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Latin as the Language of Science and Learning

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Philipp Roelli  
Funded by:Schweizerischer Nationalfonds (SNF) 
book: Latin as the Language of Science and Learning
Volume 7 in the seriesLingua Academica

About this book

Open Access

This book investigates the role of the Latin language as a vehicle for science and learning from several angles. First, the question what was understood as ‘science’ through time and how it is named in different languages, especially the Classical ones, is approached. Criteria for what did pass as scientific are found that point to ‘science’ as a kind of Greek Denkstil based on pattern-finding and their unbiased checking. In a second part, a brief diachronic panorama introduces schools of thought and authors who wrote in Latin from antiquity to the present. Latin’s heydays in this function are clearly the time between the twelfth and eighteenth centuries. Some niches where it was used longer are examined and reasons sought why Latin finally lost this lead-role. A third part seeks to define the peculiar characteristics of scientific Latin using corpus linguistic approaches. As a result, several types of scientific writing can be identified. The question of how to transfer science from one linguistic medium to another is never far: Latin inherited this role from Greek and is in turn the ancestor of science done in the modern vernaculars. At the end of the study, the importance of Latin science for modern science in English becomes evident.

eBook
  • Published:November 22, 2021
  • ISBN:9783110745832
Hardcover
  • Published:December 6, 2021
  • ISBN:9783110745757

  Frontmatter
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I
Contents
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V
Acknowledgements and practicalities
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XI
Introduction
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1

Part 1 Semantics of the term ‘science’


1 Modern languages: Wissenschaft, science, наука, επιστήμη
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11
2 Terms for ‘science’ in Greek and Latin
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29
3 The wider semantic field of ‘science’ in the classical languages
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48
4 What is science and how does it relate to Denkstil?
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80
5 The demarcation problem
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103

Part 2 Diachronic panorama of Latin science and learning


6 Introductory remarks on Denkstile, epochs, and genres
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109
7 Greek science and its language in Antiquity
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123
8 Foundations of Roman science in Latin
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156
9 The age of the artes liberales
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197
10 The adoption of the Greek Denkstil
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246
11 University science: An Aristotelian Revolution
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267
12 New approaches in the Renaissance
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290
13 New science in the old tongue
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309
14 The demise of Latin as language of science
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338
15 Niches where Latin survived longer
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358
16 From Latin to vernacular science
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374

Part 3 Changes in the language of science


17 Introduction to the linguistics of scientific language
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387
18 Linguistic development studied in a general scientific corpus
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398
19 Conclusions on the Latin used in scientific texts
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439
20 Specific corpora: Arithmetic, historiography, scientific poetry
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455
21 How are new scientific concepts expressed?
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482
22 How was Greek science imported into other languages?
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505
23 The reuse of Latin in the modern languages of science
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526
24 On the relation between science, culture, and language
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539
Summary and concluding remarks
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566
Appendix 1
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575
Appendix 2
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582
Bibliographies
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584
General Index
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635

 


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