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Approaches to the Analysis of Production Activity at Archaeological Sites

Approaches to the Analysis of Production Activity at Archaeological Sites
edited by Anna K. Hodgkinson and Cecilie Lelek Tvetmarken. Paperback; 205x290mm; 206 pages; illustrated throughout in colour and black & white (58 pages in colour). 609 2020. Available both in print and Open Access. Printed ISBN 9781789695571. Epublication ISBN 9781789695588.
Book contents page
Approaches to the Analysis of Production Activity at Archaeological Sites presents the proceedings of an international and interdisciplinary workshop held in Berlin in 2018, which brought together scholars whose work focusses on manufacturing activities identified at archaeological sites. The various approaches presented here include new excavation techniques, ethnographic research, archaeometric approaches, GIS and experimental archaeology as well as theoretical issues associated with how researchers understand production in the past. These approaches are applied to research questions related to various technological and socio-economic aspects of production, including the organisation and setting of manufacturing activities, the access to and use of raw materials, firing structures and other production-related installations. The chapters discuss production activities in various domestic and institutional contexts throughout the ancient world, together with the production and use of tools and other items made of stone, bone, ceramics, glass and faience. Since manufacturing activities are encountered at archaeological sites on a regular basis, the wide range of materials and approaches presented in this volume provides a useful reference for scholars and students studying technologies and production activities in the past.

About the Editors
Anna K. Hodgkinson (PhD Liverpool 2014) has recently completed a post-doctoral research fellowship at the Excellence Cluster Topoi. Her research focusses on Late Bronze Age (LBA) Egyptian settlement archaeology, LBA glass industries and chemical analysis of LBA glass objects. She has conducted archaeological fieldwork at the LBA Egyptian sites of Amarna, Gurob and Qantir.

Cecilie Lelek Tvetmarken (PhD Liverpool 2013) has worked as a post-doctoral researcher on several projects at the German Archaeological Institute (DAI), Berlin, and is currently involved in the joint Iranian-Danish research project ‘Tracking Cultural and Environmental Change’ (Razi University, Kermanshah, and the University of Copenhagen). Her research focusses on architecture and the use of space during the Neolithic in the Near East. She has conducted archaeological fieldwork at several Neolithic sites in Turkey, Jordan and Iran.
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Avventure della scrittura: Documenti dal Mediterraneo orientale antico

Avventure della scrittura: Documenti dal Mediterraneo orientale antico
Avventure della scrittura
Le livre rassemble 11 contributions issues de différentes optiques méthodologiques et disciplinaires qui traitent de l'utilisation de l'écriture dans différentes sociétés et différentes époques du monde antique – en particulier de la Méditerranée orientale – de l'apparition des premiers documents  cunéiformes  et  du  problème  complexe  de  la  relation  entre  langue, écriture et images, à la diffusion des alphabets classiques. C’est un fait acquis que l’écriture, dans ses diverses manif...

Lire la suite
  • Éditeur : Publications du Centre Jean Bérard
  • Collection : Cahiers du Centre Jean Bérard | 24
  • Lieu d’édition : Naples
  • Année d’édition : 2018
  • Publication sur OpenEdition Books : 12 février 2020
  • EAN (Édition imprimée) : 9782918887737
  • EAN électronique : 9782918887836
  • DOI : 10.4000/books.pcjb.6907
  • Nombre de pages : 244 p.

Scrittura, lingua e identità

Maria Giulia Amadasi Guzzo
Gli Aramei e l’alfabeto

Open Access Journal: Cadmo: Revista de História Antiga

Cadmo: Revista de História Antiga
ISSN: 0871-9527
eISSN: 2183-7937
Issue: 26
Table of contents
Rodrigues, Nuno Simões
Soteriologia órfica
Bernabé, Alberto
Alexandre, o explorador de um mundo novo
Silva, Maria de Fátima Sousa e
Examining the design, style and layout of the inner coffin from A.60 in the Florence Egyptian Museum
Sousa, Rogério
Who is counting?: appreciating the peer, despising the other.: social relationships in Homeric communities from an alterity study
Alvarez Rodriguez, Barbara
Aquiles e Ájax: a `Poiesis´ da alteridade na Ânfora de Exéquias
Figueira, Ana Rita
Xanthippus of Laecedemonia: a foreign commander in the army of Carthage
Dantas, Daniela
Séneca e as artes liberais
Ferreira, Paulo Sérgio Margarido
Tra ombre e luci, ovvero del regresso e del progresso in Età Neroniana: prolegomena a uno studio interdisciplinare del principato di Nerone, alla luce del contributo filosofico senecano
Montagna, Carlotta
A Bíblia em Portugal
Ramos, José Augusto
[Recensão a] Stephanie Lynn Budin et Jean Macintosh Turfa, eds. (2016), Women in antiquity. Real women across the ancient world
Rodrigues, Nuno Simões
[Recensão a] Maria Regina Cândido, org. (2012), Mulheres na Antiguidade
Fernandes, Maria
[Recensão a] Adrienne Mayor (2014), The Amazons: Lives and Legends of Warrior Women across the Ancient World
Magalhães, José Malheiro
[Recensão a] Marília P. Futre Pinheiro, Anton Bierl, Roger Beck, eds. (2013), Intende, Lector – Echoes of Myth, Religion and Ritual in the Ancient Novel
Rodrigues, Nuno Simões
[Recensão a] Laura Battini, ed. (2016), Making Pictures of War. Realia et Imaginaria in the Iconology of the Ancient Near east. (Ancient Near Eastern Archaeology 1)
Ferreira, Eduardo
[Recensão a] Martin Hose and David Schenker eds. (2016), A Companion to Greek Literature
González González, Marta
[Recensão a] Jan N. Bremmer (2014), Initiation into the Mysteries of the Ancient World
Alampi, Marco
[Recensão a] Jorge Deserto & Susana da Hora Marques Pereira, introdução, tradução e notas (2016), Estrabão. Geografia livro III
Santos, Nídia Catorze
[Recensão a] Lauren Caldwell (2015), Roman Girlhood and the Fashioning of Femininity
Pinheiro, Cristina Santos
[Recensão a] Loïc Borgies (2016), Le conflit propagandiste entre Octavien et Marc Antoine. De l’usage politique de la uituperatio entre 44 et 30 a. C. n.
Valério, João Paulo Simões
[Recensão a] Anna Anguissola (2010), Intimità a Pompei. Riservatezza, condivisione e prestigio negli ambienti ad alcove di Pompei
Rodrigues, Nuno Simões
[Recensão a] Jaime Alvar (2012), Los Cultos Egipcios en Hispania
Santos, Nídia Catorze
[Recensão a] Matthias Becker (2016), Porphyrios, Contra Christianos. Neue Sammlung der Fragmente, Testimonien und Dubia mit Einleitung. Übersetzung und Anmerkungen (Texte und Kommentare 52)
Ramos, José Augusto
[Recensão a] Adele Reinhartz (2013), Bible and Cinema – An Introduction
Cardoso, Filipe Paiva
[Recensão a] Monica S. Cyrino & Meredith E. Safran, Eds. (2015), Classical Myth on Screen
Diogo, Sílvia Catarina Pereira
[Recensão a] Barbara Ryan & Milette Shamir, eds. (2016), Bigger than Ben-Hur. The Book, Its Adaptations, & Their Audiences
Rodrigues, Nuno Simões
António Augusto Tavares: in memoriam
Sales, José das Candeias
Francolino Gonçalves: in memoriam
Ramos, José Augusto
Manuel Augusto Rodrigues: in memoriam
Ramos, José Augusto
Maria Helena da Rocha Pereira: paradigma de cidadã e mestre que se impõe e permanece: in memoriam
Ferreira, José Ribeiro
Walter Burkert: in memoriam
Rodrigues, Nuno Simões

AWOL's List of

Spanish/Catalan/Portuguese Open Access Journals on the Ancient WorldAnd see AWOL's full List of Open Access Journals in Ancient Studies

And see AWOL's full List of Open Access Journals in Ancient Studies 

Open Access Journal: Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes

Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes
ISSN: 1761-0583
Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes
Bienvenue sur le site Internet du Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes !

Si vous cherchez un article en particulier, cliquez sur le champ de recherche ci-dessus puis saisissez le début du titre ou le nom de l’auteur. Une fois l’article trouvé, cliquez sur “DOWNLOAD” pour le télécharger (ou sur “CITE” pour télécharger la notice bibliographique au format RIS).

Vous pouvez également consulter la liste des articles triés par année, ou voir la liste des auteurs ayant contribué au JMC.

Si vous avez des questions, vous pouvez nous écrire à l’adresse “contact (arobase) medecinescuneiformes (point) fr”.


Worthington Martin, “Edition of BAM 3,” Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 7, 2006, p. 18–48. CiteDownload
Wyplosz Julien, “Quelques réflexions sur <i>L’aruspice mésopotamien et le regard de l’anatomiste</i> de J.-J. Glassner,” Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 8, 2006, p. 24–28. CiteDownload
Lawson Jack N., “Divination and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: A Problem of Perspective? Part I,” Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 8, 2006, p. 29–48. CiteDownload
Hurowitz Victor Avigdor, “Healing and hissing snakes — Listening to Numbers 21:4-9,” Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 8, 2006, p. 13–23. CiteDownload
Geller Markham J., “Les maladies et leurs causes, selon un texte médical paléobabylonien,” Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 8, 2006, p. 7–12. CiteDownload
Geller Markham J., “La médecine au quotidien,” Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 8, 2006, p. 2–6. CiteDownload
Scurlock JoAnn, “Whatever Possessed Them?: Progress and Regress in the History of Medicine,” Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 7, 2006, p. 11–17. CiteDownload
Goodnick Joan and Sigrist Marcel, “The Brain, the Marrow and the Seat of Cognition in Mespotamian Tradition,” Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 7, 2006, p. 1–10. CiteDownload


Worthington Martin, “Cabinet de lecture. Review of: Volkert Haas (with the assistance of Daliah Bawanypeck), Materia Magica et Medica Hethitica,Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 5, 2005, p. 47–48. CiteDownload
Marti Lionel, “Recherche d’un remède contre le mal-ekkêtum,Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 5, 2005, p. 1–3. CiteDownload
Worthington Martin, “Edition of UGU 1 (=BAM 480 etc.),” Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 5, 2005, p. 6–43. CiteDownload
Ziegler Nele, “Les vaisseaux sanguins et Enûma eliš VI: 5,” Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 5, 2005, p. 4–5. CiteDownload
Coleman Mary, “Lettre aux éditeurs ‘Reply to Nils P. Heeßel,’” Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 6, 2005, p. 43–48. CiteDownload
Attia Annie and Buisson Gilles, “[A.2025] : « un texte pour les médecins »,” Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 6, 2005, p. 41–42. CiteDownload
Heeßel Nils P., “Bibliographie zur altorientischen Medizin 2000 bis August 2005 (mit Nachträgen aus früheren Jahren),” Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 6, 2005, p. 34–40. CiteDownload
Glassner Jean-Jacques, “L’aruspice mésopotamien et le regard de l’anatomiste,” Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 6, 2005, p. 22–33. CiteDownload
Kinnier Wilson James, “On the Cryptograms in the lexical and related texts,” Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 6, 2005, p. 1–21. CiteDownload
Mouton Alice, “Quand la reine hittite vit en rêve l’herbe qui pouvait soigner Mon Soleil,” Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 5, 2005, p. 44–46. CiteDownload


Finkel Irving, “Old Babylonian medicine at Ur: lettre aux éditeurs,” Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 4, 2004, p. 26. CiteDownload
Geller Markham J., “Anus and kidneys,” Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 4, 2004, p. 1–8. CiteDownload
Kämmerer Thomas R., “About the emergence and spreading of smallpox in the Ancient Near East – did it reach us from camels or from cattle?,” Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 4, 2004, p. 16–25. CiteDownload
Attia Annie and Buisson Gilles, “Du Bon Usage des Médecins en Assyriologie,” Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 4, 2004, p. 9–15. CiteDownload
Scurlock JoAnn, “From Esagil-kīn-apli to Hippocrates,” Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 3, 2004, p. 10–30. CiteDownload
Heeßel Nils P., “Reading and Interpreting Medical Cuneiform Texts - Methods and Problems,” Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 3, 2004, p. 2–9. CiteDownload


Abrahami Philippe, “À propos des fonctions de l’asû et de l’āšipu : la conception de l’auteur de l’hymne sumérien dédié à Ninisina,” Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 2, 2003, p. 19–20. CiteDownload
Attia Annie and Buisson Gilles, “Cabinet de lecture,” Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 2, 2003, p. 21–24. CiteDownload
Worthington Martin, Attia Annie and Buisson Gilles, “K. 19766 — Propositions de lecture pour UGU 2,” Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 2, 2003, p. 18. CiteDownload
Scurlock JoAnn, “Collations of the « Jastrow »,” Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 2, 2003, p. 16–17. CiteDownload
Attia Annie and Buisson Gilles, “Édition de texte : « Si le crâne d’un homme contient de la chaleur, deuxième tablette »,” Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 1, 2003, p. 1–24. CiteDownload
Renaut Luc, “Lettre aux éditeurs d’UGU 2,” Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 2, 2003, p. 14–15. CiteDownload
Worthington Martin, “A discussion of aspects of the UGU series,” Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes, vol. 2, 2003, p. 2–13. CiteDownload

Open Access Journal: Museum Helveticum

[First posted in AWOL 6 August 2009. Updated 8 March 2020]

Museum Helveticum: schweizerische Zeitschrift für klassische Altertumswissenschaft = Revue suisse pour l'étude de l'antiquité classique = Rivista svizzera di filologia classica
ISSN: 0027-4054
ISSN 0027- 4054 MUSEUM HELVETICUM Schweizerische Zeitschrift für klassische Altertumswissenschaft Revue suisse pour l’étude de l’antiquité classique Rivista svizzera di filologia classica SCHWABE VERLAG BASEL Mus. Helv. Vol. 71 Fasc. 1 p. 1– 128 Juni 2014
Das Museum Helveticum ist die einzige Schweizer Zeitschrift, die Beiträge aus der gesamten klassischen Altertumswissenschaft veröffentlicht, einschliesslich der Papyrologie, Epigraphik und (mit Einschränkungen) Archäologie. Es will nicht nur die Schweizer Forschung fördern und repräsentativ darstellen, sondern auch die Kontakte mit der internationalen. Forschergemeinschaft pflegen und vertiefen. Entsprechend steht die Zeitschrift zum einen den in der Schweiz Lehrenden und Lernenden offen und versteht sich auch als Mittel der Nachwuchsförderung, zum anderen ist sie seit ihren Anfängen auch Publikationsorgan der internationalen Forschergemeinschaft; dementsprechend ist neben den drei Landessprachen Englisch häufige Publikationssprache. Entstanden ist das Museum Helveticum während des Zweiten Weltkrieges aus der Zusammenarbeit einiger damals führender altertumswissenschaftlicher Lehrstuhlinhaber, die, abgeschnitten von den bisherigen europäischen Publikationsorganen, der schweizerischen Altertumswissenschaft ein Diskussionsforum schaffen und gleichzeitig die Zusammengehörigkeit betonen wollten; die erste Nummer erschien 1944. Nach Kriegsende wurde die Zeitschrift zum Organ der schweizerischen altertumswissenschaftlichen Forschung.
All issues are published online 20 months after print publication.

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Volume 74 (2017) _
Issue 1 _
Front matter _ Download as PDF
Table of Contents _ Download as PDF
Article: On the source and authenticity of Heraclitus Fragment 4 (DK) 1 Download as PDF
Article: The Castricii in Cicero : some observations in Pro Flacc. 75 6 Download as PDF
Article: Dialettica satirica : architettura interna e riuso di modelli in Hor. Sat. 2,4 19 Download as PDF
Article: Spartan courage and the social function of Plutarch's Laconian apophthegms 34 Download as PDF
Article: Agis and Kleomenes als Vorläufer der Gracchen 54 Download as PDF
Article: Platonikerzitate in Kyrill von Alexandrias Contra Iulianum 66 Download as PDF
Article: Ein Textproblem bei Boethius 86 Download as PDF
Rubric: Epigraphica Helvetica 91 Download as PDF
Rubric: Archäologische Berichte 103 Download as PDF
Advertising _ Download as PDF
Issue 2 _
Front matter _ Download as PDF
Table of Contents _ Download as PDF
Article: Das Stasisgesetz des Solon : ein Gesetz für die ganze Polis 129 Download as PDF
Article: Ptolemy's Savior God, "Saving the Phenomena" and Plato's Timaeus 144 Download as PDF
Article: Accio, Lucrezio e la psicologia di Epicuro : osservazioni su Trag. 296 R.3 (589 Dangel) 158 Download as PDF
Article: Patrizier und Plebeier in der römischen Historiographie 172 Download as PDF
Article: Cinira e le Enotropi nei Canti Ciprii 200 Download as PDF
Article: The extent of the patria potestas during the High Empire : Roman midwives and the decision of non tollere as a case in point 213 Download as PDF
Book review: Buchbesprechungen - Comptes rendus 230 Download as PDF
Advertising 257 Download as PDF

  1. Volume 73 (2016)
  2. Volume 72 (2015)
  3. Volume 71 (2014)
  4. Volume 70 (2013)
  5. Volume 69 (2012)
  6. Volume 68 (2011)
  7. Volume 67 (2010)
  8. Volume 66 (2009)
  9. Volume 65 (2008)
  10. Volume 64 (2007)
  11. Volume 63 (2006)
  12. Volume 62 (2005)
  13. Volume 61 (2004)
  14. Volume 60 (2003)
  15. Volume 59 (2002)
  16. Volume 58 (2001)
  17. Volume 57 (2000)
  18. Volume 56 (1999)
  19. Volume 55 (1998)
  20. Volume 54 (1997)
  21. Volume 53 (1996)
  22. Volume 52 (1995)
  23. Volume 51 (1994)
  24. Volume 50 (1993)
  25. Volume 49 (1992)
  26. Volume 48 (1991)
  27. Volume 47 (1990)
  28. Volume 46 (1989)
  29. Volume 45 (1988)
  30. Volume 44 (1987)
  31. Volume 43 (1986)
  32. Volume 42 (1985)
  33. Volume 41 (1984)
  34. Volume 40 (1983)
  35. Volume 39 (1982)
  36. Volume 38 (1981)
  37. Volume 37 (1980)
  38. Volume 36 (1979)
  39. Volume 35 (1978)
  40. Volume 34 (1977)
  41. Volume 33 (1976)
  42. Volume 32 (1975)
  43. Volume 31 (1974)
  44. Volume 30 (1973)
  45. Volume 29 (1972)
  46. Volume 28 (1971)
  47. Volume 27 (1970)
  48. Volume 26 (1969)
  49. Volume 25 (1968)
  50. Volume 24 (1967)
  51. Volume 23 (1966)
  52. Volume 22 (1965)
  53. Volume 21 (1964)
  54. Volume 20 (1963)
  55. Volume 19 (1962)
  56. Volume 18 (1961)
  57. Volume 17 (1960)
  58. Volume 16 (1959)
  59. Volume 15 (1958)
  60. Volume 14 (1957)
  61. Volume 13 (1956)
  62. Volume 12 (1955)
  63. Volume 11 (1954)
  64. Volume 10 (1953)
  65. Volume 9 (1952)
  66. Volume 8 (1951)
  67. Volume 7 (1950)
  68. Volume 6 (1949)
  69. Volume 5 (1948)
  70. Volume 4 (1947)
  71. Volume 3 (1946)
  72. Volume 2 (1945)
  73. Volume 1 (1944)

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Latin Paleography: From Antiquity to the Renaissance

Latin Paleography: From Antiquity to the Renaissance
by A. M. Piazzoni
PALEOGRAPHY (a word that derives from the Greek and that means “ancient writing”) is the discipline that studies the history of handwriting. Latin paleography studies the scripts written in the Latin alphabet (not only in Latin) from its origins, which date back approximately to the seventh century BC, and continue until the spread of movable type printing, at the beginning of the sixteenth century. The ancient scripts in the Latin alphabet are among the most important sources at our disposal for studying the history of humanity.
This pathway aims to help those who wish to learn to read and understand the ancient scripts written in the Latin alphabet.
For those who want to read it, a written record poses the same questions that anyone involved in research would ask. In the modern world of journalism, there are the so-called “5 Ws” used to guide journalists in writing their articles: “who?, what?, where?, when?, why?”. This rule is derived (and simplified) from antiquity. Cicero had formalized those questions in hexameter (“Quis, quid, ubi, quibus auxiliis, cur, quomodo, quando”). This has also been adopted by Thomas Aquinas (Summa theologiae, Ia IIae, q. 7, a. 3 co.), as well as by many others.
In paleography, the series of answers given in response to those questions is not always rigid. But in general it can be said that the palæographer should always try to provide an answer.
  • QUIS, Who? Who is the scribe, that is, the person who physically wrote the text in the manuscript that we are examining? (When the person who actually writes the text is also the author of the text, we are dealing with an autograph; this would be a rather rare situation for the centuries treated here).
  • QUID, What? What is written in the text we are examining? (This is about reading the text and transcribing it. There are various methods of transcription).
  • UBI, Where? In which location, in which region was the manuscript written? (The terms location and origin are used in this regard).
  • QUIBUS AUXILIIS, By what means? With what technique was the manuscript made? (In this context we also examine the material aspect of the manuscript. The discipline that deals with these aspects is called codicology).
  • CUR, Why? What were the causes and for what purposes was the manuscript made? (This context also considers writing as part of the culture that produced or used it, and therefore also includes the spread of writing and its function).
  • QUOMODO, How? With which technique was the writing carried out? (The expression “technique of the graphic act” is also used).
  • QUANDO When? In what period was the writing done? (It is necessary to date the writing to as narrow a period as possible. there are also dated manuscripts, that is, when a date is expressed in the manuscript itself, or datable when the date can be deduced from other documentation external to the manuscripts; when a date that is more or less precise can be indicated using different methods, which are studied in the discipline of chronology).

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Greek Paleography: From Antiquity to the Renaissance

Greek Paleography: From Antiquity to the Renaissance
by T. Janz
Ancient Greece is often thought of as the cradle of Western civilization — an idea that is problematic not least because what we think of today as "Western civilization" in fact incorporates elements originating in many different times and places. Why then is ancient Greece so often singled out as its ultimate source? A determining factor is certainly the fact that we have very detailed knowledge about Greek civilization going all the way back to the 5th century B.C.E., while we lack such knowledge about other civilizations. For example, we know quite precisely how Athenian direct democracy functioned two and a half millennia ago, while we are quite ignorant of political arrangements in most of the rest of the world at that time; in particular, we know practically nothing of the political institutions among the inhabitants of northern and western Europe in pre-Roman times, though for all we know the institutions of representative democracy which are often considered a hallmark of Western civilization may in fact be more directly related to these than to anything that took place in ancient Greece. The main reason for this discrepancy in our knowledge about the past is the fact that the ancient Greeks, unlike their contemporaries almost everywhere else, left us detailed accounts of their institutions — as well as works of drama, science, mathematics, philosophy and much else — in writing, which have been preserved to this day. Without a written record, we would in principle still be able to observe the Parthenon, the Pnyx, the Greek theaters, etc., but the archeologists would be able to tell us relatively little about the uses these structures were put to; and obviously they would not be able to reconstruct for us the details of Greek philosophy, drama, science or political institutions.
The works of ancient Greek authors have been preserved not as autographs of the authors themselves but because they were copied over and over and over again by scribes, and because a few of these copies — mostly dating to the medieval period — are still in existence today in libraries where they are studied by scholars who produce editions of these works. If you know Greek, you can read these editions themselves; otherwise, you can read a translation made from one of them (also, if you know a little Greek, you can enjoy an edition with a facing translation). Either way, the indispensable link which grants us knowledge of the words formulated by an author who lived in the distant past is the extant, hand-written copy of the ancient work — the manuscript.
Etymologically, the discipline of Greek paleography (a word coined in the 18th century by Berard de Montfaucon, from the Greek elements παλαιο- "old, ancient" + γραφ- "writing, script"+ -ια, a suffix forming abstract nouns) should in principle encompass the study of all writing in Greek from the past. In fact, the study of scripts used on papyrus, on coins and medals, in inscriptions and in documents is generally left to the separate disciplines of papyrology, numismatics, epigraphy and diplomatics, while the discipline of paleography is defined as the study of bookhands employed on paper or parchment. In practice, this means that scripts from the period before the appearance of parchment books in the 4th century A.D. fall outside of the purview of our discipline, which also generally limits itself to the period before 1600 A.D., a date which is arbitrarily precise but which coincides roughly with the point when hand-written books were definitively eclipsed by printed ones.
If all copies produced by scribes were perfectly faithful ones, modern editors could simply print the text offered by any extant manuscript of an ancient author. The remaining copies would be of interest only to bibliophile collectors (and to historians of the period when the copies were made); and the ability to decipher scripts of the past would be the only skill required of the editor. Learning this skill is in fact the most basic aim of the study of paleography. However, in reality, it is almost impossible for a human to copy a long text without making at least occasional errors. In addition, since scribes knew this about themselves and about their colleagues, when they found an obscure or incomprehensible passage in the manuscript they were copying, they often attempted to correct it, which in many cases resulted in a compounded error or, even worse, produced situations where several different wordings are attested but it is unclear which (if any) of the attested wordings goes back to the original author. The upshot is that every extant manuscript of an ancient author is of interest not only to bibliophiles and to medieval historians, but also to editors of that author, who cannot work from a single manuscript source but must collect the available "variant readings" (ideally from all extant manuscripts) and decide, in each case, which one is most likely to be "original" (or conjecture a new one, if they all seem mistaken). Conscientious readers of editions of ancient authors will also want to take an interest in the manuscripts, because the decisions made by the editor can and should be questioned. These decisions are usually recorded in a critical apparatus. The information given there is normally accurate, and until recently the only realistic option for a reader has been to assume that it was; however, with more and more libraries making their manuscript collections available on line, it is now feasible, and occasionally desirable, for a reader to check the manuscripts themselves — provided, of course, that she is able to decipher them.
In passages where the manuscript tradition is divergent, how does an editor decide which reading is most likely to be original? Basing such decisions on the merits of the readings themselves alone is not very satisfactory, since in many cases their relative merits are unclear. The purpose of the discipline of paleography, as conceived by Bernard de Montfaucon (1655-1741) in his foundational work Palaeographia graeca (1708), was to give editors an objective criterion for their decisions by studying the chronological development of Greek script, thus allowing scholars to assign an approximate date (and, ideally, geographical location) to each manuscript based on the style of its script. On balance, older manuscripts will tend to have more genuine readings than more recent ones (though this is obviously not always true, since a very recent manuscript may be a very accurate copy of a very old exemplar, or may incorporate variants imported from a very old exemplar; of course it is also possible that a very old manuscript was copied very sloppily). Nowadays editors like to base their decisions on a broader understanding of how the text of their author was transmitted. They generally do this by attempting to construct a genealogy (or "stemma") representing the transmission of the text, in which the extant witnesses may be placed. This is achieved mainly by comparing the readings of the extant manuscripts (and especially by observing common errors); but obviously the ability to date the witnesses is still a fundamental prerequisite, and being able to read them in the first place is even more so.
Most people who study manuscripts are engaged in some aspect of the philological work we have just described. However, there are many other reasons why one might want to be able to read Greek manuscripts; and paleographers generally do not like to think of their field as a mere ancillary discipline serving the needs of textual critics or historians. Manuscripts are indeed vehicles for the transmission of texts, but they also have their own stories to tell and are worthy of study in their own right. They are also artifacts (and often works of art) which can tell us a great deal about to the times and places in which they were produced (e.g. educational practices; the circulation of ideas) and about the people and communities of people who wrote, bought, owned, sold and read them.
If you work through the pages of this pathway, reading the feature pages and practising your reading skills by transcribing the included manuscripts, you will be able to read most Greek manuscripts which are the object of the discipline of paleography, as defined above. You will make better progress if you are guided by a teacher, but the pathway is intended to function also as a tool for self-teaching. You may start with the first feature page, which deals with majuscule scripts.

See also AWOL's list of Open Access Textbooks and Language Primers

DigiVatLib: Digital Vatican Library

DigiVatLib: Digital Vatican Library
DigiVatLib is a digital library service. It provides free access to the Vatican Library’s digitized collections: manuscripts, incunabula, archival materials and inventories as well as graphic materials, coins and medals, printed materials (special projects).
DigiVatLib is based on the International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) technology, making digital materials easily accessible and usable.
DigiVatLib provides the following facilities:
Display functions: The viewer is able to zoom, browse and ‘turn pages’ of JPEG2000 images as well as allow scholars to compare digital objects from different IIIF repositories of other digital libraries.
Search and discovery collections: Descriptions and bibliographic references from the online catalogues are indexed and linked to digital materials. The guided navigation (‘faceted search’) leverages metadata elements for narrowing or refining queries.
An enhancement of search functions is scheduled for the next release.
Digital galleries: Selected Manuscripts– a selection of digitized materials from the most significant manuscripts.
Latest Digitized Manuscripts– a gallery of the latest 20 digitized codices.
News: Information and current events concerning the digitization project of the Vatican Library.

Selected Manuscripts

Latest Digitized Materials

Open Access Journal: Cahiers de la Villa Kérylos

[First posted in AWOL 12 January 2o17, updated 9 March 2020]

Cahiers de la Villa Kérylos
ISSN: 1275-6229
Issue cover
Depuis 2013, les colloques de la Villa Kérylos sont progressivement mis en ligne sur le portail Persée (http://www.persee.fr/collection/aibl). Ce portail mis en place avec le soutien du ministère de l’Éducation Nationale et de l’Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche est destiné à accueillir des revues scientifiques francophones en sciences humaines et sociales dans une logique d’accès libre. 
Afin de mener à bien ce projet dans le respect des auteurs ou de leurs ayants droit, il est nécessaire que ces derniers donnent (à titre non exclusif) l’autorisation de reproduire et de diffuser, sur le portail Persée, les articles ou contributions qu’ils ont publiés dans les Cahiers de la Villa Kérylos. L’AIBL a ainsi mené une large campagne de demande d’autorisation auprès de ses auteurs. Si toutefois, malgré nos efforts, vous n’avez pas pu être contacté, nous vous prions de bien vouloir nous écrire à l’adresse suivante : numerisation@aibl.fr

See AWOL's full List of Open Access Journals in Ancient Studies

Dokumente aus den Archiven der Boğazköy-Grabung (BoDoks)

Dokumente aus den Archiven der Boğazköy-Grabung (BoDoks) 
Andreas Schachner
 Grabung von otto Puchstein am Löwentor in Bogazköy 1907
Diese Seite dient als Ausgangspunkt, um zahlreiche Materialien aus den Archiven der Boğazköy-Grabung allgemein zugänglich und insbesondere für die Hethitologie nutzbar zu machen.
Das DAI ist bestrebt, seine Archive zu digitalisieren und in i.dai bereit zu stellen.
Aus der Fülle soll sukzessive das für die Hethitologie relevante Material übersichtlich und leicht auffindbar zusammengestellt werden.
Vorberichte der laufenden Grabungen
Die Vorberichte der laufenden Grabungen erscheinen Jahr für Jahr im Archäologischen Anzeiger, in der Regel im jeweils 1. Halbband des folgenden Jahres:
Boğazköy-Ḫattuša. Ergebnisse der Ausgrabungen
Die Reihe Boğazköy-Berichte ist die 2003 neu gegründete Fortsetzung der losen Reihe Boğazköy, die von 1935–1984 sechs Bände unter der Herausgeberschaft der Deutsche Orient-Gesellschaft hervorbrachte. Ziel ist die zügige und konzentrierte Publikation von Einzelstudien zu bestimmten Themen, Materialgruppen und übersichtlichen Grabungsabschnitten.
Borchardt Bericht 1911
E. Borchardt, Bericht and Prof. Jeremias, 1911
Loeschkes Notizbuch
S. Loeschke, Notizbuch, 1911
Briefe Winklers
Letter of H. Winckler to Dr. B. Güterbock of 29.6.1912
Letter of H. Winckler to Dr. B. Güterbock of 12.7.1912
Letter of H. Winckler to Dr. B. Güterbock of 29.7.1912 
Letter of H. Winckler to Dr. B. Güterbock of 24.8.1912

Newly Open Access Journal: Anzeiger für die Altertumswissenschaft

Anzeiger für die Altertumswissenschaft
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Der „Anzeiger für die Altertumswissenschaft“ wurde im Jahr 1947 am Institut für Klassische Philologie der Universität Innsbruck von o. Univ.-Prof. Dr. Robert Muth als eine Rezensionszeitschrift für den gesamten Bereich der Altertumswissenschaft gegründet. In unregelmäßigen Abständen wurden und werden auch Forschungsberichte zu einzelnen Autoren und Sachgebieten veröffentlicht. Im Zuge der fortschreitenden Spezialisierung und steigenden Zahl an Publikationen in den Altertumswissenschaften richtet die Zeitschrift ihren Fokus vermehrt auf Veröffentlichung aus dem deutschsprachigen Raum und ist darum bemüht, ihren Leserinnen und Lesern ein möglichst umfassendes Bild der entsprechenden Publikationslandschaft zu geben. Der Schwerpunkt liegt dabei auf dem Gebiet der Klassischen Philologie und der Alten Geschichte. Seit 2020 erscheint der „Anzeiger für die Altertumswissenschaft“ in digitaler Form mit freiem Zugang (Open-Access) und kann in der „Digitalen Bibliothek“ der Universität Innsbruck eingesehen werden. Als Beilage enthält dieser die „Didaktische Informationen“, die in erster Linie den Lehrenden der Alten Sprachen eine leichtere Orientierung über die Publikationstätigkeit im Bereich der Fachdidaktik ermöglichen sollen.

See AWOL's full List of Open Access Journals in Ancient Studies

Resources to help you and students understand COVID-19 / Resources for Teaching Online

Nomisma News: About 800 "Greek" concepts published to Nomisma

About 800 "Greek" concepts published to Nomisma
After two weeks of solid research and data entry labor by Andy Meadows and I (and after review by the Greek committee), about 800 new or updated concepts corresponding to the Greek world have been published to Nomisma.org in three spreadsheets. These entities include people (rulers, usually) and their associated dynasties and corporate entities. Aside from people and organizations we typically consider "Greek", these lists include entities from other domains that have always been historically part of the study of broader Greek coinage, including Parthian, Indo-Scythian, Numidian, Arabian, etc. These entities aren't a comprehensive listing of every possible ruler that issued coinage from a particular realm, but form a large portion of these rulers, reflecting the combination of an older spreadsheet of rulers with the entities necessary for the publication of a new Inventory of Greek Coin Hoards database (as part of the NEH-funded Hellenistic Royal Coinages project). Corporate entities can be separated into their own spreadsheets for further revision by subject specialists in order to fill in gaps.

What's useful is that while we are able to use the W3C Org ontology to link people to their roles in larger corporate entities (and the start and end dates of their reign(s)), we are also able to apply the same org:Membership model to link one foaf:Organization to a larger one. That is to say, the Kingdom of Cimmerian Bosporus was independent from 438-107 B.C., but from 107 to 63 was part of the Kingdom of Pontus, and from 63 B.C. to 370, operated as a client-kingdom of Rome.

This enables us to execute queries for all of the lesser kingdoms that served as client-states of Rome:

?org a foaf:Organization ;
org:hasMembership/org:organization nm:roman_empire ;
skos:prefLabel ?label FILTER (langMatches(lang(?label), "en"))

This can be taken a step further to list the client-kings of Rome by means of the link between the ruler and their kingdom and dates of their reign and filtering it against the date range in which that kingdom was a client-kingdom of Rome.

SELECT ?person ?p_label ?p_start ?p_end ?org ?label WHERE {
?org a foaf:Organization ;
org:hasMembership ?membership ;
skos:prefLabel ?label FILTER (langMatches(lang(?label), "en")).
?membership org:organization nm:roman_empire ;
nmo:hasStartDate ?client_start;
nmo:hasEndDate ?client_end .
?person org:hasMembership ?pMembership ;
skos:prefLabel ?p_label FILTER (langMatches(lang(?p_label), "en")).
?pMembership org:organization ?org ;
nmo:hasStartDate ?p_start ;
nmo:hasEndDate ?p_end .
FILTER (?p_end > ?client_start && ?p_end < ?client_end)
} ORDER BY ?org ?p_start

The query above results in the following table of rulers sorted chronologically. The first client-king of Bosporus is Pharnaces II, the son of Mithradates VI, who took over in 63 B.C.

Now that the publication of these entities is complete, I will turn my attention back to reconciling authorities in IGCH data in OpenRefine. The new coin hoard database should be ready by the end of March, and it will facilitate new modes of query that include querying by dynasty and corporate entity by means of the person-org/dynasty relationship inherent in Nomisma's LOD data model. Greek numismatists will finally have a decent open access tool for coin hoard research, coupled with the publication and interlinking of our archival records in Archer.

Bibliography of Mesopotamian Magic (BibMM)

Bibliography of Mesopotamian Magic (BibMM)
The purpose of the Bibliography of Mesopotamian Magic (BibMM) under the Corpus of Mesopotamian Anti-witchcraft Rituals online is to provide the primary and secondary literature that deals with magic and witchcraft in ancient Mesopotamia (and, to a certain extent, in the Ancient Near East more generally). Thus the two themes of magic and witchcraft are our main interests, and we have divided the relevant publications into four different categories:

The bibliography is meant to be a practical tool and representative as such, but, by no means, we claim it to be exhaustive. Book reviews of the key sources are presented together with the books in the General interpretive studies and in the Editions of cuneiform texts; the more extensive review articles are part of Interpretive studies on aspects.
In a way, the activities of the exorcist (āšipu, also known as mašmaššu) occupy the central position in this bibliography. He regularly performed magical rituals and repelled the attacks of supernatural entities. But, it is good to bear in mind that he was also, e.g., busy with divination and medicine, and that other Mesopotamian scholars likewise carried out magical ceremonies. In addition to the exorcist, the lamentation priest (kalû), diviner (bārû) and scribe-astrologer-astronomer (ṭupšarru, ṭupšarru Enūma Anu Enlil) all played important roles in magical rituals. However, we do not stress or single out the activities of these other scholars in any specific way in this bibliography.
What we include in the BibMM: Firstly, by Mesopotamian we understand both Akkadian (Babylonian and Assyrian) and Sumerian texts and their interpretations. Accordingly, we include most of the primary and secondary sources that deal with incantations, rituals, demons, ghosts and monsters. We have also selectively recorded literature on dreams and dream rituals – quite closely connected to anti-witchcraft rituals through psychological characteristics – also on curses, although curses are somewhat problematic as they also appear in tablets that have otherwise little to do with magic (on myths, see the following paragraph). As many anti-witchcraft rituals are essentially therapeutic texts, the bibliography naturally lists many works on Mesopotamian medicine, but we have done our best to keep magic and medicine apart from one another, as far as it is possible, and have not tried to compile a bibliography of Mesopotamian medicine (for such an attempt, see, e.g., L. Verderame, "A Bibliography of Ancient Mesopotamian Medicine," Le Journal des Médecines Cunéiformes 20 [2012] 1-42).
What we exclude from the BibMM: we do not attempt to list the massive literature on divination, i.e. of various types of omens, or on oracles and prophecies. Also the books and/or articles on Mesopotamian astrology/astronomy (for which see http://bibmas.topoi.org/) are only included in the bibliography if they explicitly deal with magic and witchcraft. Moreover, any theoretical books or articles on medieval and modern witchcraft are excluded. In general, Mesopotamian myths, having a considerable secondary literature, and other related literary tablets often treat magic and witchcraft, but as such these genres are outside the scope of this work, although we try to subsume into this bibliography explicit discussions on magic and witchcraft from myths. Hence some articles and monographs on shared themes, e.g. concerning the netherworld, are included in the bibliography.
Finally, it may be appropriate to conclude that the literature on various protective (apotropaic) means is naturally part and parcel of this bibliography. Amulets and other apotropaic devices were widely used in Mesopotamia to protect a person from various threats of the outside world which could manifest themselves in animals, demons, ghosts, monsters, warlocks and witches, but probably most importantly in fellow humans.
© Mikko Luukko 2014 (CC BY-NC-ND license)

Simtho: The Syriac Thesaurus

Simtho: The Syriac Thesaurus
Simtho logo

Simtho: The Syriac Thesaurus is a medium-size database of Syriac literary texts. The Beta version was launched at AAR/SBL in San Diego in 2019 and consists of 7.3 million tokens (ca. 6.5 million words). Users can search the corpus using different methods: simple word and phrase search, regular expressions, and a Corpus Query Language. Search operations can be filtered by a rich set of metadata fields such as author, composition date periods, genre, poetic meter (when applicable), and much more. In addition to concordance results, users can find collocations and frequencies of occurrence. Search results can be saved or exported in text and XML formats. Simtho is freely available online. Volunteers who are interested in helping can read the Call for Volunteers and Call for Texts sections below.

The Thesaurus by the Numbers…






Unique Words



The Team

  • George A. Kiraz (Beth Mardutho and Institute for Advanced Study, Princeon), Simtho Editor-in-Chief
  • Johan M. V. Lundberg (University of Cambridge), Seibel Digital Humanities Fellow, 2019
  • Shelby Loster (Fuller Theological Seminary), Seibel Digital Humanities Fellow, 2019–2020
  • Sebastian P. Brock (University of Oxford, Emeritus), Senior Advisor
  • William Clocksin (University of Hertfordshire), OCR Specialist
  • Slavomír Čéplö (Austrian Academy of Sciences / Slovak Academy of Sciences), Corpus Building and Management Specialist
  • William Bunce (University of Oxford), Dr. Khalid and Mrs. Amira Dinno Digital Humanities Fellow, Summer 2019
  • Patrick Conlin, Beth Mardutho Work-Study Fellow, Summer 2019

Musisque Deoque. Un archivio digitale di poesia latina

[First posted in AWOL 8 September 2012, updated 12 March 2020]

Musisque Deoque. Un archivio digitale di poesia latina

Il progetto di ricerca Musisque Deoque. Un archivio digitale di poesia latina, dalle origini al Rinascimento italiano ha preso avvio alla fine del 2005 con lo scopo di creare un unico database della poesia latina, integrato da apparati critici ed esegetici elettronici.
Ad oggi, le principali collezioni di classici sono state trasferite su supporto digitale ed esistono risorse, per lo più online, che rendono assai celere ogni ricerca lessicale. Nella grandissima parte dei casi, tuttavia, il motore di ricerca si limita a fornire le occorrenze di una chiave all’interno di un testo fisso, ‘autoritario’. Musisque Deoque si è proposto di superare questa limitazione, permettendo di reperire non solo le forme scelte e riportate dall’edizione di riferimento, ma anche le varianti presentate in apparato.
In tempi più recenti il sito web si è dotato di nuove funzioni. Queste le più significative: epigraphica: trattamento speciale dei Carmina Latina Epigraphica, con una ricerca per corpora, un incipitario, l’aggiunta di dati quali la provenienza, la datazione, eventuale ‘praescriptum’ e ‘postscriptum’ in prosa, ecc.; è stato inoltre avviato un archivio fotografico delle iscrizioni in catalogo; testimoni: aggiunta, nell’apparato, di una nomenclatura standard dei manoscritti, con la denominazione moderna di città, biblioteca, fondo e segnatura; elenco di autori e opere che condividono lo stesso testimone; collegamento al sito della biblioteca e, se presente, alla versione digitalizzata del manoscritto; ricerca per lemmi: disponibile nella ricerca avanzata; scansione metrica di tutte le opere in versi dattilici, fornita dall’applicazione Pedecerto; co-occorrenze: a partire da un testo sorgente, è esplorato l’intero corpus alla ricerca di somiglianze, verbali o anche ritmiche sopraverbali; Hellenica: un archivio digitale di poesia greca.
Musisque Deoqueè stato finora realizzato con finanziamenti del Ministero dell’Università e della Ricerca Scientifica e Tecnologica nell’ambito dei bandi PRIN 2005 e PRIN 2007.
The Research Project Musisque Deoque. A digital archive of Latin poetry, from its origins to the Italian Renaissance was established at the end of 2005 with the main goal of creating a singular database of Latin poetry, supported by a critical and exegetical electronic apparatus.
At present, main collections of classical texts have been transferred onto digital device while resources, mostly online, allow quicker lexical searches. In most cases, however, search engine inquiry only provides results of a key inside a fix and ‘authoritarian’ text. The aim of Musisque Deoque is to overcome these limitations, allowing to locate not only the forms chosen from the text of a reference edition, but also the variants in its critical apparatus.
Lately, the website has been implemented with new functions. These are the most important: epigraphica: peculiar handling of the Carmina Latina Epigraphica, with a search by corpora, by incipit, other information about place of origin, dating, when existing a ‘praescriptum’ and ‘postscriptum’ in prose, etc.; in addition, a photographic archive of the inscriptions on catalogue has been set up; witnesses: the site has been supplied, in the apparatus, with a standard nomenclature of the manuscripts, displaying the current proper names of city, library, collection and the signature; a list of poets and works that are present in the same manuscript; a link to the library’s website and, if existing, to the digitised images of the codex; search by lemmas: available in the advanced search; metrical scan of all the works in dactylic verses, performed by the Pedecerto application; co-occurrences: starting from a chosen source text, the whole corpus is investigated to find verbal or non-verbal rhythmic similarities; Hellenica: a digital archive of Greek poetry.
Musisque Deoque has hitherto been supported by the funds of the Ministero dell’Università e della Ricerca Scientifica e Tecnologica in the frame of PRIN 2005 and 2007.

Pedecerto: Metrica Latina Digitale

Pedecerto: Metrica Latina Digitale
Pedecertoè uno strumento per l’analisi automatica dei versi latini, messo a punto dall’Università di Udine nell’ambito del progetto FIRB Traditio patrum. La sua applicazione all’archivio digitale Musisque Deoque— realizzato dall'Università Ca’ Foscari Venezia e comprendente i testi della poesia latina dalle origini al VII secolo d.C. — ha consentito la scansione dei circa 244.000 versi dattilici in esso contenuti.
In questo sito un motore di ricerca appositamente sviluppato si avvale dei risultati dell’analisi per interrogare il corpus su base metrica, secondo molteplici approcci.
Nella pagina Scansioni libereè disponibile inoltre un dimostrativo semplificato, ma immediatamente usabile, dello strumento con cui è stata eseguita la scansione.
Pedecerto is a program for the automatic analysing of Latin verses developed by the Università di Udine as part of the Traditio patrum FIRB project. Its application to the Musisque Deoque digital archive – containing Latin poetry texts from the archaic period to the 7th century AD – has enabled the scansion of approximately 244,000 dactylic verses.
On this site, a specifically developed search engine that draws upon the results of the scansion may be used to conduct metrical investigations of the corpus, through a variety of approaches. 
The Free scansions page offers a simplified but immediately usable demo version of the scanning program.

Online Open House | Wives of Returning Veterans in Classical Athenian Drama, with Erika Weiberg

Online Open House | Wives of Returning Veterans in Classical Athenian Drama, with Erika Weiberg
We are excited to welcome Erika Weiberg of Florida State University for an Online Open House. The title of the discussion is “Wives of Returning Veterans in Classical Athenian Drama”. The discussion will take place on March 19 at 11:00 a.m. EDT; it will be live-streamed and recorded. You can view the event  live on the Center for Hellenic Studies YouTube channel.
In preparation, you might like to read the PDF Weiberg CHS Kosmos Society Handout

Constructing the Sacred: Visibility and Ritual Landscape at the Egyptian Necropolis of Saqqara

Elaine A. Sullivan
Cover of Constructing the Sacred by Elaine A. Sullivan

Available in 3/5/2020
ISBN: 9781503603332
Utilizing 3D technologies, Constructing the Sacred addresses ancient ritual landscape from a unique perspective to examine development at the complex, long-lived archaeological site of Saqqara, Egypt. Sullivan focuses on how changes in the built and natural environment affected burial rituals at the temple due to changes in visibility. Flipping the top-down view prevalent in archeology to a more human-centered perspective puts the focus on the dynamic evolution of an ancient site that is typically viewed as static.
Sullivan considers not just individual buildings, but re-contextualizes built spaces within the larger ancient landscape, engaging in materially-focused investigations of how monuments shape community memories and a culturally-specific sense of place, thus incorporating the qualitative aspects of human perception.
3D models promise to have great potential for research in a broad range of artifact- and object-based research, yet current technology does not allow for a robust environment of engaging with complex objects that change over time. This publication is among the first to push the boundaries to include interactive 3D models that can be navigated both spatially and temporally.
About the author
Elaine A. Sullivan is Associate Professor of History at the University of California, Santa Cruz.

Open Access Publications from the Institut für Dokumentologie und Editorik

[First posted in AWOL 27 September 2011. Updated 13 March 2020]

Institut für Dokumentologie und Editorik, Schriftenreihe
Das Institut für Dokumentologie und Editorik nimmt in seiner Schriftenreihe Stellung zur Diskussion über den Einsatz moderner Informationstechnologien in der Arbeit mit historischen Dokumenten und Texten. Es übernimmt die Herausgeberschaft für Publikationen aus dem Arbeitsumfeld des Instituts.