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Sirkeli Höyük Ausgrabungsprojekt

Sirkeli Höyük Ausgrabungsprojekt 
On this website you will find information on the Turkish-German archaeological project »Sirkeli Höyük – Cultural Contacts at the Interface between Anatolia, Cyprus, and Syria«. The project is a joint research project of the Institute of Archaeological Sciences, Department of Near Eastern Archaeology of the University of Bern and the Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi. The project is supported by the Swiss National Fond (SNF).

Auf diesen Seiten erhalten Sie Informationen über das türkisch-schweizerische archäologische Forschungsprojekt ›Sirkeli Höyük – Kulturkontakte in Kilikien am Schnittpunkt zwischen Anatolien, Zypern und Syrien‹

Unter dem Menüpunkt Fundort erhalten Sie Informationen zum archäologischen Fundplatz Sirkeli Höyük, seiner Lage und Geschichte. Über die bisherigen wissenschaftlichen Untersuchungen werden Sie unter Forschung informiert. Wesentliches über die Ziele unserer Arbeiten finden Sie unter Projekt.

Bu sayfada Türk-Isviçre ortakliginda yürütülen arkeolojik kazi projesi

›Sirkeli Höyük – Kilikya ile Anadolu,
Kibris ve Suriye arasinda kültürel iliskiler‹

ile ilgili bilgilere ulasabilirsiniz.
Yerlesim basligi yerlesimin konumu ve tarihi hakkinda, Arastirma basligi ise simdiye kadar yürütülen bilimsel çalismalar hakkinda bilgi vermektedir. Yeni dönem çalismalari ile bilgilere Proje basligindan ulasabilirsiniz.
Bu sayfanin ilginizi çekecegine ve size yardimci olacagini ümit ediyoruz. Görüslerinizi ve önerilerinizi bekliyoruz.

A Long Way from Home: Diaspora Communities in Roman Britain

A Long Way from Home: Diaspora Communities in Roman Britain
Hella Eckardt, Gundula Müldner, Mary Lewis, 2012
This project explored the cultural and biological experience of immigrant communities in Roman Britain. It has long been known from epigraphic and historical sources that Britain was home to a wide range of immigrants during the Roman period, with most of the evidence referring to imperial officials and military personnel. Using a range of scientific techniques, we have identified possible migrants in the burial record of Roman Britain.

Evidence for diaspora communities was analysed through an innovative combination of material culture, skeletal and isotope research. We selected a range of sites (mainly York, where there is historical and archaeological evidence for African individuals, but also Poundbury Camp (Dorset), Catterick (Yorkshire), Gloucester and Lankhills (Winchester)) for this study. In terms of methodology, we employ osteological/forensic methods to assess ancestry based on skeletal traits, and isotope analysis to assess geographic origins (oxygen and strontium) and diet (carbon and nitrogen). Further osteological work focused on the health of the populations examined. Our results show that a significant number of individuals sampled can be classed as non-local, with a smaller proportion coming from outside the UK. Contrary to popular perceptions, there are women and children amongst these migrants. In many cases the possible immigrants can not be identified from their burial rite, but there are also examples where grave goods (such as ivory bracelets) may relate to an individual's origin. In many societies migration can have a negative impact on health, but at Gloucester it could be shown that there were no significant differences between immigrants and locals in terms of health. While possible immigrants and locals in many cases consumed similar foods, our work has identified cases where migrants can be identified through the consumption of certain foods (in particular fish and millet).

All the results from this project have now been published, and the ADS resource provides references to these publications and details on the skulls and teeth examined. It is ordered by site, and then by type of data. An overview of the project work and a discussion of the wider theoretical issues addressed by our research can be found in:
Hella Eckardt, with C. Chenery, S. Leach, M. Lewis, G. Müldner and E. Nimmo 2010. A long way from home - diaspora communities in Roman Britain in: H. Eckardt (ed.) Roman diasporas - archaeological approaches to mobility and diversity in the Roman Empire. JRA Suppl. 78. JRA Suppl. Portsmouth: JRA, 99-130.

As part of our outreach programme, we worked with the archaeological illustrator Aaron Watson (http://www.monumental.uk.com/), who produced stunning reconstruction images, some of which will be used by the Yorkshire Museum in their new exhibition on the People of Roman York (http://www.yorkshiremuseum.org.uk/Page/Index.aspx). We also collaborated with Caroline Lawrence, the famous children's' author (http://www.romanmysteries.com/pages/50-Home_Page) to produce a series of short stories to be used by the Yorkshire Museum.

Society for the Oral Reading of Greek and Latin Literature (SORGLL)

Society for the Oral Reading of Greek and Latin Literature (SORGLL)
It is generally acknowledged that the literature of the Greeks and Romans is among the most beautiful and powerful expressions of the human mind. It is also generally known that this body of literature was created with the intention of being orally performed and aurally experienced by a group of listeners, large or small, and was not intended to be read silently with the eyes alone. The element of sound is therefore fundamental to a full esthetic experience and understanding of Greek and Latin literature. And yet, the traditional method of teaching Greek and Latin ignores or neglects the sounds of these languages, as if they were of little or no importance, thus depriving students of the basic literary reward of hearing and reproducing beautiful poetry. It is as if students were to study Mozart solely from musical scores and not be given the opportunity of hearing his music. It is the aim or our Society to encourage students and teachers to listen to and to reproduce the sounds of Greek and Latin literature, thereby enriching the whole study process of these languages. Fortunately, linguistic and metrical research of the last century now permits us to acquire a close approximation of the pronunciation of classical Greek and Latin, a result which we call the "restored pronunciation" (basic bibliography below). Our Society feels that it is our professional duty to use the results of this research in our teaching of Greek and Latin as a means for achieving maximum authenticity and esthetic pleasure in the reading of Greek and Latin literary works. As a means toward this end, our Society presents programs oriented to the oral performance of Classical literature at the annual APA meetings, we publish a newsletter, we have established this website to present pertinent information, audio clips, queries and discussion, while several members or our Society regularly give recitals of Greek and Latin literature in schools, colleges and universities throughout the country.

We cordially invite you to join the Society for the Oral Reading of Greek and Latin Literature and to share our experience in hearing and reproducing the true sounds of Homer, Vergil, and the other Classical authors.


Listen to: Latin










Listen to: Greek











And see also
Aural Akkadian: Babylonian and Assyrian Poetry and Literature:  An Archive of Recordings

Open Access Journal: Egypt Society of Bristol Newsletters


Ancient Grains: The website of Delwen Samuel and Mark Nesbitt

Ancient Grains: The website of Delwen Samuel and Mark Nesbitt
We both work in archaeobotany - studying the archaeology of plants. Delwen Samuel’s interests include bread and beer in ancient Egypt, cereals and nutrition in the Old World, and food microscopy and other techniques of residue analysis. She is based in the Division of Nutritional Sciences at Kings College London. Mark Nesbitt’s interests are in the prehistory and history of plant use in the Near East, especially Turkey, in all aspects of wheat and other Old World cereals, and in the beginnings of farming. Although still publishing in these areas, his day job is on current-day aspects of botany at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

On our website you can find out more about our work, and the places where we have done fieldwork, and download our publications. We would be glad to receive copies or PDFs of your publications.

Publications by Delwen Samuel

Click on title to download PDF.
37. Tamang, J.P. & D. Samuel. 2010. Dietary cultures and antiquity of fermented foods and beverages. Pp. 1-40 in J.P. Tamang & K. Kailasapathy (eds) Fermented foods and beverages of the world. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
36. Samuel, D. 2010. Experimental grinding and Ancient Egyptian flour production. Pp. 456-477 in S. Ikram & A. Dodson (eds), Beyond the Horizon: Studies in Egyptian Art, Archaeology and History in Honour of Barry J. Kemp. Cairo: American University in Cairo Press.
35. Valamoti, S.-M., D. Samuel, M. Bayram and E. Marinova. 2008. Prehistoric cereal foods from Greece and Bulgaria: investigation of starch microstructure in experimental and archaeological charred remains. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 17 (Suppl. 1): S265-S276.
34. Samuel, D. 2006. “Archaeology of food”, in The Oxford Companion to Food. Second Edition. Edited by Alan Davidson, pp. 33-34. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Details of book
33. Samuel, D. 2006. "Modified starch," in Ancient starch research. Edited by R. Torrence and H. Barton, pp. 205-216. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press. Details of book
32. Gott, B., H. Barton, D. Samuel, and R. Torrence. 2006. "Biology of starch," in Ancient starch research. Edited by R. Torrence and H. Barton, pp. 35-45. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press.
31. Samuel, D. 2005. Comment on: Jennings J., et al., “Drinking beer in a blissful mood”. Alcohol production, operational chains, and feasting in the ancient world. Current Anthropology 46(2): 293-294.
30. Samuel, D. 2002. Bread in archaeology. Civilisations [Brussels] 49:27-36.
29. —. 2001. "Archaeobotanical evidence and analysis," in Peuplement rural et aménagements hydroagricoles dans la moyenne vallée de l'Euphrate fin VIIe-XIXe siècle. Edited by S. Berthier, pp. 343-481. Damascus: Institut Français d'Études Arabes de Damas.
28. —. 2001. "Bread," in The Oxford Encyclopedia of ancient Egypt. Edited by D. B. Redford, pp. 196-198. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
27. —. 2001. "Beer," in The Oxford Encyclopedia of ancient Egypt. Edited by D. B. Redford, pp. 171-172. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
26. —. 2000. A new look at old bread: ancient Egyptian baking. Archaeology International 1999/2000: 28-31.
25. —. 2000. "Brewing and baking," in Ancient Egyptian materials and technology. Edited by P. T. Nicholson and I. Shaw, pp. 537-576. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
24. —. 1999. Bread making and social interactions at the Amarna Workmen's village, Egypt. World Archaeology 31:121-144.
23. —. 1999. "Brewing and baking in ancient Egyptian art," in Food in the arts. Proceedings of the Oxford Symposium on Food and Cookery. Edited by H. Walker, pp. 173-181. Totnes, Devon: Prospect Books.
22. Nesbitt, M., and D. Samuel. 1998. Letter. Wheat domestication: archaeobotanical evidence. Science 279:1432.
21. Samuel, D. 1997. Cereal food and nutrition in ancient Egypt. Nutrition 13:579-580.
20. —. 1997. Fermentation technology 3,000 years ago - the archaeology of ancient Egyptian beer. SGM Quarterly 24(1): 3-5.
19. Nesbitt, M., G. Hillman, L. Peña Chocarro, D. Samuel, and A. T. Szabó. 1996. "Checklist for recording the cultivation and uses of hulled wheats," in Hulled wheats. Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Hulled Wheats. Edited by S. Padulosi, K. Hammer, and J. Heller, pp. 234-245. Rome: International Plant Genetic Resources Institute.
18. Nesbitt, M., and D. Samuel. 1996. "From staple crop to extinction? The archaeology and history of the hulled wheats," in Hulled wheats. Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Hulled Wheats, vol. 4, Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops. Edited by S. Padulosi, K. Hammer, and J. Heller, pp. 41-100. Rome: International Plant Genetic Resources Institute.
17. —. 1996. Archaeobotany in Turkey: a review of current research. Orient Express 1996:91-96.
16. Samuel, D. 1996. Investigation of ancient Egyptian baking and brewing methods by correlative microscopy. Science 273:488-490.
15. —. 1996. Archaeology of ancient Egyptian beer. Journal of the American Society of Brewing Chemists 54:3-12.
14. —. 1996. Approaches to the archaeology of food. Petits Propos Culinaires 54:12-21.
13. Samuel, D. 1995. "Umbellifer fruits (Trachyspermum copticum (L.) Link) from the Workmen's village," in Amarna Reports VI, Occasional Publications 10. Edited by B. Kemp, pp. 372-383. London: Egypt Exploration Society.
12. Samuel, D., and P. Bolt. 1995. Rediscovering ancient Egyptian beer. Brewers' Guardian 124:26-31.
11. Kemp, B. J., D. Samuel, and R. Luff. 1994. "Food for an Egyptian city: Tell el-Amarna," in Whither environmental archaeology?, Monograph 38. Edited by R. Luff and P. Rowley-Conwy, pp. 133-170. Oxford: Oxbow.
10. —. 1994. A new look at bread and beer. Egyptian Archaeology:9-11.
9. —. 1994. An archaeological study of baking and bread in New Kingdom Egypt. Ph.D, University of Cambridge.
8. —. 1993. A new look at old bread: ancient Egyptian baking. Archaeology International 3: 28-31.
7. —. 1993. Ancient Egyptian cereal processing: beyond the artistic record. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 3:276-283.
6. —. 1993. Ancient Egyptian bread and beer: an interdisciplinary approach. In: Davies, W. Vivian, and Roxi Walker, eds., Biological anthropology and the study of ancient Egypt. London: British Museum, p. 156-164.
5. —. 1993. Scanning electron microscopy and ancient Egyptian beer. BRFI Quarterly Jan. 1993: 27-29.
4. —. 1992. Ancient Egyptian baking and brewing. In S. Curto and A.-M. Donadoni-Roveri, eds. Sesto Congresso Internazionale di Egittologia. Vol. 1. Turin: Società Italiana per il Gas, pp. 120-134.
3. —. 1989. "Their staff of life: initial investigations on ancient Egyptian bread baking," in Amarna Reports V, Occasional Publications 6. Edited by B. J. Kemp, pp. 253-290. London: Egypt Exploration Society.
2. —. 1989. Archaeobotanical work at Tell Zagan and Tell Hwes, 1987 [In Helga Seeden and Jim Wilson, The AUB-IFEAD Habur village project preliminary report: rural settlement in the Syrian Gazira from prehistoric to modern times, 1-31, plates 1-4]. Damaszener Mitteilungen 4:19-23.
1. —. 1986. Plant remains from the northwest tell at Busra. Berytus 34:83-96.

Publications by Mark Nesbitt

Click on title to download PDF file.

Nesbitt, M. Ethnobotany. In: Y. Harvey (ed.), The Herbarium Handbook. Fourth edition. Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Publication expected 2010/11.
Nesbitt, M. In press. "Iron age agriculture at Tille Höyük," in Tille Höyük Volume III. The Iron Age. Edited by S. Blaylock. London: British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara. Publication expected 2010.
PUBLISHED. Minor/popular publications are listed but not numbered.
Nesbitt, M., McBurney, R.P.H., Broin, M., Beentje, H.J. 2010. Linking biodiversity, food and nutrition: The importance of plant identification and nomenclature.Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 23: 486–498 doi:10.1016/j.jfca.2009.03.001
53. Nesbitt, M., Simpson, S. J. and Svanberg, I. (2010) History of rice in Western and Central Asia. In S. D. Sharma (ed.) Rice: origin, antiquity and history, 308-340, 535-541. Enfield, NH, Science Publishers. Book details: Science Publishers (USA).
Nesbitt, M. 2010. Puzzling panels. Kew Magazine Spring 2010: 54-55.
52. Nesbitt, M., R. Prosser and I. Williams. 2010. Rice-paper plant - Tetrapanax papyrifer: the Gauze of the Gods and its products. Curtis’s Botanical Magazine 27(1): 71-92.
Nesbitt, M. 2009. The Economic Botany Collection. In Hunter Gatherer, by Jane Edden [Artist’s exhibition catalogue], pp. 6-8. London: Flowers. Details of exhibition.
51. Mason, S. and M. Nesbitt. 2009. “Acorns as food in southeast Turkey: implications for past subsistence in Southwest Asia,” in From foragers to farmers: papers in honour of Gordon C. Hillman. Edited by A.S. Fairbairn and E. Weiss, pp. 71-85. Oxford: Oxbow Books. To buy book, visit the Oxbow website.
50. Evers, A., and M. Nesbitt. 2006. "Cereals," in The encyclopedia of seeds: science, technology and uses. Edited by M. Black, J. D. Bewley, and P. Halmer, pp. 65-70. Wallingford: CABI. Details of book
49. Nesbitt, M. 2006. "Archaeobotany," in The encyclopedia of seeds: science, technology and uses. Edited by M. Black, J. D. Bewley, and P. Halmer, pp. 20-22. Wallingford: CABI.
48. Nesbitt, M. 2006. "Ethnobotany," in The encyclopedia of seeds: science, technology and uses. Edited by M. Black, J. D. Bewley, and P. Halmer, pp. 227-229. Wallingford: CABI.
47. M. Savard, M. Nesbitt, M.K. Jones. 2006. The role of wild grasses in subsistence and sedentism: new evidence from the northern Fertile Crescent. World Archaeology 38(2): 179-196.
46. Harcup, C. and M. Nesbitt. 2006. Attaining the Holy Grail: How to encourage wider engagement with museum collections through participation in new media projects. Museums and the Web Conference. Online publication
45. Nesbitt, M. 2006. Identification guide for Near Eastern grass seeds. London: Institute of Archaeology, University College London, 129pp. ISBN 0-905853-41-5. Now easily available for £36.99 from Berg Books and US$69 from Left Coast Books. I can supply individuals with slightly cheaper copies - please contact me (mark {at} ancientgrains.org). Preview PDF [2.6 MB] of some pages (does not convey the quality of the pictures)
44. Nesbitt, M. 2005. "Grains," in The cultural history of plants. Edited by G. Prance and M. Nesbitt, pp. 45-60. New York: Routledge.
43. Prance, G., and M. Nesbitt. Editors. 2005. The cultural history of plants. New York: Routledge.
41. Savard, M., M. Nesbitt, and R. Gale. 2003. Archaeobotanical evidence for Neolithic diet and subsistence at M'lefaat (Iraq). Paléorient 29:93-106.
40. Riehl, S., and M. Nesbitt. 2003. "Crops and cultivation in the Iron Age Near East: change or continuity?," in From Bronze to Iron Ages in Anatolia and its Neighbouring Regions. Edited by B. Fischer, H. Genz, É. Jean, and K. Köroglu, pp. 301-314. Istanbul: Ege Yayinlari.
39. Powell, M. A., and M. Nesbitt. 2003. "Obst und Gemüse (Fruits and vegetables)," in Reallexikon der Assyriologie, vol. 10(1/2). Edited by G. Frantz-Szabó, pp. 26-30. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
38. Mori, N., T. Ishii, T. Ishido, S. Hirosawa, H. Watatani, T. Kawahara, M. Nesbitt, G. Belay, S. Takumi, Y. Ogihara, and C. Nakamura. 2003. Origin of domesticated emmer and common wheat inferred from chloroplast DNA fingerprinting. In 10th International Wheat Genetics Symposium, vol. 5, pp. 25-28. Rome: Istituto Sperimentale Cerealicoltura.
37. Nesbitt, M., S. Colledge, and M. A. Murray. 2003. Organisation and management of seed reference collections. Environmental Archaeology 8:77-84.
36. Martinoli, D., and M. Nesbitt. 2003. Plant stores at Pottery Neolithic Höyücek, southwest Turkey. Anatolian Studies 53:17-32.
35. Edwards, H. G. M., L. F. C. de Oliveira, and M. Nesbitt. 2003. Fourier-transform Raman characterization of brazilwood trees and substitutes. The Analyst 128:82-87.
34. Nesbitt, M. 2002. "When and where did domesticated cereals first occur in southwest Asia?," in The dawn of farming in the Near East. Edited by R. Cappers and S. Bottema, pp. 113-132. Berlin: Ex Oriente.
33. Cope, T., and M. Nesbitt. 2002. Lygeum spartum. Curtis's Botanical Magazine 19:35-39.
32. de Oliveira, L. F. C., H. G. M. Edwards, E. S. Velozo, and M. Nesbitt. 2002. Vibrational spectroscopic study of brazilin and brazilein, the main constituents of brazilwood from Brazil. Vibrational Spectroscopy 28:243-249.
31.—. 2001. "Wheat evolution: integrating archaeological and biological evidence," in Wheat taxonomy: the legacy of John Percival, vol. 3, Linnean, Special Issue. Edited by P. D. S. Caligari and P. E. Brandham, pp. 37-59. London: Linnean Society.
30. Nesbitt, M., and R. Hajioff. 2001. Notes and queries: argan oil. Petits Propos Culinaires 67:121-124.
29.Nesbitt, M., and J. Postgate. 2001. "Nuss und Verwandtes (nuts)," in Reallexikon der Assyriologie und Vorderasiatischen Archäologie 9(7/8). Edited by G. Frant-Szabó, pp. 633-635. Berlin: de Gruyter.
Nesbitt, M. 2000. "Plants and people in ancient Anatolia," in Across the Anatolian plateau: readings in the archaeology of ancient Turkey, vol. 57, Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research. Edited by D. C. Hopkins, pp. 5-18. Boston, MA: American Schools of Oriental Research. See 15.
28. Nesbitt, M., and S. O'Hara. 2000. "Irrigation agriculture in Central Asia: a long-term perspective from Turkmenistan," in The archaeology of drylands: living at the margin. Edited by G. Barker and D. Gilbertson, pp. 103-122. London: Routledge.
27. Nesbitt, M. 1998. Preliminary report on the plant remains from M'lefaat. Cahiers de l'Euphrate 8:232-233, 272.
26.—. 1998. Where was einkorn wheat domesticated? Trends in Plant Science 3:82-83.
25. Nesbitt, M., and D. Samuel. 1998. Letter. Wheat domestication: archaeobotanical evidence. Science 279:1432.
24. Rosenberg, M., M. Nesbitt, R. W. Redding, and B. L. Peasnall. 1998. Hallan Çemi, pig husbandry, and post-Pleistocene adaptations along the Taurus-Zagros arc (Turkey). Paléorient 24:25-41.
23. Nesbitt, M. 1997. Archaeobotanical identification of Near Eastern grass caryopses. Ph.D, University College London.
22. Nesbitt, M., and J. Goddard. 1997. Why draw seeds? Illustrating archaeobotany. Graphic Archaeology 1997:13-21.
21. Hillman, G. C., S. Mason, D. de Moulins, and M. Nesbitt. 1996 for 1995. Identification of archaeological remains of wheat: the 1992 London workshop. Circaea 12:195-209.
20. Nesbitt, M. 1996. "Chalcolithic crops from Kuruçay Höyük: an interim report," in Kuruçay Höyük II. Edited by R. Duru, pp. 89-93, 134-137. Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu.
19.—. 1996. "Agriculture," in The Oxford companion to archaeology. Edited by B. M. Fagan, pp. 19-21. New York: Oxford University Press.
18. Nesbitt, M., G. Hillman, L. Peña Chocarro, D. Samuel, and A. T. Szabó. 1996. "Checklist for recording the cultivation and uses of hulled wheats," in Hulled wheats. Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Hulled Wheats. Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops 4. Edited by S. Padulosi, K. Hammer, and J. Heller, pp. 234-245. Rome: International Plant Genetic Resources Institute.
17. Nesbitt, M., and D. Samuel. 1996. "From staple crop to extinction? The archaeology and history of the hulled wheats," in Hulled wheats. Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Hulled Wheats. Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops 4. Edited by S. Padulosi, K. Hammer, and J. Heller, pp. 41-100. Rome: International Plant Genetic Resources Institute.
16.—. 1996. Archaeobotany in Turkey: a review of current research. Orient Express 1996:91-96.
15. Nesbitt, M. 1995. Plants and people in ancient Anatolia. Biblical Archaeologist 58:68-81.
14.—. 1995. Clues to agricultural origins in the northern fertile crescent. Diversity 11:142-143.
13.—. 1995. "4. The search for plant remains," in Qermez Dere, Tell Afar: interim report no. 3, vol. 14, Project Paper. Edited by T. Watkins, pp. 9-11, 40-45. Edinburgh: Department of Archaeology, University of Edinburgh.
12.—. 1995. "Recovery of archaeological plant remains at Kaman-Kalehöyük," in Essays on ancient Anatolia and its surrounding civilizations, vol. 8, Bulletin of the Middle East Culture Centre in Japan. Edited by T. Mikasa, pp. 115-130. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.
—. 1995. Anadolu'da Arkeobotani [Translation of article in Biblical Archaeologist 58: 68-81 (1995)]. Bilim ve Teknik 336:26-29. See 15.
11. Rosenberg, M., M. Nesbitt, R. W. Redding, and T. F. Strasser. 1995. Hallan Çemi Tepesi: some preliminary observations concerning early Neolithic subsistence behaviors in eastern Anatolia. Anatolica 21:1-12.
10. Nesbitt, M. 1994. Archaeobotanical research in the Merv Oasis [In G. Herrmann et al, The International Merv Project. Preliminary report on the second season (1993), 53-75]. Iran 32:71-73.
9.—. 1993. "Ancient crop husbandry at Kaman-Kalehöyük: 1991 archaeobotanical report," in Essays on Anatolian Archaeology, vol. 7, Bulletin of the Middle Eastern Culture Center in Japan. Edited by T. Mikasa, pp. 75-97. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.
8.—. 1993. Archaeobotanical evidence for early Dilmun diet at Saar, Bahrain. Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy 4:20-47.
7.—. 1993. "The archaeobotany of Turkey: a review," in OPTIMA. Proceedings of the fifth meeting. Edited by H. Demeriz and N. Özhatay, pp. 329-350.Istanbul: Istanbul Üniversitesi, Fen Fakültesi. Now out-of-date.
6.—. 1993. Archaeobotanical remains [In G. Herrmann et al, The International Merv Project, preliminary report on the first season (1992), 39-62]. Iran 31:56-58, plate XVc,d.
5.—. 1992. "VIII. A preliminary note on the charred plant remains," in Nemrik 9. Pre-pottery Neolithic site in Iraq. Volume 2: House No 1/ 1A/ 1B. Edited by S. K. Kozlowski, pp. 127. Warsaw: University of Warsaw.
4. Watkins, T., A. Betts, K. Dobney, and M. Nesbitt. 1991. Qermez Dere, Tel Afar: interim report no 2. Vol. 13. Project Paper. Edinburgh: Department of Archaeology, University of Edinburgh.
3. Nesbitt, M. 1990. Seed reference collections and archaeobotany. Circaea 8:21-39. Superseded by 37.

Database: Photos of charred plant remains from early agriculture sites in the Near East

Photos of charred plant remains from early agriculture sites in the Near East
George Willcox
These pages contain photos and drawings of sub-fossil charred plant remains from archaeological sites in the Fertile Crescent (compiled by George Willcox, Sandra Fornite & Linda Herveux in conjunction a European Research Project nºICA3-CT-2002-10022and Archéorient (UMR 5133) of the CNRS.

The study of the birth of farming and vegetation history in the Near East at the end of the Pleistocene and the beginning of the Holocene relies on accurate identifications of charred plant remains. We present here photos and drawings of charred sub-fossil plant remains from sites including Jerf el Ahmar, Tell Qaramel and Dja'de; (in some cases we include modern equivalents, numbers given after the site names refer to sample numbers). 

Important points concerning the identifications
1) Exact species identification in many cases is not possible due to a) morphological variability, b) species diversity, c) the effect of charring and d) perhaps evolutionary changes. 2) Often the testa is missing from seeds so that 3) identification may rely on the internal seed structure. 4) Hard thick-coated seeds survive preferentially and are over represented compared to fragile seeds. 

We have included a few drawings taken from publications of W. van Zeist and G. Hillman; bibliographical references are given on the appropriate pages. 
Aegilops grain
Aegilops spikelet base
Androsace maxima
Astragalus type
Astragalus type
Centaurea type
cf Bryonia
Coronilla cretica
Dasypyrum villosum
Hordeum spontaneum grain
Ho. spontaneum spikelet base
Ho. murinum spikelet base
Ho. murinum grain
Medicago radiata
Medicago radiata
Pistacia sp
Secale grain
Secale grain
Secale spikelet base
Secale spikelet base
Silene Gypsophila
Taeniatherum grain
Taeniatherum spikelet base
Teucrium Ajuga
Tribulus terrestris
Trigonella astroites
Trigonella astroites
Trit. 1) spikelet base
Trit. 2) spikelet base
Trit. 3) spikelet base
Trit. 4) spikelet base
Trit. 5) spikelet base
Trit. boeot./mono. grain
Trit. boeot./mono. grain
Trit. boeot./mono. grain
Trit. dicoccum/oides grain
Trit. dicoccum/oides grain
Trit./Secale grain
Trit./Secale grain
Trit./Secale grain
Vicia ervilia
Vicia faba
Vitex agnus-castae
Vitis sylvestris

Bibliography: Archaeobotanical Reports from Sites in the Near East

Archaeobotanical Reports from Sites in the Near East
Compiled by Naomi F. Miller
I am trying to compile a comprehensive bibliography of archaeobotanical site reports from the Near East. Right now I can e-mail text files for the bibliographies of Central Asia and beyond, Iran, Iraq, the Levant, Syria, Turkey, and the index organized by site. I'd appreciate hearing about references I have not listed. See contact information below. Thanks.

In order to access documents from 'doi', go to the website http://dx.doi.org/ and type in the full document number.

British Museum Collection Database Online


Collection search (beta)

2,042,506 objects are available
711,896 of these have one or more images

Last updated: 2 December 2012
We are updating the design and functionality of the British Museum collection search.
This Beta release includes a new-style search facility, with advanced functionality, and new layouts for search results, object pages and image galleries.
Please note that there is a small chance the record for an object on the beta is out-of-date. To be sure that you are getting the latest version of the data, please use thefull version of the collection search
Read more about this on our blog and if you have any feedback or questions about the new design and functionality please either comment on the post or email web@britishmuseum.org with COL BETA in your subject line.

Iraqi Open Access Journals

Iraqi Academic Scientific Journals - نبذة حول المشروع
http://www.iasj.net/iasjImages/iasjE.gif       http://www.iasj.net/iasjImages/iasjA.gif
The Ministry of Higher Education & Scientific Research of Iraq is pleased to announce the launch of the new service "Iraqi Academic Scientific Journals" (IASJ). 

IASJ is one platform where all scholarly journals published by the Iraqi universities and research institutions are indexed and discovered. All journals in IASJ are peer-reviewed and open access. 

The main aim of IASJ is to improve the online discoverability and visibility of and access to the published scholarly research of iraqi academics. IASJ will help Iraqi authors to disseminate their research globally. 

At the moment IASJ is launched in a Beta version with only 71 journals published by 18 institutions. The service will be further developed and will cover all journals, more than 200 journals publisher by 40 academic institutions in Iraq. 

IASJ is developed and hosted by SemperTool, a company specialized in building digital library products. All content of IASJ will be included in the Iraqi Virtual Library System IVSL and it's discovery system LibHub provided by SemperTool. 

نبذة حول المشروع
يعتبر المشروع من اهم المشاريع الاستراتيجية الكبرى التي تبنتها وزارة التعليم العالي والبحث العلمي العراقية بنشر وفهرسة المجلات العراقية الصادرة من الجامعات والهيئات العراقية كافة حيث ان جميع المجلات المتوفرة على هذا الموقع هي مجلات محكمة و ستكون الاعداد متوفرة منذ عام 2005 ولغاية الان وتتحدث دوريا وسيتم تطبيق نظام استكشاف وفهرسة متطور من شركة SemperTool الدنماركية ويمتاز بالعديد من المواصفات الشبيهة بنظام المستخدم لادارة المكتبة الافتراضية العراقية

The following journals are listed under the subject Archaeology

مجلة مركز دراسات الكوفة

واسط للعلوم الانسانية
ISSN: 1812512
Publisher: Wassit University
Subject: Historical archaeology --- Education (General)

مجلة كلية التربية للبنات للعلوم الانسانية
ISSN: 19935242
Publisher: Kufa University
Subject: Historical archaeology

Online Armenian Catalogs, Philosophical, Patristic, and Theological Materials

Catalogs, Philosophical, Patristic, and Theological Materials (Armenian) - Ցուցակներ, Փիլիսոփայական, Հայրագիտական, եւ Աստուածաբանական Նիւթեր
Robert G. Bedrosian
yr ts'uts'ak hayere'n dzer'agrats' ark'uni matenadaranin i Miwnxe'n [Haupt-Catalog der armenischen Handschriften in der k. Hof-und Staatsbibliothek zu München], by G. Gale'mk'earean/Kalemkiar (Vienna, 1892), in 77 pdf pages. Some duplicate pages. File size: 8 MB. Ts'uts'ak Tp'xisets'i Abgar Yovhanniseani hayere'n dzer'agreri [Katalog der armenischen Handschriften des Herrn Abgar Joannissiany zu Tiflis], by Franz Nikolaus Finck (Leipzig, 1903), in 361 pdf pages. File size: 5.5 MB.
Catalogue des manuscrits arméniens et géorgiens de la Bibliothèque nationale, par Frédéric Macler (Paris, 1908), in 268 pdf pages. File size: 7.8 MB.
Catalogue of the Armenian Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library, by the Rev. Sukias Baronian and F. C. Conybeare (Oxford, 1913), in 165 pdf pages. File size: 9.6 MB.
Pghatoni imastasiri tramaxos'ut'iwnik' [Dialogues of the Philosopher Plato], edited by Arsen Suk'rean/Soukry (Venice, 1877), in 203 pdf pages. Matenagrut'iwnk' naxneats' series. Classical Armenian texts of Euthyphro, Defense of Socrates, and Timaeus. File size: 4.5 MB.
A Collation with the Ancient Armenian Versions of the Greek Text of Aristotle's Categories, by F. C. Conybeare (Oxford, 1892), in 236 pdf pages. File size: 6.2 MB.
Philo. About the Contemplative Lifeor the Fourth Book of the Treatise Concerning Virtues, by F. C. Conybeare (Oxford, 1895), in 510 pdf pages. Includes Classical Armenian text and texts in Greek, and Latin, with a study and scholarly notes. File size: 14.1 MB.
P'iloni ebrayets'woy bank' erek' dzew i loys e"ntsayealk' a. b. ytaghags naxaknamut'ean; g. yaghags kendaneats' [Philonis Judaei sermones tres hactenus inediti I. et II. De providentia et III. De animalibus]. Classical Armenian text and Latin translation by Mkrtich' Awgerean (Jean-Baptiste Aucher), (Venice, 1822), in 209 pdf pages. File size: 10.2 MB.
P'iloni ebrayets'woy mnats'ordk' i hays [Philonis Judaei Paralipomena Armena]. Classical Armenian text and Latin translation by Mkrtich' Awgerean (Jean-Baptiste Aucher), (Venice, 1826), in 680 pdf pages. File size: 33.7 MB.
The Apology and Acts of Apollonius and Other Monuments of Early Christianity, by F. C. Conybeare (London, 1894), in 376 pdf pages. File size: 14.9 MB.
Yaytnut'iwn Yovhannu hin hay t'argmanut'iwn [The Old Armenian Translation of the Revelation of John], Frederic Murad, editor. In two volumes: volume 1, (Jerusalem, 1905) in 131 pdf pages. File size: 1.7 MB; volume 2, (Jerusalem, 1906) in 349 pdf pages. File size: 5.5 MB.
The Armenian Version of Revelation and Cyril of Alexandria's Scholia on the Incarnation and Epistle on Easter, by F. C. Conybeare (London, 1907), in 487 pdf pages. English translation, Classical Armenian texts, and scholarly notes. File size: 12.1 MB.
Srbazan pataragamatoyts'k' hayots' [Divine Liturgy of the Armenians], Yovsep' Gat'rchean, editor (Vienna, 1897), in 776 pdf pages. Gat'rchean's critical edition includes a study and extensive scholarly notes as well as translations from corresponding Syriac, Greek, and Latin liturgies. File size: 20.3 MB.
Rituale Armenorum, being the Administration of the Sacraments and the Breviary Rites of the Armenian Church together with the Greek Rites of Baptism and Epiphany by F. C. Conybeare (Oxford, 1905), in 595 pdf pages. The book includes The East Syrian Epiphany Rites, translated by A. J. Maclean. File size: 15.4 MB.
Pataragamatoyts' hayots' [Liturgia Armena] (Venice, 1832, second edition). Classical Armenian text with Italian translation by G. Avedichian, in 150 pdf pages. File size: 4.2 MB.
To'nats'oyts' [Book of Feast-Days] (Jerusalem, 1868), two volumes in one download: To'nats'oyts', in 551 pdf pages. File size: 13.3 MB.
To'nakarg Hayastaneayts' S. Ekeghets'woy [Regulations Concerning Feast-Days of the Holy Armenian Church], Sargis Xanchean, editor (Constantinople, 1898), in 487 pdf pages. File size: 6.3 MB.
Zhamagirk' [Breviary], (Calcutta, 1848), in 757 pdf pages. File size: 11 MB.
Vark' srbots' harants' ew k'aghak'avarut'iwnk' nots'in [Lives and Deeds of the Holy Fathers], Nerse's Sargisean, editor (Venice, 1855). Matenagrut'iwnk' naxneats' series. In two volumes: volume 1, in 804 pdf pages. File size: 32.6 MB; volume 2, in 855 pdf pages. File size: 33.3 MB.
Vark' ew vkayabanut'iwnk' srbots' [Lives and Martyrdoms of the Saints], Levon (Ghewond) Alishan, editor (Vienna, 1874). Matenagrut'iwnk' naxneats' series. In two volumes: volume 1, in 749 pdf pages. File size: 19.2 MB; volume 2, in 571 pdf pages. File size: 11.8 MB.
Lives and Legends of the Georgian Saints, translation and commentary by David Marshall Lang (London, 1956; repr. New York, 1976), in 177 searchable pdf pages. File size: 5.2 MB.
Hamar'o't vark' srbots' ew kusanats' arewmtean ekeghets'woy [Concise Lives of the Saints and Virgins of the Western Church] (Venice, 1900), in 677 pdf pages. File size: 11.8 MB.
Sancti Irenaei episcopi Lugdunensis libros quinque adversus haereses..., W. Wigan Harvey, editor (Cambridge, 1857) in two volumes: volume 1, in 605 pdf pages. File size: 22.5 MB; volume 2, in 587 pdf pages. File size: 23.5 MB.
St. Irenaeus, the Demonstration of the Apostolic Preachingtranslated from the Armenian with introduction and notes by J. Armitage Robinson (London, 1920), in 188 pdf pages. File size: 3.5 MB.
The Proof of the Apostolic Preachingwith seven fragments. Armenian version edited and translated by Bishop Karapet Ter Mekerttschian and Rev. Dr. S. G. Wilson. Patrologia Orientalis, volume 12 (Paris, 1919). A French translation by J. Barthoulot is in the same volume. Download is the entire volume in 826 pdf pages. File size: 39.6 MB.
Euthaliana, volume 3 of Texts and Studies, Contributions to Biblical and Patristic Literature edited by J. Armitage Robinson (Cambridge, 1895), in 140 pdf pages. Studies of Euthalius Codex H of the Pauline Epistles and the Armenian Version. File size: 2.5 MB.
Srboyn Ep'remi matenagrut'iwnk' [Saint Ephrem's Writings] (Venice, 1836). Matenagrut'iwnk' naxneats' series in four volumes: volume 1, in 545 pdf pages. File size: 14.5 MB; volume 2, in 501 pdf pages. File size: 11.7 MB; volume 3, in 293 pdf pages. File size: 8.5 MB; volume 4, in 329 pdf pages. File size: 9.7 MB.
Eranelwoyn Kiwrghi Erusaghemay hayrapeti koch'umn e"ntsayut'ean [The Venerable Bishop Cyril of Jerusalem's Catechesis] (Venice, 1832), in 499 pdf pages. File size: 8.5 MB.
Seberianosi Emesats'wots Gabaghats'wots' episkoposi Char'k' 15 [Fifteen Homilies of Severianus of Emesa, Bishop of Gabala], (Venice, 1830) Classical Armenian text, in 241 pdf pages. Matenagrut'iwnk' naxneats' series. File size: 8.8 MB.
Seberianos kam Sewerianos....[Severiani sive Seberiani Gabalorum episcopi Emesensis Homiliae/Severiani opera in Armenia conservata], Classical Armenian text of the fifteen homilies with facing Latin translation by Mkrtich' Awgerean (Jean-Baptiste Aucher) (Venice, 1827), in 485 pdf pages. File size: 14.9 MB.
Yovhannu Oskeberani Kostandnupo'lusi episkoposapeti char'k' [Homilies of John Chrysostom, Archbishop of Constantinople] (Venice, 1861), in 953 pdf pages. Matenagrut'iwnk' naxneats' series. The file is very large: 98.1 MB.
Ep'ip'an Kiprats'u vasn naxapatiw eghegheats' iwrak'anch'iwr at'or'ots' mayrak'aghakats' [Epiphanius of Cyprus' On the Rank of the First Churches and Those of the Metropolitan Sees], edited by Franz Finck (Tiflis, 1902), in 127 pdf pages. Classical Armenian and Greek texts. File size: 2.1 MB.
Sokratay sk'olastikosi ekeghets'akan patmutiwn t'argmaneats' P'ilon T'irakats'i ew patmut'iwn varuts' srboyn Sighbestrosi episkoposin hr'ovmay [Socrates Scholasticus' History of the Church translated by Philo of Thrace and Life of the Blessed Silvester, Bishop of Rome]. Classical Armenian texts and scholarly notes by Mesrop Ter Movse'sean (Vagharshapat, 1897), in 971 pdf pages. File size: 19.8 MB.
Timotheus Älurus, des Patriarchen von Alexandrien Widerlegung der auf der Synode zu Chalcedon festgesetzten Lehre... Critical edition of the Classical Armenian text by Karapet Ter-Mekerttschian and Erwand Ter-Minassiantz (Leipzig, 1908), in 457 pdf pages. File size: 9.3 MB.

Srboy ho'rn meroy Grigori Lusaworch'i yachaxapatum char'k' ew agho't'k' [Stromateis, Homilies, and Prayers of Our Blessed Father, Gregory the Illuminator] (Venice, 1838), in 269 pdf pages. Matenagrut'iwnk' naxneats' series. File size: 10 MB.
Koriwn Vardapeti, Mambre'i Vertsanoghi, ew Dawt'i Anhaght'i Matenagrut'iwnk' [Writings of Vardapet Koriwn, Mambre' and David] (Venice, 1833), in 681 pdf pages. File size: 18.5 MB.
Eznkay Koghbats'woy Bagrewanday episkoposi Eghts Aghandots' [Against the Sects by Eznik of Koghb, Bishop of Bagrewand] (Venice, 1826), in 352 pdf pages. Written c. 445/448. Occasional duplicate pages in the scan. Includes some additional writings attributed to Eznik. File size: 4.4 MB.
Eghishe'i vardapeti matenagrut'iwnk' [Writings of Eghishe' Vardapet] (Venice, 1859), in 459 pdf pages. Matenagrut'iwnk' naxneats' series. Includes On Vardan and the Armenian War, exegeses, and homilies. File size: 43.4 MB.
Tear'n Yovhannu Mandakunwoy hayots' hayrapeti char'k' [Homilies of Lord Yovhanne's Mandakuni, Patriarch of the Armenians] (Venice, 1860, second printing), in 239 pdf pages. Authorship of these homilies is now assigned to Yovhan Mayravanets'i. File size: 9.8 MB.
Tear'n Yovhannu imastasiri Awdznets'woy matenagrut'iwnk' [Writings of the Philosopher Lord Yovhanne's of Odzun] (Venice, 1834), in 337 pdf pages. Classical Armenian text with facing Latin translation by Jean-Baptiste Aucher (Mkrtich' Awgerean). File size: 8.2 MB.
Sermones duo (Venice, 1833), by John of Odzun, in 125 pdf pages. Classical Armenian text with facing Latin translation by Jean-Baptiste Aucher (Mkrtich' Awgerean). File size: 3 MB.
Joannis philosophi catholici armenorum Ozniensis Oratio contra Phantasticos (Venice, 1816), in 145 pdf pages. Classical Armenian text with facing Latin translation by Jean-Baptiste Aucher (Mkrtich' Awgerean). File size: 6.8 MB.
Narek agho't'its' [Narek's Prayerbook] (Venice, 1827), Gabriel Awetikean, editor, in 615 pdf pages. File size: 22.5
Grigor Narekats'i, Matenagrut'iwnk' [The Writings of Grigor of Narek] (Venice, 1840), in 591 pdf pages. Matenagrut'iwnk' naxneats' series. File size: 12.7 MB.
Char'k' ew xostovanut'iwnk' hawatoy [Homilies and Confessions of the Faith], by Grigor Narekats'i and Vahram vardapet (Jerusalem, 1856), in 235 pdf pages. Matenagrut'iwnk' naxneats' series. File size: 5.1 MB.
Grigori Narekats'woy erkrord matean char'its' [Grigor Narekats'i's Second Book of Homilies], edited by Gabriel Awetikean (Venice, 1827), in 263 pdf pages. File size: 10 MB.
Char' nerboghakan i surb koysn Mariam [Discorso panegirico alla Beatissima Vergine Maria], by Grigor Narekats'i (Venice, 1904), in 70 pdf pages. Classical Armenian text with Italian translation. File size: 1.6 MB.
Ashxarhabar Narek [Narek in Modern Armenian], translated by Misak' Go'zunean (Constantinople, 1902), in 529 pdf pages. This is Narek's Agho't'agirk' [Prayerbook]. File size: 9.3 MB.
Usumnasirut'iwn Manik'ea-pawghikean t'onrakets'ineru aghandin ew Gr. Narekats'woy t'ughte [Research on the Manichaeo-Paulician Sect of the T'ondrakians and the Letter of Grigor of Narek], in 139 pdf pages. This is the great philologist Barsegh Sargisean's study (Venice, 1893) of a fascinating medieval Armenian dissident movement which had religious, social, and military components. File size: 2.6 MB.
Lettre du patriarche Jacobite Jean X (1064-73) au catholique Arménien Gregoire II., in 55 pdf pages. This study by the noted Orientalist François Nau appeared in Revue de l'Orient Chrétien 7(1912) pp. 145-198. It is the Syriac text and French translation of a letter to an unnamed Armenian kat'oghikos—probably Grigor II Vkayaser (Martyrophile, 1066-1105)—by the Monophysite Syrian patriarch John Bar Shushan (1064-1073). The first part is a statement of Jacobite beliefs, while the second is a criticism of the Armenian Monophysites for permitting certain worldly customs and practises. File size: 18 MB. The Penitential of David of Ganjak, written in the early 12th century, is available on another page of this website and may be downloaded there: The Penitential of David of Ganjak, translation and commentary by C. J. F. Dowsett.
Girk' or koch'i e"ndhanrakan [The Book Called the Encyclical], by Kat'oghikos Nerses Shnorhali (St. Petersburg, 1788), in 373 pdf pages. File size: 44.1 MB.
Also available: Tught' e"ndhanrakan Nersesi kat'ughikosi hayots' [Epistola Pastoralis S. Nersetis Clajensis]. Classical Armenian text with Latin translation by Joseph Cappelletti (Venice, 1829), in 193 pdf pages. File size: 6 MB.
Tn. Nersesi Shnorhalwoy hayots' kat'oghikosi Namakani [Letters of Lord Nerses Shnorhali, Kat'oghikos of the Armenians] (Venice, 1838), in 357 pdf pages. File size: 5 MB.
Also available: Tn. Nersesi Shnorhalwoy hayots' kat'oghikosi t'ught'k' [Letters of Lord Nerses Shnorhali, Kat'oghikos of the Armenians] (Venice, 1873), in 339 pdf pages. File size: 4.2 MB.
Grigor kat'oghikosi tghay koch'ets'elots' namakani [Letters of Kat'oghikos Grigor Called Tghay] (Venice, 1865), in 379 pdf pages. File size: 6.2 MB.
Srboyn Nersesi Lambronats'woy Tarsoni episkoposi xorhrdatsut'iwnk' i kargs ekeghets'woy ew meknut'iwn xorhrdoy pataragin [Saint Nerses Lambronats'i, Bishop of Tarsus' Reflections on Church Orders and Interpretation of the Liturgy] (Venice, 1847), in 611 pdf pages. Matenagrut'iwnk' naxneats' series. File size: 13.1 MB.
Girk' T'ght'ots' [The Book of Letters] (Tiflis, 1901), in 659 pdf pages. Matenagrut'iwnk' naxneats' series. A collection of documents dating from the 5th-13th centuries concerning theological, Christological and dogmatic matters. Letters to and from heads and senior clerics of the Armenian Apostolic Church and neighboring Churches. File size: 13.5 MB.
Dashants' t'ght'oy k'nnutiwnn u herk'ume" [Study and Refutation of the Letter of Concord], by Karapet Shahnazareants' (Paris, 1862), in 152 pdf pages. File size: 5.4 MB.

Sharakank' hay s. ekeghets'woy [Hymns of the Holy Armenian Church]. Classical Armenian texts with modern Armenian explanations, by Eruand T. Andreasean, in two volumes: volume 1 (Constantinople, 1902), in 85 pdf pages. File size: 1.6 MB; volume 2 (Constantinople, 1904), in 181 pdf pages. File size: 3.6 MB. Das armenische hymnarium, by Nerses Ter-Mikaelian (Leipzig, 1905), in 124 pdf pages. Unfortunately, the scan is poor and there are many mangled pages. Nonetheless, much of the book is usable. File size: 3.2 MB.
Les chants liturgiques de l'eglise arménienne, by Pietro Bianchini (Venice, 1877), in 271 pdf pages. Classical Armenian, French, and sheet music. File size: 11.6 MB.

Grabar Texts of the Bible

Astuatsashunch' matean hin ew nor ktakaranats' [The Old and New Testaments of the Bible], in four volumes. This is the fabled Zohrab Bible (Venice, 1805): Vol. 1 (Genesis to Ruth). File size: 21.8 MB; Vol. 2 (Kings through II Maccabees). File size: 32.8 MB; Vol. 3 (Psalms through Ezekiel). File size: 48.6 MB; Vol. 4 (New Testament). File size: 34.2 MB. Girk' saghmosats' Dawt'i [Book of Psalms of David] (London, 1850). File size: 3.5 MB.
Ankanon girk' hin ktakaranats' [Uncanonical Books of the Old Testament], Sargis Hovsep'eants', editor. (Venice, 1896). File size: 8.3 MB.
English Translation of the Uncanonical Books. Uncanonical Writings of the Old Testament, translated into English from Classical Armenian manuscripts, by Rev. J. Issaverdens (Venice, 1900). Includes some rarities: The Book of Adam, The History of Assaneth, The History of Moses, The Deaths of the Prophets, Concerning King Solomon, A Short History of the Prophet Elias, Concerning the Prophet Jeremiah, The Vision of Enoch the Just, The Testaments of the XII Patriarchs, The Third Book of Esdras, and Inquiries Made by the Prophet Esdras. File size: 11.5 MB. Usumnasirut'iwnk' hin ktakarani anvawer grots' vray [Studies on the Apocryphal Books of the Old Testament], by Barsegh Sargisean (Venice, 1898), in 509 pdf pages. File size: 25.6 MB.
Ankanon girk' nor ktakaranats' [Uncanonical Books of the New Testament]. Classical Armenian text, in two volumes: volume 1 (Venice, 1898), Esayi Tayets'i, editor, in 553 pdf pages. File size: 7.3 MB; volume 2 (Venice, 1904), Kerovbe Chrak'ean, editor, in 533 pdf pages. File size: 7.2 MB.

Reference Works

A Brief Introduction to Armenian Christian Literature, by the late Kat'oghikos Karekin Sarkissian is available on another page of this site and may be downloaded there: A Brief Introduction to Armenian Christian Literature.
Chosen of God, the Election of the Catholicos of all Armenians from the Fourth Century to the Present, by Rev. Father Krikor Vardapet Maksoudian, edited by Christopher H. Zakian is available on another page of this site and may be downloaded there: Chosen of God, the Election of the Catholicos of all Armenians.
"Image Worship in Armenia and Its Opponents," an article by Sirarpie Der Nersessian from the journal Armenian Quarterly (1946), pp. 67-81 is available on another page of this site and may be downloaded there: Image Worship in Armenia and Its Opponents.
DownloadThe Church of Armenia, by Malachia Ormanian (Oxford, 1912), in 316 searchable pdf pages. Download here: The Church of Armenia. File size: 8 MB.
DownloadLe Vatican et les Arméniens, by Malachia Ormanian (Rome, 1873), in 331 pdf pages. Download here: Le Vatican et les Armeniens. File size: 9.8 MB.
DownloadMatenadaran haykakan t'argmanut'eants' naxneats' (dar d-zhg) [Catalog of Ancient Armenian Translations (4-13th centuries)], by Garegin Zarbhanalean (Venice, 1889), in 827 pdf pages. This study describes works of foreign literature that were translated into Armenian through the 13th century. Download here: Matenadaran haykakan t'argmanut'eants' naxneats' (dar d-zhg). File size: 18 MB.
DownloadL'Arménie chrétienne et sa littérature, by Félix Nève (Louvain, 1886), in 427 pdf pages. Download here: L'Arménie chrétienne et sa littérature. File size: 7.6 MB.
DownloadHistoire, dogmes, traditions et liturgie de l'Église Arménienne Orientale, by Édouard Dulaurier (Paris, 1859), in 211 pdf pages. Download here: Histoire, dogmes, traditions et liturgie de l'Église Arménienne Orientale. File size: 4.9 MB.
DownloadThe Armenian Church Founded by St. Gregory the Illuminator, being a sketch of the history, liturgy, doctrine, and ceremonies, of this ancient national church, by E. F. K. Fortescue (London, 1873), in 371 pdf pages. Download here: The Armenian Church. File size: 8.9 MB.
Arshaloys k'ristoneut'ean Hayots' [The Dawn of Christianity among the Armenians], by Levon (Ghewond) Alishan (Venice, 1901), in 304 pdf pages. File size: 4.2 MB.
Patmut'iwn hayastaneayts' ar'ak'elakan surb ekeghets'woy [History of the Holy Armenian Apostolic Church], by Meliksedek Murateants' (Jerusalem, 1872), in 747 pdf pages. Duplicate pages in the scan. File size: 17.9 MB.
Patmut'iwn zhoghovots' hayastaneayts' ekeghetsowoy [History of the Councils of the Armenian Church], by Abe'l Mxit'areants' (Vagharshapat, 1874), in 187 pdf pages. File size: 3.8 MB.
Die Beziehungen der armenischen Kirche zu den syrischen bis zum Ende des 6. Jahrhunderts, by E. Ter-Minassiantz (Leipzig, 1904). File size: 4.5 MB.
Armenian translation of the above, Eruand Ter-Minaseants' Hayots' ekeghets'u yaraberut'iwnnere" Asorwots' ekeghets'ineri het [The Relations of the Armenian Church with Syrian Churches] (Ejmiatsin, 1908). File size: 6.9 MB.
Die armenische Kirche in ihren Beziehungen zur byzantinischen (vom IV. bis zum XIII. Jahrhundert), by Arshak Ter-Mikelian (Leipzig, 1892). File size: 3.1 MB.
Armenian translation of the above, Arshak Ter-Mikelian Hayastaneayts' ekeghets'in ew biwzandean zhoghovots' paragayk' [The Armenian Church and the Byzantine Councils] (Moscow, 1892). File size: 6 MB.
Patmut'iwn tiezerakan zhoghovots' ekeghets'woy ork' yarewels gumarets'an [History of the Ecumenical Councils Convened in the East], by Po'ghos Yovnaneants' (Vienna, 1847), in 693 pdf pages. File size: 15.3 MB.
Shnorhali ew paragay iwr [Shnorhali and His Times], by Levon (Ghewond) Alishan (Venice, 1873). A detailed study of the life, times, and works of Saint Nerses Shnorhali ("The Gracious" or "The Graceful") (1098-1173), kat'oghikos of the Armenian Church (1166-1173), poet, theologian, and philologist, in 641 pdf pages. File size: 14.6 MB.


Bar'aran surb grots' handerdz patkerok' [Illustrated Dictionary of the Bible] (Constantinople, 1881). An extensive and remarkably fine Bible dictionary in Armenian, with tables, maps and illustrations. This anonymous work in 707 pdf pages is more thorough than and, we believe, superior to the famous English-language Dictionary of the Bible (1888) by Dr. William Smith. File size: 31.4 MB. Hamabarbar' kam ts'ank nmanadzayn bar'its' noroy ktakarani [Concordance or Listing of Homophonous Words in the New Testament] (Smyrna, 1848), in 629 pdf pages. This is an alphabetical dictionary of words in the Armenian New Testament with citations of the passages. File size: 21.6 MB.

Newly Online from the Oriental Institute's Backlist


Open Access Journal: Studia Hermetica Journal

Studia Hermetica Journal
ISSN-e: 2174-0399
Studia Hermetica Journal (SHJ) is a free online journal devoted to the study of Hermetism and other ancient philosophical currents, like Middle Platonism, Neoplatonism, or Theurgy. In general terms, we focus our inquiries on Late Antiquity and the reception of these ancient opuses in Renaissance and Modern Times.

Studia Hermetica is a new academic project conceived to become a valuable framework at the time to undertake any sort of research project centered in Ancient and Renaissance currents of thought, and as a platform to extol the humanistic perspective of life, respectful with mankind and with our delicate and amazing environment.

Journal table of contents


 See the full List of Open Access Journals in Ancient Studies

Open Access Journal: Revista Numismática OMNI

Cappelli's Lexicon Abbreviaturarum Online


LES FOUILLES de M. RAYMOND WEILL à TELL-GEZER (1914 et 1924): Le mémoire perdu et retrouvé de Mme SILBERBERG-ZELWER (1892-1942)
Publication de deux campagnes de fouilles archéologiques conduites par M. Raymond Weill à Tell Gezer (1913 – 1924)

Le catalogue a été réorganisé suivant la hiérarchie suivante :
- Les Tombes
- Les planches
- N° dans la planche
Cette classification a été reportée dans le texte révisé du mémoire, tant au niveau des figures que de l’analyse des céramiques (style, réalisation, pâte, décor).
1. Les documents ressaisis
- Mémoire révisé de Paula Silberberg-Zelwer
- Tableau chronologique des tombes de Gezer (présentation du tableau, condensée en une page)
- Catalogue des mobiliers des tombes révisé (voir ci-dessus)
- Planches
2. Les documents originaux numérisés
a) Mémoire de Paula Silberberg-Zelwer (en deux fichiers)
Le manuscrit de Paula Zelwer-Silberberg – partie 1, partie 2, chapitres 1 et 2Le manuscrit de Paula Zelwer-Silberberg – partie 2, chapitre 3
b) Tableau chronologique des tombes de Gezer (calque original puis saisie numérique conforme)
c) Catalogue des mobiliers
d) Planches
3. Photographies de Paula Silberberg-Zelwer

Latin Teaching Materials at Saint Louis University

Latin Teaching Materials at Saint Louis University
http://www.slu.edu/colleges/AS/languages/classical/images/ltm_csm.gifThe ultimate outcomes of Latin studies relate to your quality of consciousness, and to the breadth and depth of your vision. You do not even know who you are if you have no memory. If you develop your memory of and appreciation of significant realities, if you learn how to judge what is helpful and admirable and what is not, then you are being helped to becoming a greater person yourself, that unique "greater person" that you are called to be. ("Become who you are!" says Pindar.) Latinity is a significant part of the past for us. We have to know it to more fully know who we are culturally, but it also gives us a wealth of material that can help us to fashion ourselves individually.

Latest Developments  Map and Contents 

Open Access Journal: Arys: Antigüedad, Religiones y Sociedades

[First posted in AWOL 2 October 2011. Updates 10 December 2012]

ARYS: Antigüedad, Religiones y Sociedades

ARYS es una revista de periodicidad anual desde 2010 en la que los artículos recibidos serán sometidos a una evaluación por parte de revisores externos mediante el sistema conocido como de pares ciegos.

 El Consejo de Redacción no modificará las opiniones vertidas por los autores ni se hace responsable de las opiniones emitidas por ellos o por los revisores externos. El Consejo de Redacción de ARYS considerará la publicación de trabajos de investigación, originales e inéditos, siempre que demuestren un nivel de calidad contrastado y se ocupen de aspectos religiosos y sociales, dedicados al estudio de la Antigüedad. Se atenderá a la novedad del tema, al tratamiento diferente más profundo de problemas ya identificados en la historiografía, a la aportación y valoración de datos novedosos respecto a una cuestión historiográfica determinada, o a la aplicación de nuevas o mejoradas metodologías.

Del mismo modo, ARYS publicará reseñas científicas de libros recientes cuya temática esté comprendida en el período de la Antigüedad, y preferente pero no necesariamente relacionada con aspectos sociales y religiosos.

ARYS acepta artículos redactados en español, inglés, francés, italiano, alemán y portugués.

En los años impares, la revista ARYS publicará un número monográfico con artículos cuya temática deberá estar relacionada con el título del congreso de la Asociación ARYS celebrado el año par inmediatamente anterior. El título del monográfico se anunciará con la suficiente antelación. 
Three year moving wall for open access


Vol 1: 1998

Two in-progress bibliographies: Old Georgian, Hagiography

Two in-progress bibliographies: Old Georgian, Hagiography
 From Adam McCollum's blog hmmlorientalia
For a little while I’ve been compiling bibliographic material with Zotero on 1) Old Georgian and 2) Eastern hagiography. With the hope that they might be useful to others, I’ve made them publicly viewable (adding and editing is restricted). Please note: neither bibliography is even nearly comprehensive, and I add new items regularly! Of course, corrections, suggestions, and additions may be sent to me by email (but for additions, please note that an item’s current absence from the list does not necessarily indicate my ignorance of it; i.e. I have an ongoing mental list of things to include)...  Here they are: Old Georgian and Hagiographia orientalis. As you have need, check them by browsing, searching, or using the tags, and subscribe to the feed, if you like. Share freely!


Open Access Journal: De Rebus Antiquis

Attic Inscriptions Online

Attic Inscriptions Online
Welcome to Attic Inscriptions Online (AIO), a website designed to make available the inscriptions of ancient Athens and Attica in English translation.


Inscriptions on stone are the most important documentary source for the history of the ancient city of Athens and its surrounding region, Attica. Dating from the 7th century BC through to the end of antiquity, Greek texts are available to scholars in Inscriptiones Graecae (IG) I (up to 403/2 BC) and II (after 403/2 BC) (website), updated annually by the Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum (SEG) (website), and in the Packard Humanities Institute (PHI) Greek Inscriptions website. However, until now, very few of the inscriptions have been available in English translation, whether in print, or online. This site is intended to rectify this situation, beginning in 2012 with the inscribed laws and decrees of Athens, 352/1-322/1 BC, of which new texts have recently been published as IG II3 1, 292-572.