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The Bezalel Narkiss Index of Jewish Art

 [First posted in AWOL 11 August 2017. updated 28 September 2020]

The Bezalel Narkiss Index of Jewish Art
The Center for Jewish Art (CJA) is a research institute at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, devoted to the documentation and research of Jewish visual culture. Established in 1979, it documented and researched objects of Jewish art in ca. 800 museums, libraries, private collections and synagogues in 41 countries. Today, the Center's archives and collections constitute the largest and most comprehensive body of information on Jewish art in existence. The CJA’s research and documentation is included in the Bezalel Narkiss Index of Jewish Art.
The Center for Jewish Art at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem was established in 1979 by Professor Bezalel Narkiss, Israel Prize laureate, with an aim to document objects of Jewish art and produce a comprehensive iconographical index of Jewish subjects. The Center was an outcome of Narkiss’s iconographical research of medieval Hebrew illuminated manuscripts, which he initiated with Professor Gabrielle Sed-Rajna in 1974. The Index initially consisted of four sections: a Section of Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts, of Sacred and Ritual Objects, of Ancient Jewish Art, and of Modern Jewish Art.
Professor Bezalel Narkiss headed the CJA until 1991. The next director, Professor Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, established a fifth section for Jewish Ritual Architecture and Funerary Art. Under her leadership the CJA undertook many research expeditions to post-Communist Central and Eastern Europe, in order to measure endangered synagogues and tombstones in regions, which were previously inaccessible to western scholars. In addition, from 1994 CJA documented those synagogues in Germany which survived the Nazi regime and were not demolished in Kristallnacht. The documentation projects in Germany were done in cooperation with the Department of Architectural History at the Technical University in Braunschweig, headed by Professor Harmen H. Thies. In 1997 this cooperation was institutionalized as Bet Tfila Research Unit for Jewish Architecture in Europe.

The Index of Jewish Art
Jewish Architecture
150990 images9958 objects
Modern Jewish Art
3018 images2241 objects
Ancient Jewish Art
3357 images1449 objects
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
15096 images685 objects
Sacred and Ritual Objects
83820 images14954 objects
Jewish Funerary Art
55002 images1893 objects
Jewish printed books
8607 images1422 objects
Comparative Material & Miscellaneous
10714 images1589 objects

e-Ktobe: Manuscrits Syriaques

[First posted in AWOL 27 August 2012, updated 28 September 2020 (new URL)]

e-Ktobe: Manuscrits Syriaques
Avertissement : La base de donnée e-ktobe anciennement hébergée sur le portail d’e-corpus, est actuellement en cours de migration vers une nouvelle base développée par l’IRHT-CNRS. L’interface est encore en phase de développement.

E-ktobe est une base de données sur les manuscrits syriaques visant à rassembler des informations sur les textes, les aspects matériels (matière, composition des cahiers, reliure, écriture, etc.), les colophons mais aussi les notes de ces manuscrits. E-ktobe brasse ainsi de nombreuses informations sur les personnes (copistes, commanditaires, restaurateurs etc...), les lieux et les dates en lien avec la confection des manuscrits syriaques.
Les notices ont été saisies à partir des descriptions fournies par les catalogues édités ; elles sont autant que possible complétées par un examen direct des manuscrits. En aucun cas, les notices de e-ktobe ne dispensent l'utilisateur d'un retour au catalogue et au manuscrit lui-même.
Née sur l’initiative d'André Binggeli (IRHT-CNRS), Françoise Briquel-Chatonnet (Orient et Méditerranée-CNRS), Muriel Debié (EPHE) et Alain Desreumaux (Orient et Méditerranée-CNRS) dans le cadre du programme SYRAB de l'ANR (Agence Nationale de la Recherche), la base e-ktobe est actuellement placée sous la responsabilité scientifique d’André Binggeli et Emilie Villey (Orient et Méditerranée-CNRS).
Liste des collaborateurs contribuant ou ayant contribué à l’alimentation de la base : Youssef Dergham (Bibliothèque du patriarcat syro-catholique de Charfet), Margherita Farina (CNRS, Paris), Simone I. M. Pratelli (U. de Constance), Flavia Ruani (U. de Gand) et Eleonora Serra (U. de Pise).
Ce portail est ouvert à des projets multiples et aux collaborations. Pour toute question, et en particulier pour proposer une collaboration, contacter André Binggeli ou Emilie Villey (emilie.villey@cnrs.fr).
L’ensemble du site et des interfaces a été développé par Cyril Masset dans le cadre du projet ANR i-stamboul, en collaboration avec Matthieu Cassin et André Binggeli.

Temporary Open Access to the Online Egyptological Bibliography (OEB) extended to the end of 2020

Online Egyptological Bibliography (OEB; oeb.griffith.ox.ac.uk) - free access

The Online Egyptological Bibliography (OEB) is now mounted on a new
server system. The web address (http://oeb.griffith.ox.ac.uk/) remains
the same. Users are encouraged to report any problems they may encounter.

During the COVID-19 crisis OEB is being made freely available. Please
login with 'guest' as the user name and 'temporary' as the password.

The digital Periegesis: Tracing the places of ancient Greece and the stories associated with them

The digital Periegesis: Tracing the places of ancient Greece and the stories associated with them
The Periegesis Hellados is the title of a work by a certain Pausanias of Magnesia, who was writing in the second century CE/AD. Known in English as the Description of Greece, the term periegesis derives from the verb periēgeisthai, “to lead or show around”. It is this double sense of movement (through space) and description (of place) that we wish to explore in this digital periegesis. Read more

The research project is hosted by Humlab at Umeå University. Humlab is a unit and a research infrastructure at the Faculty of Arts. The team consists of three researchers currently located at Umeå and Uppsala University, Sweden, and Open University, Great Britain. Read more about the research team.

The Ancient Throne. The Mediterranean, Near East, and Beyond, from the 3rd Millennium BCE to the 14th Century CE: Proceedings of the Workshop held at the 10th ICAANE in Vienna, April 2016

The Ancient Throne. The Mediterranean, Near East, and Beyond, from the 3rd Millennium BCE to the 14th Century CE: Proceedings of the Workshop held at the 10th ICAANE in Vienna, April 2016 

The volume features studies focusing on specific thrones known from historical texts, artistic depictions or excavations, or that offer an overview of the role of thrones from as early as ancient Mesopotamia in the 3rd millennium BCE to as late as Iran and China in the 14th century CE. Its diverse articles all present thrones as a meaningful category of material culture, one that may inspire both inter-cultural and intra-cultural insights on how types of chairs may embody or induce notions of kingship and a range of concepts pertaining to the religious, ideological, and social spheres.

Der Band enthält Studien, die sich auf bestimmte Throne konzentrieren, die aus historischen Texten, künstlerischen Darstellungen oder Ausgrabungen bekannt sind. Sie bieten einen Überblick über die Rolle von Thronen vom alten Mesopotamien im 3. Jtd v. Chr. bis hin zum Iran und China im 14. Jhd. n. Chr. Die Beiträge stellen Throne als eine bedeutungsvolle Form materieller Kultur vor, die sowohl inter- als auch intrakulturelle Einblicke liefert, wie Stuhltypen Vorstellungen von Königtum und eine Reihe von Konzepten im religiösen, ideologischen und sozialen Bereich verkörpern.
ISBN 978-3-7001-8556-7
Print Edition
ISBN 978-3-7001-8802-5
Online Edition

OREA 14 
2020,  216 Seiten mit zahlr. Farb- und s/w-Abb.29,7x21cm, gebunden, englisch
€  120,–   

Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum Österreich: Innsbruck, Sammlungen der Universität Innsbruck und Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum Band 1: Attisch rotfigurige Keramik

Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum Österreich: Innsbruck, Sammlungen der Universität Innsbruck und Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum Band 1: Attisch rotfigurige Keramik
Gertrud NACHBAUR (Bearb.)
The aim of the project P23041-G02 was the documentation and scientific examination of the attic red-figure collection of the University of Innsbruck, two vases and a vase-fragment loans from the Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum and two vases from a private collection. A particular interest were the joins and ‘disiecta membra’ between Innsbruck fragments and others in Bryn Mawr and Leipzig. Apart from these assignments new attributions could be made to Apollodoros, Brygos-Painter, Duris, Penthesilea-Painter, Curtius-Painter, Bowdoin-Painter and Jena-Painter. A photographical and a graphical documentation of the painters preliminary sketches was done.

Ziel des Projekts P23041-G02 war die Dokumentation und wissenschaftliche Analyse der attisch rotfigurigen Vasen der Sammlung der Universität Innsbruck, von zwei Gefäßen und einem Vasenfragment, Leihgaben des Tiroler Landesmuseums Ferdinandeum, und zwei Gefäßen aus einer Privatsammlung. Von besonderem Interesse waren die Anpassungen und ‘disiecta membra‘ von Innsbrucker Fragmenten und solchen aus Bryn Mawr und Leipzig. Darüberhinaus wurden Neuzuweisungen an Apollodoros, den Brygos-Maler, Duris, Penthesilea-Maler, Curtius-Maler, Bowdoim-Maler und Jena-Maler dokumentiert. Die Vorzeichnungen der Maler sind grafisch und fotografisch dokumentiert.
ISBN 978-3-7001-8576-5
Print Edition
ISBN 978-3-7001-8780-6
Online Edition

Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum 8 
Gertrud Nachbaur
ist freie Mitarbeiterin am Institut für Archäologie der Universität Innsbruck

Formation, Organisation and Development of Iron Age Societies. A Comparative View: Proceedings of the Workshop held at 10th ICAANE in Vienna, April 2016

Formation, Organisation and Development of Iron Age Societies. A Comparative View: Proceedings of the Workshop held at 10th ICAANE in Vienna, April 2016
Alexander E. SOLLEE (Ed.)
The papers that have been assembled in this volume, which arose from a workshop held at the 10th ICAANE in Vienna in 2016, represent case studies that investigate processes related to the formation, organisation and further development of societies that emerged after the collapse of the large territorial states of the Late Bronze Age by re-evaluating established opinions in the light of more recent discoveries and studies. The contributions cover a wide regional, thematic and methodological scope and highlight the great range of cultural aspects affected by the formation and development of Iron Age societies.

Die in diesem Band, der aus einem im Rahmen der 10. ICAANE in Wien im April 2016 abgehaltenen Workshop entstand, zusammengestellten Fallstudien untersuchen Formationsprozesse, Organisationsformen und die weitere Entwicklung von Gesellschaften, die sich nach dem Zusammenbruch der großen Territorialstaaten der Spätbronzezeit im Vorderen Orient gebildet hatten, indem sie etablierte Sichtweisen im Lichte neuer Entdeckungen und Studien kritisch bewerten. Die Beiträge decken ein großes geografisches, thematisches und methodologisches Feld ab und heben die große Breite kultureller Aspekte hervor, auf die sich die Entstehung und Entwicklung eisenzeitlicher Gesellschaften auswirkte.
ISBN 978-3-7001-8401-0
Print Edition
ISBN 978-3-7001-8799-8
Online Edition

OREA 15 
2020,  206 Seiten mit zahlr. Farb- und s/w-Abb.29,7x21cm, gebunden, englisch
€  119,–   

Alexander E. SOLLEE
is a former assistant professor of the Institute for Archaeological Sciences of the University of Bern.

Myth, Religion, Tradition, and Narrative in Late Antique Greek Poetry

Myth, Religion, Tradition, and Narrative in Late Antique Greek Poetry
Nicole Kröll
Der Band zeigt die vielfältigen Themen griechischer Dichtung in der Spätantike. In den Werken des Nonnos von Panopolis und in der „Ekphrasis“ des Johannes von Gaza wirken heidnische und christliche Themen zusammen, die Dichtungen des Georgios Pisides werden vor dem Hintergrund spätantiker Philosophie gelesen und die Autobiographien Gregors von Nazianz als literarische Ausdrucksformen. Analysiert werden die ekphrastischen Erzähltechniken bei Quintus Smyrnaeus und die Figurenkomposition bei Kollouthos, zudem wird Lykophron als Quelle für die „Dionysiaka“ des Nonnos beleuchtet. Gestalten der Mythologie begegnen sich ebenso wie Zyklopen und Elefanten, und spätantike Epigrammatik wird im kulturellen und literarischen Umfeld der Zeit kontextualisiert.

The volume shows the manifold themes of Greek poetry in Late Antiquity. Pagan and Christian concepts merge in the works of Nonnus of Panopolis and in the “Ekphrasis” of John of Gaza, the poems of George of Pisidia are read against the background of late antique philosophy and the autobiographies of Gregory of Nazianzus as literary forms of expression. The ekphrastic narrative techniques of Quintus Smyrnaeus and the composition of characters in Colluthus are analyzed, and Lycophron is proved as another source of Nonnus’ “Dionysiaka”. The contributions also deal with mythological characters, cyclopes and elephants, and late antique epigrammatic poetry is contextualized in the cultural and literary environment of the time.
ISBN 978-3-7001-8584-0
Print Edition
ISBN 978-3-7001-8814-8
Online Edition

Wiener Studien - Beihefte 41 
2020  240 Seiten, 22,5x15cm, broschiert, deutsch
€  49,50  
Nicole KRÖLL
ist Mitarbeiterin am Institut für Klassische Philologie, Mittel- und Neulatein an der Universität Wien

The Digital Classicist Wiki: Epigraphy

The Digital Classicist Wiki: Epigraphy
This category collects together projects, corpora, tools, and other resources for the study of ancient epigraphy, texts incised or engraved on ancient monuments on stone or other durable materials
(This list was partly created based on a dump of the old ASGLE link database originally collected by Tom Elliott between 1998-2005.)

Pages in category ‘Epigraphy’

The following 164 pages are in this category, out of 164 total.

Open Access Journal: Mare Nostrum. Estudos sobre o Mediterrâneo Antigo

[First psoted in AWOL 12 January 2014, updated 30 Septembe 2020]

Mare Nostrum. Estudos sobre o Mediterrâneo Antigo
ISSN: 2177-4218
Cabeçalho da página
A revista Mare Nostrum - Estudos sobre o Mediterrâneo Antigo, ligada ao Laboratório de Estudos sobre o Mediterrâneo Antigo da USP, é uma publicação anual editada desde 2010, e está atualmente em seu sexto número. Selecione uma das opções do menu ao lado, ou clique aqui para acessar a edição atual.

Edição completa


  •  v. 10 n. 2 (2019)
  •   v. 9 n. 2 (2018)

    As contribuições do presente número da revista Mare Nostrum são dedicadas, principalmente, à discussão do caráter estatal (ou não) da política no Mundo Antigo, particularmente na Atenas democrática. Tal debate é conduzido por meio de uma tentativa de aproximação entre classicistas e historiadores brasileiros e argentinos: toma-se como ponto de partida o artigo de Diego Paiaro (Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento/Universidad de Buenos Aires/CONICET), La Pólis, el Estado y los Ciudadanos de la Democracia Ateniense como Comunidad Indivisa, esse então é comentado por Priscila Gontijo Leite (Universidade Federal da Paraíba), Marcelo Campagno (Universidad de Buenos Aires/CONICET), César Sierra Martín (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona), Marta Mega de Andrade (Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro), Julián Gallego (Universidad de Buenos Aires/CONICET) e Norberto Luiz Guarinello (Universidade de São Paulo). O próprio Diego Paiaro fecha o debate com uma tréplica sobre os pontos levantados pelos comentários.

    A edição também conta com três resenhas. A primeira delas se refere à obra de Neville Morley, Classics: Why It Matters, feita por Juliana Bastos Marques (UNIRIO); a segunda ao livro mais recente de Robert Drews, Militarism and the Indo-Europeanizing of Europe, realizada por Renan Falcheti Peixoto (MAE-USP); e a terceira, responsável por fechar o número, é composta por Helton Lourenço (UFOP) e trata da obra de Grant A. Nelsestuen, Varro the Agronomist: Political Philosophy, Satire and Agriculture in the Late Republic.

Four more Dendara volumes online open access


Four more Dendara volumes online open access

Le temple d’Hathor à Dendara, admirablement conservé, est probablement la plus aboutie des réalisations architecturales de l’Égypte ptolémaïque et romaine et la richesse des compositions théologiques qui ornent ses murs est incomparable. Ses inscriptions hiéroglyphiques ont été éditées sous l’égide de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale, d’abord par É. Chassinat puis par Fr. Daumas, et enfin par S. Cauville.

Engagé pour une politique d’Open Access, l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale - IFAO a le plaisir de vous annoncer la mise en ligne des PDF des volumes IX à XII du Temple de Dendara, en accès libre grâce à ce lien (Vol. XII sur la première page ; vols. IX, X, XI sur la seconde page)


The Temple of Hathor at Dendara, admirably preserved, is probably the most accomplished architectural achievement of Ptolemaic and Roman Egypt. The richness of the theological compositions that adorn its walls is incomparable. Its hieroglyphic inscriptions were published under the aegis of the French Institute of Oriental Archaeology, first by É. Chassinat, then by Fr. Daumas, and finally by S. Cauville.

Committed to an Open Access policy, IFAO is pleased to announce the online publication of the PDFs of volumes IX to XII of Le Temple de Dendara, freely available through the following link (Vol. XII on the first page ; vols. IX, X, XI on the second page)


The Digital Classicist Wiki: Greco-Roman Prosopographies


The Digital Classicist Wiki: Greco-Roman Prosopographies

The beginnings of a collation of prosopographies of Greco-Roman and other Ancient persons/names, both digital and in print.

Title Online? URIs? RDF? Alignments References

Analytical Onomasticon to the Metamorphoses of Ovid(DC wiki) Y (Y)

(Now moribund, but online and stable ids for persons)
Athenian Onomasticon Y

Celtic Personal Names of Roman Britain(dcwiki) Y (Y)

linked to RIB; "non-cool" URLs
Datenbank der demotisch und griechisch bezeugten Personen aus Soknopaiu Nesos (DC wiki) Y

Dictionary of Classical Mythology (by M.R. Wright) Y N N N (PDFs online at University of Patras)
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology (Smith) (DC wiki) Y Y
Y (e.g. Alexander 3)
Digital Prosopography of the Roman Republic (DC wiki) Y Y Y
(based around Broughton)
Early Mediaeval Inscriptions (addenda to PLRE) Y

Epigraphische Datenbank Heidelberg (EDH) (DC wiki) Y (Y)

Fasti of Late Antique Aphrodiasias (part of ALA) Y (Y)
Hellenistic Babylonia: Texts, Images and Names (DC wiki) Y

Kerameikos (painters and potters)(DC wiki) Y Y Y

Laterculi Praesidium (DC wiki) Y

Lexicon of Greek Personal Names (LGPN) (DC wiki) Y Y Y

Nomisma (issuers and authorities of coins)(DC wiki) Y Y Y

Persons of Ancient Athens (PAA) (DC wiki) Y

Prêtres Civiques (DC wiki) Y

Prosopographia Attica (Y)

(Kirchner 1903 vol. 1vol.2)
Nachträge zur Prosopographia Attica (Behind HathiTrust login) (Y)

(Sundwall 1910)
Prosopographia Imperii Romani (PIR)

Prosopographia Ptolemaica / Trismegistos (DC wiki) Y Y Y Y
Prosopographie der Lakedämonier

(Poralla 1913)
Prosopographie der mittelbyzantinischen Zeit (PMBZ) (DC wiki) Y

Prosopography of the Byzantine Empire (PBE) (DC wiki) Y Y

(Originally published on CD Rom—now online)
Prosopography of the Byzantine World (PBW) (DC wiki) Y Y
Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire (PLRE) N

Roman Emperors (DC wiki) Y Y Y viaf, dbpedia, nomisma
Roman Government of Britain/Fasti of Roman Britain



Medicine in Ancient Assur: A Microhistorical Study of the Neo-Assyrian Healer Kiṣir-Aššur


Medicine in Ancient Assur: A Microhistorical Study of the Neo-Assyrian Healer Kiṣir-Aššur

In Medicine in Ancient Assur Troels Pank Arbøll offers a microhistorical study of a single exorcist named Kiṣir-Aššur who practiced medical and magical healing in the ancient city of Assur (modern northern Iraq) in the 7th century BCE. The book pr See More

List of Figures and Tables
Abbreviations and Symbols
Symbols and Further Abbreviations

 1.1 Colophons
 1.2 Mesopotamian Medicine
 1.3 Authorship
 1.4 Proof and Possibility
 1.5 Scope and Structure

Framework and Background
 2.1 Microhistory
 2.2 Framework
 2.3 Background for Studying Kiṣir-Aššur
 2.4 Quantifying and Contextualizing Kiṣir-Aššur’s Texts

Kiṣir-Aššur’s Magico-Medical Education as šamallû ṣeḫru
 3.1 Complex Diagnoses in Kiṣir-Aššur’s šamallû ṣeḫru Texts
 3.2 Principles Understood Through Examples
 3.3 The Head: BAM 9
 3.4 The “Strings” and “Inner” Body
 3.5 Snakes, Scorpions and Horses: A Discussion of RA 15 pl. 76
 3.6 Gaining an Understanding of Anatomy and Physiology
 3.7 Preparation for Other Duties as šamallû ṣeḫru
 3.8 Summary

Training in Anatomy and Physiology as šamallû ṣeḫru
 4.1 The Role of Venom in Kiṣir-Aššur’s Anatomical Understanding
 4.2 Veterinarian Knowledge in Kiṣir-Aššur’s Education
 4.3 Excursus: Animal Variants of Human Illnesses
 4.4 Animal and Human Physiology: The Reverse of RA 15 pl. 76
 4.5 Summary

Further Apprenticeship: šamallû to mašmaššu ṣeḫru
 5.2 The šamallû mašmaššu ṣeḫru-phase
 5.3 The mašmaššu ṣeḫru-phase
 5.4 Excursus: The ša Nabû tuklassu-phrase
 5.5 Summary

Kiṣir-Aššur’s mašmaššu-phase
 6.1 Texts with Colophons Including the Title mašmaššu
 6.2 Making House Calls: Discussion of KAR 230
 6.3 Ritually Protecting the Houses of Clients: Discussion of KAR 298
 6.4 Namburbi-rituals and House Calls: KAL 4 no. 7 and LKA 115
 6.5 Other Technical Literature: CT 37 pl. 24f.
 6.6 Summary

Additional Texts that May Belong to the mašmaššu-phase
 7.1 Omission and Inclusion of Titles
 7.2 Tablets Without Kiṣir-Aššur’s Professional Title
 7.3 Tablets with Broken Colophons
 7.4 The mašmaššu-phase and Purpose Statements
 7.5 A Discussion of the Dated Tablet KAR 267
 7.6 Other Technical Literature: BAM 307 and ACh Supp. 2 24
 7.7 Summary

Kiṣir-Aššur’s mašmaš bīt Aššur-phase
 8.1 The Title mašmaš bīt Aššur
 8.2 Medical Texts from Kiṣir-Aššur’s mašmaš bīt Aššur-phase
 8.3 Tested Prescriptions Among the Medical Texts
 8.4 Panaceas Among the Medical Texts
 8.5 Ritual Texts from Kiṣir-Aššur’s mašmaš bīt Aššur-phase
 8.6 Texts Connected to the Aššur Temple
 8.7 Summary

Situating Kiṣir-Aššur’s Knowledge Production
 9.1 Kiṣir-Aššur’s Overall Medical Focus
 9.2 Numbered Nisḫu-extracts
 9.3 Catch-lines and Duplicate Passages in Kiṣir-Aššur’s Texts in Relation to the Therapeutic Series Ugu
 9.4 The Exorcist’s Manual (EM)
 9.5 Kiṣir-Aššur and the Scholarly Traditions in Assur
 9.6 Summary

Synthesis and Conclusion

Catalogue of Texts

Edition of RA 15 pl. 76
 General Observations
Bibliography 346


Archaeology, Heritage and Ethics in the Western Wall Plaza, Jerusalem: Darkness at the End of the Tunnel


Archaeology, Heritage and Ethics in the Western Wall Plaza, Jerusalem: Darkness at the End of the Tunnel 

Raz Kletter

Archaeology, Heritage and Ethics in the Western Wall Plaza, Jerusalem : Darkness at the End of the Tunnel book cover

ISBN 9780367143350
Published August 19, 2019 by Routledge
362 Pages

Book Description

This volume is a critical study of recent archaeology in the Western Wall Plaza area, Jerusalem. Considered one of the holiest places on Earth for Jews and Muslims, it is also a place of controversy, where the State marks ‘our’ remains for preservation and adoration and ‘theirs’ for silencing.

Based on thousands of documents from the Israel Antiquities Authority and other sources, such as protocols of planning committees, readers can explore for the first time this archaeological ‘heart of darkness’ in East Jerusalem. The book follows a series of unique discoveries, reviewing the approval and execution of development plans and excavations, and the use of the areas once excavation has finished. Who decides what and how to excavate, what to preserve – or ‘remove’? Who pays for the archaeology, for what aims? The professional, scientific archaeology of the past happens now: it modifies the present and is modified by it. This book ‘excavates’ the archaeology of East Jerusalem to reveal its social and political contexts, power structures and ethics.   

Readers interested in the history, archaeology and politics of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict will find this book useful, as well as scholars and students of the history and ethics of Archaeology, Jerusalem, conservation, nationalism, and heritage. 

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Journey to East Jerusalem – An Introduction

Chapter 2: Antiquities in the Toilettes – The Strauss Building

Chapter 3: Wild Western Wall Tunnels – The Davidson Centre and the Archaeological Park

Chapter 4: A Museum for Jewish Prayer in a Mamluk Bathhouse – The Ohel Yizthak Synagogue

Chapter 5: An Archaeological Site with Depth – The Ha-Liba Building

Chapter 6: Throwing Dust in the Eyes – The Comprehensive Plan for the Western Wall Plaza

Chapter 7: Lingua Orientalis Hierosolimitanae

Chapter 8: Pilegsh at Givati – Little Tel Aviv in East Jerusalem

Chapter 9: The Ethics of East Jerusalem

Chapter 10: Conclusions

Appendix: The Documents


Indices (A. Places; B. Persons)



Raz Kletter completed his PhD in 1995 at Tel Aviv University, Israel, on material culture and borders of Iron Age Judah. Following a post-doctoral year at the University of Oxford, UK, he worked in the Israel Antiquities Authority as Deputy of Finds Department, Senior Archaeologist, and Head of the Scientific Processing Unit. Dr. Kletter participated, directed, and published excavations from varied periods and sites in Israel/Palestine. Since 2008 he is Docent for Near-Eastern Archaeology at the University of Helsinki, Finland, and member of the Centres of Excellence "Changes in Sacred texts and Traditions" (CSTT) and "Ancient Near Eastern Empires" (ANEE). Dr. Kletter’s main fields of study are Near Eastern Archaeology (Bronze and Iron Ages), religion and cult, ancient economy, archaeological theory, and history of archaeology in Israel/Palestine. He has published extensively in these fields.


La necropoli di Cassibile: Scavi Paolo Orsi 1897 e 1923


La necropoli di Cassibile: Scavi Paolo Orsi 1897 e 1923 

Maria Turco

La necropoli di Cassibile
  • Éditeur : Publications du Centre Jean Bérard
  • Collection : Cahiers du Centre Jean Bérard | 21
  • Lieu d’édition : Naples
  • Année d’édition : 2000
  • Publication sur OpenEdition Books : 25 septembre 2020
  • EAN (Édition imprimée) : 9782903189662
  • EAN électronique : 9782918887560
  • DOI : 10.4000/books.pcjb.1765
  • Nombre de pages : 114-[XXXII] p.


L’edizione della monografía sulla necropoli di Cassibile a cura di Maria Turco segue, a pochi mesi di distanza, la pubblicazione del lavoro di Marco Pacciarelli sulla necropoli di Torre Galli (Torre Galli. La necropoli della prima età del ferro: scavi Paolo Orsi 1922-23, Soveria Mannelli, 1999 [IRACEB]). Questi due lavori, nati come tesi di laurea e successivamente approfonditi presso l’Università di Roma “La Sapienza”, ripropongono importanti complessi funerari esplorati all’inizio del secolo da Paolo Orsi, l’eminente archeologo trentino cui si devono innumerevoli scoperte tuttora fondamentali nel campo dell’archeologia siciliana e calabrese. L’impegno sul campo profuso dall’Orsi, allora Soprintendente alie Antichità per la Sicilia e il Bruzio, si evidenzia anche nell’osservare la coincidenza dei due periodi di scavo; è addirittura nello stesso anno (il 1923) che l’Orsi completò l’esplorazione delle tombe di Cassibile e fini di indagare il sepolcreto di Torre Galli. Le esplorazioni in questi due siti, tranne un brevissimo intervento di scavo da parte di Claudio Sabbione nell’area del sepolcreto e nell’abitato a Torre Galli nel 1976, da allora non sono state mai più riprese.

Compito di ambedue i giovani studiosi è stato di ricostruire filologicamente, per quanta hanno potato, la ricomposizione dei corredí anche awalendosi di documenti inediti; da questo compito, indubbiamente ingrato quando si tratta di complessi di vecchia acquisizione, sono venuti fuori dati importanti per la definizione di un quadro più compiuto delle società della prima età del Ferró nel Meridione italiano.

© Publications du Centre Jean Bérard, 2000

Conditions d’utilisation : http://www.openedition.org/6540

Cette publication numérique est issue d’un traitement automatique par reconnaissance optique de caractères.
Claude Albore Livadie

Dendara. Les chapelles osiriennes I-III


Dendara. Les chapelles osiriennes

Dendara. Les chapelles osiriennes. Vol I. Transcription et traduction 

Sylvie Cauville

Le temple d’Hathor à Dendera, admirablement conservé, est probablement la plus aboutie des réalisations architecturales de l’Égypte ptolémaïque et romaine et la richesse des compositions théologiques qui ornent ses murs est incomparable. Ses inscriptions hiéroglyphiques ont été éditées sous l’égide de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale, d’abord par É. Chassinat puis par Fr. Daumas, et enfin par S. Cauville. Ce volume fournit la transcription (translittération) et la traduction intégrales des inscriptions hiéroglyphiques publiées dans Dendara X, correspondant au complexe osirien situé sur le toit du temple et composé de six chapelles, incluant notamment le fameux zodiaque et le grand texte des mystères de Khoiak.

 IF789, ISBN 3260050158978
1997 IFAO
Collection: BiEtud 117
1 vol. 233 p.
40 (709 EGP)

 Dendara. Les chapelles osiriennes. Vol II. Commentaire 

Sylvie Cauville

Le temple d’Hathor à Dendera, admirablement conservé, est probablement la plus aboutie des réalisations architecturales de l’Égypte ptolémaïque et romaine et la richesse des compositions théologiques qui ornent ses murs est incomparable. Ses inscriptions hiéroglyphiques ont été éditées sous l’égide de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale, d’abord par É. Chassinat puis par Fr. Daumas, et enfin par S. Cauville. Ce volume de commentaire concerne Dendara X, qui offre la publication des inscriptions du complexe osirien situé sur le toit du temple et composé de six chapelles, incluant notamment le fameux zodiaque et le grand texte des mystères de Khoiak. Il se veut avant tout une explication de texte, mettant en évidence d’une part les détails de la décoration, d’autre part les points forts et originaux de celle-ci. Il suit l’ordre de la publication des textes et renvoie aux pages et planches de Dendara X. Il comprend trois annexes consacrées à Osiris, aux autres dieux et aux données essentielles relatives aux nomes.

IF790, ISBN 9782724702019
1997 IFAO
Collection: BiEtud 118
1 vol.

Dendara. Les chapelles osiriennes. Vol. III. Index 

 Sylvie Cauville

Le temple d’Hathor à Dendera, admirablement conservé, est probablement la plus aboutie des réalisations architecturales de l’Égypte ptolémaïque et romaine et la richesse des compositions théologiques qui ornent ses murs est incomparable. Ses inscriptions hiéroglyphiques ont été éditées sous l’égide de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale, d’abord par É. Chassinat puis par Fr. Daumas, et enfin par S. Cauville. Ce volume fournit un index lexical complet des inscriptions hiéroglyphiques publiées dans Dendara X, correspondant au complexe osirien situé sur le toit du temple et composé de six chapelles, incluant notamment le fameux zodiaque et le grand texte des mystères de Khoiak.

IF793, ISBN 9782724702071
1997 IFAO
Collection: BiEtud 119
1 vol. 770 p.


Kyprianos Database of Ancient Ritual Texts and Objects


 Kyprianos Database of Ancient Ritual Texts and Objects

Coptic Magical Papyri

The Kyprianos Database of Ancient Ritual Texts and Objects is intended to serve as a resource for the study of magical, alchemical, astrological and other ritual and related texts from the ancient and medieval Mediterranean world. At present our focus is on magical texts written in Coptic, Greek, and Demotic from Egypt.

This project builds upon previous work, notably that of Franziska Naether on Trismegistos Magic, and on the checklist of published Coptic magical texts created by Roxanne Bélanger Sarrazin.

The database is regularly updated. Click here to see a list of updates.


1. Database Structure

2. General Notes and Searches

3. Manuscripts Table

4. Archives Table

5. Texts Table

6. List of editors

7. Usage Policy


Dreams of Antiquity 2.0: Bibliographische Online-Datenbank zu Träumen und Visionen in der Antike


Dreams of Antiquity 2.0

Bibliographical Online Database on Dreams and Visions in Antiquity

The online database “Dreams of Antiquity 2.0“ (DoA) pursues the goal of making remotely published literature on a multifaceted subject available for further scholarly research: namely dreams and visions in Greco-Roman antiquity.

It contains a variety of studies on literary texts, comprising dream books like the one of Artemidorus of Daldis, fragments of historians, as well as inscriptions, papyri and the depiction of dreams and visions on various image carriers. DoA also contains titles dealing with material from other cultures (e.g. China, pre-Colombian America, the Islamic World etc.) and titles suited for historical-anthropological analysis. The same holds true for studies on dreams and visions in the Latin and Byzantine Middle Ages, on the Early Modern Age, and the time period reaching up to the present, as well as for psychoanalytical studies and modern sleep research.

A specific search in DoA is enabled by the titles‘ tagging with the help of a differentiated thesaurus, where, for instance, ancient authors can be comined with specifics concerning dreams and visions (nightmare; ruler dream, -vision; celestial phenomenon; incubation; voyage beyond; oracle dream; day residue; dream interpreter; dream terminology; dream theory; waking vision).

The current database consists of over 6.000 monographs, edited volumes, journal articles, dictionary entries and reviews, but does not entail completeness, which is why the database is constantly supplemented and updated. Thereby, titles are also taken into account that deal with other forms of divination (oracles, magic etc.).

Handling a great amount of data naturally also entails the slipping in of various mistakes, despite constant revision. We welcome references to such mistakes, as well as messages containing new or previously uncollected publications (email gregor.weber@philhist.uni-augsburg.de ).

Open Access Monograph Series: Münchener Beiträge zur Papyrusforschung und antiken Rechtsgeschichte

[First posted AWOL 6 May 2015, updated 2 October 2020]

Münchener Beiträge zur Papyrusforschung und antiken Rechtsgeschichte
ISSN (Édition imprimée) : 0936-3718
Die Veröffentlichungen der papyrologisch-rechtshistorischen Reihe, die 1915 von Leopold Wenger begründet wurdeund heute von dem Rechtshistoriker Johannes Platschek (München) herausgegeben wird, behandeln die Themen Recht, Politik, Wirtschaft und Verwaltung in antiken Kulturen, insbesondere in ptolemäischer und hellenistischer Zeit. Insgesamt wurden bislang 116 Bände dieser Zeitschriftenreihe veröffentlicht (Stand 2018), wovon ein Großteil noch lieferbar ist.

This papyrus studies series, founded in 1915 by Leopold Wenger, now edited by the legal historian Johannes Platschek (Munich), contributes to scholarship on the law, politics, economy and administration of ancient civilizations, notably the Ptolemaic and Hellenistic periods. So far (as of 2018) 116 books have been published, most of them are still available.


Conflict and Competition: Agon in Western Greece: Selected Essays from the 2019 Symposium on the Heritage of Western Greece


Conflict and Competition: Agon in Western Greece: Selected Essays from the 2019 Symposium on the Heritage of Western Greece

Heather L. Reid
John Serrati
Tim Sorg
Conflict and Competition: Agon in Western Greece
Volume: 5
Copyright Date: 2020
DOI: 10.2307/j.ctv15tt78p
Pages: 306


(pp. i-iv)
DOI: 10.2307/j.ctv15tt78p.1

(pp. i-iv)
DOI: 10.2307/j.ctv15tt78p.1
  • (pp. v-v)
    DOI: 10.2307/j.ctv15tt78p.2
  • (pp. vi-vi)
    DOI: 10.2307/j.ctv15tt78p.3
  • (pp. vii-viii)
    DOI: 10.2307/j.ctv15tt78p.4
  • (pp. ix-xiv)
    Heather L. Reid, John Serrati and Tim Sorg
    DOI: 10.2307/j.ctv15tt78p.5

    In 2004, the city of Athens hosted the Ολυμπιακοί Αγώνες, the Olympic Games. From around the world came athletes and wellwishers, journalists and enthusiasts, retailers and scalpers. They all came seeking competition—at the Games, in the press, and in the market. They reveled in it. They cheered it. They hoped it would bring them fame and fortune. Agōn in Greek culture is much more than a game. In antiquity, the term could refer to a gathering, a war, a court trial, a rhetorical debate, dramatic action, or almost any kind of struggle. Even athletic agōnes cast a wide conceptual...

  • Keynote Address

    • (pp. 1-30)
      Rebecca H. Sinos
      DOI: 10.2307/j.ctv15tt78p.6

      Demeter, the goddess “rich in fruit, rich in grain,”³ is everywhere in Sicily. She is apparent first and foremost in the bountiful fields of grain that surround a traveler passing through the island’s plains. She is prominent also in the remains of ancient temples and sanctuaries and in the archaeological collections of Sicilian museums, virtually all of which feature collections of figurines dedicated to Demeter—and to her daughter Kore, or Persephone.⁴ Indeed, the island is said by Pindar to be Persephone’s wedding gift from Zeus (Nemean 1.14-15).⁵ The religious commitment of ancient Sicilians is apparent not only in their...

  • Part I: Histories of Conflict and Competition

    • (pp. 33-48)
      Parrish Elizabeth Wright
      DOI: 10.2307/j.ctv15tt78p.7

      In the middle of the 6th century BCE, Locri Epizephyrii, a Greek city-state in modern Calabria, fought against Croton (along with allies on both sides) in a battle at the Sagra River in one the largest agōnes in the history of Western Greece.² According to Strabo, not only was the battle of epic proportions, with 130,000 men on the side of Croton fighting against a mere 10,000 Locrians, but the news of the battle spread so quickly that the results were reported at Olympia the very same day.³ Although Cicero recounted this story, and Strabo claimed that the phrase ἀληθέστερα...

  • (pp. 49-66)
    Tim Sorg
    DOI: 10.2307/j.ctv15tt78p.8

    Classical Syracuse was a city of immigrants. Some came seeking work and high wages, others as refugees fleeing the Carthaginians’ advance across Sicily. But most arrived by force after being defeated by the Syracusans and dispossessed of their land. Since the late Archaic period, the Syracusans regularly forced the people they conquered to relocate to Syracusan territory as citizens and then gave away the land they left behind to people from outside of Syracusan society. In this chapter, I explore how the Syracusans competed with their rivals in the Classical period by deporting the people they conquered, a tumultuous history...

  • (pp. 67-92)
    John Serrati
    DOI: 10.2307/j.ctv15tt78p.9

    The Second Punic War had a profound effect upon Sicily. The kingdom of Hieron II was destroyed and Syracuse, the island ’s largest urban center, was sacked after a bitter Roman siege. In the third century BCE, the Romans did not have any means or processes by which they could simply setup an overseas province. Indeed, a provincia at this time very much remained primarily a zone of military responsibility rather than a defined territory outside of Italy administered by an imperium-holding magistrate. After the first conflict with Carthage, the Romans appear to have treated Sicily as an extension of...

  • Part II: Philosophical Agōn

    • (pp. 95-110)
      Federico Casella
      DOI: 10.2307/j.ctv15tt78p.10

      Studying the history of Pythagoreanism is a difficult task. The majority of the information we have comes from post-Pythagorean authors, who often were offering—and endorsing—a view separate from Pythagoreanism. As a result, they tended to characterize Pythagoreanism narrowly as a religious movement, a philosophical system, a circle of mathematicians, and so on. Even so, a cross-comparison between various sources allows us to focus on some events whose authenticity can be accepted with a high degree of certainty. I shall analyze the revolts against the Pythagoreans that broke out in Magna Graecia in (possibly) two different centuries, events that...

  • (pp. 111-122)
    Drew A. Hyland
    DOI: 10.2307/j.ctv15tt78p.11

    One of many wondrous things about the sayings of Heraclitus is how certain words, used just a few times or in some cases only once, become established as at the very core of his thought, thereby likening them to poetic words. Such is the power of his extraordinary writing format, and such is the case with the words I address in this paper: polemos, eris, agōn, and paidia. Polemos occurs just three times in Heraclitus’s extant fragments; eris three times as well; agōn just once, and paidia again just once. Thought of together, however, they constitute at once one of...

  • (pp. 123-138)
    Eva Anagnostou-Laoutides
    DOI: 10.2307/j.ctv15tt78p.12

    This paper examines Plato’s use of wine-drinking² as an underrated paradigm for discussing the temperament of the tyrannical man in the Republic and the Symposium.³ I argue that Plato found in the Syracusan tyrants, with whom he had recurrent interaction from 388 BCE onwards,⁴ a striking example of the interplay between tyranny, philosophy, and drinking. Given the consensus on the composition date of the Republic around 380 BCE,⁵ and regardless of whether Book 1 was originally written as a separate dialogue,⁶ my paper corroborates the view that Plato’s tyrannical man in Book 9 was modelled on Dionysius I and his...

  • (pp. 139-154)
    Stephen M. Kershner and Audrey L. Anton
    DOI: 10.2307/j.ctv15tt78p.13

    Plutarch reports that, prior to departing for battle, Spartan mothers instruct their sons to “return with their shields or on them.”³ The phrase refers to a Spartan practice of transporting fallen soldiers’ bodies home by securing the corpse to one’s shield. The sentiment is clear: fight to win and, if you cannot win, die trying. This Spartan principle, win or die trying, strikes modern thinkers as harsh. We customarily encourage our loved ones to try their best. We aim to communicate that we will still love and support one another even when our best is not good enough. Our modern...

  • Part III: Civic Agōn in Performance

    • (pp. 157-170)
      Eleni Kornarou
      DOI: 10.2307/j.ctv15tt78p.14

      The institution of agōn, fundamental in ancient Greek culture, manifested itself in various aspects of life, such as athletic, musical, poetic, and dramatic contests, all of which were organized in honor of a deity.² In dramatic contests, which were performed in honor of Dionysus and developed in the culture of democratic Athens, tragic and comic poets, their choregoi, and later their protagonists competed for the first prize.³ The agonistic element was thus inherent in the organization of dramatic contests, but it was also an essential feature of the content and structure of fifth-century tragedy and comedy —as is made evident...

  • (pp. 171-184)
    Paolo Babbiotti and Luca Torrente
    DOI: 10.2307/j.ctv15tt78p.15

    In this paper we attempt to answer to the following question: In Trojan Women, is Euripides criticizing a degeneration of agonism—something we might label as ‘asymmetric conflict’? The question is worth exploring because Trojan Women is well known as a powerful, tragic play, which puts the condition of the enslaved (and barbaric, to a Greek eye) women of Troy on stage. The story is certainly well-suited to such a social criticism. Although interpretations and academic studies of Trojan Women are more than abundant, our argument is not inspired by secondary literature about the play. Rather, it is inspired by...

  • Part IV: Landscapes and Livelihoods in Conflict

    • (pp. 187-202)
      Richard Stoneman
      DOI: 10.2307/j.ctv15tt78p.16

      The Battle of the Gods and Giants functioned as an emblem of cosmic strife, and also of philosophical difference, for many centuries in antiquity. This paper considers the association of this battle with Mount Etna and its possible origin in the work of Empedocles. The anonymous Aetna rejects the Gigantomachy as a cause of volcanic activity, in favour of a scientific explanation, as Lucretius also rejects mythological explanations for natural phenomena. The paper goes on to ask whether the explanation offered by both authors (subterranean winds) should be associated with a particular philosophical school, and concludes that it is available...

  • (pp. 203-218)
    Flora P. Manakidou
    DOI: 10.2307/j.ctv15tt78p.17

    Greek athletics have always been linked with socio-political and religious life. In literature, the quality and quantity of odes commemorating victors at the four Panhellenic games of the socalled periodos demonstrate the impact victory had on establishing political power, since athletics was traditionally the preserve of aristocrats and powerful people.² Research has acknowledged an agonistic explosion in the Hellenistic period, which was favored especially by the new dynasties that emerged after Alexander’s death. Despite changing historical conditions, the underlying ideology remained the same. The strong link between athletic and political agōn remained an important vehicle for imposing political superiority. The...

  • (pp. 219-232)
    Ippokratis Kantzios
    DOI: 10.2307/j.ctv15tt78p.18

    Theocritus, a Greek poet of the third century BCE, is credited with the invention of the pastoral, a genre of profound influence not only on Hellenistic but also on subsequent European literature. His Idylls paint a rustic world in which shepherds participate eagerly in musical contests, fall in love, perform the tasks of husbandry without complaints, and enjoy to the fullest the simple joys of life in nature. And yet, this image of a seemingly carefree existence is often disturbed by ambivalences and nuances that reveal an inner agitation not alleviated by the generosity of the pastoral setting. In my...

  • (pp. 233-248)
    Ewa Osek
    DOI: 10.2307/j.ctv15tt78p.19

    The third-century Neoplatonist Porphyry transferred the motif of athletic agōn (“struggle”) from the sports arena to the kitchen. In his treatise On Abstinence from Killing Animals and Eating Flesh, he attacked meat-eating and tried to defend vegetarianism against his Roman friend Firmus Castricius, a former vegetarian. Porphyry hoped to convince ascetics, priests, holy men, and philosophers to reject meat-eating and adopt vegetarianism. In this context, we find several occurrences of the Greek words for athletic competition: agōn and agonizesthai. The author adopted agonistic metaphors, such as going to the stadium, competing in the Olympic games, and wrestling for a prize,...

  • Part V: A Conflicted Afterlife:: The Reception of Western Greek Agōn

    • (pp. 251-266)
      Karen Sieben
      DOI: 10.2307/j.ctv15tt78p.20

      For all his recognized brilliance, Empedocles of Agrigentum does have one serious critic, Friedrich Nietzsche. It is not that Nietzsche is among those who fail to applaud Empedocles; it is just that in his final assessment, he remarks that Empedocles is the reformer who failed.² We could dismiss this as an idle comment quickly forgotten because Nietzsche did not explicitly say why he believed it. However, looking more closely at what he did and did not say about Empedocles’s view of the cosmos and the role love and strife play in it, Nietzsche broadened the scope of the entire discussion....

  • (pp. 267-288)
    Tobias Joho
    DOI: 10.2307/j.ctv15tt78p.21

    The discovery of the agonal mentality is widely recognized as one of Jacob Burckhardt’s two foremost contributions to the study of ancient Greece (the other being his thesis about the distinctive character of the Greek polis). The term refers to the Greeks’ strong commitment to competition as indeed not just an end itself, but the highest end available in human existence. The paradigmatic manifestation of the agonal spirit was athletic contest, but it took on a great variety of different forms and was eventually disseminated throughout all spheres of life, ranging from poetry to politics and from education to social...