- Pharos’ first purpose is to document appropriations of Greco-Roman culture by hate groups online. The civilizations of ancient Greece and Rome have always been attractive to European nationalist and racist movements, and in more recent years have been adopted by other so-called alt-right groups whose politics are aligned with older-style nationalism. Many people, including professional scholars of antiquity, are not aware that the cultures we study are being enlisted in support of these hateful and regressive ideologies. Posts tagged “Documenting Appropriations” raise awareness of this phenomenon.
- Our second purpose is to expose the errors, omissions, and distortions that underpin these groups’ interpretations of ancient material. We should not allow the historically ignorant and politically abhorrent to dominate representations of antiquity online. For each appropriation we document we invite specialists to critique the version of antiquity that these groups construct to support their views. We compile these responses in posts tagged “Scholars Respond.”
- Our third purpose is to articulate a politically progressive approach to the study of Greco-Roman antiquity. The material that we study is being employed in the service of oppressive and bigoted ideologies. Our field cannot survive, and our consciences should not abide, the dissemination of such a vision of antiquity to a broad audience. Pharos’ longer articles, tagged “Response Essays,” suggest how the study of antiquity may serve an inclusive and progressive politics. These essays draw on the published work of the many scholars who have articulated politically progressive approaches to our field in specialized publications. We aim to bring that research to a broader audience and situate it as a response to hateful appropriations of antiquity online.
Articles on this Page
- 11/30/17--05:41: _The British Museum ...
- 11/30/17--06:11: _Daily Dose of Greek
- 11/30/17--11:10: _Pharos: Doing Justi...
- 12/01/17--04:42: _A Standard for the ...
- 12/01/17--05:53: _Heilbrunn Timeline ...
- 12/01/17--11:03: _Cuneiform Commentar...
- 12/01/17--19:50: _E(i)ditorial — Phil...
- 12/02/17--06:00: _Best Commentaries: ...
- 12/02/17--07:13: _Coming Soon: Classi...
- 12/02/17--11:37: _Dittenberger-Vahlen...
- 12/02/17--15:52: _News from the Pomp...
- 12/03/17--05:46: _Open Access Journal...
- 12/03/17--12:45: _Open Access Journal...
- 12/03/17--18:55: _Rubin v. Islamic Re...
- 12/04/17--05:24: _Open Access Journal...
- 12/04/17--08:48: _Monuments of Syria ...
- 12/04/17--10:42: _Open Access Journal...
- 12/04/17--12:15: _Forteresses d'Orien...
- 12/04/17--12:34: _Syria Photo Guide
- 12/05/17--10:39: _Peripleo
- 11/30/17--05:41: The British Museum 3D Models at Sketchfab
- 11/30/17--06:11: Daily Dose of Greek
- 11/30/17--11:10: Pharos: Doing Justice to the Classics
- 12/01/17--05:53: Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
- 12/01/17--11:03: Cuneiform Commentaries Project News
- 12/01/17--19:50: E(i)ditorial — Philomela’s Tapestry
- Average rating - ratings from users and journals are the starting point.
- Total number of reviews - the more reviews a book receives and the more reviews submitted by a reviewer, the weight of those reviews will increase.
- Internal modifier - for some reviewers, a behind-the-scenes modifier may be added that will give their reviews more or less weight. The reason for this is to be able to give more weight to credible academic sources that may not have many reviews.
- Libraries - libraries are curated lists of books and being included in a library increases a book's overall rating
- 12/02/17--07:13: Coming Soon: Classics Library Collection: CICERO
- 12/02/17--11:37: Dittenberger-Vahlen Collection of Classical Texts Online
- Elevation Points*
- Artifacts of the Bourbon Excavations*!
- Architectural Features
- Modern Architecture
- Building Functions*
- Corpus Topographicum Pompeianum
- Curbstone Material (after Saliou, 1999)*!
- Street Features
- Rut Depth (after Tsujimura, 1991)*
- 12/03/17--12:45: Open Access Journal: The Journal of Ancient Egyptian Architecture
- 12/03/17--18:55: Rubin v. Islamic Republic of Iran
- Argument preview: Justices to consider immunity in terrorism cases (Amy Howe)
- Today's orders (Amy Howe)
- Federal government files invitation briefs (Amy Howe)
- Petition of the day (Kate Howard)
- 12/04/17--05:24: Open Access Journal: Lucentum
- 12/04/17--10:42: Open Access Journal: Revista Numismática Hécate
- Revista completa en PDF: link 1, link 2 y link 3
- Portada, equipo, sinopsis e índice
- 12/04/17--12:15: Forteresses d'Orient: Liban, Syrie, Jordanie, Israël, Turquie
- 12/04/17--12:34: Syria Photo Guide
- 12/05/17--10:39: Peripleo
- American Numismatic Society MANTIS: A Numismatic Technologies Integration Service
- ARCHER | Archives Archives of the American Numismatic Society
- Beta maṣāḥǝft
- CHGIS A free database of placenames and historical administrative units for the Chinese Dynasties.
- Coin Hoards of the Roman Republic Coin Hoards of the Roman Republic (CHRR) is an actively updated index of gold and silver hoards mainly composed of coins of the Roman Republican period.
- Coinage of the Roman Republic Online An online type corpus based upon the numbering system defined in Michael Crawford's 1974 publication, Roman Republican Coinage (RRC).
- Coptic SCRIPTORIUM Dataset Coptic SCRIPTORIUM ANNIS queries for geographic enties.
- Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire
- Digitizing Early Farming Cultures Digitizing Early Farming Cultures (DEFC) provides standardized and integrated research data of Neolithic and Chalcolithic sites and finds of Greece and Anatolia (c. 7000-3000 BC according to Greek terminology). The project aims to overcome the fragmentation of research data that developed because of different research traditions in Greece and Anatolia. Non-digital and digital sources from publications and from a series of research projects at the OREA Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences formed the basis of the project.
- DINAA The Digital Index of North American Archaeology (DINAA) aggregates data sets developed over decades from several US state and federal government sources. These data sets document 15,000 years of settlement across the North American continent.
- Epigraphic Database Heidelberg The Epigraphic Database Heidelberg contains the texts of Latin and bilingual (i.e. Latin-Greek) inscriptions of the Roman Empire.
- finds.org.uk Pleiades annotations for data contained within the Portable Antiquities Scheme (mostly numismatic material).
- GeoNames (subset)
- Heritage Gazetteer of Cyprus
- Heritage Gazetteer of Libya The aim of the Heritage Gazetteer of Libya is to record, and to provide with unique identifiers, locations and monuments within modern Libya which are of significance to the history of the area up to 1950.
- Inventory of Greek Coin Hoards The Inventory of Greek Coin Hoards (IGCH) is an American Numismatic Society-published corpus of Greek coin hoards.
- Nomisma.org Pleiades annotations for numismatic concepts defined by Nomisma.org
- Nomisma.org Partner Objects Pleiades annotations relating to coins of Nomisma.org partners, made available through semantic reasoning between typologies, Nomisma SKOS concepts, and Pleiades URIs. Organizations that directly contribute to Pelagios (e.g., American Numismatic Society) are supressed from this data dump.
- Online Coins of the Roman Empire A corpus of coin types from the Roman Empire, from Augustus (27 B.C.) to Zeno (A.D. 491).
- Open Context Publication and exhibition of open research data and media from archaeology and related fields
- Pelagios 3 Sample Documents Sample TEI documents from the Pelagios 3 project.
- PELLA PELLA is a coin type corpus of Macadonian kings of the Argead dynasty (c. 700-310 B.C.).
- PeriodO A gazetteer of period definitions for linking and visualizing data.
- Pleiades A community-built gazetteer and graph of ancient places. It publishes authoritative information about ancient places and spaces, providing unique services for finding, displaying, and reusing that information under open license.
- The Fralin | UVa Art Museum Numismatic Collection The Fralin Museum of Art at the University of Virginia numismatic collection contains about 600 coins of mainly Greco-Roman origin.
- University of Graz The University of Graz contributes its collections to Pelagios via the institutional repository GAMS, provided by the Centre for Information Modelling.
- Ure Museum Database The Ure Museum collections contain material from the Greek and Greco-Roman civilisations of the Mediterranean, most notably Greek and Etruscan ceramics and terracottas.
- Vici.org Archaeological Atlas of Antiquity
- Web Resources Related to Open Context Published Places This dataset relates archaeological site records published by Open Context to content published elsewhere on the Web. In some cases, Open Context contributors and/or editors manually identified these relationships. In other cases, software processes followed by editorial checks identified linkages expressed in this dataset.
The British Museum was founded in 1753, the first national public museum in the world. From the beginning it granted free admission to all 'studious and curious persons'.
My name is Rob Plummer, and I am a New Testament professor at The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville, KY.
For years, I’ve had the joy of seeing students become infected with a holy passion to read the New Testament in the original Greek. Unfortunately, many of those eager students go on to apostatize from the language they once loved. This website is my feeble effort to provide ongoing accountability to busy pastors to read Greek daily and progress in their ability.
The site has three main functions:1) You can learn Greek “from scratch” or review fundamentals with the twenty-five video lectures posted in the “Learn Greek” section. Lectures are keyed to D. A. Black’s Learn to Read New Testament Greek, 3rd ed.2) The 2-minute “Daily Dose” video, to which students can subscribe via email. Five days per week, subscribers will be sent a link to 2-minute video in which I talk through a single Greek verse.3) Under the “Resources” section of the webpage, you will find additional links and resources to aid in learning and using Greek.
Please continue to visit this site. We will will always try to add resources in order to help you better read the Bible in the original Koine Greek.
Pharos is a platform where classical scholars, and the public more broadly, can learn about and respond to appropriations of Greco-Roman antiquity by hate groups online. Pharos is the ancient Greek word for “lighthouse” and commonly refers to the Lighthouse of Alexandria, the first such beacon and the symbol of a city whose location at the crossroads between what we now call Europe and many other cultures made it for centuries the intellectual center of the Greco-Roman world.
The strength of Pharos lies in its collaborative nature. Find out how you can support our work and get involved.
Submitted on: September 16, 2017 | Last edited: November 30, 2017
How do archaeologists share their research data, if at all? We review what data are, according to current influential definitions, and previous work on the benefits, costs and norms of data sharing in the sciences broadly. To understand data sharing in archaeology, we present the results of three pilot studies: requests for data by email; review of data availability in published articles, and analysis of archaeological datasets deposited in repositories. We find that archaeologists are often willing to share, but discipline-wide sharing is patchy and ad hoc. Legislation and mandates are effective at increasing data-sharing, but editorial policies at journals lack adequate enforcement. Although most of data available at repositories are licensed to enable flexible reuse, only a small proportion of the data are stored in structured formats for easy reuse. We present some suggestions for improving the state of date sharing in archaeology, among these is a standard for citing data sets to ensure that researchers making their data publicly available receive appropriate credit.
LicenseCC-By Attribution 4.0 International
The Met’s HeilbrunnTimeline of Art History pairs essays and works of art with chronologies, telling the story of art and global culture through the Museum’s collection.
The Timeline presents a thematic, chronological, and geographical exploration of global art history through The Met collection. It is a reference, research, and teaching tool conceived for students and scholars of art history. Itis authored by The Met’s experts, and currently comprises more than 1,000 essays, close to 7,600 works of art, 300 chronologies, and 3,700 keywords. It is regularly updated and enriched to provide new scholarship and insights on the collection.
The Timeline is structured with four components. Essays focus on specific themes in art history, including artistic movements and periods, archaeological sites, empires and civilizations, recurrent themes and concepts, media, and artists. Works of Art celebrate human creativity from around the world and from all eras, and are contextualized chronologically, geographically, and thematically. Chronologies provide a linear outline of art history by geographical region. Each chronology includes up to ten representative works of art, a timeline, an overview, and key events. Keywords—categorized by art movement and style, artists and makers, geography (present-day nation states and historical regions), time period, material and technique, object, and subject matter—further connect chronologies, essays, and works of art.
We would like to notify you of nine new texts that have recently been added to the online editions of the Cuneiform Commentaries Project (http://ccp.yale.edu), a list of which is provided below.Thanks are expressed to Uri Gabbay and Klaus Wagensonner for their notes on several texts.We would be delighted to publish any editions of commentary tablets you may have made on the CCP website, for which you will, of course, receive full credit.All the best,Mary FrazerSenior Editor of the Cuneiform Commentaries Project⁂CCP 3.1.21 (Enūma Anu Enlil 21): A fragment from the lower edge of a tablet written in Neo-Assyrian script. The preserved lines explain Enūma Anu Enlil § II, 3-5 by means of phonetic glosses and synonyms. On the obverse, line 9’ is written in smaller script, giving the impression that it was a later addition, squeezed between o 8′ and 10′ in order to explain 8′. (Read more)CCP 3.1.55.G (Enūma Anu Enlil 55 G): Although cited in secondary literature already in 1925,1 this is the first published text edition of this commentary. The tablet, which is from Hellenistic Uruk, contains, in varying states of preservation, the first thirty-eight lines of a commentary on one of the higher-numbered chapters of Enūma Anu Enlil. The number by which the chapter was known at Uruk is uncertain,2 but at Assur it was Chapter 48 (according to the Assur catalogue of EAE) and at Nineveh it was Chapter 55 (?). (Read more)CCP 4.2.J (Therapeutic (ears) J): The present tablet contains remains of a commentary on a therapeutic text concerned with ear treatments. A few of the lines from the base text can be identified in certain medical texts (see ll. 8′–9′ below) but, as is often the case in commentaries on therapeutic texts, the specific text commented upon is unknown. (Read more)CCP 6.1.9 (Aa II/1 (pirsu 9)): This small and badly broken fragment contains meager remains of a commentary on the beginning of the second tablet of the lexical series Ea. The two preserved entries deal with the possible readings of the sign DÙ; some of the equations are well attested elsewhere (see e.g. the commentary on obv 7′). (Read more)CCP 6.1.13.C (Aa II/5 (pirsu 13) C): The present commentary is constituted by two joining fragments: BM 48261 (81-11-3,971) and BM 48380 (81-11-3,1090).1 It preserves remains of a previously unidentified commentary on Aa II/1 (?) and II/5. (Read more)CCP 7.2.u9 (Uncertain): This small fragment from Nippur was provisionally identified as an Izbu or Ālu commentary by M. Civil, but as a medical commentary by E. Reiner.1 Not enough is preserved to support either identification. It is unclear whether or not the second column offers explanations to the first column. (Read more)CCP 7.2.u132 (Medical (?)): The most interesting feature of this small fragment is that it quotes a full line from Udugḫul (XIII-XV 214′) in its bilingual form (l. 6′). Due to the broken context it is unclear why this particular line is cited, but it seems reasonable to assume that its goal was to provide a context for a very rare word that occurs in that line, KU.KU (Sumerian) = subandu (Akkadian). (Read more)
The library of ideas, thoughts, and arguments written about the ancient Mediterranean is so large that any individual can fathom only a tiny fraction of it. But in its shadow is a second library — at once infinite and infinitesimal— of essays, articles, and books that will never be written because the people who would have written them were pushed out of the field by harassment and abuse...Please read all of this:
We’re starting a new project here at Eidolon that we’re calling ‘Philomela’s Tapestry’ to assess and fight a problem in the Classics discipline in the treatment of junior faculty and graduate students by more senior scholars. The problem is sexual harassment, but also non-sexual abusive behavior that is often conspicuously gendered, and also sex that is non-harassing. (Consider: when a senior scholar and a graduate student in a department enter into a sexual relationship, even an entirely consensual one, that relationship will have ripple effects. It will affect the other graduate students and faculty. It will inevitably lead to inappropriate situations in the future — what if one of them is asked to referee the other’s work? — and those situations will be whispered about, but nobody will ever speak openly about how they ought to be handled.)
The problem is that we pretend that our colleagues will always be supportive advocates (or, failing that, benevolently negligent presences) to their students, and we treat instances of inappropriate behavior as anomalies that should be whispered about and smoothed over.
The problem is our field’s culture. If you are part of the field, you are almost certainly part of that culture. You have been an enabler, or a whisperer. You have looked the other way, or you have seen but done nothing. You have received the professional support of someone you knew had behaved inappropriately toward others and put your discomfort with that support aside. And you probably had an excellent reason to do so, because the culture would have punished you for doing otherwise. You would have been labeled a troublemaker, a buzzkill. People would have avoided working with you. Life in your own department would have become strained.
The only way to fight that culture is to collectively agree that we will listen, and honestly confront our own behavior, and try to do better.
The Eidolon team has been inspired, in part, by the #MeToo movement, and the powerful outpouring of survivor stories occasioned by the downfall of several powerful, high-profile men. But our goal is not to point fingers or bring down any individuals, because doing so will never really get to the heart of such a pervasive problem. (Those interested in pursuing more investigative avenues may want to contact the Chronicle of Higher Education, which is increasing its sexual harassment reporting.) What we want, instead, is to pick apart and better understand the systemic issues that have made all of us complicit.
In the coming weeks and months, we will be publishing a series of articles about these problems. Some of these will share stories of abuse; others will be analytical approaches to the problem, or suggestions for how to do better. Our main goal is to take the conversation out of the realm of whispers and coded language and into a forum where people share and their discuss their ideas and experiences.
As always, you can contact us with stories you’d like to share or article ideas you’d like to pitch at email@example.com. However, we understand that sharing stories about your experiences comes at a risk. So we’re introducing a new email address. If you contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org, only one member of our team — myself or Sarah Scullin — will read your message. We won’t disclose its contents to anybody. If you want to hide your identity, you can even email that account from an aliased or anonymous email address — although we will eventually have to verify who you are if you’re willing to have your story become part of an article.
That lost library can never be recovered, but that doesn’t mean that we can’t do more to protect young scholars from abuse and help them realize their potential. We can start an honest and open conversation about the sexual politics of our discipline. We can work to understand the insidiousness and ubiquity of the culture that silences victims. And, hopefully, we can move forward.
As Qoheleth put it so long ago:The writing of many books is endless, and excessive devotion to books is wearying to the body. (Ecc. 12:12)And this has led to most common question I heard in seminary:What's the best commentary on Mark (or Genesis or 1 John...)?Some professors give student their own lists and some have even published their list (notably D. A. Carson, Tremper Longman, III, John Glynn, and Jim Rosscup), but these are not available in one place.
BestCommentaries.com has collected these scholarly reviews and averaged them along with reviews from other ministries like John Piper's Desiring God Ministries, R. C. Sproul's Ligonier Ministries, and the Denver Seminary Journal as well as users of the site. The individual reviews are still extremely valuable, but together they can help ible students at all levels to make good, informed decisions about which commentaries they should purchase.
Of course, scores and ratings alone cannot determine the best choices for an individual pastor or student, but we hope the combined resources available through this site points them in the right direction.
Scoring MethodA numerical rating can never fully capture the value of a work. It is only included here as a guide to help students of the Scriptures know where to start.
The scoring algorithm is currently under development. Here are some of the criteria:
Right now the algorithm looks something like this:score = (weighted average) + (# of times in a library / 10) + (# of overall reviews / 10).The highest rated commentary in the entire database is currently Carson, Donald A. The Gospel According to John. PNTC. Eerdmans, 1990. with a computed score of 14.91. This score is converted to a 100 and then all other commentaries are averaged down from this work on a scale of 60-100.
CICERO (Curated Illinois Classics E-Resources Online) is a digital library featuring items from the Classics Library Collection. Ultimately, all volumes in the collection that were published before 1923 will be digitized and made available through CICERO. The expected launch date for this resource is January 2018.
Please direct all comments or requests for information to the Classics Librarian, David Morris (217-300-5060) • email@example.com
[First posted in AWOL 26 November 2012, updated 2 December 2017]
Dittenberger-Vahlen Collection of Classical Texts
Illinois Harvest / Large-scale Digitization Initiative, University of Illinois
Until recently this large collection of Universitätsschriftenand other short scholarly works on Latin and Greek literature has been accessible only on not widely distributed microfilm. 2,886 items are now accessible in multiple formats with first rate bibliographic metadata.In 2000, the Classics Library at UIUC received a $85,000 grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities to microfilm its Dittenberger-Vahlen Collection of rare, priceless and perishable 19th century European dissertations and other short scholarly works on Latin and Greek literature, history and civilization. The grant was part of a $885,000 NEH grant to the Committee on Institutional Cooperation's (CIC) Center for Library Initiatives. The UIUC Library acquired the private collections of Wilhelm Dittenberger (1840-1906) and Johannes Vahlen (1830-1911) in 1907 and 1913, respectively. Dittenberger's collection consists of 5,600 books and 2,000 pamphlets; Vahlen's consists of 10,000 books and 15,000 pamphlets. Hundreds of the titles in this collection have now been digitized. The collection is a subset of the University of Illinois Digitized Books Collection.
Dittenberger-Vahlen Collection in Worldcat
The second map by the PBMP is now online. Updated with new data and a richer environment, users can explore all 640,000 square meters of Pompeii’s urban landscape from an overview of the entire site to individual objects, such as fountains, millstones, or stepping-stones. To better align with underlying base maps and satellite imagery, the PBMP map data has been nudged slightly (-1.414m, -4.648m) to better spread error and distortions from the original CAD across the site. Although titled “Navigation Map 2”, this map includes important developments towards our planned phase II (information map) and phase III (query map) maps. New information on the earliest artifacts, on street features including rut depth and individual objects, and on tombs are all added into this map. New ways of searching the data are also now available. A standard layer list and legend of symbols (folder icon, upper right) is now accompanied by a table of attributes (tab, bottom) and a search bar (upper left) that can find locations by ID, by name (mostly in Italian), or by address (in Region.Insula.Door format, e.g., VIII.7.1).
For a quick view, Navigation Map 2 is embedded here, but for optimum use, go to the map page.
New Interface and New Data FormatsNavigation Map 1 relied primarily on a series of nested tiles (images of the map data) to quickly render the complex and relatively large amounts of data that describe Pompeii. To add data-rich layers back in, individual shapefiles were uploaded into the map to overlay these tiles and offer spatial and attribute data through pop-ups. For Navigation Map 2, we have moved to ArcGIS Online’s Web Apps for our interface and use Hosted Feature Layers for each data layer, some of which have been combined into larger, related group layers. For example, “Topography” contains the excavated and unexcavated city blocks, fortifications, defensive towers, city gates, fountains and water towers. Similarly, “Streets ” and “Street Features ” contain multiple classes of objects.
We chose to move to Hosted Feature Layers because the of the ease of sharing these data, both between the PBMP working files on our computers and the UMass ArcGIS servers, and with our community of users. In the first instance, we are able to edit our files offline and seamlessly share back to the current datasets and maps without interrupting the appearance (symbologies) or behaviors (labeling, pop-ups, overlays, tranparencies, etc.). In fact, these layers permit editing directly through the browser as well as the ability to sync such changes to the server when editing is done in an offline session. These later features are turned off by default, but their potential power for using the PBMP data for research on-site in Pompeii is enormous.
This potentiality echoes our desire for these data to be easily available for use, download, and reuse by a community of people – scholars, students, and the public – interested in Pompeii. For example, I have used PBMP data in my research (e.g., Traffic Systems of Pompeii, “Measuring the Movement Economy“), for assignments in my teaching (Topography of Pompeii, Objects of the Early Excavations, or Funerary Landscapes), and, to the degree to which this site is a service to the public, in outreach. Thus, not only do we want the Pompeian community to have the best data to make maps of Pompeii, we hope that data improved and enriched by the community might be reinvested into the PBMP. Hosted Feature Layers are the best means to make this possible.
If you are not an ArcGIS Online user, these Hosted Feature Layers can still be used to create online maps of your own. If you are an ArcGIS user, there are more options available including exporting these data to your own account or downloading them as Shapefile, CSV, KML, Excel, FGDB, or GeoJSON. To get an account, first see if your institution has an organizational account. If not, or if you want to get started right away, sign up for Public account (here’s the difference). All of the current data are hosted in the map and are available there, but are also listed and linked below to see each file and its documentation independently.
* Indicates layer is turned off by default! Indicates layer is “in progress” and should be considered for illustration purposes at the time of posting.For information on the original files and their creation, see the documentation on Navigation Map 1.
Il capitale culturale(ISSN: 2039-2362) è la rivista del Dipartimento di Beni Culturali dell’Università di Macerata con sede a Fermo, che si avvale di molteplici competenze disciplinari (archeologia, archivistica, diritto, economia aziendale, informatica, museologia, restauro, storia, storia dell’arte) unite dal comune obiettivo della implementazione di attività di studio, ricerca e progettazione per la valorizzazione del patrimonio culturale.
[First posted in AWOL 20 December 2016, updated 3 December 2017]
The Journal of Ancient Egyptian Architecture
The Journal of Ancient Egyptian Architecture is a scientific, open access and annual periodical. Its purpose is to promote the publication of research devoted to Ancient Egyptian architecture (domestic, civil, military, ritual/religious and funerary), from the Predynastic Period to the Roman imperial era, whatever the modern geographical context (Egypt, Sudan, Near East, etc). The subject scope includes everything relating to construction, regardless of its original importance or purpose.
The journal publishes fieldwork reports and studies undertaken in the Egyptological tradition, including discussions of epigraphy and iconography, but also work that utilizes specific skills such as structural and materials sciences, or modern investigative techniques. In this way, JAEA seeks to encourage the development of detailed technical descriptions, and deeply theorized understanding (of architectural symbolism, propaganda, climatic and geological influences, etc.). This interdisciplinary approach will help connect adjacent areas of expertise which, alone, could not reflect the richness and complexity of the Ancient Egyptian built heritage.
The periodical welcomes any study that meets any one of these goals, only on the condition that the formatting and content of articles are subject to JAEA scientific publication requirements.
Occam’s Egyptian razor: the equinox and the alignment of the pyramids (p. 1)
Glen DashThe builders of the Old Kingdom pyramids oriented the monuments to the cardinal points with great accuracy. How they managed to achieve this has long been debated. Several candidate methods have been proposed, tested, and found workable, yet there is one straightforward method that scholars have largely ignored, perhaps because it was thought to be incapable of achieving the requisite accuracy. This is the 'equinoctial solar gnomon method' which uses a vertical rod to track the movement of the sun on the equinox. In this article, the author describes an experiment carried out to evaluate the method, and compares the results with archaeological survey data from the Memphite Necropolis in Egypt.
Published 23 January 2017 3750 Views 246 Downloads
A Potentially Significant Dimension Recorded on an Old Kingdom Papyrus from Saqqara (p. 9)
Colin ReaderAn analysis of texts on a fragmentary Old Kingdom papyrus from Saqqara suggests that they record the construction of the pyramid complex of pharaoh Teti. Amongst the information obtained from the papyrus was a dimension – 441 cubits. This paper discusses the possible significance of this dimension in the context of Old Kingdom pyramid building.
Published 25 February 2017 2364 Views 210 Downloads
The Dark Side of a Model Community: The ‘Ghetto’ of el-Lahun (p. 19)
Mazzone DavidStudies of the earliest urban settlements in the Nile Valley often neglect to address the significance of built environments for the ‘poor’ and their relationship with social organization. The western workers’ quarter at el-Lahun; the ḫnrt mentioned in hieratic papyri, has received little scholarly attention in comparison to the eastern area containing the ‘élite residences’. In 1889 Flinders Petrie noted that the western streets of the town showed signs of a greater degree of poverty. Later examinations indicated the presence of a type of corrective labor camp; what might be described today as a ‘ghetto’. Convicts may have been forced to live in such places of confinement as a form of punishment. Life for a multitude of people in the ancient town of el-Lahun might, in fact, have been radically different from previously held views. Rather than a quiet township community, this article uncovers a social order built upon racial discrimination and cultural intolerance, marked by seclusion, coercion, and possibly violence.
Published 30 March 2017 8799 Views 254 Downloads
An elegant vault design principle identified in Old and New Kingdom architecture (p. 55)
David I. Lightbody, Franck MonnierArchitectural sketches showing profiles most likely used for constructing arched mudbrick and stone roofs and rock-cut vaulted chambers have been recovered from ancient Egyptian archaeological contexts. The procedures and/or mathematical principles used to construct the profiles and the data sets recorded on the relevant artifacts have been discussed for over a century. Certain interpretations seem to have attained the status of established fact, despite the lack of a solid rational basis. Catenary, elliptical, and circular arcs can often have similar profiles, so it has proved difficult to reach firm conclusions regarding the geometric construction methods, using the limited evidence available. This article revisits two of the major sources of evidence: ostracon JE50036, now in the Imhotep Museum at Saqqara, and a sketched form drawn out by tomb KV9, which is now, unfortunately, almost completely lost. The authors present a new combined analysis and propose that both of these arcs may have been constructed using the same elegant geometric procedure, which is based on a 3-4-5 triangle.
Published 29 July 2017 1921 Views 137 Downloads
An interactive tool for the recording, analysis and interpretation of ancient Egyptian domestic mudbrick architecture (p. 71)
Maria Correas AmadorThis article presents an interpretive digital tool designed to facilitate the study of Egyptian domestic mudbrick archaeological sites. Ancient Egyptian domestic architecture is comparatively less well known than funerary or religious architecture. Traditionally, the discourse regarding ancient Egyptian houses has been built upon artistic sources such as tomb wall representations and models recovered from tombs and domestic spaces. These sources were generally produced by certain social groups and during certain periods, which limits their use to those contexts. In response to this situation, this article outlines a practical way in which an ethnoarchaeological study of Egyptian domestic architecture has been translated into the development of a digital tool for the recording, analysis and interpretation of Ancient Egyptian houses.
Published 1 October 2017 476 Views 84 Downloads
Reviews (p. 83)
Published 17 November 2017 258 Views 40 Downloads
To be argued in the Supreme Court of the United States of America Dec 4, 2017
Rubin v. Islamic Republic of Iran
Issue: Whether 28 U.S.C. § 1610(g) provides a freestanding attachment immunity exception that allows terror victim judgment creditors to attach and execute upon assets of foreign state sponsors of terrorism regardless of whether assets are otherwise subject to execution under Section 1610.
Docket No. Op. Below Argument Opinion Vote Author Term 16-534 7th Cir. Dec 4, 2017 TBD TBD TBD OT 2017
Date Proceedings and Orders Oct 17 2016 Petition for a writ of certiorari filed. (Response due November 18, 2016) Nov 16 2016 Order extending time to file response to petition to and including November 25, 2016, for all respondents. Nov 22 2016 Brief of respondent Field Museum of Natural History in opposition filed. Nov 23 2016 Brief of respondent Islamic Republic of Iran filed. Nov 23 2016 Brief of respondent The University of Chicago in opposition filed. Dec 06 2016 Reply of petitioners Jenny Rubin, et al. filed. (Distributed) Dec 07 2016 DISTRIBUTED for Conference of January 6, 2017. Dec 09 2016 Letter of December 6, 2016, from counsel for petitioners received. (Distributed) Jan 09 2017 The Acting Solicitor General is invited to file a brief in this case expressing the views of the United States. Justice Kagan took no part in the consideration or decision of this petition. May 23 2017 Brief amicus curiae of United States filed. Jun 06 2017 Supplemental brief of petitioners Jenny Rubin, et al. filed. (Distributed) Jun 06 2017 DISTRIBUTED for Conference of June 22, 2017. Jun 26 2017 DISTRIBUTED for Conference of June 26, 2017. Jun 27 2017 Petition GRANTED limited to Question 1 presented by the petition. Justice Kagan took no part in the consideration or decision of this petition. Jul 31 2017 The time to file the joint appendix and petitioners' brief on the merits is extended to and including September 1, 2017. Jul 31 2017 The time to file respondents' briefs on the merits is extended to and including October 23, 2017. Aug 23 2017 Motion to dispense with printing the joint appendix filed by petitioner Jenny Rubin, et al. Sep 01 2017 Blanket Consent filed by Respondent Islamic Republic of Iran. Sep 01 2017 Blanket Consent filed by Petitioners, Jenny Rubin, et al. Sep 01 2017 Blanket Consent filed by Respondent, Field Museum of Natural History on 09/13/2017 Sep 01 2017 Brief of petitioner Jenny Rubin, et al. filed. Sep 05 2017 Blanket Consent filed by Respondent, University of Chicago on 09/12/2017 Sep 08 2017 Brief amici curiae of Foundation for Defense of Democracies filed. Sep 08 2017 Brief amici curiae of Victims of Iranian Terrorism filed. Sep 08 2017 Brief amici curiae of Former U.S. Counterterrorism Officials, et al. filed. Sep 13 2017 Blanket Consent filed by Petitioner, Jenny Rubin, et al. on 09/13/2017 Sep 25 2017 Motion to dispense with printing the joint appendix filed by petitioners GRANTED. Justice Kagan took no part in the consideration or decision of this motion. Oct 06 2017 SET FOR ARGUMENT ON Monday, December 4, 2017. Oct 10 2017 Letter of respondent Field Museum of Natural History advising the Court that it has no interest in the outcome of proceedings in this Court and waiving the filing of a brief on the merits. Oct 20 2017 CIRCULATED Oct 23 2017 Brief of respondent Islamic Republic of Iran filed. (Distributed) Oct 23 2017 Brief of respondent University of Chicago filed. (Distributed) Oct 30 2017 Brief amicus curiae of United States filed. (Distributed) Oct 30 2017 Motion of the Solicitor General for leave to participate in oral argument as amicus curiae and for divided argument filed. Nov 21 2017 Motion of the Solicitor General for leave to participate in oral argument as amicus curiae and for divided argument GRANTED. Justice Kagan took no part in the consideration or decision of this motion. Nov 22 2017 Reply of petitioners Jenny Rubin, et al. filed. (Distributed)
Lucentum comenzó a publicarse en el año 1982 como órgano de difusión científica de las Áreas de Conocimiento de Prehistoria, Arqueología e Historia Antigua de la Universidad de Alicante. Su objetivo es la publicación de trabajos de calidad e interés, originales e inéditos, referidos a dichas disciplinas. Aplica los requisitos exigidos de calidad y evaluación anónima por pares y se intercambia con publicaciones afines. Está abierta a la participación de todos los investigadores.
This website was initiated in mid-2011, shortly after Syria entered into one of the most tragic and agonising series of events in its long history. I wanted to find some way of keeping alive the memory of Syria’s extraordinarily diverse past while it remained largely closed to visitors due to the violence that has prevailed in much of the country. It remains to be seen what will emerge from these events but I hope that the memories outsiders have of its extraordinary people and their respect for and appreciation of their past, will strengthen as a result of this terrible experience.
And see also:
Monuments of Syria Photostream
This Flickr site brings together a large number of photographs of archaeological sites in both Syria and Southeast Turkey. The site gives a sample of the archive of 70,000 photos taken over the last 40 years which [the author] hopes to make available to a wider audience. In case of further inquiries, a mailbox is available either through Flickr or here.
[First posted in AWOL 25 December 2015, updated 4 December 2017]
Revista Numismática Hécate
¡Bienvenidos todos a la nueva revista de numismática Hécate!La revista Hécate debe su nombre a la diosa griega tricéfala, que representa las diferentes formas de entender el mundo y el ser humano en su necesidad de transmitir Historia. Así Hécate nos muestra una encrucijada de conocimientos, de nuevos caminos y tendencias que debemos recorrer; senderos que nos llevarán a comprender y abordar el saber desde una perspectiva libre y globalizadora en esta nueva época de cambio y tecnología.
ARTÍCULOS• Arte y dinero tradicional africano
Roma Valdés, Antonio (pp. 1-15)
• La hiedra como elemento iconográfico en la moneda griega de Sicilia: atributo de dioses griegos y púnicos
Puebla Morón, José Miguel (pp. 16-26)
• ¿Un programa iconográfico en la moneda de Acragante ante el ataque cartaginés del 406 a.C.?
Puebla Morón, José Miguel (pp. 27-37)
• Los Longostaletes («bronzes au trépied»)
Amela Valverde, Luis (pp. 38-50)
• Las emisiones triunvirales de Nemausus
Amela Valverde, Luis (pp. 51-59)
• Nuevo denario legionario de Marco Antonio: Leg XXXIII
Amela Valverde, Luis (pp. 60-75)• Plomos monetiformes con leyenda N. Caleci
Rodríguez Gavilá, Germán (pp. 76-85)
• Antoniniano inédito a nombre de Galieno
Ruiz Salazar, Fernando (pp. 86-87)
• Del sólido al dinar. En torno a las primeras emisiones áureas del Magreb (76/695-696 – 100/718-719). Nuevas perspectivas
Ariza Armada, Almudena (pp. 88-113)
• Marcas de control en las emisiones monetarias aragonesas y navarras con anterioridad a 1134
Roma Valdés, Antonio (pp. 114-137)
• Evidencias de la falsificación monetaria en el tesorillo de Otaza. Análisis y estudio
Sánchez Rincón, Raúl y Ortega Cuesta, Luis Ángel (pp. 138-155)
• De Burgaleses y Prietos. Primeras labras castellano-leonesas de Alfonso X (1252-1264)
Mozo Monroy, Manuel (pp. 156-179)
• ‘Small is beautiful’: la Meaja. Moneda mínima en Castilla (siglos XIII-XV). De fragmento monetal a dinero imaginado
Fuentes Ganzo, Eduardo (pp. 180-199)
• Estudio de un posible tesorillo de vellones castellanos de Fernando IV y Alfonso IX procedente del Museo de Cáceres
Negro Cortés, Adrian Elías (pp. 200-231)
• Nagasaki bōeki-sen: las monedas comerciales del Puerto de Nagasaki (1659-1685)
Blanco, Santiago (pp. 232-243)• La moneda circulante en la Capitanía General de Venezuela durante el siglo XVIII
Cano Borrego, Pedro Damián (pp. 244-254)• Análisis descriptivo de las representaciones femeninas en la peseta española
Vázquez-Miraz, Pedro y Vázquez-Miraz, Jaime (pp. 255-265)
• Un nuovo metodo d’indagine scientifica dei documenti numismatici: DIANA (Digital Iconographic Atlas of Numismatics in Antiquity). Il caso studio della triskeles
Sapienza, Anna (pp. 266-276)
• Desarrollo de un diccionario numismático basado en estándares internacionales para la catalogación de objetos culturales
Molina Salinas, Claudio (pp. 277-290)RECENSIONES• Amela Valverde, Luis: “Las emisiones romanas Pompeyanas de Hispania”. Asociación Numismática Española, Barcelona, 2017.
Martínez Chico, David (pp. 291-292)
• López de la Fuente, Juan Luis: “Los maravedís de los Austrias. Tipos y variantes. El vellón castellano de los siglos XVI y XVII”. Autor-editor, Torredonjimeno, 2017.
Martínez Chico, David (pp. 293-294)
• Vico Belmonte, Ana y de Francisco Olmos, José María: “Introducción a la numismática”. Ediciones Paraninfo, Madrid, 2016.
Martínez Chico, David (pp. 295-297)
Número 3 (2016)
ARTÍCULOS• Figura femenina en una moneda de dos litras y media de Siracusa: análisis y estudio de su iconografíaPuebla Morón, José Miguel (pp. 1-11)
• Monedas de Ptolomeo III a nombre de la ‘Reina Berenice’
Salgado, Damián R. (pp. 12-26)
• El toro en las monedas de Ybshm/Ebusus: Una posible interpretación de su significado
Blanco, Santiago (pp. 27-34)
• La ceca de IltukoiteAmela Valverde, Luis (pp. 35-41)
• Carteia, estudio de «la moneda del pescador»Portillo Sotelo, José Luis (pp. 42-54)
• Turiaso: sus monedas augusteas y tiberianas
Amela Valverde, Luis (pp. 55-78)
• Nuevas perspectivas numismáticas en torno a la promoción del Municipium Vrbs Victrix Osca
Aguilera Hernández, Alberto (pp. 79-95)• Las primeras emisiones de Emporiae
Amela Valverde, Luis (pp. 96-110)
• Monedas de 4 nummi anónimas, tipo cruz/delta: Una ceca bizantina en Carthago Spartaria
Rodríguez Gavilá, Germán (pp. 111-120)
• Simboli nuovi e simboli antichi sui contorniatiMondello, Cristian (pp. 121-136)
• Los dinares bilingües de al-Andalus y el MagrebAriza Armada, Almudena (pp. 137-158)
• Labras de un Rey Cruzado por Cristo: Alfonso I, el Batallador (1104-1134). Acuñaciones Castellano-Leonesas y Navarro-AragonesasMozo Monroy, Manuel (pp. 159-185)
• Una variante desconocida en el tesorillo de OtazaSánchez Rincón, Raúl (pp. 186-189)
• Contramarcas privadas de valor en moneda castellana al final del s. XVRoma Valdés, Antonio (pp. 190-200)
• La moneda circulante en el archipiélago canario durante el siglo XVIIICano Borrego, Pedro Damián (pp. 201-214)
• Determinación del precio de las 25 pesetas de Alfonso XII comunesSantos, Juan Luis (pp. 215-226)
• Peso medio y tolerancia de las monedas de 100 pesetas de 1966Santos, Juan Luis (pp. 227-236)RECENSIONES• Jursa, Michael: “Aspects of the Economic History of Babylonia in the First Millennium BC: Economic Geography, Economic Mentalities, Agriculture, the Use of Money and the Problem of Economic Growth”. Ugarit-Verlag, Münster, 2010.González García, Alberto (pp. 237-239)
• Raschetti Diez, Diego Gonzalo: “Las monedas indo sakas de los Kshatrapas Occidentales. Dinastía Kardamaka (78-415)”. Autor-editor, Pergamino, 2015.
Blanco, Santiago (pp. 240-241)
• Guillemain, Jean: “Ripostiglio della Venèra: Nuovo Catalogo Illustrato. Volume III, 1: La monetazione di Probo a Roma (276-282 d.C.)”. Civici Musei d'Arte, Verona, 2009.
Salgado, Damián R. (pp. 242-248)
• Número 2
ARTÍCULOS• Análisis iconográfico de las monedas de Alejandro Magno y los DiádocosGarcía García, Cristina (pp. 1-52)
• A raíz de un divisor argénteo de probable atribución a Malaka aparecido junto a un tartemorion gaditano en Cástulo
Martínez Chico, David (pp. 53-59)
• Eusti/Eustibaikula, una ceca del interior catalán
Amela Valverde, Luis (pp. 60-70)
• De nuevo sobre la serie RRC 235 de SEX•POMAmela Valverde, Luis (pp. 71-85)
• Tres posibles nuevas variantes inéditas de moneda provincial hispana depositadas en el Museo de CuencaGozalbes García, Helena (pp. 86-92)
• Las monedas de bronce de Cn. Pompeyo hijo y Sexto Pompeyo (RRC 471/1, 478/1 Y 479/1)
Amela Valverde, Luis (pp. 93-118)
• La enigmática figura de Suniefredo a la luz de sus emisiones monetales
Castillo Lozano, José Ángel (pp. 119-124)• Learn to differentiate nine jitals
Palomares Bueno, Francisco (pp. 125-146)
• Hipótesis sobre un morabetino de oro inédito de Enrique I de Castilla
Mozo Monroy, Manuel (pp. 147-174)
• La circulación de la moneda española en el norte de África y Levante en la Edad ModernaCano Borrego, Pedro Damián (pp. 175-188)RECENSIONES• Chaves Tristán, Francisca y Pliego Vázquez, Ruth: “Bellum et argentum. La Segunda Guerra púnica en Iberia y el conjunto de monedas y plata de Villarrubia de Los Ojos (Ciudad Real)”. Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla, 2015.López Sánchez, Fernando (pp. 189-191)
• Guest, Peter S. W.: “The Late Roman Gold and Silver Coins from the Hoxne Treasure”. The British Museum Press, Londres, 2005.González García, Alberto (pp. 192-196)
• Cunietti-Ferrando, Arnaldo: “La Casa de Moneda de Potosí durante las Guerras de la Independencia”. Academia Nacional de la Historia, Buenos Aires, 2014.
Blanco, Santiago (pp. 197-198)
• Paoletti, Emilio y Woolson, María Allessandra: “Re-engraving assayer’s initials in Potosi cobs”. Editorial Dunken, Buenos Aires, 2014.
Blanco, Santiago (pp. 199-200)
• Número 1
AWOL's List of
A l’heure où les relations internationales contemporaines prennent des accents de Guerre Sainte, l’évocation des Croisades entraîne souvent méfiance et suspicion. Ce site, loin d’être le siège d’un quelconque fanatisme ou de pulsions néocolonialistes comme pourrait le suggérer son nom, a simplement pour vocation de répondre au besoin ressenti chez tout passionné de cette période trouble – mais fascinante – de l’Histoire du Monde : celui de poser une image sur chacun des lieux magiques qui firent l’Orient des Croisades.
Cet Orient évanescent peut aujourd’hui être appréhendé sous l’angle des fortifications médiévales proche-orientales, patrimoine largement méconnu et s’échelonnant sur un vaste territoire, de la Haute Mésopotamie à la Mer Rouge. Certaines font palpiter le cœur par leur beauté souveraine, d’autres souffrent aujourd’hui de la main de l’homme, tandis que les plus oubliées disparaissent peu à peu dans une nature sauvage qui les engloutit. Quoi qu’il en soit, la plupart surplombent des paysages d’une grande et belle mélancolie, où parfois, les voix du passé reviennent, filtrant au travers des meurtrières, hantant les courtines et les voûtes…
Des forteresses ayyoubides aux places fortes franques, en passant par les citadelles-refuges arméniennes et les monastères fortifiés byzantins, ce sont plus d’une centaine de sites qui seront répertoriés ici, comme autant de reliques de ce rêve fou des Croisés que l’Orient préserve encore, témoins fidèles des passions et des excès des hommes.
Aux photos prises lors de nos pérégrinations, se grefferont petit à petit des plans, cartes d’accès, textes descriptifs et récits, qui seront signalés à chaque mise à jour. Prenez plaisir à vous perdre dans ces galeries, tous ces châteaux sont autant de mondes endormis réveillant l’imaginaire du passant, jusqu’à l’emmener au rivage des songes…
Syria Photo Guide
By Daniel Demeter
Syria has captivated travelers for centuries, inspiring visitors with its rich heritage, fascinating history, diverse culture, vibrant markets, delicious cuisine, stunning landscapes, well-preserved archaeological sites, remarkable monuments, and spectacular religious shrines and places of worship. Foreigners who have had the opportunity to visit Syria tend to agree that its residents are among the most hospitable, warm and kindhearted people anywhere they have traveled. After spending several years exploring the region, I felt a personal obligation to share the beauty of Syria with the world. Compiled from a collection of nearly 30,000 photographs taken between 2006 and 2009, Syria Photo Guide was created to serve as a resource for those interested in learning more about the country’s cultural and historic sites.
Born and raised in Los Angeles, California, the desire to travel and explore surfaced in me from a young age. By age twenty, I had traveled independently to thirty countries throughout Europe, Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent and North America. At twenty-three years old, I planned an ambitious journey that was to take me overland from Egypt to China over the course of eighteen months. It was on this trip, in 2003, that I was first introduced to Syria. While I had traveled extensively, nowhere else had I encountered people so welcoming and hospitable. Syria’s incredible diversity, captivating history, and astounding variety of archaeological sites and natural attractions deeply impressed me. I aborted plans to continue traveling overland through Central Asia to China, refocusing my journey on better understanding the Middle East. Having initially planned only a few weeks in the country, I extended my stay to nine months. During this time I immersed myself in Syria’s culture and developed a deep appreciation for the country.
In 2006 I undertook another trip to Syria, determined to get to know the country in even greater depth. Basing myself in Bab Sharqi, Damascus, I lived in the country throughout most of 2006 and 2007. Combining my passion for photography with my interest in Syria’s heritage, I spent much of my time visiting, documenting and photographing Syria’s wide range of archaeological, cultural and natural attractions. I contributed articles about these sites for a local English-language magazine entitled “What’s On”, in addition to teaching English at a local language center. My most recent visit to Syria was from September 2008 through March 2009. I currently reside in San Luis Obispo, California and I am pursuing a degree in cultural anthropology. In addition to continued work on Syria Photo Guide, I have recently had Lens on Syria, a collection of my finest photography of the country, published by Just World Books.
In light of the horrific conflict that has engulfed Syria since 2011, I hope that Syria Photo Guide can provide a reminder of the immense beauty and rich heritage of the country that is gradually being lost through the senseless violence and destruction of war. On a personal level, it has been absolutely devastating to witness the Syria I know and love be destroyed, and the fates of so many kind and generous people I spent time with unknown. This website is dedicated to the Syrian people, to whom I will always be indebted for providing some of the most wonderful years of my life.
Peripleo* is a search engine to data maintained by partners of Pelagios Commons, a Digital Humanities initative aiming to foster better linkages between online resources documenting the past.
Peripleo is an initiative by Pelagios Commons, developed under the leadership of the Austrian Institute of Technology, Exeter University, The Open University, the University of London School of Advanced Study and the Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society.
Partners & Data SourcesBelow is an alphabetical list of all partners whose data is currently indexed by Peripleo.