This volume publishes accounts of archaeological exploration carried out during the last 30 years or so in the Sudanese Eastern Desert. It is divided into two related parts.
The first and foremost covers results from the work of the Centro Ricerche sul Deserto Orientale (CeRDO), which is based at Varese in northern Italy. Between 1989 and 2006, CeRDO, directed by the brothers Alfredo and Angelo Castiglioni, ran a pioneering programme of expeditions, which traversed the so-called ‘Korosko Road’ (the main desert route connecting Egypt and Sudan) and followed multiple other tracks throughout the Eastern Desert. They encountered in the process a rich archaeological landscape, hundreds of previously undocumented sites, many frequented over millennia, prominent among them gold-production areas and their associated settlements. The CeRDO record, the photographic database, the material retrieved, to which several of the papers published here are devoted, are now all the more valuable, in that many of these sites have since been badly disturbed and some entirely destroyed by recent goldmining activities.
The second part, introduced by a concise account of the historical usage of the Korosko Road, reports in full on a single, short season of documentation, organized in 2013 under the auspices, and with the support, of the Sudan Archaeological Research Society. Its main aim was detailed recording of a group of pharaonic rock-inscriptions discovered by CeRDO expeditions, most located along the Korosko Road and almost all related to the colonial gold-working industry. The project included also a degree of investigation and mapping of the wider context, as well as the recording and study of associated archaeological material, in particular of ceramic remains. The results complement and usefully extend in part those of CeRDO.
H 290 x W 205 mm
493 plates, 74 figures (colour throughout)
Published Dec 2020
Preface – W. Vivian Davies and Derek A. Welsby ;
Part I. The CeRDO expeditions (1989-2006) ;
1. Explorations in Sudan’s Eastern Nubian Desert, 1989 to 2006 1-4 – Alfredo and Angelo Castiglioni ;
2. Wadi Terfowi 5-10 – Alfredo and Angelo Castiglioni ;
3. The gold mines of Kerma and exploration of the south-eastern Nubian Desert 11-21 – Alfredo and Angelo Castiglioni ;
4. The Tracks of Egyptian Penetration 22-47 – Alfredo and Angelo Castiglioni ;
5. Traces of the Past – First Expedition 48-55 – Alfredo and Angelo Castiglioni ;
6. Traces of the Past – Second Expedition 56-61 – Alfredo and Angelo Castiglioni ;
7. The Journey to Onib Crater (el-Hofra) 62-67 – Alfredo and Angelo Castiglioni8. The Nubian and Pharaonic Ceramic Materials 68-83 – Andrea Manzo ;
9. Imported wares in the Sudanese Eastern Desert: finds from the CeRDO Survey 2004 84-98 – Serena Massa ;
10. Preliminary study of the macro-lithic tools collected by CeRDO in the Sudanese Eastern Desert 99-124 – Francesco Michele Rega ;
Part II. The SARS Korosko Road Project (2013) ;
11. The Korosko Road as a major cross-desert route: a brief overview 125-130 – Derek A. Welsby ;
12. Gazetteer of sites 131-163 – Derek A. Welsby ;
13. The Korosko Road Project: Final Report on the Pottery 164-183 – Philippe Ruffieux and Mahmoud Suliman Bashir ;
14. The hand-axe and denticulated tool 184 – Donatella Usai ;
15. Securing the Gold of Wawat: pharaonic inscriptions in the Sudanese-Nubian Eastern Desert 185-220 – W. Vivian Davies