Memphis: Egypt's Ancient Capital
Welcome to Memphis, Egypt’s first capital city and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Memphis was once a vast settlement, with magnificent temples, palaces and ports.
Rulers of Egypt were buried in pyramids near to the city. Without Memphis, the world famous Pyramids of Giza may never have existed!
The temples of Memphis were some of the most important in Ancient Egypt. The only other ancient Egyptian city that you could compare it to would be Thebes (Luxor). Yet today we know far less about Memphis.
Soon, for the first time, you will be able to explore seven newly opened sites of this once bustling ancient city. Until then, you can visit a large collection of impressive statues, sphinxes and sarcophagi in the Memphis Open-Air Museum.
Unlike many sites in Egypt, much of Memphis has not been rebuilt. Its temples, chapels and tombs can be seen as they would have looked when first uncovered by archaeologists.