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De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and Their Families

De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and Their Families
DIR is an on-line encyclopedia on the rulers of the Roman empire from Augustus (27 BC-AD 14) to Constantine XI Palaeologus (1449-1453). The encyclopedia consists of (1) an index of all the emperors who ruled during the empire's 1500 years, (2) a growing number of biographical essays on the individual emperors, (3) family trees ("stemmata") of important imperial dynasties, (4) an index of significant battles in the empire's history, (5) a growing number of capsule descriptions and maps of these battles, and (6) maps of the empire at different times. Wherever possible, these materials are cross-referenced by live links.
These contents are supplemented by an ancient and medieval atlas, a link to a virtual catalog of Roman coins, and other recommended links to related sites. The contents of DIR have been prepared by scholars but are meant to be accessible to non-specialists as well. They have been peer- reviewed for quality and accuracy before publication on this site.
Augustus  31BC-14AD
Livia Wife
Julia Daughter
Agrippa d. 12 BC
Gaius Caesar Son
Lucius Caesar Son
Tiberius 14-37 AD
Drusus Son
N.C.Drusus brother of Tiberius
Antonia Wife
Germanicus Son
Agrippina Wife
Caligula 37-41 AD
Caesonia Wife
Claudius 41-54 AD
Messalina 2nd Wife
Britannicus Son
Agrippina Jr 3rd Wife
Nero 54-68 AD
Octavia 1st Wife
Poppaea 2nd Wife
Claudia Daughter
Statilia 3rd Wife

Year 69
The Flavian Dynasty

Vindex 68 AD
Clodius Macer 68 AD
Galba 68-69 AD
Sabinus 69 AD
Otho 69 AD
Vitellius 69 AD
Vespasian 69-79 AD
Flavia Domitilla Wife
Domitilla Junior Daughter
Titus 79-81 AD
Marcia Furnilla Wife
Arrecina Tertulla Wife
Julia TitiaDaughter
Domitian 81-96 AD
Domitia LonginaWife

The Good Emperors

Nerva 96-98 AD
Trajan 98-117 AD
Plotina Wife
Marciana Sister
Matidia Niece
Hadrian 117-138 AD
Sabina Wife
Antinous Hadrian's Lover
Aelius Caesar 136-138 AD
Antoninus Pius 138-161 AD
Faustina Senior Wife
Gallerius Antoninus Son
Marcus Aurelius 161-180 AD
Avidius Cassius 175 AD
Faustina Junior Wife
Lucius Verus 161-169 AD
Lucilla Wife
Commodus 177-192 AD
Crispina Wife
Didius Julianus 193 AD
Manlia Scantllla Wife
Didia Clara Daughter
Pertinax 193 AD
Titiana Wife
Pertinax Caesar Son
Pescennius Niger 193-194 AD
Clodius Albinus 195-197 AD

Severan Dynasty

Septimius Severus 193-211 AD
Julia Domna Wife
Caracalla 198-217 AD
Plautilla Wife
Geta 209-212 AD
Macrinus 217-218 AD
Diadumenian 217-218 AD
Elagabalus 218-222 AD
Julia Paula 1st Wife
Annia Faustina 2nd Wife
Aquilia Severa 3rd Wife
Julia Soaemias Mother
Julia Maesa Grandmother
Gellius Maximus
Severus Alexander 222-235 AD
Orbiana Wife
Julia Mamaea Mother
L. Seius Sallustius225-227 AD
Maximinus I 235-238 AD
Paulina Wife
Maximus Caesar 235-238 AD
Gordian I 238 AD
Gordian II 238 AD
Balbinus 238 AD
Pupienus 238 AD
Gordian III 238-244 AD
Tranquillina Wife
Philip I 244-249 AD
Otacilia Severa Wife
Philip II 247-249 AD
Pacatianus 248 AD
Iotapianus 248 AD
Silbannacus 249 AD
Trajan Decius 249-251 AD
T. Julius Priscus 250 AD
Iulius Valens Licinianus<250 AD
Herennia Etruscilla Wife
Herennius Etruscus 251 AD
Hostilian 251 AD
Trebonianus Gallus 251-253 AD
Volusianus 251-253 AD
Aemilian 252-253 AD
Cornelia Supera Wife
Uranius Antoninus 252-254 AD
Valerian I 253-260 AD
Mariniana Wife
Gallienus 253-268 AD
Salonina Wife
Valerian II Caesar 253-255 AD
Saloninus 259 AD
Macrianus Senior 260-261 AD
Macrianus Iunior260-261 AD
Quietus 260-261 AD
Regalianus 260-261 AD
Dryantilla Wife
Ingenuus 260 AD
Piso 261 AD
Valens 261 AD
Ballista 261 AD
Mussius Aemilianus261 AD
Memor 262 AD
Aureolus 268 AD

Gallic Empire

Postumus 259-268 AD
Laelianus 268 AD
Marius 268 AD
Victorinus 268 AD
Tetricus I 270-273 AD
Tetricus II Caesar 270-273 AD
Faustinus 274 AD

Roman Empire Restored

Claudius II Gothicus 268-270 AD
Domitianus 268 AD
Quintillus 270 AD
Aurelian 270-275 AD
Severina Wife
Zenobia Mother Vaballathus
Vaballathus 271-272 AD
Tacitus 275-276 AD
Florianus 276 AD
Probus 276-282 AD
Bonosus 280 AD
Proculus 280-281 AD
Saturninus 280 AD
Carus 282-283 AD
Numerianus 283-284 AD
Carinus 283-285 AD


Diocletian 284-305 AD
Amandus 285-286 AD
Carausius 287-293 AD
Allectus 293-296 AD
Domitius Domitianus 296-297 AD
Maximianus Herculius 286-305 AD
Constantius I 305-306 AD
Theodora 2nd Wife
Galerius 305-311 AD
Galeria Valeria Wife
Severus II 306-307 AD
Maximinus Daia 309-313 AD
Maxentius 306-312 AD
Valerius Romulus Son
L. Domitius Alexander 308-311 AD
Licinius I 308-324 AD
Constantia Wife
Licinius II Caesar 317-324 AD
Valens 314 AD
Martinianus 324 AD

Neo-Flavian Dynasty

Constantine I 309-337 AD
Fausta Wife
Helena Mother
Crispus Caesar 317-326 AD
Calocaerus 333-334 AD
Delmatius Caesar 335-337 AD
Hannibalianus Rex 335-337 AD
Constantine II 337-340 AD
Constans I 337-350 AD
Constantius II 337-361 AD
Magnentius 350-353 AD
Decentius Caesar 351-353 AD
Vetranio 350 AD
Nepotian 350 AD
Constantius Gallus 351-354 AD
Silvanus 360-363 AD
Julian The Apostate 360-363 AD

Dynasty of Valentinian

Jovian 363-364 AD
Valentinian I 364-375 AD
Firmus 364-378 AD
Valens 364-378 AD
Procopius 365-366 AD
Marcellus 366 AD
Gratian 367-383 AD
Valentinian II 375-392 AD
Theodosius I 379-395 AD
Aelia Flaccilla Wife
Magnus Maximus 383-388 AD
Flavius Victor 387-388 AD
Eugenius 392-394 AD
Arcadius 383-408 AD
Eudoxia Wife Arcadius
Honorius 393-423 AD
Marcus 406-407 AD
Gratian 407 AD
Constantine III 407-411 AD
Constans II 408-411 AD
Maximus 409-411 AD
Priscus Attalus 409-10/14-15 AD
Jovinus 411-413 AD
Sebastianus 412-413 AD
Constantius III 421 AD
Galla Placidia Wife
Johannes 423-425 AD
Theodosius II 402-450 AD
Eudocia Wife
Pulcheria Sister
Valentinian III 425-455 AD
Licinia Eudoxia Wife
Honoria Sister
Marcian 450-457 AD

Rome Sacked By Vandals 455 AD

Petronius Maximus 455 AD
Avitus 455-456 AD
Leo I 457-474 AD
Verina Wife
Leo II 473-474 AD
Majorian 457-461 AD
Libius Severus 461-465 AD
Anthemius 467-472 AD
Arvandus 468 AD
Romanus 470 AD
Euphemia Wife
Olybrius 472 AD
Glycerius 473-474 AD
Julius Nepos 474-475 (480) AD
Romulus Augustulus 475-476 AD

Rome Falls To Barbarians In The West

Zeno 474-491 AD
Ariadne Wife
Basiliscus 475-476 AD
Zenonis Wife
Leontius 484-488 AD
Anastasius I 491-518 AD

Dynasty of Justinian

Justin 518-527 AD
Justinian 527-565 AD
Justin II 565-578 AD
Sophia wife
Tiberius II (I) Constantine 578-582 AD
Ino (Anastasia) wife
Maurice 582-602 AD
Phocas 602-610 AD

Dynasty of Heraclius

Heraclius 610-641 AD
Heraclius Constantine IIIJanuary-April 641 AD
Heraclonas April-Oct. 641 AD
Constans II 641-648 AD
Gregory646-647 AD
Olympius649-653 AD
Mezezius (usurper in Sicily) 668-669 AD
Constantine IV 668-685 AD
Justinian II 685-695 AD
Leontius 695-698 AD
Tiberius III (II)698-705 AD
Justinian II 705-711 AD
Bardanes711-713 AD
Anastasius II713-716 AD
Theodosius III716-717 AD

Syrian Dynasty

Leo III717-741 AD
Artabasdus742-743 AD
Constantine V741-775 AD
Constantine V741-775 AD
Leo IV775-780 AD
Constantine VI780-797 AD
Mariafirst wife
Theodotesecondwife wife
Nicephorus I802-811
Irene797-702 A.D.
Eudocia Ingerina wife of Basil I
Theophano wife
Basil II976-1025 AD
Zoe Porphyrogenita1042 AD
Anna Dalassena (Mother of Alexius I Comnenus)1081-1118
John II Comnenus1118-1143 AD
Irene of Hungarywife
Manuel I Comnenus1143-1180 AD
Bertha of Sulzbachwife
Maria of Antiochwife
Alexius II Comnenus1180-1183
Agnes of Francewife
Manuel II Palailogos1391-1425 AD
Helena Dragaschwife

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