bookId=11246

Anna L. BoozerForgetting to Remember in the Dakhleh Oasis, Egypt
in: Cultural Memory and Identity in Ancient Societies; M.Bommas (ed.)
London and New York, Continuum (2011), pp. 109-126

Dorothea SchulzDie neue Villa des Serenus: Rekonstruktionsarbeiten in der Wüste
Antike Welt 2 (2011), pp. 20-23

Olaf E. KaperTempel an der "Rückseite der Oase": Aktuelle Grabungen decken eine ganze Kultlandschaft auf
Antike Welt 2 (2011), pp. 15-19

Olaf E. KaperA Kemyt Ostracon from Amheida, Dakhleh Oasis
Bulletin de l'Institut Français Archéologie Orientale 110 (2010), pp. 115-126

Paola Davoli, Raffaella CribioreUna scuola di greco del IV secolo d.C. a Trimithis (oasi di Dakhla, Egitto)
Atene e Roma (2010) PDF 2 MB

Dorothea SchulzDe Villa van Serenus – een reconstructie
Monumenten 31/6 (2010) PDF 8 MB

Anna L. BoozerMemory and Microhistory of an Empire: Domestic Contexts in Roman Amheida, Egypt
in: Archaeology and Memory; D.Boric (ed.)
Oxford, Oxbow (2010), pp. 138-157 PDF 2 MB

Sander MuskensEen Romeinse stad in de Egyptische woestijn. Recent veldwerk in Amheida, Dachla Oase
Ta-Mery 2 (2009), pp. 7-12 PDF 2 MB

Raffaella Cribiore, Paola Davoli, David M. RatzanA teacher's dipinto from Trimithis (Dakhleh Oasis)
Journal of Roman Archaeology 21 (2008) PDF 11 MB

Olaf E. KaperEpigraphic evidence from the Dakhleh Oasis in the Libyan Period
in: G.P.F. Broekman; R.J.Demarée and O.E.Kaper (eds.)
The Libyan Period in Egypt, Historical and Cultural Studies into the 21st - 24th Dynasties:
Proceedings of a conference at Leiden University, 25-27 October 2007
Egyptologische Uitgaven 23, Leiden
Netherlands Institute for the Near East, 2009, pp. 149-159
[download it from the institutional repository of Leiden University]

Anna L. BoozerHousing Empire: The Archaeology of Daily Life in Roman Amheida, Egypt
Department of Anthropology. New York, Columbia University. Unpublished PhD Thesis, 2007
[download it from ProQuest]

Paola Davoli (with contributions by Roger S. Bagnall, Olaf E. Kaper)I Romani nel Deserto
Pharaon (Sep.2006) PDF 27 MB   PDF low res. 2 MB

Paola Davoli, Olaf E. KaperA New temple for Thoth in the Dakhleh Oasis
Egyptian Archaeology 28 (2006) PDF 4MB

Roger S. Bagnall, Paola Davoli, Olaf E. Kaper, Helen WhitehouseRoman Amheida: excavating a town in Egypt's Dakhleh oasis
Minerva 17/6 (2006) PDF 5 MB

Olaf E. Kaper, Robert J. DemaréeA Donation stela in the name of Takeloth III from Amheida, Dakhleh Oasis
Jaarbericht Ex Oriente Lux 39 (2005) PDF 6.5 MB

Anna L. BoozerIn Search of Lost Memories: Domestic Spheres and Identities in Roman Amheida, Egypt
Institute for Social and Economic Research and Policy Working Papers Series 05-07: 1-28 (2005) PDF 1.4 MB

Roger S. Bagnall, Giovanni R. RuffiniCivic life in courth century Trimithis. Two ostraca from the 2004 excavations.
Zeitschrift fur Papyrologie und Epigraphik 149 (2004) PDF 2 MB

MARC Records for the Getty Publications Virtual Library

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MARC Records for the  Getty Publications Virtual Library
http://www.getty.edu/global/graphics/footer/footer_logo.gif
MARC records for the complete collection of digital titles in the Getty Publications Virtual Library are available to download here as an .mrc file: Getty Publications Virtual Library MARC Records.

MARC records for the digital titles are also available in OCLC Connexion. These may be found by searching under the series: Getty Publications virtual library. MARC records for the associated print titles also contain links to the digital copies in the Getty Publications Virtual Library.
- See more at: http://www.getty.edu/publications/virtuallibrary/marc.html#sthash.kdo9G2KL.dpuf

MARC records for the complete collection of digital titles in the Getty Publications Virtual Library are available to download here as an .mrc file: Getty Publications Virtual Library MARC Records.

MARC records for the digital titles are also available in OCLC Connexion. These may be found by searching under the series: Getty Publications virtual library. MARC records for the associated print titles also contain links to the digital copies in the Getty Publications Virtual Library. - See more at: http://www.getty.edu/publications/virtuallibrary/marc.html#sthash.zGAwuCJd.dpuf
MARC records for the complete collection of digital titles in the Getty Publications Virtual Library are available to download here as an .mrc file: Getty Publications Virtual Library MARC Records.

MARC records for the digital titles are also available in OCLC Connexion. These may be found by searching under the series: Getty Publications virtual library. MARC records for the associated print titles also contain links to the digital copies in the Getty Publications Virtual Library. - See more at: http://www.getty.edu/publications/virtuallibrary/marc.html#sthash.zGAwuCJd.dpuf

Trismegistos and Google Maps

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Trismegistos and Google Maps
It is possible to identify locations from Google Maps where Trismegistos texts have been found; these places are indicated by red squares. For technical reasons we have had to split up the Trismegistos Google Map in three different maps:
1. Trismegistos Places: Egypt 'from Elephantine to Sembehdet'
2. Trismegistos Places: Southern Egypt and Sudan
3. Trismegistos Places: outside Egypt
Owners of a Google account (e.g. users of Gmail, Picasa,...) can download these three maps to 'My Maps' and can then see all the places in a single map as well.

211 Egyptology titles in the Ancient World Digital Library

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 [First posted in AWOL 2 August 2011, updated 7 August 2015]
 
Ancient World Digital Library
http://isaw.nyu.edu/logo.png
The Ancient World Digital Library (AWDL) is an initiative of the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World at New York University. AWDL will identify, collect, curate, and provide access to the broadest possible range of scholarly materials relevant to the study of the ancient world. 

AWDL has two primary tracks:
  1. In partnership with the NYU Digital Libraries Program AWDL is developing mechanisms to host and preserve existing and newly contributed content without respect to digital condition, or state of enrichment of its contents: our overriding objective is to make available to researchers as large a part of the scholarly heritage of the relevant fields as possible. Towards this end we are soliciting the participation of publishers, scholarly societies, organizations, and individuals who hold the rights to scholarly content.
  2. AWDL will identify, collect, curate and provide bibliographical access to the growing corpus of scholarly materials produced and served elsewhere. This will continue, within the context of the AWDL, the work Charles Jones has undertaken via Abzu and AWOL for more than a decade and a half. 

AWDL is collaborating with NYU Digital Library Technology Services (DLTS) in the development of the book viewer.Within the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World, AWDL is a collaboration between the Library and Digital Programs. Additional information on AWDL and other Digital Initiatives of the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World is available on the ISAW website

In its first public release the Ancient World Digital Library Book Viewer includes a set of 211 Egyptological titles digitized from the collections of the Stephen Chan Library of Fine Arts of the Institute of Fine Arts.

In May 2015, the AWDL relaunched with a redesigned portal. The original AWDL site will remain active until these titles can be migrated to the new AWDL, which may be found at http://dlib.nyu.edu/ancientworld/. The redesigned AWDL offers an improved book viewer, as well as several new features and new content. One interesting new feature is the ability to browse AWDL geographically by using the AWDL Atlas, an open map built with Google Fusion Tables.

Open Access Journal: Ampurias: revista de arqueología, prehistoria y etnografía

Open Patrologia Graeca 1.0

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Open Patrologia Graeca 1.0
August 8, 2015
http://tinyurl.com/nlvhy9b
Comments to munson@dh.uni-leipzig.de

Federico Boschetti, CNR, Pisa
Gregory Crane, Leipzig/Tufts
Matt Munson, Leipzig/Tufts
Bruce Robertson, Mount Allison
Nick White, Durham (UK) (and Tufts during 2014)

A first stab at producing OCR-generated Greek and Latin for the complete Patrologia Graeca  (PG) is now available on GitHub at https://github.com/OGL-PatrologiaGraecaDev. This release provides raw textual data that will be of service to those with programming expertise and to developers with an interest in Ancient Greek and Latin. The Patrologia Graeca has as much as 50 million words of Ancient Greek produced over more than 1,000 years, along with an even larger amount of scholarship and accompanying translations in Latin.

Matt Munson started a new organization for this data because it is simply too large to put into
the existing OGL organization.  Each volume can contain 250MB or more of .txt and .hocr files, so it is impossible to put everything in one  repository or even several dozen repositories. So he decided to create  a new organization where all the OCR results for each volume would be  contained within its own repository.  This will also allow us to add more OCR data as necessary (e.g., from Bruce Robertson, of Mt. Allison University, or from nidaba, our own OCR pipeline) at the volume level.

The repositories are being created and populated automatically by a  Python script, so if you notice any problems or strange happenings,  please let us know either by opening an issue on the individual volume repository or by sending us an email.  This is our first attempt at pushing
this data out.  Please let us know what you think.

Available data includes:
  • Greek and Latin text generated by two open source OCR engines, OCRopus (https://github.com/tmbdev/ocropy)  and Tesseract (https://github.com/tesseract-ocr). For work done optimizing OCRopus, see http://heml.mta.ca/lace. For work done optimizing Tesseract, see http://ancientgreekocr.org/. The output format for both engines in hOCR (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HOCR), a format that contains links to the coordinates on the original page image from which the OCR was generated.
  • OCR results for as many scans of each volume of the Patrologia Graeca that we could find in the HathiTrust. We discovered that the same OCR engine applied to scans of different copies of the same book would generate different errors (even when the scans seemed identical to most human observers). This means that if OCR applied to copy X incorrectly analyzed a particular word, there was a good chance that the same word would be correctly analyzed when the OCR engine was applied to copy Y. A preliminary study of this phenomenon is available here: http://tinyurl.com/ppyfdfj. In most cases, the OCRopus/Lace OCR contains results for four different scanned copies while the Tesseract/AncientGreekOCR output contains results for up to 10 different copies. All of the Patrologia Graeca volumes are old enough that HathiTrust members in Europe and North America can download the PDFs for further analysis. Anyone should be able to see the individual pages used for OCR via the public HathiTrust interface.
  • Initial page-level metadata for the various authors and works in the PG, derived from the core index at columns 13-114 of Cavallera’s 1912 index to the PG (which Roger Pearse cites at http://www.roger-pearse.com/weblog/patrologia-graeca-pg-pdfs/). A working TEI XML transcription, which has begun capturing the data within the print source, is available for inspection at: https://www.dropbox.com/s/mldhu4okpq4i7r8/pg_index2.xml. All figures are preliminary and subject to modification (that is one motivation for posting this call for help), but we do not expect that the figures will change much at this point. At present, we have identified 658 authors and 4,287 works. The PG contains extensive introductions, essays, indices etc. and we have tried to separate these out by scanning for keywords (e.g., praefatio, monitum, notitia, index). We estimate that there are 204,129 columns of source text and 21,369 columns of secondary sources, representing roughly 90% and 10% respectively. Since a column in Migne contains about 500 words and since the Greek texts (almost) always have accompanying Latin translations, the PG contains up to 50 million words of Greek text but many authors have extensive Latin notes and in some cases no Greek text, so there should be even more Latin. For more information, look here: http://tinyurl.com/ppyfdfj

Next Steps

  1. Developing high-recall searching by combining the results for each scanned page of the PG. This entails several steps. First, we need to align the OCR pages with each other -- page 611 for one volume may correspond may correspond to page 605 in another, depending upon how the front matter is treated and upon pages that one scan may have missed. Second, we need to create an index of all forms in the OCR-generated text available for each page in each PG volume. Since one of the two OCR engines applied to multiple scans of the same page is likely to produce a correct transcription, a unified index for all the text for all the scans of a page will capture a very high percentage of the words on that page.
  2. Running various forms of text mining and analysis over the PG. Many text mining and analysis techniques work by counting frequently repeated features. Such techniques can be relatively insensitive to error rates in the OCR (i.e., you get essentially the same results if your texts is 96% accurate or if your texts are 99.99% accurate). Many methods for topic modelling and stylistic analysis should produce immediately useful results.
  3. Using the multiple scans to identify and correct errors and to create a single optimized transcription. In most case, bad OCR produces nonsense forms that are not legal Greek or Latin. When one OCR run has a valid Greek or Latin word and others do not, that valid word is usually correct. Where two different scans produce valid Greek or Latin words (e.g., the common confusion of eum and cum), we can use the hOCR feature that allows us to include multiple possibilities. We can do quite a bit encoding the confidence that we have in the accuracy of each transcribed word.

Providing a public error correction interface. One error correction interface already does exist and has been used to correct millions of words of OCR-generated Greek but two issues face us. First, we need to address the fact that we cannot ourselves serve page images from HathiTrust scans. HathiTrust members could use the system that we have by downloading the scans of the relevant volumes to their own servers but that does not provide a general solution. Second, our correction environment deals with OCR for one particular scanned copy. Ideally, the correction environment would allow readers to draw upon the various different scans from different copies and different OCR engines.

Open Access Journal: De Rebus Antiquis

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[First posted in AWOL 20 December 2011. Updated 9 August 2014]

De Rebus Antiquis
ISSN 2250-4923
http://www.uca.edu.ar/uca/common/grupo82/images/De-Rebus-Antiquis-tapa-2011.jpg
DE REBUS ANTIQUIS es la publicación electrónica del Proyecto de Estudios Históricos Grecorromanos (PEHG) del Departamento de Historia de la Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Católica Argentina.
Esta revista ha nacido con el objeto de dar marco institucional para la publicación de todas aquellas investigaciones de especialistas en esta área del conocimiento y gestar así un ámbito de debate en las temáticas y líneas de investigación más novedosas del tema que nos convoca.
Hemos elegido el formato electrónico para garantizar el ágil acceso a sus contenidos a cualquier especialista interesado como un rápido alcance nacional e internacional a sus articulistas. Asimismo, desde la perspectiva histórica, convocamos el aporte de otras áreas del conocimiento como la Ciencia Política, la Antropología, la Sociología, la Economía, las Letras, la Filosofía, etc., que son bienvenidos a participar y nos ayudarán a satisfacer las exigencias que implica el conocimiento interdisciplinario.


Año I, Núm.1 / 2011

Año II, Núm. 2 / 2012

Año III, Núm.3 / 2013

Año IV, Núm.4 / 2014




Open Accesss Journal: The Amphora: A Publication of the Society for Classical Studies

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[First posted in AWOL 29 October 2009. Updated 9 August 2015]

The Amphora: A Publication of the Society for Classical Studies
 ISSN: 1542-2380
http://apaclassics.org/sites/all/themes/apaclassics/logo.png
Amphora is currently an annual publication that aims to convey the excitement of classical studies to a broad readership by offering accessible articles written by professional scholars and experts on topics of classical interest that include literature, language, mythology, history, culture, classical tradition and the arts, and by featuring reviews of current books, films, and web sites. Sponsored by the Committee on Outreach and supported by the APA, Amphora will be for everyone interested in the study of ancient Greece and Rome. Engaging and informative, this publication is intended for a wide audience that will include professional classicists, present and former classics majors, interested academics and professionals in other fields, high-school teachers and students, administrators in the field of education, community leaders, and anyone with a strong interest in or enthusiasm for the classical world.
Current Articles
Amphora's back issues are available now in PDF form.

    1.1 1.2 2.1 2.2 3.1 3.2 4.1 4.2 5.1 5.2 6.1 6.2 7.1 7.2 8.1 9.1 10.1 11.1 (Published April 2014) - See more at: http://apaclassics.org/outreach/amphora#sthash.npzKO81C.dpuf

    Open Access Publications of the Centre Jean Bérard

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    Publications du Centre Jean Bérard Open Access
    http://books.openedition.org/pcjb/docannexe/image/0/option-14198-110x90.png
    Depuis plus de quarante ans, Les Publications du Centre Jean Bérard ont pour vocation de faire paraître des ouvrages scientifiques d’archéologie de l’Italie du Sud. Dans ses différentes collections, elles proposent essais, thèses, comptes rendus de fouilles, actes de colloques et de séminaires, bibliographie topographique. Les Publications se sont également dotées d'une collection de récits de voyageurs français du « Grand Tour » et d’études sur des peintres de cette époque.

    Open Access Journal: Newsletter de l’IFAO

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    [First posted in AWOL 10 December 2013m updates 10 August 2015]

    Newsletter de l’IFAO
    Bonjour, comme vous le constatez, peut-être avec surprise, sûrement avec satisfaction, l’Ifao se dote d’une Newsletter afin de porter de lui-même des nouvelles de ses activités au nombreux public intéressé par ses recherches et ses publications, en Égypte comme à l’extérieur.

      Online Soncino Babylonian Talmud Translation

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       [First posted in AWOL 21 January 2012, updated 10 August 2015]

      Soncino Babylonian Talmud. TRANSLATED INTO ENGLISH
      WITH NOTES, GLOSSARY AND INDICES UNDER THE EDITORSHIP OF
      RABBI DR. I. EPSTEIN
      B.A., Ph.D., D. Lit.
      Reformatted by Reuven Brauner, Raanana 5771
      SEDER ZERA‘IM (Seeds: 11 tractates)
      Berakoth (Benedictions) 01a Brochos 2a-31b | 01b Brochos 32a-64a
      Pe‘ah (Corner)02 Pei'oh
      Demai (Doubtful) 03 Demai
      Kil‘ayim (Mixtures) 04 Kilayim
      Shebi‘ith (Seventh) 05 Shevi'is
      Terumoth (Heave Offerings)06 Trumos
      Ma‘aseroth (Tithe) 07 Ma'aseros
      Ma‘aser Sheni (Second Tithe) 08 Ma'aser Sheini
      Hallah (Dough) 09 Challoh
      ‘Orlah ('Uncircumcision', sc. of trees) 10 Orlah
      Bikkurim (First Fruits) 11 Bikkurim
      SEDER MO‘ED (Appointed Seasons: 12 tractates)
      Shabbath (Sabbath) 12a Shabbos 2a-31b | 12b Shabbos 35a-65b | 12c Shabbos 66a-100b | 12d Shabbos 101a-129b | 12e Shabbos 130a-157b
      ‘Erubin (Blendings) 13a Eruvin 2a-26b | 13b Eruvin 27a-52b | 13c Eruvin 53a-79a | 13d Eruvin 79b-105b
      Pesahim (Paschal Lambs) 14a Pesochim 2a-32b | 14b Pesochim 33a-60a | 14c Pesochim 60b-86b | 14d Pesochim 87a-121b
      Yoma (The Day) 15a Yoma 2a-27b | 15b Yoma 28a-61b| 15c Yoma 62a-88a
      Sukkah (Booth) 16a Succah 2a-29a | 16b Succah 29b-56b
      Bezah (Egg) 17 Beitzoh 2a-40b
      Rosh Hashana (New Year) 18 Rosh Hashanna 2a-35a
      Ta‘anith (Fast) 19 Ta'anis 2a-31a
      Shekalim (Shekels) 20 Shekolim
      Megillah (The Scroll) 21 Megillah 2a-32a
      Mo‘ed Katan (Minor Feast) 22 Mo'ed Koton 2a-29a
      Hagigah (Festival-Offering) 23 Chagigah 2a-27a
      SEDER NASHIM (Women: 7 tractates)
      Yebamoth (Sisters-in-law) 24a Yevomos 2a-19b | 24b Yevomos 20a-40b | 24c Yevomos 41a-63b | 24d Yevomos 64a-86b | 24e Yevomos 87a-106b | 24f Yevomos 107a-122b
      Kethuboth (Marriage Settlements) 25a Kesuvos 2a-28b | 25b Kesuvos 29a-54a | 25c Kesuvos 54-77b | 25d Kesuvos 78a-112a
      Nedarim (Vows) 26a Nedorim 2a-45a | 26b Nedorim 45b-91b
      Nazir (Nazirite) 27 Nozir 2a-66b
      Sotah (Suspected Adulteress) 28 Sotah 2a-49b
      Gittin (Bills of Divorcement) 29a Gittin 2a-48a | 29b Gittin 48b-90b
      Kiddushin (Consecrations) 30a Kiddushin 2a-40b | 30b Kiddushin 41a-82b
      SEDER NEZIKIN (Damage: 10 tractates)
      Baba Kamma (First gate) 31a Baba Kamma 2a-31a | 31b Baba Kamma 31b-62b | 31c Baba Kamma 62b-93a | 31d Baba Kamma 93b-119b
      Baba Mezi‘a (Middle gate) 32a Baba Metziah 2a-28a | 32b Baba Metziah 28b-58a | 32c Baba Metziah 58b-90b | 32d Baba Metziah 91a-119a
      Baba Bathra (Last gate) 33a Baba Basra 2a-35b | 33b Baba Basra 36a-77b | 33c Baba Basra 78a-113a | 33d Baba Basra 113b-145b | 33e Baba Basra 146a-176b
      Sanhedrin (Court of Justice) 34a Sanhedrin 2a-25a | 34b Sanhedrin 25b-45b | 34c Sanhedrin 46a-66b | 34d Sanhedrin 67a-92b | 34e Sanhedrin 93a-113b
      ‘Abodah Zarah (Strange Worship) 35a Avodoh Zoroh 2a-35b | 35b Avodoh Zoroh 36a-76b
      Horayoth (Rulings) 36 Horiyos
      Shebu‘oth (Oaths) 37a Shevuos 2a-28b | 37b Shevuos 29a-49b
      Makkoth (Floggings) 38 Makkos
      ‘Eduyyoth (Testimonies) 39 Eiduyos
      Aboth (Fathers) 40 Ovos
      SEDER KODASHIM (Holy Things: 11 tractates)
      Zebahim (Animal-offerings) 41a Zevochim 2a-27b | 41b Zevochim 28a-56b | 41c Zevochim 57a-91a | 41d Zevochim 91b-128b
      Menahoth (Meal-offerings) 42a Menochos 2a-26b | 42b Menochos 27a-58b | 42c Menochos 59a-86a | 42d Menochos 86b-110a
      Hullin (Non-holy) 43a Chullin 2a-30b | 43b Chullin 31a-60b | 43c Chullin 61a-89a | 43d Chullin 89b-120a | 43e Chullin 120b-142a
      Bekoroth (Firstlings) 44a Bechoros 2a-31a | 44b Bechoros 31b-61a
      ‘Arakin (Estimations) 45 Arachin
      Temurah (Substitution) 46 Temurah
      Kerithoth (Excisions) 47 Krisos
      Me‘ilah (Trespass) 48 Me'iloh
      Tamid (The Continual [Offering]) 49 Tomid
      Middoth (Dimensions) 50 Middos
      Kinnim ([Bird-]nests) 51 Kinnim
      SEDER TOHOROTH (Cleannesses: 12 tractates)
      Niddah (The Menstruant) 52a Niddoh 2a-23a | 52b Niddoh 23b-48a | 52c Niddoh 48b-73a
      Kelim (Vessels) 53 Keilim
      Oholoth (Tents) 54 Oholos
      Nega‘im (Leprosy) 55 Nego'im
      Parah (Heifer) 56 Poroh
      Tohoroth (Cleannesses) 57 Tohoros
      Mikwa'oth (Pools of Immersion) 58 Mikva'os
      Makshirin (Predisposition) 59 Machshirin
      Zabim (They That Suffer Flux) 60 Zavim
      Tebul Yom (Immersed at Day Time) 61 Tevul Yom
      Yadayim (Hands) 62 Yodoyim
      Ukzin (Stalks) 63 Uktzin
      FOREWORD, ABBREVIATIONS, GLOSSARY
      And see also:
       
      Talmudic Manuscripts Online - Online Treasury of Talmudic Manuscripts
      Facsimile of the Leiden Manuscript of Talmud Yerushalmi