Channel: AWOL - The Ancient World Online

Four Kingdom Motifs before and beyond the Book of Daniel

Cover Four Kingdom Motifs before and beyond the Book of Daniel


The four kingdoms motif enabled writers of various cultures, times, and places, to periodize history as the staged succession of empires barrelling towards an utopian age. The motif provided order to lived experiences under empire (the present), in See More

Smarthistory: Ancient Mediterraneanc. 3000 B.C.E. – 400 C.E.

[First posted in AWOL 24 October 2012, updated 18 January 2021]

Smarthistory: Ancient Mediterraneanc. 3000 B.C.E. – 400 C.E.
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What is Smarthistory?

Smarthistory is a leading resource for the study of art and cultural heritage. Our growing collection of videos and essays are designed to be engaging and conversational and cover art that ranges from the paleolithic to the present. Everything on Smarthistory is completely free and our content is offered with no advertising. We are a tiny non-profit organization based in New York, but we reach millions of learners around the world.

Open Access Journal: Journal of Greek Linguistics

[First posted in AWOL 12 June 2016, updates 18 January 2021]

Journal of Greek Linguistics
ISSN: 1566-5844
E-ISSN: 1569-9846
Cover Journal of Greek Linguistics
Now available in Open Access, the Journal of Greek Linguistics (JGL) is an established peer-reviewed international journal dedicated to the descriptive and theoretical study of the Greek language from its roots in Ancient Greek down to present-day dialects and varieties. Its target audience includes specialists in both Ancient, Medieval and Modern Greek, besides general linguists

New Open Access Journal: Old World: Journal of Ancient Africa and Eurasia

ISSN: 2667-0755
Cover Old World: Journal of Ancient Africa and Eurasia

This is a peer-reviewed, inclusive, non-Eurocentric, multi-disciplinary journal devoted to the study of temporal, spatial, economic, social, and linguistic aspects of ancient civilizations from the Old World, namely Africa, Asia, and Europe. We want to offer a comprehensive perspective on civilizations developed in these continents in pre-modern times, from prehistory to the fall of the Eastern Roman Empire (15th century AD).

- OW is an Open Access journal, fully-funded by the Research Centre For History and Culture.
- OW is only published in a digital format.
- Submissions by both eminent and young scholars are welcome.
- Submissions may regard any aspects of the Old World: linguistics, history, archeology, art and architecture, philology, literature, philosophy, religion, economy, sociology, anthropology, etc.
- Submissions may regard any civilizations of Africa, Asia, and Europe, developed between prehistory and the 15th century AD, that is, the fall of the Eastern Roman Empire.
- OW also takes into consideration studies of oral literature, such as proverbs and folklore, as well as field work on endangered languages, which represent the legacy of ancient traditions verbally transmitted from generation to generation.
- Scholarly reviews are welcome as well.
- Special issues may be considered for publication.
- Articles must present original work and must have been submitted exclusively to OW.

See the full List of Open Access Journals in Ancient Studies

Iraq Heritage Stabilization Program

The Iraq Heritage Stabilization Program (IHSP) is a project-oriented initiative dedicated to supporting Iraqi communities affected by conflict and cultural cleansing and empowering Iraqi heritage professionals to protect and preserve Iraq’s rich cultural heritage. Established in 2018, IHSP has implemented more than ten projects to assess, stabilize, and restore heritage in northern and central Iraq through the support of public and private institutions. IHSP is based in the University of Pennsylvania’s Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations.


Digging Digital Museum Collections


The AAI launched the Digging Digital Museum Collections Project in November 2020. The aim of the program is to better leverage digitized museum collections and related digital resources for public engagement, instruction, and lifelong learning. In addition, this program will explore training and consulting services for partner institutions to make better public engagement uses of their digitized collections and data. The program is run by Dr. Pinar Durgun, who joined the AAI in November 2020 as Curator for Digital Collections Interpretation and Public Engagement. This program will work in conjunction with both the Data Literacy Program and the AAI’s sustainability work. This program is supported by individual donations and by the AAI’s National Endowment for the Humanities Infrastructure and Capacity-Building Challenge Grant.

Project-Related Communications and Publications:


About the National Endowment for the Humanities: Created in 1965 as an independent federal agency, the National Endowment for the Humanities supports research and learning in history, literature, philosophy, and other areas of the humanities by funding selected, peer-reviewed proposals from around the nation. Additional information about the National Endowment for the Humanities and its grant programs is available at: www.neh.gov.

Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed on this page, do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.


Disability History and the Ancient World (ca. 3000 BCE - 700 CE)

[First posted on AWOL 26 September 2018, updated (new host) 20 January 2021]

Disability History and the Ancient World (ca. 3000 BCE - 700 CE)
This website tries to bring together all scholars dealing with disability history of the ancient world. Quite contrary to disability studies for other periods, research into this subject has just begun to develop and specialists are few.

We hope this site will be a tool to bring scholars together, and a way to announce new developments.

We take Antiquity as spanning a broad geographical and chronological range: also disability historians of e.g. the Sumerian or Babylonian period, those focusing on Jewish or Persian culture, as well as specialists of late Antiquity, are kindly invited to join!
— Prof. Dr. Christian Laes

ReMeDHe: Religion, Medicine, Disability, Health, and Healing in Late Antiquity


ReMeDHe (pronounced “Remedy”) is a working group for Religion, Medicine, Disability, Health, and Healing in Late Antiquity. Scholars of late antique religion have become increasingly interested in topics of illness, injury, disease, disability, health, and healing, while historians of medicine are becoming increasingly aware of the overlap between medical, philosophical, and religious practices and ways of knowing.  In this moment, scholarly trajectories that had formerly been distinct are coming together.  Thus many of us working on healing and health in late antiquity–and particularly on the intersections between and influence of various healing domains–have been building a community to track and coordinate our research projects, to provide feedback on works-in-progress, and to explore potential avenues for collaboration.  Co-Directors of the ReMeDHe working group, Kristi Upson-Saia (Occidental College) and Heidi Marx (formerly Marx-Wolf, University of Manitoba), along with the ReMeDHe Board, are working on creating opportunities for conversation and collaboration.  If you are interested in joining, please join the group’s listserv. and Facebook group.


The Levantine Ceramics Project

[First posted in AWOL 25 June 2014, updated 20 January 2021]

TheLevantine Ceramics Project
Image result for Levantine Ceramics Project
The Levantine Ceramics Project
The Levantine Ceramics Project (LCP) is an open, interactive website focused on ceramics produced in the Levant from the Neolithic era (c. 5500 B.C.E.) through the Ottoman period (c. 1920 C.E.). Here you can submit and find information—whether long published or newly discovered—about ceramic wares, shapes, specific vessels, scientific analyses, kiln sites, and chronology. The LCP makes it simple to access, share, use, and refine data, to link scholars and to foster collaborative research. Watch a brief video about the LCP here.

Chronological Lists of Oriental Institute Publications


Chronological Lists of Oriental Institute Publications

Between 1997 and 2011, the Oriental Institute maintained a list, by year, of its publications. This offered a useful chronological overview of the publication activity. I have now compiled lists for 2012-2020 and include links to the 1997-2011 lists below.


  • LAMINE 1. Christians and Others in the Umayyad State. Edited by Antoine Borrut and Fred M. Donner, with contributions by Touraj Daryaee, Muriel  Debié, Sidney H. Griffith, Wadad al-Qadi, Milka Levy-Rubin, Suzanne Pinckney Stetkevych, Donald Whitcomb, and Luke Yarbrough, 2016

  • Nimrud: The Queens' Tombs. By Muzahim Mahmoud Hussein, translation and initial editing by Mark Altaweel, additional editing and notes by McGuire Gibson. 2016




For an up to date list of all Oriental Institute publications available online see:

A People's Classics YouTube Channel: Edith Hall

Bibliography: Archaeobotanical Reports from Sites in the Near East

[First posted in AWOL 7 December 2012, updated 21 January 2021]

Archaeobotanical Reports from Sites in the Near East
Compiled by Naomi F. Miller
I am trying to compile a comprehensive bibliography of archaeobotanical site reports from the Near East. Right now I can e-mail text files for the bibliographies of Central Asia and beyond, Iran, Iraq, the Levant, Syria, Turkey, and the index organized by site. I'd appreciate hearing about references I have not listed. See contact information below. Thanks.

In order to access documents from 'doi', go to the website http://dx.doi.org/ and type in the full document number.

Lectures du Bosphore. / Bosporskie chtenija


Боспорские чтения. Боспор Киммерийский и варварский мир в период античности и средневековья / Bosporskie chtenija. Bospor Kimmerijskij i varvarskij mir v period antichnosti i srednevekov’ja, Kertch [Lectures du Bosphore. Monde cimmérien et barbare du Bosphore à l’époque de l’Antiquité et du Moyen Âge]

Cette série consacrée au Royaume du Bosphore publiée à Kertch est disponible en ligne depuis le numéro 16 de 2015. Chaque année un thème plus spécifique est choisi autour duquel les aticles s’articulent.

La série en ligne : http://niciak.cfuv.ru/periodicheskie-izdaniya


Linguistic Understanding of Divine Interaction in Ramesside Egypt

Potter, D. M.
PhD thesis, University of Liverpool (2016)


This thesis sets out to examine a number of linguistic topoi from Ramesside Egypt which are utilised to express an understanding of divine interaction with humanity. In order to assess each of these topoi, the methodologies and axioms of the fields of Pragmatics and Cognitive linguistics are employed. Previously, theoretical insights from both of these fields have not been applied fully to Egyptian texts of a religious nature. Through the in depth examination of these topoi, this thesis aims to foster a greater comprehension of the ways in which individuals during this period understood divine interaction and how this understanding was figured in rhetorical devices. The selected corpus dates from the Amarna period to the start of the Third Intermediate period and includes royal and private monuments, as well as hieratic material. The inclusion of examples from a variety of language registers and genres allows for a wider assessment of each theme. The introduction presents the dataset and discusses the individual sources. This section also presents the theoretical backgrounds of Pragmatics and Cognitive Linguistics, as well as discussing potential cross-cultural variances. Chapter 1 deals with the topoi of the “hand” and the “arm(s)” of the divine. The phrase “the hand of god” is highly familiar to western thought, and this chapter assesses the use of Drt “hand” and a(wy) “arm(s)” in relation to the divine. Though both lexemes have been regularly translated as “hand”, in reality both lexemes function as separate idioms, appearing in separate contexts concurrently within a number of sources. Drt “hand” represents a close and palpable interaction with human characters whereas a(wy) “arm(s)” is used to describe the control of more distant, abstract concepts. As both lexemes are frequently utilised a part of compound prepositions, the issue of grammaticalization is also addressed, and to what extent they are semantically meaningful within such constructions. Chapter 2 assesses the use of the verbs “come” and “go” in relation to divine motion. As deictic verbs of motion, which encode egocentric information, they may only be understood in terms of the speaker and their worldview, and the application of such verbs illustrates how the divine are perceived within their movement. When a positive interaction is iterated, the verb “come” is utilised in order to place focus upon the individual as GOAL (deictic centre) of the movement. Within the gathered corpus, the divine do not “go”. Instead, when expressing negative interaction “come” is negated or the divine movement is described as rotational (i.e. “turning” as opposed to a movement from/towards the individual). Each interaction is described in the same manner as human interactions and is highly attentional. A number of instances also show elements of presupposition of divine interaction when requested. Chapter 3 examines instances in which individuals describe “finding” or having “found” the divine. From analysis of the participant roles within the utterances as well as a contextual analysis, it is clear that the divine are viewed as real world, interactive characters. In all the instances examined gm(i) is used to express perceptual discovery. Each of the studies shows a linguistic understanding of a highly interactive divine. Each expression is couched in the same rhetoric as human interactions and is highly rooted in the perception of the individual speaker/writer/composer.



Courtroom Pragmatics: Analysis of Questions and Answers in the Tomb Robbery Papyri

Blakesley, C. E.
Doctor of Philosophy thesis, University of Liverpool (2016)

This work looks at the legal texts known as the Tomb Robbery Papyri of the 19th and 20th Dynasties, with particular focus on the social and pragmatic power dynamic between the Tribunal and the Accused. The aim is to examine how far the strategies and wants of the Tribunal and Accused can be assessed through pragmatic theory and social status, and what effect these strategies and wants have on the discourse. This has been done through Politeness Theory, Face Threatening Acts, Questioning Strategy (Interrogatives/Speech Acts), Response Strategy, and similar courtroom situations such as the Early Modern English Courtroom. Upon examining these interactions, it becomes clear that not only did the Tribunal have a questioning strategy designed to elicit the most information through Face Threatening Acts and Impoliteness, but the response strategy of the Accused, despite their lack of legal representation, is, in some cases, a fairly substantial rebuttal for those in such a weak position. It becomes evident that while some Accused were prompted to provide long narrative answers of their misdeeds (often as a result of torture, though not without their own strategy of implicating others), or utilise what are termed in this thesis as “denial phrases”, such as bpy=i ptr (I did not see) or wA r=i wA r Ha=i (Far from me, far from my body), with their testimonies being relatively short and containing little information, others chose a more combative stance. These more combative responses are shown to have a greater number of back and forth responses between Tribunal and Accused, which often involve each discourse participant changing strategy so as to gain leverage, albeit temporarily, over the other. This type of answering strategy is also shown to contain more ‘focus constructions’ such as the Second Tense or Pseudo Cleft sentence, which demonstrate the Accused’s attempts to subvert the questioning narrative of the Tribunal and replace it with their own ‘truth’. This thesis demonstrates that there is more to the interactions between Tribunal and Accused in this corpus than simply well-ordered questions and responses.


Classical Reception Studies Network blog African Takeover

Welcome to the African takeover of the Classical Reception Studies Network blog which will run roughly for the first half of 2021. We are a group of academics from Ghana, Nigeria and South Africa, involved in the reception of classical antiquity in different fields and using different approaches. We are excited to share some of the work we have been involved in. We hope to demonstrate that the discipline is alive and well on the African continent in vibrant, critical and dynamic forms that relate to our own unique contexts.
Interested in getting to know us a little bit better? Check out our blog Introducing the African takeover team members.

Datenbank sumerischer Streitliteratur


Datenbank sumerischer Streitliteratur

The "Datenbank der sumerischen Streitliteratur" (DSSt) groups together 15 Sumerian literary texts from the Old Babylonian period as disputation literature. In these texts two rulers, students, women, or abstractions from everyday life compete in a verbal contest, aiming to outdo their opponent in rhetoric. At the end of the contest a higher authority, such as a deity or teacher, chooses the winner. Moreover, five Edubba'a texts and five Diatribes were added to the corpus. These are crucial for understanding the disputation literature, because their vocabulary resembles that of the disputations.

DSSt aims for the edition of these 25 literary works in the form of a score text together with a composite and translation in English, French or German. The project (no. PP00P1_150483) was funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation between 2014 and 2018 and could benefit from several partnerships. As work on the project continues, the completion of the database is planned on the medium term (see Corpus).

Warm thanks go to all project associates, who contributed considerably to the success of the database (see Staff). I would like to mention especially Jana Matuszak and Pascal Attinger who generously shared all their material with us, Niek Veldhuis for his patient and efficient support over five years and Steve Tinney for his offer to lemmatize the DSSt corpus. Work on the disputation literature would not have been possible without the pioneering research of Miguel Civil and his precious catalogues and text reconstructions.

 And see all the ORACC Projects

The Ramesses III (KV 11) Publication and Conservation Project


Our project was developed since 2011 and officially founded in 2016, its main objectives being the publication and conservation of the tomb of Ramesses III in the Valley of the Kings (KV 11). Since 2017, it holds the concession of the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities to study the tomb. The project is officially based at Humboldt-University of Berlin and cooperates with the universities of Luxor and Qena. The long-term project combines traditional philological and archaeological research with more recent methods such as photogrammetry and virtual reality. Along with continuous fieldwork, a major focus lies on archival research that allows us to reconstruct the decoration programme of the tomb. Moreover, the project follows an interdisciplinary approach, integrating geological, petrological and hydrological studies in order to develop a strategy to preserve and protect this important part of the Egyptian World heritage. 



Open Access Digital Library: Classica Digitalia

 [First posted in AWOL 2 December 2009. Updated 22 January 2021]

Classica Digitalia
The online library CLASSICA DIGITALIA - VNIVERSITATIS CONIMBRIGENSIS is designed to create a wide communication network devoted to the area of Classical Studies. The library welcomes contributions from the whole academic community, although special attention is given to the creation of synergies within the Portuguese-speaking world. Its editorial policy is set by the editorial board, with all contributions being subjected to review by an international panel of referees. All works available in CLASSICA DIGITALIA are also published in printed format.
PINHO, Sebastião Tavares; DE MEDEIROS, Walter - Aires Barbosa: obra poética. Coimbra: [s.n.]. 361 p. ISBN 978-989-26-0617-0 (PDF).
FLACO, Gaio Valério - Cantos argonáuticos: argonautica. 3ª edição ed. Coimbra: [s.n.]. ISBN 978-989-26-0780-1 (PDF).
PSEUDO-XENOFONTE, - A constituição dos atenienses. 3ª edição ed. Coimbra: [s.n.]. ISBN 978-989-26-0779-5 (PDF).
APOLODORO, - Contra Neera [Demóstenes] 59. 3ª edição ed. Coimbra: [s.n.]. ISBN 978-989-26-0777-1 (PDF).
LEÃO, Delfim; CORNELLI, Gabriele; PEIXOTO, Miriam C - Dos homens e suas ideias: estudos sobre as vidas de Diógenes Laércio. Coimbra: [s.n.]. 281 p. ISBN 978-989-721-042-6 (PDF).
Espaços do pensamento científico da Antiguidade - Espaços do pensamento científico da Antiguidade. Coimbra: [s.n.]. 98 p. ISBN 978-989-26-0744-3 (PDF).
ARÁTOR, - História apostólica: a gesta de S. Paulo. 3ª edição ed. Coimbra: [s.n.]. ISBN 978-989-26-0781-8 (PDF).
História Augusta Vol. I: Vidas de Adriano, Élio, Antonino Pio, Marco Aurélio, Lúcio Vero, Avídio Cássio e Cómodo. - História Augusta Vol. I: Vidas de Adriano, Élio, Antonino Pio, Marco Aurélio, Lúcio Vero, Avídio Cássio e Cómodo. 2ª edição ed. Coimbra: [s.n.]. ISBN 978-989-26-0784-9 (PDF).
SAMÓSATA, Luciano de; TRAD. MAGUEIJO, CUSTÓDIO, - Luciano IV. Coimbra: [s.n.]. 223 p. ISBN 978-989-26-0794-8 (PDF).
SAMÓSATA, Luciano de; TRAD. MAGUEIJO, CUSTÓDIO, - Luciano IX. Coimbra: [s.n.]. 249 p. ISBN 978-989-26-0796-2 (PDF).
SAMÓSATA, Luciano de; TRAD. MAGUEIJO, CUSTÓDIO, - Luciano V. Coimbra: [s.n.]. 237 p. ISBN 978-989-26-0804-4 (PDF).
SAMÓSATA, Luciano de; TRAD. MAGUEIJO, CUSTÓDIO, - Luciano VI. Coimbra: [s.n.]. 233 p. ISBN 978-989-26-0792-4 (PDF).
SAMÓSATA, Luciano de; TRAD. MAGUEIJO, CUSTÓDIO, - Luciano VII. Coimbra: [s.n.]. 213 p. ISBN 978-989-26-0790-0 (PDF).
SAMÓSATA, Luciano de; TRAD. MAGUEIJO, CUSTÓDIO, - Luciano VIII. Coimbra: [s.n.]. 199 p. ISBN 978-989-26-0798-6 (PDF).
SÉNECA, - Medeia. 2ª edição ed. Coimbra: [s.n.]. ISBN 978-989-26-0783-2 (PDF).
DE FERREIRA, Luísa Nazaré - Mobilidade poética na Grécia Antiga: uma leitura da obra de Simónides. Coimbra: [s.n.]. 473 p. ISBN 978-989-721-032-7 (PDF).
AGOSTINHO, Santo - O "De excidio Vrbis" e outros sermões sobre a queda de Roma. 3ª edição ed. Coimbra: [s.n.]. ISBN 978-989-26-0782-5 (PDF).
DA RAMALHO, Américo Costa - Para a história do humanismo em Portugal Vol. 5. Coimbra: [s.n.]. 341 p. ISBN 978-989-26-0650-7 (PDF).
HIÉROCLES, Filágrio - Philogelos (O Gracejador). Coimbra: [s.n.]. 99 p. ISBN 978-989-721-048-8 (PDF).
DE OLIVEIRA, Francisco; et al. - A queda de Roma e o alvorecer da Europa. Coimbra: [s.n.]. 253 p. ISBN 978-989-26-0601-9 (PDF).
CORRÊA-CARDOSO, João; DO FIALHO, Maria Céu - Romanística. UM. Coimbra: [s.n.]. 117 p. ISBN 978-989-721-055-6 (PDF).



New Open Access Journal: Clotho

Print ISSN: 2670-6210
Online ISSN: 2670-6229
Named after the youngest of the Parcae, Clotho got its name after the deity responsible for spinning the thread of life; thus the journal seeks to create a new space of creativity, exploration, and learning in the field of classical studies. Wilamowitz famously defined classical scholarship “by its subject-matter – Graeco-Roman civilization in its essence and in every facet of its existence.” Following in those footsteps, Clotho welcomes exploring Greek and Latin language – lexicography, grammar, and the broader issues of linguistics. It seeks to investigate the traditional fields of classical studies, literature, textual criticism, rhetoric, philosophy, and history; as well as archaeology, numismatics, epigraphy, papyrology, and paleography. Above all, the journal is committed to the idea of interdisciplinarity. As such, it accepts antiquity-related contributions from the spheres of art, music, science, religion, and law; as well as the classical tradition and classical reception, history of classical scholarship, and last but foremost, translation.
Vol 2 No 2 (2020)
Published: 2020-12-18

Full Issue

Vol 2 No 1 (2020)

See AWOL's full List of Open Access Journals in Ancient Studies


Open Access "Journal": SCS Digital Project Reviews

SCS Digital Project Reviews
Since October 2016, the SCS Communications Committee has been responsible for the editing and publication of a number of Digital Project Reviews on the front page of the SCS website. These have appeared alongside SCS blog postings. As of October 1, 2018, the editing and review of Digital Project Reviews will be handled by a special editorial board, working under the aegis of the Publications and Research division of SCS. This will enable the Communications Committee to focus on blog posts of broad interest, while the new editorial board will be responsible for reviews of digital projects, tools, and resources in the field of Classics. Should you wish to submit a Digital Project Review or suggest a project to be reviewed, please see the SCS guidelines here.  Digital Project Reviews will continue to be published on the front page of the SCS website.
The members of the Digital Project Reviews Editorial Board are:
  • Scott Arcenas
  • Chris Francese (chair)
  • Ivy Livingston
  • Matthew Loar
  • Donald Mastronarde (ex officio)
By Ashley Francese | July 31, 2020

After many years of offering free language courses to students of popular modern languages such as French, Spanish, Chinese, and German, and to people interested in learning rather more obscure languages such as Esperanto, Klingon, High Valyrian, and Navajo, Duolingo added a Latin course. The course was prepared for Duolingo by the Paideia Institute and was road tested by a group of Duolingo learners before it was made available to the general public.

By Alberto Bardi | June 5, 2020

A longstanding tendency to ethnocentrism and Hellenophilia implicit in the narrative of the rebirth of Greek science in the Renaissance has shaped the historiography of science and early modern historiography more generally. However, a digital project called Ptolemaeus Arabus et Latinus (PAL) presents an interdisciplinary, broadly conceived, and ongoing (2013–2038) challenge to this , which lies at the crossroads of Classics, Arabic Studies, History of Science and Digital Humanities.

By Aileen Das | May 22, 2020

The Arabic and Latin Glossary (hereafter al-gloss) is a free, online dictionary of the vocabulary used by medieval translators, primarily working in eleventh- to thirteenth-century Italy and Spain, to render the Arabic versions of Greek scientific and philosophical texts and original Arabic compositions into Latin.

By apistone | February 7, 2020

The Bridge, a digital humanities initiative out of Haverford College, allows users to generate customized vocabulary lists in both Greek and Latin. Bret Mulligan and a team of dedicated students have done an admirable job of adding texts to their database and are responsive to requests from users (both students and instructors). An accompanying blog helpfully documents the different updates as they are released, as well as a list of requested features, so users can get a sense of what’s in the works for The Bridge. Development has been funded both by Haverford College as well as by a Mellon Digital Humanities Grant and a program grant from the Classical Association of the Atlantic States (CAAS).

By Kilian Mallon | November 22, 2019

Recogito is a software platform that facilitates annotation of text and images. Through both automatic annotation and manual annotation by users, the software links uploaded files to geographic data and facilitates the sharing and downloading of this data in various formats. The software is freely available for download through GitHub, and a version is also hosted online. In the online version, users have a private workspace as well as the ability to share documents among a group or publicly. Recogito was developed from 2013 to 2018 as part of the Pelagios network, a much wider project dedicated to creating gazetteers and tools for annotation, visualization, pedagogy, collaboration, and registering linked data.


By Chiara Palladino | September 6, 2019

ORBIS: The Stanford Geospatial Network Model of the Roman World (from now on: Orbis) is an interactive scholarly web application that provides a simulation model of travel and transport cost in the Roman Empire around 200 CE. Walter Scheidel and his team at Stanford University designed and launched the site in 2011–12, and the project saw a significant upgrade in 2014 (the old version is still available). The project is currently concluded.

By Janet D. Jones | July 5, 2019

ToposText is a set of tools that projects the geographic elements of ancient texts onto a mapping of the ancient world. Users can follow a classical reference from place-to-text, or from text-to-place. Zooming in on Thebes and clicking on “Cadmeia,” for example, takes us to 63 text entries, such as the Bios Ellados of Heracleides Criticus; clicking on Bios Ellados takes us to 36 map locations through 78 text references. The text is displayed in public-domain English translation (default) with a link to the original ancient Greek (in this case, at Bibliotheca Augustana). The places are located through a Google Map interface.

By Julian Yolles | March 25, 2019

Gone are the days when scholars of Ancient Greek and Latin literature relied solely on a prodigious memory and a printed library of classical texts, commentaries, and reference works. Digitized texts and new tools for textual analysis supplement traditional approaches. These methods do not require a physical library, and they promise to save time and to produce new insights.

The Tesserae Project seeks to take advantage of digital corpora to enable the user to find connections between texts. Its web interface allows users to search two texts or corpora from Greek and Latin literature for occurrences of two or more shared words within a line or phrase.

By Stephen Andrew Sansom | March 1, 2019

The Scaife Viewer of the Perseus Project pursues a simple goal: to provide a clear and enjoyable reading experience of the Greek and Latin texts and translations of the Perseus Digital Library. It is the first installment of Perseus 5.0 and eventually will replace Perseus’ current interface, Perseus Hopper, as the primary means for accessing the texts and translations of the Perseus library. In its goal to simplify access to Perseus’ repository of texts, the Scaife Viewer is a success. Its layout is uncluttered, its texts legible, its design refreshing. As a result, the Scaife Viewer is a welcome re-imagining of how users read Perseus texts.

By Willeon Slenders | October 26, 2018

Logeion allows searches of a series of Greek and Latin dictionaries and classical reference works. It was developed beginning in 2011 at the University of Chicago by students Josh Goldenberg and Matt Shanahan under the direction of Professor Helma Dik, and regularly adds new features and resources. Inspired by the innovative Dictionnaire vivant de la langue française, also based at the University of Chicago, it began with a nucleus of several reference works originally digitized by Perseus.


See AWOL's full List of Open Access Journals in Ancient Studies

Open Access Journal: Exemplaria Classica

[First posted in AWOL 2 September 2011, updated 23 January 2021]

Exemplaria Classica
e-ISSN: 2173-6839
ISSN: 1699-3225
Encabezado de página
 In recent years the University of Huelva has been at the vanguard of studies in textual criticism and codicology. Throughout the pages of its annual publication Exemplaria Classica (Vol. 8 (2004-); superseding Exemplaria (1997-2003), which was not restricted to Classical literature), a wide array of material with a textual focus (whether Textkritik, Textgeschichte or Überlieferungsgeschichte) has been treated in all corners of Greek and Latin literature. The first volume boldly announced the admirably rigorous line that the journal wished to pursue: "we are convinced, against the fashions of the day, that the classical texts carry their own meaning. This meaning is not a mere construction or ideation of the critic... We discourage speculative or heavily theoretical commentaries which are not firmly anchored in the discussion of texts and factual information" (A. Ramírez de Verger, Vol. 8 (2004), pp.3-4).
[Description from David Butterfield's review of M. Sanz Morales, M. Librán Moreno (ed.), Verae Lectiones: estudios de crítica textual y edición de textos griegos. Exemplaria classica: Vol. Anejo 1. Huelva: Universidad de Huelvá, 2009 in BMCR 2010.05.46]

All but the most recent volume are open access.

Vol. 23 (2019)

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33776/ec.v23i0

Tabla de contenidos

Artículos / Articles

Claudia N. Fernández
Marc Dominicy
Pere Fàbregas Salis
Víctor Sabaté Vidal
Victoria González-Berdús

Artículos reseña / Review Articles

Anika Nicolosi
Federico Condello
José Antonio Fernández Delgado
Richard Tarrant
Nicoletta Bruno
William J. Dominik
Paola Paolucci
Cecilia Criado
Maria Chiara Scappaticcio

Reseñas / Reviews

GLENN W. MOST, (ed., trans.). Hesiod. The Shield, Catalogue of Women, Other Fragments. The Loeb classical library, 57. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2018. 448 pp. $26.00, ISBN 978-0-674-99721-9. GLENN W. MOST, (ed., trans.). Hesiod. Theogony,
Ruth Scodel
Martin Heidegger, Heraclitus. The Inception of Occidental Thinking ; Logic: Heraclitus’s Doctrine of the Logos, translated by Julia Goesser Assaiante and S. Montgomery Ewegen, London-New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2018, xviii+309 pp., ISBN: 978-0-8264-624
Paul Slama
Simon Hornblower - C. B. R. Pelling (eds.). Herodotus. Histories: Book VI. Cambridge Greek and Latin classics. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2017, xv+354 p. £79.99, ISBN 978-1-107-02934-7 (hb); £24.99, ISBN 978-1-107-60941-9 (pb).
Jan P. Stronk
Fernando Pérez Lambás, Los elementos rituales en las tragedias de Sófocles. Tipología y función a partir de los prólogos, Amsterdam: Adolf Hakkert Publisher, 2018, 444 pp., ISBN 978-90-256-1332-7.
Esteban Calderón Dorda
D. J. Mastronarde, Preliminary Studies on the Scholia to Euripides, Berkeley, CA: Department of Classics, University of California, 2017, pp. xxxii+246, ISBN 978-1-939926-10-4.Míriam Librán Moreno Universidad de Extremadura mlibmor@unex.es
Míriam Librán Moreno
Ioanna Karamanou, Euripides, “Alexandros”, Texte und Kommentare Bd 57, Berlin-Boston: De Gruyter, 2017, xvi+381 pp., 109,95 €, ISBN: 978- 3-11-053728-4
Massimo Magnani
Luigi Battezzato, Euripides, Hecuba, Cambridge Greek and Latin Classics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018, xi+287 pp., £ 23.99, ISBN 978-0-521-13864-2.
Lyndsay Coo
GUNTHER MARTIN, Euripides, Ion: edition and commentary. Texte und Kommentare, Band 58. Berlin; Boston: De Gruyter, 2018, vii+613 p. €129,95. ISBN 9783110522556.
Michael Lloyd
PAUL POTTER (ed., trans.), Hippocrates: Volume XI. Loeb Classical Library 538, Cambridge, Mass. – London: Harvard University Press, 2018, pp. xxviii+491, ISBN 978-0-674-99657-1.
Lesley Bolton
LUC BRISSON & OLIVIER RENAUT (eds.), Erotique et politique chez Platon. Erôs, genre et sexualité dans la cité platonicienne, Sankt Augustin: Academia Verlag, 2017, 274 pp., € 29,50, ISBN 978-3-89665-725-1.
Juan Francisco Martos Montiel
BERND LORENZ, Griechische Grabgedichte Thessaliens Beispiele für poetische Kleinkunst der Antike, Kalliope - Studien zur griechischen und lateinischen Poesie, 16. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, 2019, 294 pp., €58,00, ISNB 978-3-8253-6941-5.
Christos Tsagalis
FELIX BUDELMANN, Greek Lyric. A Selection, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018, XVII+321 pp., £ 24.99, ISBN 978-0-521-63387-1
Zsolt Adorjáni
FRANCIS CAIRNS, Hellenistic Epigram. Contexts of Exploration, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016, xviii+516, pp., $120.00, ISBN 978-1-107-16850-3.
Annette Harder
K. Maclennan – W. Stockert, Plautus: Aulularia. Edited with an introduction, translation and commentary, Aris and Phillips classical texts. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2016, viii+256 pp., £ 19.99 (pb), ISBN 978-1-910572-38-2.
David Christenson
Sander M. Goldberg – Gesine Manuwald, Fragmentary Republican Latin. Ennius, Testimonia. Epic Fragments, Volume I, Loeb Classical Library 294, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2018, lxxxviii+498 pp., ISBN 978-0-674-99701-1 Sander M. Goldberg – Gesi
Egil Kraggerud
Richard W. Westal, Caesar’s Civil War: Historical Reality and Fabrication. By. Mnemosyne Supplements 410, Leiden, NL and Boston, MA: Brill, 2017, pp. xvi+400. Hardback, €116.00, ISBN 978-90-04-35614-6.
Hannah Cornwell
Juan Martos Fernández, Gayo Salustio Crispo. Obras, Madrid: Cátedra, Letras Universales, 2018, 662 pp., ISBN 978-84-376-3801-0
Javier Moraleda
Keith Maclennan, Virgil: Aeneid VIII, Bloomsbury Latin texts, London-Oxford-New York-New Dehli-Sydney: Bloomsbury Academic, 2017, vi+284 pp., $24.95 (pb), ISBN 978-1-4725-2787-5.
Alden Smith
Niklas Holzberg, Quintus Horatius Flaccus, sämtliche Werke. Lateinisch-deutsch, herausgegeben und übersetzt von N. H, Sammlung Tusculum, Berlin-Boston: De Gruyter, 2018, 803 pp., ISBN 978-3-11- 056233-0.
Johannes Breuer
Esteban Bérchez Castaño, El destierro de Ovidio en Tomis: realidad y ficción, Valencia, Institució Alfons el Magnànim, 2015, 334 pp. ISBN: 978- 84-7822-662-7
Antonio Alvar Ezquerra
Barbara Weiden Boyd, Ovid’s Homer: authority, repetition, and reception, Oxford–New York: Oxford University Press, 2017, xvii + 301 pp., $85.00, ISBN 978-0-19-068004-6.
Andreas N. Michalopoulos
J. M. Blanco Mayor, Power Play in Latin Love Elegy and its Multiple Forms of Continuity in Ovid’s Metamorphoses, Berlin-Boston: De Gruyter, 2017, X + 382 pp. € 109,95, ISBN 978-3-11-049028-2.
Thea Thorsen
J. Briscoe, Liviana. Studies on Livy, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018, xiv+256 pp., £60.00, ISBN 978-0-19-882468-8
Dennis Pausch
Shadi Bartsch, Susanna Braund, Alex Dressler and Elaine Fantham (trans.). Lucius Annaeus Seneca. The complete tragedies, volume 1: Medea, The Phoenician Women, Phaedra, The Trojan Women, Octavia. The complete works of Lucius Annaeus Seneca. Chicago; Londo
Christopher Trinacty
Paul Roche, Lucan: De Bello Ciuili Book VII, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019, viii pp.+284 pp., £ 74.99, ISBN 978-1-107-04170-7
Florian Barrière
Sergio Audano, Tacito, Agricola. Saggio introduttivo, nuova traduzione e note a cura di Sergio Audano. Classici greci e latini, Santarcangelo di Romagna: Rusconi libri, 2017, cxvi+156 pp. 11 €, ISBN: 978-88-18-03198-0
Lucio Cristante
Anthony J. Woodman, (ed., comm.). Tacitus. The annals of Tacitus book 4. Cambridge classical texts and commentaries, 58, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018, xxi+349 pp., £84.00, ISBN 978-1-108-41961-1.
Cynthia Damon
Rhiannon Ash, Tacitus: Annals Book XV, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017, 382 pp.+2 maps, £ 24.99, ISBN 978-0-521-26939-1
Jonathan Master
Jean-Fabrice Nardelli, L’Osiris de Plutarque. Un commentaire de De Iside et Osiride, Chapitres 12-19, Exemplaria Classica, Anejo IX, 2017, 624 pp., ISSN 1699-3225.
Luisa Lesage Gárriga
Paola Bassino, The >Certamen Homeri et Hesiodi< A Commentary, Texte und Kommentare 59, Berlin-Boston: De Gruyter, 2019, xiv+228 pp., € 109.95, ISBN 978-3-11-058284-0
Marie-Andrée Colbeaux
Jean-Yves Guillaumin, Servius, Commentaire sur l’Énéide de Virgile livre IV, text établi, traduit et commenté par J-Ys G., Paris: Les Belle Lettres 2019, lxxxvi+450 pp., ISBN 978-2-251-01482-1
Di Fabio mas Stok
Maria Chiara Scappaticc io, “Fabellae”. Frammenti di Favole Latine e Bilingui Latino-Greche di Tradizione Diretta III-IV d. C., Untersuchungen zur antiken Literatur und Geschichte, Bd 128, Berlin-Boston: De Gruyter, 2017, € 79.95, ISBN: 978-3-11-056531-7
Gert-Jan van Dijk
David Paniagua, (ed.). Polemii Siluii Laterculus. Fonti per la storia dell’Italia medievale. Antiquitates, 51. Roma: Nella Sede dell’Istituto Palazzo Borromini, 2018, vi+315 pp., €35,00 (pb). ISBN 978-88-98079-84-1.
François Dolbeau
A. M. Juster, The Elegies of Maximianus. Introduction by Michael Roberts, Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2018, xii+223 pp., 65 $, ISBN 978-0-8122-4979-8.
Benjamin Goldlust
Wilfried Lingenberg (Hg.), Sabini Epistulae, Mit Übersetzung und kritischem Kommentar, Heidelberg : Universitätsverlag Winter, 2018, 107 pp., 25,00 €, ISBN 978-3-8253-7780-9
Déborah Roussel
Ursula Tröger, marsilio ficinos selbstdarstellung: untersuchungen zu seinem epistolarium. beiträge zur Altertumskunde, 352, Berlin; Boston: De Gruyter, 2016, ix+ 519 pp., $168.00, ISBN 978-3-11-045642-4.
Jörg Lauster
Francisco Socas, Symbolum sapientiae (Wien, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, cod. 11539). La clave de la sabiduría (un tratado clandestino del siglo XVII), ed., Huelva: Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Huelva, 2015, 242 pp., ISBN 978-84-1
Jorge Ledo
Tomás Moro, Cartas de un humanista (I). Introducción, traducción del original latino y notas de Concepción Cabrillana, Madrid: Rialp, 2018, 187 pp., ISBN 978-84-321-5043-2.
Ignacio J. García Pinilla
Javier Velaza (ed.), From the Protohistory to the History of the Text, Series: Studien zur klassischen Philologie - Volume 173, Frankfurt am Main, Berlin, Bern, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford, Wien: Peter Lang, 2016, 394 pp., ISBN 978-3-631-66676-0
Justin Stover
Alice König, Christopher Whitton, Roman Literature under Nerva, Trajan and Hadrian. Literary Interactions, AD 96–138, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018, 486 pp., £ 105.00 ISBN 978-1-108-42059-4
Rosario Moreno Soldevila
Ja? Elsner - Jesús Hernández Lobato (edd.), The Poetics of Late Latin Literature. Oxford studies in late antiquity, New York: Oxford University Press, viii+534 pp. $85.00, ISBN 978-0-19-935563-1.
Mark Vessey
John O. Ward, Classical Rhetoric in the Middle Ages: The Medieval Rhetors and Their Art 300-1300, with Manuscript Survey to 1500 CE. International Studies in the History of Rhetoric. Volume 10, Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2018, xvii+706 pp. (incl. index), $
Richard Leo Enos
Alejandro Coroleu, Printing and Reading Italian Latin Humanism in Renaissance Europe (ca. 1480- ca. 1540), Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014,viii + 220 pp., £44.99, ISBN: 978-1- 4438-5894-6
Gemma Pellissa Prades


New Open Access Journal: Interdisciplinary Egyptology

Our logo: orange nb-sign, overlaid with a abstract I and E that also resembles a ceramic drawing. The words Interdisciplinary Egyptology appears above.

Founded in 2020, Interdisciplinary Egyptology is committed to publishing high-quality research in a timely and accessible manner. IntEg is published by Egyptologists, for Egyptologists and interested readers. The entire editorial team, including the Editorial Board, section editors, editorial assistants and reviewers, works on a voluntary basis.

Get excited: IntEg Panel Discussions coming soon!


To launch IntEg we will be hosting a series of 12 panel discussions on interdisciplinary topics in Egyptology in February and March 2021. 

These panel discussions will be hosted as Zoom webinars and will be free. Click here to find out more!

See AWOL's full List of Open Access Journals in Ancient Studies


Open Access Journal: Jordan Journal for History and Archaeology (JJHA) - المجلة الأردنية للتاريخ والآثار

[First posted in AWOL 17 November 2013, updated 24 January 2021]

Jordan Journal for History and Archaeology (JJHA) -  المجلة الأردنية للتاريخ والآثار
ISSN: 1996-9546
Jordan Journal for History and Archaeology (JJHA) is an International Quarterly, Refereed Research Journal. It is concerned with publishing refereed scientific papers by local and international authors. Issued quarterly, the journal sets itself to publishing original topics whose scientific and practical value is concerned with history and archaeology. Manuscripts are published mainly in Arabic or English. However, other languages approved by the Editorial Board may be considered as well. Submitted papers are evaluated anonymously by specialists in their field.

Vol 14, No 4 (2020): Special Issue

Third International Conference on Petra and Nabataean Culture


Nada Al-Rawabdeh, Regine Hunziker-Rodewald
Fawzi Q. Abudanah, Ahmad Z. Hasanat
Zaid A Tahseen, Mohannad H Al-Tantawi

Björn Anderson
Ulrich Bellwald
Virginia Cassola-Cochin
Guillaume Charloux
Marco Dehner
Thibaud Fournet, Nicolas Paridaens
Gaby Abousamra
Matthias Grawehr, Aleksandra Brzozowska-Jawornicka
John F Healey
Ulrich Hübner
David Johnson
Will M Kennedy
Lamia Kenoussi
Pauline Piraud-Fournet, Laïla Nehmé
Andrew Smith
Juan Manuel Tebes
Andrea Vanni-Desideri
Robert Wenning
Regine Hunziker-Rodewald


Vol 13, No 1 (2019)


Open Access Chapters on the Ancient Near East and Egypt from Brill


 Open Access Chapters on the Ancient Near East and Egypt from Brill


This paper is about the history of a question in ancient Greek philosophy and medicine: what holds the parts of a whole together? The idea that there is a single cause responsible for cohesion is usually associated with the Stoics. They refer to it as the synectic cause (αἴτιον συνεκτικόν), a term variously translated as ‘cohesive cause,’ ‘containing cause’ or ‘sustaining cause.’ The St See More

In: Holism in Ancient Medicine and Its Reception


The aim of this essay is to identify three different pre-Platonic forms of holism: the ‘therapeutic’, the ‘environmental’, and the ‘cosmic.’ With the help of passages from the Hippocratic On the Nature of Man, On Regimen, and On Sevens, on the one hand, and from Plato, the earliest independent authority on the holistic nature of Hippocratic medicine, on the other, I make the case that See More

In: Holism in Ancient Medicine and Its Reception


‘Holism’, strangely enough, given the absolute quality it indicates, is a concept that can only be grasped through negative examples: what it is contrary to, the paradigms to which it constitutes an alternative. Definitions of ‘holism’ thus usually involve the interdependence among the parts composing an individual object; their relationship with that object as their container and sum; it See More

In: Holism in Ancient Medicine and Its Reception
In: Holism in Ancient Medicine and Its Reception


The chapter attempts to analyse what can sensibly be understood by the term ‘holism’, which is very frequently used in relation to ancient medicine. It identifies three fundamental senses of the term – (1) unity of mind and body, (2) a unitary conception of the body itself, (3) unity of the body with its larger environment or cosmos – and considers ways in which both ancient medical theory See More

In: Holism in Ancient Medicine and Its Reception
In: Contextualizing Jewish Temples


This paper reconstructs the chain of demand for cash from Asia to the Dutch Republic in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. It shows that the Javanese’s currency preferences were visible in the exports from Europe. The growing Dutch involvement in Javanese society from the 1680s increased and transformed the composition of the currencies requested from the Dutch Republic, towa See More

In: Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient


This article discusses the commercial, socio-economic and legal dynamics of slave trading in Egypt on the basis of papyri from the AH third-fourth/ninth-tenth centuries CE. Particular focus is given to the activities of slavers, the networks of professional slave traders, the socio-economics of slave acquisition, and commercial dynamics at slave markets. Much of the discussion draws See More

In: Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient
In: All Things Arabia
In: All Things Arabia
In: All Things Arabia
In: All Things Arabia
In: All Things Arabia
In: All Things Arabia
In: All Things Arabia
In: All Things Arabia
In: All Things Arabia
In: All Things Arabia
In: All Things Arabia
In: All Things Arabia
In: All Things Arabia
In: All Things Arabia
In: The Phoebe A. Hearst Expedition to Naga ed-Deir, Cemeteries N 2000 and N 2500
In: The Phoebe A. Hearst Expedition to Naga ed-Deir, Cemeteries N 2000 and N 2500
In: The Phoebe A. Hearst Expedition to Naga ed-Deir, Cemeteries N 2000 and N 2500
In: The Phoebe A. Hearst Expedition to Naga ed-Deir, Cemeteries N 2000 and N 2500
In: The Phoebe A. Hearst Expedition to Naga ed-Deir, Cemeteries N 2000 and N 2500
In: The Phoebe A. Hearst Expedition to Naga ed-Deir, Cemeteries N 2000 and N 2500
In: The Phoebe A. Hearst Expedition to Naga ed-Deir, Cemeteries N 2000 and N 2500
In: The Phoebe A. Hearst Expedition to Naga ed-Deir, Cemeteries N 2000 and N 2500
In: The Phoebe A. Hearst Expedition to Naga ed-Deir, Cemeteries N 2000 and N 2500
In: The Phoebe A. Hearst Expedition to Naga ed-Deir, Cemeteries N 2000 and N 2500
In: The Phoebe A. Hearst Expedition to Naga ed-Deir, Cemeteries N 2000 and N 2500
In: The Phoebe A. Hearst Expedition to Naga ed-Deir, Cemeteries N 2000 and N 2500
In: The Expression of Emotions in Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia
In: Medicine in Ancient Assur
In: Medicine in Ancient Assur
In: Medicine in Ancient Assur
In: Medicine in Ancient Assur