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The Theatre of Pompey

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The Theatre of Pompey
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 The Theater of Pompey stood on the southern section of ancient Rome’s Campus Martius, the Field of Mars. As its name suggests, in the period when the Senate ruled Rome (the “Republic,” 509 B.C.–  31 B.C.), this largely empty space was the site where the Roman citizen army assembled before marching out against the city’s enemies, and its chief topographical features (marshes, streams, a sizeable lake) did not encourage extensive construction.

But, by the late second century B.C. some buildings were  already  beginning to go up, and after Pompey, the conqueror of Asia Minor (Turkey) and Syria, constructed his massive  theater, in 55 B.C., the whole area developed rapidly. By the early second century A.D., private citizens and the emperors had filled the entire zone with elegant public and private buildings.

 

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