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Open Access Journal: Heritage for Peace: Damage Newsletter

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Heritage for Peace: Damage Newsletter
http://www.heritageforpeace.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/1H4P-980x130.jpg
Heritage for Peace is a non-profit organization whose mission is to support all Syrians in their efforts to protect and safeguard Syria’s cultural heritage during the armed conflict.
As an international group of heritage workers we believe that cultural heritage, and the protection thereof, can be used as a common ground for dialogue and therefore as a tool to enhance peace. We call on all Syrians of any religion or ethnicity to enter into a dialogue and work together to safeguard their mutual heritage.



Open Access Journal: Jahrbuch des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums Mainz

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Jahrbuch des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums Mainz
ISSN-Print: 0076-2741
ISSN-Internet: 2198-9400
http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/public/journals/76/homeHeaderTitleImage_de_DE.jpg 
 Das Jahrbuch des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums  ist eine archäologische Fachzeitschrift, die seit 1954 einmal jährlich erscheint. Mit einer Druckauflage von 900 Exemplaren ist es weltweit verbreitet. Zeitlich reicht das Themenspektrum von der Altsteinzeit bis zum Frühmittelalter; inhaltlich sind eher umfangreiche Beiträge vertreten, die grundsätzliche Forschungen widerspiegeln. Der Jahresbericht zu den Tätigkeiten der MitarbeiterInnen des RGZM ist ein eigener, reich bebilderter Teil des Jahrbuchs.



kenom: Virtuelles Münzkabinett

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kenom: Virtuelles Münzkabinett
http://www.kenom.de/content/?action=image&sourcepath=file:///opt/digiverso/kenom_viewer/data/1/media/record_DE-MUS-044822_kenom_141947/record_DE-MUS-044822_kenom_141947_vs.jpg&width=1313&height=705&rotate=0&resolution=72&thumbnail=true&ignoreWatermark=true

Kooperative Erschließung und Nutzung der Objektdaten von Münzsammlungen (KENOM

Das Projekt KENOM bietet zusammenfassend ein integratives Gesamtkonzept zur Etablierung eines sammlungsübergreifenden virtuellen Münzkabinetts für alle numismatischen Sparten und diverse Besonderheiten verschiedener außereuropäischer Kulturräume.

Es wurde konzipiert, nachdem die Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft im Herbst 2010 die Förderung der „Erschließung und Digitalisierung von objektbezogenen wissenschaftlichen Sammlungen“ ausschrieb. Zum 1. Februar 2011 stellten kooperativ die Verbundzentrale des Gemeinsamen Bibliotheksverbundes Göttingen, das Niedersächsische Landesmuseum Hannover, das Archäologische Institut der Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, die Schleswig-Holsteinischen Landesbibliothek, das Thüringische Landesamt für Denkmalpflege und Archäologie sowie die Numismatische Kommission der Länder in Deutschland einen gemeinsamen Projektantrag. Ende April 2012 genehmigte die DFG den Antrag für das Pilotprojekt, das auf 24 Monate angelegt zum 1. November 2012 begann.

Ziel des Projektes war es, die digitale Präsenz wissenschaftlich aufbereiteter numismatischer Quellen deutlich zu erhöhen und dauerhaft durch die Bereitstellung entsprechender Werkzeuge die Erschließung zahlreicher weiterer Bestände zu gewährleisten. Zugleich sollte in einem Sammlungsbereich, in dem eine kooperative Erschließung möglich ist, ein Online-Werkzeug dauerhaft die Bereitschaft erhöhen, auch unter ungünstigen Bedingungen Objekte auf einem qualitätvollen, nachnutzbaren Niveau zu dokumentieren und damit wissenschaftlich Interessierten zur Verfügung zu stellen.

Im Gegensatz zu anderen Vorgängerprojekten wurde der Aufwand durch ein Erschließungsmodell für numismatische Bestände unter Verwendung von Normvokabular minimiert, so dass tatsächlich große Bestände digital verfügbar werden. Dafür wurden fachliche Rahmenbedingungen, die sich an nationalen und internationalen Regelwerken orientieren, entwickelt und Arbeitsabläufe definiert, die bei hoher Qualität der Digitalisate gleichwohl große Mengen liefern. Metadatengrundlage ist der internationale Datenformat „Lightweight Information Describing Objects( LIDO)“.

Das Projekt ist in mehrerer Hinsicht zukunftsweisend, einerseits durch die großräumige länderübergreifende Vernetzung von unterschiedlich strukturierten Sammlungen, andererseits durch die Integration verschiedener Sammlungstypen. Damit ist ein breites Spektrum der Nachnutzbarkeit gewährleistet und die Basis für die sachgerechte Verzeichnung mittlerer und kleiner Sammlungen gelegt , die über kein eigenes Fachpersonal verfügen. Andererseits wird die europaweite Vernetzung von Münzsammlungen und Fundmünzenprojekten vorbereitet, die bereits 2004 auf einem internationalen Fundmünzenkolloquium in Konstanz diskutiert und gefordert wurde. Ziel ist die Etablierung eines Modellstandards zur digitalen Erschließung von Münzsammlungen, der KENOM den Charakter eines Pilotprojekts verleiht.


Newly open access in the Bibliothèque archéologique et historique

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Newly open access in the Bibliothèque archéologique et historique


Open Data Handbook: Guides, case studies and resources for government & civil society on the “what, why & how” of open data

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Open Data Handbook: Guides, case studies and resources for government & civil society on the “what, why & how” of open data

Open Data Guide

This guide discusses the legal, social and technical aspects of open data. It can be used by anyone but is especially designed for those seeking to open up data. It discusses why to go open, what open is, and the how to ‘open’ data.
Start Reading

Value Stories

Use cases, stories and case studies highlighting the social and economic value, the impact and the varied applications of open data from cities and countries across the globe.
Value Stories

Resource Library

A curated collection of open data resources, including articles, longer publications, how to guides, presentations and videos, produced by the global open data community.
Open Data Resources

Open Access Journal: Sino-Platonic Papers

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[First posted 8/30/10. Most recently updated 19 May 2015]

Sino-Platonic Papers
ISSN: 2157-9679 (print)
ISSN: 2157-9687 (online)

Sino-Platonic Papers is an occasional series edited by Victor H. Mair of the University of Pennsylvania's Department of East Asian Languages and Civilizations. The purpose of the series is to make available to specialists and the interested public the results of research that, because of its unconventional or controversial nature, might otherwise go unpublished.

Since issue no. 171 (June 2006), Sino-Platonic Papers has been published electronically on the Web at no cost to readers, with older back issues also being released periodically for free in e-editions. Paper copies of issues nos. 1–170 will continue to be available for purchase until our stock runs out, at which point those issues too will be available for free on the Web.

What's Recent

April 2014



March 2014



January 2014



December 2013



October 2013



September 2013



July 2013



April 2013


March 2013

January 2013

December 2012

For previous announcements, see the news archive.

Alphabetical List of Open Access Journals in Ancient Studies

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[The version history of this list is at: Updates on the list of Open Access Journals in Ancient Studies]
This list includes 1508titles

Have you found a broken link in this list?  Let me know via the comments.


http://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/public/site/ojs-header.png

                  Royal Inscriptions of the Neo-Assyrian Period: New Online Material

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                  Royal Inscriptions of the Neo-Assyrian Period: New Online Material
                  Grant Frame, 19 May 2015
                  1. As part of the RINAP Project's continued commitment to providing reliable, open access web content, I am pleased to announce that most of the content of the four published volumes (RINAP 1, RINAP 3/1, RINAP 3/2, and RINAP 4) is now freely available online, in searchable, web friendly versions.  The front matter, the detailed volume introductions, the individual text introductions, catalogues, commentaries, and bibliographies, as well as most of the back matter of RINAP's publications can be accessed from the following three links:

                  The Royal Inscriptions of Tiglath-pileser III (744-727 BC) and Shalmaneser V (726-722 BC), Kings of Assyria by HAYIM TADMOR and SHIGEO YAMADA
                   
                  The Royal Inscriptions of Sennacherib, King of Assyria (704-681 BC), Parts 1 and 2 by A. KIRK GRAYSON and JAMIE NOVOTNY


                  The Royal Inscriptions of Esarhaddon, King of Assyria (680-669BC) by ERLE LEICHT

                  * * * * *

                  2. I am pleased to announce the presence of two new RINAP sub-projects: RINAP Sources and RINAP Scores.

                  The former includes individual object transliterations of approximately 1,200 inscribed objects from the reigns of Tiglath-pileser III, Shalmaneser V, Sennacherib, and Esarhaddon. The latter contains one score of Tiglath-pileser III, twenty-nine scores of Sennacherib and twenty-five scores of Esarhaddon (including the newly added score of text no. 59, which was not previously published).

                  * * * * *

                  3. I am also pleased to announce that the RINAP Project will also expand its print and web content and will now include the inscriptions of Ashurbanipal and his successors.

                  * * * * *

                  The RINAP Project is under the direction of G. Frame (University of
                  Pennsylvania) and is supported by the National Endowment for the Humanities and the University of Pennsylvania. The books are published by Eisenbrauns. The fully searchable and lemmatized online corpus is a sub-project of the Open Richly Annotated Cuneiform Corpus (Oracc).


                  Links:

                  Explore the newly expanded RINAP 1
                  sub-project
                  Explore the newly expanded RINAP 3 sub-project

                  Explore the newly expanded RINAP 4 sub-project


                  Explore the newly expanded RINAP Scores sub-project

                  Browse the numerous individual object transliterations
                   
                  RINAP homepage

                  List of Publications

                  Browse Online Corpus (RINAP 1, RINAP 3, RINAP 4)

                  Names Index (RIMA 1-3, RIMB 2, RIME
                  1-4): http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/namesindex/


                  Oracc
                  Eisenbrauns

                  Suda On Line: Byzantine Lexicography

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                  [First posted in AWOL 7 January 2010. Updated 20 May 2015 (A translation of the last of the Suda’s 31000+ entries was submitted to the database on July 21, 2014 and vetted the next day)]

                  Suda On Line: Byzantine Lexicography
                  http://www.stoa.org/sol/icons/sun.gif
                   
                  For Attic phrase in Plato let them seek,
                  I poach in Suidas for unlicens'd Greek.
                  ― Alexander Pope, The Dunciad4.227-8
                  Pope’s ‘Suidas’ is not a man but a work, The Suda (or Stronghold): a massive 10th century Byzantine Greek historical encyclopedia of the ancient Mediterranean world, covering the whole of Greek and Roman antiquity and also including Biblical and Christian material.
                  Preserved in several medieval manuscripts, it has been edited and published several times since the end of the 14th century in traditional hard-copy scholarly editions, most recently that of Ada Adler (Teubner, 5 volumes: 1928-1938, reprinted 1971). The Suda On Line (SOL) project, begun in 1998 as part of the Stoa Consortium, opens up this stronghold of information by means of a freely accessible, keyword-searchable database, with English translations, notes, bibliography, and links to other electronic resources. With contributions (as Translators and/or Editors) from more than two hundred people worldwide, the SOL reached the landmark of all entries being translated and “vetted” (edited) to a usable standard on July 21, 2014. But more can, and will, be done.
                  A fuller history of the project may be found here .
                  Help
                   Search Tips
                   Display Options
                   About Betacode
                   Headword List
                   Search the Greek
                   Abbreviations

                  Open Access Journal: Notae Numismaticae - Zapiski Numizmatyczne

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                  Notae Numismaticae - Zapiski Numizmatyczne
                  ISSN:1426-5435
                  http://www.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/fachinfo/archaeologie/bilder/notae-numismaticae.jpg
                  Notae Numismaticae – Zapiski Numizmatyczne ist eine Jahresschrift, die seit 1996 vom Nationalmuseum Krakau und der Numismatik-Fachgruppe der Archäologischen Kommission der Zweigstelle der polnischen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Krakau herausgegeben wird.
                  Sie ist in erster Linie der allgemeinen Numismatik gewidmet, enthält aber gelegentlich auch Texte zu anderen Themen, z. B. zur Glyptik. Veröffentlicht werden Artikel, Nachrichten und Rezensionen, wobei der Jahresbericht der Numismatischen Abteilung des Nationalmuseums Krakau und der Numismatik-Fachgruppe der Archäologischen Kommission wesentlicher Bestandteil ist. Texte zu international relevanten Themen werden auf Englisch, Französisch, Deutsch oder Italienisch publiziert, diejenigen zu spezifisch polnischen Themen auf Polnisch mit Zusammenfassungen in englischer Sprache.
                  2.1997

                  Inhalt

                  3-4.1999
                   Inhalt

                  Open Access Monograph Series: Mondes méditerranéens antiques

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                  Mondes méditerranéens antiques

                  Manuscripts in the Byzantine Collection, Dumbarton Oaks

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                  Manuscripts in the Byzantine Collection, Dumbarton Oaks 
                  Mildred and Robert Woods Bliss acquired the first manuscript for the museum in 1939. Over the years, the holdings have come to include four Greek manuscripts, one Georgian manuscript, three illuminated leaves from Greek manuscripts, one illustrated leaf from an Armenian manuscript, and four papyrus fragments with Greek writing. Further information about these holdings may be foundhere.
                  The manuscripts in the Byzantine Collection available as digital facsimiles are listed below, along with links to high-resolution images provided by Harvard Page Delivery Service, the HOLLIS catalog records, and further information on the museum website.
                  Dumbarton Oaks Manuscript 1, fol. 32r

                  Gospel Lectionary

                  Dumbarton Oaks Manuscript One (Acc. No. BZ.1939.12)

                  Gospel lectionaries compiled episodes from the life of Christ, not in natural narrative order, but in the order they were read according to the liturgical calendar, beginning with Easter. One intriguing aspect of this manuscript is that there is a radical change between folios 41 and 42 from the more common columns to a text block in the shape of a cross, a form known only in a handful of surviving lectionary manuscripts.
                  Digital facsimile | Table of lections | High-resolution images | HOLLIS record | Further information

                  Dumbarton Oaks Manuscript 3, fol. 266v

                  Psalter and New Testament

                  Dumbarton Oaks Manuscript Three (Acc. No. BZ.1962.35)

                  Compact manuscripts such as this one were primarily produced in the eleventh and twelfth centuries, as expressions of personal piety. Dumbarton Oaks’ MS 3, combining the Psalter, Odes and New Testament in a single column, is a luxurious, generously illustrated book with much of the text written in gold. It includes a table with dates for Easter for the years 1084 to 1101, and so can be dated with confidence to 1084.
                  Digital facsimile | High-resolution images | HOLLIS record | Further information

                  Dumbarton Oaks Manuscript 4, fol. 151r

                  Gospels of Luke and John

                  Dumbarton Oaks Manuscript Four (Acc. No. BZ.1974.1)

                  This Gospel book contains only Luke and John, and so was perhaps part of a two-volume set. Scholars originally dated it to the latter twelfth century based on the style of the paintings. More recent paleographical study has indicated that the text is written in an archaizing script of a kind that was current in the latter half of the thirteenth century. This suggests that we may need to reevaluate the earlier date, given that the miniatures appear to be later additions.
                  Digital facsimile | High-resolution images | HOLLIS record | Further information

                  Dumbarton Oaks Manuscript 5, fol. 2v

                  Gospel Book

                  Dumbarton Oaks Manuscript Five (Acc. No. BZ.2009.033)

                  This twelfth-century Greek manuscript is a fine example of a complete middle Byzantine Tetraevangelion. It contains a full set of elaborately decorated canon tables, Eusebios’ letter to Carpianus explaining the canon tables, chapter headings for each gospel, evangelist portraits, and the text of each gospel. Five folios have full page illuminations—Christ enthroned and the four Evangelist portraits—with figures painted against framed gold backgrounds.
                  Digital facsimile | High-resolution images | HOLLIS record | Further information
                   

                  Open Access Monograph Series: ANCIENT NEAR EAST MONOGRAPHS / MONOGRAFIAS SOBRE EL ANTIGUO CERCANO ORIENTE

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                  [First posted in AWOL 7 April 2012, updated 20 May 2015]

                  ANCIENT NEAR EAST MONOGRAPHS / MONOGRAFIAS SOBRE EL ANTIGUO CERCANO ORIENTE
                  The focus of this ambitious series is on the ancient Near East, including ancient Israel and its literature, from the early Neolithic to the early Hellenistic eras. Studies that are heavily philological or archaeological are both suited to this series, and can take full advantage of the hypertext capabilities of “born digital” publication. Multiple author and edited volumes as well as monographs are accepted. Proposals and manuscripts may be submitted in either English or Spanish. Manuscripts are peer reviewed by at least two scholars in the area before acceptance. Published volumes will be held to the high scholarly standards of the SBL and the Centro de Estudios de Historia del Antiguo Oriente. The partnership between the SBL and the Centro de Estudios de Historia del Antiguo Oriente was initiated under the auspices of SBL’s International Cooperation Initiative (ICI) and represents the type of international scholarly exchange that is the goal of ICI. 

                  Disembodied Souls: The Nefesh in Israel and Kindred Spirits in the Ancient Near East, with an Appendix on the Katumuwa Inscription
                  by Richard C. Steiner
                  download paperback hardback
                  Historical Linguistics and Biblical Hebrew: Steps Toward an Integrated Approach  
                  by Robert Rezetko and Ian Young
                  download paperback hardback
                  Israel and the Assyrians: Deuteronomy, the Succession Treaty of Esarhaddon, and the Nature of Subversion  
                  by C. L. Crouch
                  download paperback hardback
                  Divination, Politics, and Ancient Near Eastern Empires  
                  edited by Alan Lenzi and Jonathan Stökl
                  download paperback hardback
                  Deuteronomy-Kings as Emerging Authoritative Books: A Conversation  
                  edited by Diana V. Edelman
                  download paperback hardback
                  The Forgotten Kingdom: The Archaeology and History of Northern Israel 
                  by Israel Finkelstein
                  download paperback hardback
                  Constructs of Prophecy in the Former and Latter Prophets and Other Texts 
                  edited by Lester L. Grabbe and Martti Nissinen
                  download paperback
                  Reading Akkadian Prayers and Hymns: An Introduction 
                  Alan Lenzi
                  download paperback
                  El Intercambio de Bienes entre Egipto y Asia Anterior: Desde el reinado de Tuthmosis III hasta el de Akhenaton 
                  Graciela Gestoso Singer
                  download
                  Centro y periferia en el mundo antiguo: El Negev y sus interacciones con Egipto, Asiria, y el Levante en la Edad del Hierro (1200-586 a.C.)
                  Juan Manuel Tebes
                   download

                  CDLI News: Detroit Institute of Arts (DIA)

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                  Detroit Institute of Arts—Cuneiform too!
                  The Detroit Institute of Arts (DIA), and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation-supported research project “Creating a Sustainable Digital Cuneiform Library (CSDCL),” are delighted to announce the addition of new resources to the web in support of online research and of the digital preservation of shared world cultural heritage. Under the general direction of the Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI), an international research project based at the University of California, Los Angeles, an initial agreement of cooperation was reached in December of 2013 between Prof. Robert K. Englund, CDLI Principal Investigator, and Lina Meerchyad, DIA Collection Research Associate, who managed communication, catalogued objects, compiled and shared photographs, and translated texts of DIA cuneiform objects. With the generous support of the Department of Collections Management and the Department of the Arts of Asia and the Islamic World at the DIA, the collection was scanned in May of 2014 by CDLI member and UCLA graduate student Michael Heinle, working closely with Lina Meerchyad in Detroit. The results of that collaboration have now been added to the CDLI website, viewable here; they can also be viewed via the project’s search page (type DIA in “Collection number”). 
                   
                  The DIA is one of the top art museums in the United States. In addition to having great collections of famous artworks, the Museum also possesses discoveries from ancient Middle East, Africa, Egypt, Europe, Greece, America, etc. The art of Ancient Middle East collection consists of significant archaeological artifacts from the early civilizations of Mesopotamia, Iran, and the Arabia. Within the collection is a group of 34 administrative cuneiform clay tablets, cones, and bullae that were formerly in the collection of Prof. Albert T. Clay, Yale University, donated to the museum by Henry Glover Stevens in 1919. The objects date back to the Sumerian kings of the Third Dynasty of Ur, Shulgi, Amar-Sin, Shu-Sin, and Ibbi-Sin, and were mostly found at Puzrish-Dagan, Umma, and Girsu (ca. 2112-2004 BC). Among them are documents from the time of Sin-kashid of the Early Old Babylonian (ca.1790 BC), as well as from the Old, Middle, and neo-Babylonian periods, dated from the 19th-6th centuries BC. Other inscribed objects are neo-Assyrian reliefs of Assurnasirpal II (883-859 BC), a brick of Shalmaneser III (858-824 BC), a relief from the Palace of Tiglath-pileser III (744-727 BC), all from Nimrud, and a statue of Gudea, the governor of Lagash (ca. 2150-2125 BC). Three publications in the Bulletin of the Detroit Institute of Arts on the latter objects can be viewed here.
                   
                  With the goals of ensuring the long-term digital preservation of ancient inscriptions on cuneiform text artifacts, of furthering Humanities research, and of providing free international access to all objects data, we hope that the DIA-CDLI collaboration will be welcomed by Assyriologists, scholars of related fields, and all those generally interested in the history of the ancient Near East. We look forward to their investigation of the DIA digital content, and are grateful for their corrections and interest in our catalogue and in publishing unedited texts in the collection. For publication purposes, any inquiries about the cuneiform collection should be directed to the Detroit Institute of Arts.
                   
                  For the Detroit Institute of Arts:
                  Lina H. M. Meerchyad, Collection Research Associate, Collections Management, DIA
                   
                  For the Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative:
                  Robert K. Englund, Director, CDLI, and Professor of Assyriology, UCLA

                  New in ARTA: A New Inscription of Xerxes? One More Forgery

                  A Catalog of Digital Scholarly Editions

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                  v 3.0, snapshot 2008ff

                  compiled by Patrick Sahle, last change 2015/02/03
                  by title
                  by general subject area
                  literature (153), history (176), philosophy (21), music (5)
                  by material
                  by language of material
                  latin (67), english (154), french (27), german (70), italian (13), other (30)
                  by epoch
                  antiquity (10), early (23) / high (32) / late (58) middle ages, early modern (64), modern (169)
                  recommended

                  Open Access Journal: The Journal of Egyptological Studies (JES)

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                   [First posted in AWOL 12 October 2011, updated (full text of vol. 3) 21 May 2015]

                  The Journal of Egyptological Studies (JES)
                  http://egyptology-bg.org/wp-content/themes/egypt/images/logo.png


                  The Journal of Egyptological Studies (JES) is published by the Bulgarian Institute of Egyptology. It is issued on an annual basis since September 2004. The JES is a result of the development and expansion of Egyptology in Bulgaria. It gives Egyptologists an opportunity to publish new original ideas, new approaches and data in connection with the language, literature, religion, archeology and history of the “place where our hearts live”.

                  The Journal of Egyptological Studies is open to the international Egyptolgical society, but also aims to establish a bridge between Western schools of Egyptology and their colleagues from Eastern Europe. As a result of World War II and the political changes, which took place afterwards, part of the connections between scholars from different countries in Europe has been interrupted. Nowadays, for example, few Egyptologists abroad know about fundamental achievements of Russian scholars in the field of socio-economic, political and cultural history of Ancient Egypt. We want to cooperate in filling this gap, encouraging young scholars to contribute to the process of exchange of ideas and experience in our field.
                  See the full List of Open Access Journals in Ancient Studies

                  Die ägyptische und orientalische „Rubensohn-Bibliothek“ von Elephantine

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                  Die ägyptische und orientalische „Rubensohn-Bibliothek“ von Elephantine
                  http://elephantine.smb.museum/wp-content/themes/elephantine/images/headers/RubensohnBiblLogo_l.jpg
                  Hauptsächlich während des 5. Jahrhunderts, als Ägypten unter persischer Oberherrschaft stand, war auf der Nilinsel Elephantine, gegenüber der Stadt Syene, dem heutigen Assuan, eine aramäo-jüdische Gemeinde angesiedelt. Von der Existenz dieser jüdischen Diaspora in Ägypten berichten bereits die alttestamentlichen Quellen, Jeremia 41 oder 2 Kön 25 und ein sensationeller aramäischer Papyrusfund zeitgenössischer, aber außerbiblischer Texte, der aus Elephantine selbst stammt, bestätigt diese Angaben. Durch den Handel kamen schon recht früh aramäische Papyri von der Nilinsel Elephantine auf den europäischen Antikenmarkt, so nahm beispielsweise Richard Lepsius bereits in seinen Denkmälern aus Ägypten und Nubien einen aramäischen Papyrus auf. Es handelt sich um einen aramäischen Text aus der Sammlung d’Athanasi, die vom Museum in Berlin 1842 angekauft worden war. In der Elephantine gegenüberliegenden Stadt Syene wurde ein größerer Fund sehr gut erhaltener Papyri 1904 von Robert Mond erworben, weitere ebenso von Lady William Cecil. Diese wurden 1906 von Sayce und Cowley veröffentlicht. In der Folge entstand entsprechend der Wunsch, durch systematische Ausgrabungen das neue Material zu ergänzen und vor der Zerstörung zu retten. Im Auftrag der königlichen Museen zu Berlin wurden schließlich drei Grabungs-Kampagnen auf der Nilinsel Elephantine zwischen 1906 und 1908 durch den deutschen Archäologen Otto Rubensohn und den Papyrologen Friedrich Zucker durchgeführt. Darüber schreibt Adolf Erman, der damalige Direktor des Ägyptischen Museums, in seinen Erinnerungen:
                  „Viel weniger Mühen und Kosten als [diese] großen Ausgrabungen haben uns die kleinen verursacht, die wir an verschiedenen Stellen Ägyptens in den Stadtruinen versucht haben, um Papyrus zu gewinnen. Und doch hat wenigstens eine von ihnen Ergebnisse gebracht, die wissenschaftlich von der höchsten Bedeutung sind. Daß die Fellachen in der alten Stadt der Insel Elephantine Papyrus fanden, war bekannt, und 1904 trat dort ein großer Fund zutage, der aramäische Urkunden jüdischer Soldaten enthielt; zur Perserzeit hatte in dieser Grenzfestung eine Garnison aus Fremden aller Art gelegen. Diese Spur weiter zu verfolgen, ging Otto Rubensohn 1906 nach Elephantine, und gleichzeitig gingen auch französische Gelehrte mit dem gleichen Ziele dorthin. Der Generaldirektor Maspero teilte das Grabungsgebiet zwischen beiden Parteien, aber wir waren es, die diesmal das große Los zogen, denn auf unserem Gebiete, dicht an der Grenze des französischen, stieß Rubensohn auf ein einfaches Haus, und das enthielt wirklich die Akten der jüdischen Gemeinde.“
                  Auch Rubensohn begann seinen zusammenfassenden Grabungsbericht mit dem Hinweis auf die aramäischen Texte, es heißt hier:
                  „Die Ausgrabungen auf Elephantine sind eine Folge der Aufdeckung jener aramäischen Papyri, die als „Aramaic Papyri discovered at Assouan“ von Sayce und Cowley publiziert worden sind. Ein Besuch in Assuan noch im Jahre der Aufdeckung 1904 verschaffte mir die Bekanntschaft und das Vertrauen der in Betracht kommenden Händler und Sebbachgräber. Sie führten mich auf mein Verlangen an die Fundstätte der Papyri. Die Stelle, die sie mir wiesen, lag aber nicht in Assuan, sondern am Westrande des Koms von Elephantine. Es war ein Punkt etwa 1m nördlich von dem Platz, an dem wir später den großen Fund an aramäischen Papyri gemacht haben. Auf meinen Antrag beschloß die Generalverwaltung der Königlichen Museen zu Berlin die Inangriffnahme der Arbeit, und mit gewohnter Liebenswürdigkeit erteilte Hr. Maspero im Namen des Service des Antiquités die erbetene Erlaubnis, auf der westlichen Hälfte des Koms von Elephantine Grabungen nach Papyri zu veranstalten.“
                  Die Grabungsgenehmigung wurde auf „Monsineur le Docteur Rubensohn, au nom de la Direction des Musées Royaux de Berlin“ am 5. Dezember 1904 für ein Jahr ausgestellt, am 8. November 1905 und am 10. Dezember 1906 jeweils für ein Jahr verlängert und zuletzt auf Friedrich Zucker übertragen. […]
                  Der größte Teil der bei der Fundteilung am 24. Dezember 1907 den Berliner Museen zugesprochenen Papyri sowie Ostraka und Siegelabdrücke befindet sich heute in der Papyrussammlung bzw. im Ägyptischen Museum der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin.

                  Open Access Journal: Revista de Estudios de Egiptologia (REE)

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                  Revista de Estudios de Egiptologia (REE)
                  ISSN: 0327-3822
                  Vol. 1 (1990)VER EDICION ONLINE
                  J. KOGAN, La personalidad de Abraham Rosenvasser (1896-1983); Abraham Rosenvasser visto por Manuel Mujica Lainez;
                  E. HUBER, “En verdad” por A. Rosenvasser;
                  P. FUSCALDO, Bibliografía de Abraham Rosenvasser, Ashka (Serra West): El templo de Ramsés II, La lista topográfica del atrio;
                  A. DANERI DE RODRIGO, La inscripción enigmática del atrio;
                  V. PEREYRA DE FIDANZA, La realeza egipcia. Su origen y fundamentación temprana;
                  J.E. BURUCUA, La cultura de Sebastián Serlio: El Egipto antiguo y la tradición hermética.


                  Vol. 2 (1991)
                  VER EDICION ONLINE
                  P. FUSCALDO, Las inscripciones en las puertas de los depósitos del templo; Aksha (Serra West): Fragmentos con escenas e inscripciones en el Museo de Ciencias Naturales de La Plata;
                  A. DANERI DE RODRIGO, Aspectos políticos de la deificación de Ramsés II en Aksha (Nubia);
                  S. LUPO DE FERRIO, V. PEREYRA DE FIDANZA, Los s3sw y los md3yw en sus relaciones con el estado egipcio;
                  G. GESTOSO, El culto a Aton en el Egipto de la dinastía XVIII. Sus antecedentes;
                  C. BARGUES CRIADO, La dinastía XXV en Egipto. La legitimación de su poder.


                  Vol. 3 (1992)
                  VER EDICION ONLINE
                  P. FUSCALDO, Aksha (Serra West): la datación del sitio;
                  ALICIA DANERI DE RODRIGO, Historia e historiografía: el Primer Período Intermedio en Egipto;
                  VIOLETA PEREYRA DE FIDANZA, Los maryannu: su inserción socio-política en los estados de Siria y Palestina durante el Período del Bronce Reciente;
                  GRACIELA NOEMI GESTOSO, Los mensajeros en la época de El Amarna;
                  JOACHIM SLIWA, A group of Egyptian signet-rings from the former Czartoryski/Dziabynski Collection a Goluchów; ALAN SCHULMAN, The Reshep bronces and other loose ends.


                  Vol. 4 (1993)
                  VER EDICION ONLINE
                  ALICIA DANERI DE RODRIGO, Aksha (Serra West): las escenas de coronación de Ramsés II; VIOLETA PEREYRA DE FIDANZA, Los maryannu: su inserción socio-política en los estados de Siria y Palestina durante el Período del Bronce Reciente. II;
                  SILVIA LUPO DE FERRIOL, Snefrw en la tradición egipcia;
                  Graciela N. GESTOSO, La administración egipcia en Asia según la documentación de la época de El Amarna; ALEJANDRO BOTTA, Matrimonio y divorcio en los “Papiros arameos de Elefantina”; SILVANA FANTECHI, Los ‘3mw en los documentos egipcios del Reino Medio; ALICIA DANERI DE RODRIGO, Informe sobre la participación en las excavaciones del Proyecto conjunto de las Universidades de Toronto, Illinois y Washington en Tell er Rub’a (Mendes), República Arabe de Egipto (15/VI al 31/VII/92); EDUARDO A. CRIVELLI MONTERO, Informe sobre la participación en las excavaciones de la Misión Italiana en Arslantepe (Alto Eufrates), Septiembre-Octubre de 1992; JORGE A. TRENCH, Sobre la geometría exterior e interior de las pequeñas pirámides de Giza.


                  Vol. 5 (1994)
                  VER EDICION ONLINE
                  PERLA FUSCALDO, Some more on Aksha; ALICIA DANERI DE RODRIGO, Aksha (Serra West). El templo de Ramsés II: las inscripciones de los pilares del patio; M. VIOLETA PEREYRA DE FIDANZA, A mention of Beth Shean in a Literary Text of the New Kingdom; SILVIA LUPO DE FERRIOL, Amenemhat III en el Fayum: algunos aspectos de su deificación; ANDREA PAULA ZINGARELLI, La política religiosa de Cambises en Egipto; M. REMA VAN VOSS, Zum Titel von Totenbuch 64; ROLF GUNDLACH, Die Titulaturen der Triade von Amarna (Zur Königsideologie Der ausgehenden 18. Dynastie).


                  Vol. 6/7 (1996-1999) (CD ROM)
                  The Preliminary Report of the Three Campaigns of the Argentine Archaeological Mission at Tell El-Ghaba, North Sinai, Egypt, 1995-1997 (Excavation and Study Seasons); PERLA FUSCALDO, EDUARDO CRIVELLIi, VIOLETA PEREYRA DE FIDANZA, ANDREA ZINGARELLI, Las Cartas Arameas de Hermópolis y el formulario epistolar en el Cercano Oriente Antiguo; ALEJANDRO FELIX BOTTA, La ciudad de guarnición de Beth Shean y su relación con la organización de la corvea agrícola durante la dinastía XVIII egipcia; GRACIELA NOEMI GESTOSO, The h[3tyw-(from Byblos in the Early Second Millennium B.C.; ROXANA FLAMMINI, Tehenw, temehw y el Estado Egipcio; SILVANA FANTECHI, Magia y racionalidad en la antigua medicina egipcia y griega ANA MARIA ROSSO DE LORENZUTTI, Los canales artificiales y el Nilo en la frontera oriental del Egipto antiguo: estado de la Cuestión; ANDREA ZINGARELLI, El valle y el delta del Nilo entre 20.000 y 4.000 años a.p.: cambios hidrológicos y climáticos.

                  Michael C. Astour: A Biographical Essay

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                  Michael C. Astour: A Biographical Essay
                  James J. Weingartner, Southern Illinois University EdwardsvilleFollow

                  Abstract

                  Michael Astour's scholarly productivity was prodigious and was recognized and respected by the international community of historians of the ancient Near East. His accomplishments would have been impressive in anyone, but were especially so given the tumultuous and tragic events of his personal life, which were part and parcel of the tragic and tumultuous century in which he lived. The Festschrift that grew out of a celebratory conference in his honor begins with a paraphrase of an ancient Sumerian proverb: “A scribe who does not know Sumerian, what kind of a scribe is he?” It reads, “Scholars of Mediterranean, Biblical and Near Eastern Studies who do not know the work of Michael Astour, what kind of scholars are they?”[1] Obviously, that’s a rhetorical and somewhat hyperbolic question, and I lack the knowledge to pass judgment with any confidence on his work. Ignorance is easily impressed. Nevertheless, the story of Michael Astour’s life deserves to be told, if only by someone who is definitely not a scholar of the ancient Near East, but who knew him as a colleague. Many of his friends and colleagues urged him over the years to write a memoir, something he adamantly refused to do. This may have been due in part to the pain that such an effort would have caused him, although he argued that others had told similar stories better than he could. But, finally, he may have regarded such an undertaking simply as an unwelcome distraction from the scholarship that he loved and that he pursued almost to his dying day.[2]
                  This essay is based largely on Astour’s voluminous correspondence spanning a half- century. He meticulously saved letters he received, as well as copies of those he sent. His papers fill dozens of boxes in SIUE’s archives. Many of his letters are multi-paged and are uniformly thoughtful and frequently witty. They stand in stark contrast to the brief and often superficial electronic communications that pass for inter-personal correspondence today which is, in most cases and, perhaps appropriately, transitory. They exemplify a category of historical source material that, sadly, is no longer being generated.
                  [1] Gordon Young, Mark Chavalas, Richard Averbeck, eds., Crossing Boundaries and Linking Horizons: Studies in Honor of Michael C. Astour on His 80th Birthday [Bethesda, MD., 1997], xi.
                  [2] Astour to Chavalas, March 2, 1992, Box 25.