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Monstrosity and Philosophy: Radical Otherness in Greek and Latin Culture

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Filippo Del Lucchese
book: Monstrosity and Philosophy

Reveals monstrosity to be a central conceptual challenge in every ancient Greek and Roman philosophical system

  • Reconstructs the concept of monstrosity in classic thought from its earliest beginnings, through pre-Platonic and Attic philosophy to the Hellenistic systems and finally arriving at Neapolitanism
  • Covers all the major figures: from Hesiod to Augustine, through Democritus, Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus and Lucretius
  • Addresses questions of time, causality, necessity, finality, order, justice and anomaly
  • Shows the diverse aspects of reflections on monstrosity and the problems related to its interpretation

Amazons and giants, snakes and gorgons, centaurs and gryphons: monsters abounded in ancient culture. They raise enduring philosophical questions: about chaos and order; about divinity and perversion; about meaning and purpose; about the hierarchy of nature or its absence. Del Lucchese grapples with the concept of monstrosity, showing how ancient philosophers explored metaphysics, ontology, theology and politics to respond to the challenge of radical otherness in nature and in thought.

Each chapter explores the emergence of monstrosity in a set of authors and theories. In chapter 1, monsters rise as the challenging adversaries of the new gods of the early cosmogonies. But they can also be powerful productive forces that support building the new order or ambiguous characters that catalyse the unfolding of the tragic universe. In chapter 2, the Pre-Platonic systems of Anaxagoras, Empedocle and Democritus pave the way for the recognition of the philosophical status of monstrosity.

This status becomes central in Attic philosophy, first with Plato’s mythological monstrosities and then with the construction of a hierarchical structure of the universe – taken up in chapter 3. Chapter 4 focuses on Aristotle’s study of physical monstrosity and its role within his metaphysical and aetiological framework.

Chapters 5–7 deal with the extraordinarily elaborate responses to Attic philosophy by the major Hellenistic systems: Epicureanism, Stoicism and Scepticism. The final chapter looks at the Middle and Neoplatonist response to Hellenism and explores the richness of late-antiquity’s reflection on monstrosity up to its absorption and reworking by early Christian thought.

  • Language: English
  • Publisher:Edinburgh University Press
  • Copyright year:2019
  • Audience:College/higher education;
  • Pages
    • Main content:432
  • Keywords:Philosophy
eBook
  • Published:April 19, 2022
  • ISBN:9781474456234

Frontmatter
Publicly Available


i
Contents
Publicly Available

iii
Acknowledgements
Publicly Available

v
Introduction
Open Access

1
1 The Myth and the Logos
Open Access

8
2 The Pre-Platonic Philosophers
Open Access

56
3 Plato
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78
4 Aristotle
Open Access

93
5 Epicurus and Lucretius
Open Access

130
6 Stoicism
Open Access

170
7 Scepticism
Open Access

223
8 Middle and Neoplatonism
Open Access

248
Bibliography
Open Access

326
Index Locorum
Open Access

394
Index Verborum
Open Access

408
Index Rerum
Open Access

415
Index Nominum
Open Access

 


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