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The Maritime Economy of Ancient Cyprus in Terms of the New Institutional Economics

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The Maritime Economy of Ancient Cyprus in Terms of the New Institutional Economics deals with the maritime economy of ancient Cyprus from 1450 BC to 295 BC, and comprises three parts which correspond to three distinct economic cycles:

  • first economic cycle during the age of internationalism 1450–1200 BC
  • second economic cycle during political volatility, economic growth and transformation 1200–525 BC
  • third economic cycle in the Persian Empire until annexation into the Ptolemaic kingdom.

The principles of New Institutional Economics are used to trace the island’s institutions and their continuity and to reconstruct its maritime history. A unique feature is that for the first time a traditional descriptive and cultural approach is complemented by systematic and mathematical analysis and marketing documentation which results in meaningful examination of economic performance. This new approach highlights and explains the maritime economic activity of Ancient Cyprus and the Eastern Mediterranean in general. It brings together, for the first time, three distinct disciplines, that is History, Archaeology and Economic theory, in order to create a balanced explanation and reconstruction of the maritime economy of ancient Cyprus and of the challenges which confronted the ancient seafarers and traders of the Eastern Mediterranean. The approach and methodology is influenced by the author’s engineering, business background and training.

H 290 x W 205 mm

306 pages

89 figures, 14 tables (colour throughout)

Published May 2022

Archaeopress Archaeology

ISBN

Hardback: 9781803272474

Digital: 9781803272481

DOI 10.32028/9781803272474

 

Contents

Preface ;
Chronology Chart ;

Chapter 1 The New Institutional Economics (NIE) ;
INTRODUCTION ;

Chapter 2 ;
Part I: The First Economic Cycle: The Maritime Economy of Ancient Cyprus During the Age of Internationalism (1450–1200 BC) ;
INTRODUCTION ;
THE INTERNATIONAL HISTORICAL BACKGROUND ;
THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIO-POLITICAL LANDSCAPE OF LBA CYPRUS AND ITS INSTITUTIONS ;
THE URBAN ADMINISTRATIVE CENTRES AND SETTLEMENTS DURING THE FIRST ECONOMIC CYCLE ;
THE MARITIME ECONOMY, ITS INFRASTRUCTURE, ORGANISATION, AND DEVELOPMENTS ;
INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENTS, RELATIONS, AND TRADE ;
INSTITUTIONS, INTERRELATIONS, AND INTENSIFICATION OF THE ECONOMY ;
COPPER PRODUCTION, EXPORT PROCESS, AND TRADE – AN INSTITUTIONAL ACTIVITY ;
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES, THE CONCEPT OF MONEY AND CREDIT ;
DOCUMENTATION AND WRITING ;
THE ROLE OF TEMPLES AND SANCTUARIES IN THE MARITIME ECONOMY ;
CASE STUDY: THE ECONOMIC MODEL OF KALAVASOS AYIOS DHIMITRIOS (KAD) ;
MARKETING SURVEY – INTERNATIONAL PRICES – COMPARISON TABLES AND CHARTS ;
CONCLUSION ;

Chapter 3 ;
Part II: The Second Economic Cycle: The Maritime Economy of Ancient Cyprus During Political Volatility, Economic Growth and Transformation (1200–525 BC) ;
INTRODUCTION ;
THE INTERNATIONAL HISTORICAL BACKGROUND ;
THE NEW ECONOMIC AND SOCIO-POLITICAL ENVIRONMENT ;
THE SECOND ECONOMIC CYCLE, URBAN ADMINISTRATIVE CENTRES AND CITY-STATES ;
MARITIME ECONOMY AND INFRASTRUCTURE, SHIP CONSTRUCTION, LONG-DISTANCE TRADE, PORTS AND HARBOURS ;
INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENTS AND RELATIONS DURING THE NEO-ASSYRIAN PERIOD ;
THE PRODUCTION AND TRADE OF COPPER, IRON, AND SILVER. NEW FEATURES TO AN OLD INSTITUTION ;
DEMAND OF HIGH ADDED-VALUE MANUFACTURED PRODUCTS ALONG WITH PROCESSED AGRICULTURAL GOODS AND TEXTILES AND ITS EFFECT ON CYPRUS MARITIME ECONOMY ;
NETWORKS OF INTERACTION AND THE CYPRIOT MARITIME COMMERCIAL AND CULTURAL EXPANSION IN THE MEDITERRANEAN ;
SHIPS OF WAR AND NAVAL SERVICES. NEW AND DIVERSIFIED ACTIVITIES OF THE CYPRIOT ECONOMY ;
MONEY, CREDIT, FINANCE, AND THE WEIGHTS AND MEASURES SYSTEM ;
DOCUMENTATION, WRITING, AND LANGUAGE ;
TEMPLES AND RELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONS ;
CASE STUDY – COPPER EXPORTS FROM SALAMIS –THE CONTINUITY OF AN INSTITUTON ;
MARKETING SURVEY– INTERNATIONAL PRICES – COMPARISON TABLES AND CHARTS ;
CONCLUSION ;

Chapter 4 ;
Part III: The Third Economic Cycle: The Maritime Economy of Ancient Cyprus in the Persian Empire Until its Annexation in the Ptolemaic Kingdom (525–295 BC) ;
INTRODUCTION ;
THE INTERNATIONAL HISTORICAL BACKGROUND ;
THE IONIAN REVOLT (499–494 BC) AND THE CYPRIOT UPRISING IN 498 BC ;
THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIO-POLITICAL LANDSCAPE OF CYPRUS AND ITS INSTITUTIONS ;
THE CITY-STATES DURING THE THIRD ECONOMIC CYCLE ;
THE MARITIME ECONOMY AND NAVAL INFRASTRUCTURE ;
THE PERSIAN FISCAL ADMINISTRATION AND TRIBUTE SYSTEM ;
THE PERSIAN ROYAL NAVY IN THE MEDITERRANEAN AND THE TRIBUTE SYSTEM ;
THE CYPRIOT FISCAL ADMINISTRATION, AND PSEUDO-ARISTOTLE’S OIKONOMIKA, BOOK 2 ;
THE INTERNATIONAL GRAIN TRADE ;
RELIGION, THE TEMPLES, AND SANCTUARIES ;
DOCUMENTATION – LANGUAGE ;
THE NAVAL WAR OF THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN (334–331 BC). CYPRIOT PARTICIPATION: A CASE-STUDY OF COSTS AND FINANCIAL IMPLICATIONS ;
MARKETING SURVEY – INTERNATIONAL PRICES – COMPARISON TABLES AND CHARTS ;
CONCLUSIONS ;

Appendix: Weights and measures, prices and means of exchange, consumption, conversions and production rates ;

Bibliography

Index


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